Brief background of Martha E.Rogers Martha Elizabeth Rogers (May 12, 1914 – March 13, 1994) was an American nurse, she was born in Dallas, Texas the oldest of four children Martha E. Rogers, one of nursing’s foremost scientists she completed her BS in public health nursing at George Peabody College 1937. She earning both a master’s of public health and a doctor of science degree from Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore, Maryland. After graduation from Johns Hopkins, Rogers was appointed head of the Division of Nursing at New York University Socio Political context during the time the theory was formulated Martha Rogers' development of the Science of Unitary Human Beings has become an influential nursing theory in the United States. When first introduced it was considered radical, and difficult to understand, also it considered profound and was too ambitious but now is simply thought to be ahead of its time. This conceptual framework has greatly influenced all facets of nursing by offering an alternative to traditional approaches of nursing. THEORY DESCRIPTION (1.1.1) Theory assumptions The assumptions of Rogers’ Theory of Unitary Human Beings are as follows: (1) Man is a unified whole possessing his own integrity and manifesting characteristics that are more than and different from the sum of his parts. (2) Man and environment are continuously exchanging matter and energy with one another. (3) The life process evolves irreversibly and unidirectionally along the space-time continuum. (4) Pattern and organization identify the man and reflect his innovative wholeness. And lastly, (5) Man is characterized by the capacity for abstraction and imagery, language and thought sensation and emotion. (1.1) Structural Components (1.1) Structural Component (continued) (1.1.2) Concepts The following are the major concepts and metaparadigm of Martha Rogers’ nursing theory: A- Human-unitary human beings A person is defined as an indivisible, pan-dimensional energy field identified by a pattern, and manifesting characteristics specific to the whole, and that can’t be predicted from knowledge of the parts. A person is also a unified whole, having its own distinct characteristics that can’t be viewed by looking at, describing, or summarizing the parts. (1.1) Structural Component (continued) (1.1.2) Concepts B-Health Rogers defines health as an expression of the life process. It is the characteristics and behavior coming from the mutual, simultaneous interaction of the human and environmental fields, and health and illness are part of the same continuum. The multiple events occurring during the life process show the extent to which a person is achieving his or her maximum health potential. The events vary in their expressions from greatest health to those conditions that are incompatible with the maintaining life process. (1.1) Structural Component (continued) (1.1.2) Concepts C-Nursing It is the study of unitary, irreducible, in.