This paper deals with the Internal quantum efficiency of ITO, CdTe, ZnO/a-Si, SnS/Si, CdS /CIGS, FTO/CZTS based of material photodiode with a ITO/CdTe, ZnO/a-Si, SnS/Si, CdS /CIGS, FTO/CZTS heterojunction structure. Along with information on device characteristics, applications and properties, we provide a comparative device analysis between this type of photodiode and the slightly more efficient ITO/CdTe, ZnO/a-Si, SnS/Si, CdS /CIGS, FTO/CZTS heterojunction structure. We will get the clear concept of the relation between of generated current & load voltage. We hope, we will get a clear explanation about the effect of photodiode light intensity & wavelength on the solar efficiency. In this project we will analyze the Quantum efficiency of a photodiode.