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Body Image & Eating Disorders

What is Body Image?
What are Eating Disorders?
What Causes Eating Disorders?
Tips for Critical Viewing of the Media
Strategies for Dealing with Eating Disorders
Tips for a Healthy Body Image
M.A.I.D. Technique for Engaging Residents

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Body Image & Eating Disorders

  2. 2. Agenda What is Body Image? What are Eating Disorders? What Causes Eating Disorders? Tips for Critical Viewing of the Media Strategies for Dealing with Eating Disorders Tips for a Healthy Body Image M.A.I.D. Technique for Engaging Residents Resources
  3. 3. What is Body Image? Body Image is Made up of Two Components1. How You Perceive Your Body2. What You Feel About That Perception
  4. 4. Factors That Contribute to Body Image Family Children’s Toys & Fairy Tales (Disney) Friends The Media
  5. 5. Moving Towards a Positive Body ImageInteresting Facts:  25 years ago, the avg. female model weighed 8% less than the avg. American Woman  Today, the avg. model weighs 23% less than the avg. American Woman  For men, the avg Playgirl centerfold has shed about 12 lbs of fat while putting on over 12 lbs of muscle over the past 25 yearsWhat is your Healthy Weight?Link
  6. 6. What are Eating Disorders? The two most common eating disorders are Anorexia Nervosa (Self-Stavation) Bulimia (Binging & Purging) Some consider compulsive overeating a disorder
  7. 7. Signs of Eating Disorders Spend a lot of Time Thinking About Eating, Food, Weight, & Body Image Often Feel “fat” When their Weight is Normal or Below normal Feel Uncomfortable After Eating a Normal Sized Meal Often Feel Anxious When Eating Around Others Make Judgments About Themselves and How They Control What They Eat Believe That Others Are Judging Them By What They Eat
  8. 8. What Causes Eating Disorders? Factors Contributing to Eating Disorders  Cultural & Psychological Issues  Personality Traits  Learned Behaviors  Sometimes Biochemical Imbalances People with eating disorders are often subject to Depression, Anxiety, and Low Self-Esteem.
  9. 9. Media Images Past & Present
  10. 10. Media Images Past & Present
  11. 11. Media ExamplesAmerica’s Next Top Model Audition Link America’s Next Top Model Link
  12. 12. Tips for Critical Viewing of the MediaMedia Messages About Body shape and Size Will Only Affectthe Way We Feel About Ourselves If We Let ThemTo Be a Critical Viewer of Media All Media Images are Constructions, Not Reality Advertisement Have Been Carefully Constructed With an Intent to Send a Very Specific Message Advertisements are Created for One Thing: To Convince You To Buy Something They Create their Message Based on What they Think You Want to See We Can Choose A Filter that Protects Our Self-Esteem
  13. 13. Strategies for Dealing with Eating DisordersIf You Starve (Restrict) or Fast Learn what is a healthy weight for you. Then find out how many servings of the different food groups are needed to achieve that weight. Make a daily meal and snack plan and stick to it whether hungry or not.If You Binge & Purge: Work toward ending the cycle of binging and purging, feeling guilty, dieting, getting too hungry, and Binging again. Increase the amount of calories in your diet and decrease the amount of calories in your bingesIf you Overeat/Binge: Buy limited amounts of food/ Don’t shop when Hungry/ Avoid Impulse Buying/ Stabilize your eating habits/ Eat Slowly/ Keep healthy snacks handy/ Stop eating as soon as you feel full
  14. 14. Tips for all Types of Eating DisordersLearn About Good Nutrition Get a copy of ACHA’s Brochure Eating 101: The Basics of Good NutritionFinding Your Triggers Find the triggers that spur your urges to binge, starve, or otherwise abuse food. You can reprogram your thoughts and plan other activitiesAccepting That Setbacks are Part of Progress Look at them as opportunities to learn more about your eating habits. Feeling guilty only sets the stage for longer relapses
  15. 15. Tips for a Healthy Body Image1. Attend to your bodily cues for Hunger & Satiation2. Enjoy all foods.3. Use the food pyramid as a guide4. Eat for enjoyment5. Try New Foods6. Keep Nutrient-dense food readily available7. Avoid the Good/Bad food trap8. Focus less on Body Weight & Shape and more on inner self
  16. 16. Engaging a Resident M.A.I .D. M = Misery, Sadness, Change in Mood, etc… A = Alienation, Isolation, Not Spending Time with Friends I = Inefficiency, Not Being Effective In Class, Athletics, & Other Activities D = Disturbance, Focus on Eating/Body Image is Getting in the Way of Other Parts of Life
  17. 17. Resources University Counseling Clinic (UCC) C.E.T.C. Counselor Education Training Center Overeaters Anonymous National Eating Disorders Organization