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FUNDAMENTALS
OF INTERNET
By
PRITHVI RAJ.M
INTRODUCTION
The Internet is a global network connecting millions
of computers. More than 100 countries are linked into
ex...
WHO OWNS THE INTERNET?
No one actually owns the Internet
No single person or organization controls the Internet in
its e...
IS WEB AND INTERNET THE SAME?
WHAT IS URL?
• Uniform Resource Locator (URL) it is the global
address of documents and other resources on the World
Wide ...
IP ADDRESS
• IP address is short
for Internet Protocol
(IP) address.
• An IP address is an
identifier for a computer or
de...
DOMAIN NAME
Domain names are used to identify one or more IP
addresses. For example, the domain
name microsoft.com repres...
WORLD WIDE WEB (WWW)
The World Wide Web is
a system of
interlinked hypertext do
cuments that are
accessed via
the Interne...
FATHER OF WWW.
Tim Berners-Lee,
a British computer
scientist and
former CERN employ
ee, is considered the
inventor of the
...
ELEVEN BASIC TYPES OF WEB
Portal
News
Information
Entertainment
Educational
Marketing/Business
Advocacy
Blog
Wiki...
BLOG
 Blog is a Web page that
serves as a publicly
accessible personal journal
for an individual.
Typically updated dail...
INTERNET SERVICES
Internet Service Pro
vider, it refers to a
company that
provides Internet
services, including
personal a...
ADVANTAGES1) Information on almost every
subject imaginable.
2) Powerful search engines
3) Ability to do research from
you...
6) The internet provides the ability of emails. Free mail service
to anyone in the country.
7) Platform for products like ...
DISADVANTAGES
1) There is a lot of wrong information on the internet. Anyone can
post anything, and much of it is garbage....
6) Internet has a lot of "cheater" sites.
People can buy essays and pass
them off as their own far more easily
than they u...
THANK YOU…
Guided by
Prof . chandrashekar sir
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internet Fundamental

  1. 1. FUNDAMENTALS OF INTERNET By PRITHVI RAJ.M
  2. 2. INTRODUCTION The Internet is a global network connecting millions of computers. More than 100 countries are linked into exchanges of data, news and opinions.
  3. 3. WHO OWNS THE INTERNET? No one actually owns the Internet No single person or organization controls the Internet in its entirety. The Internet is more of a concept than an actual tangible entity, and it relies on a physical infrastructure that connects networks to other networks.
  4. 4. IS WEB AND INTERNET THE SAME?
  5. 5. WHAT IS URL? • Uniform Resource Locator (URL) it is the global address of documents and other resources on the World Wide Web. • The first part of the URL is called a protocol identifier and it indicates what protocol to use, and the second part is called a resource name and it specifies the IP address or the domain name where the resource is located.
  6. 6. IP ADDRESS • IP address is short for Internet Protocol (IP) address. • An IP address is an identifier for a computer or device on a TCP/IP network. Networks using the TCP/IP protocol route messages based on the IP address of the destination.
  7. 7. DOMAIN NAME Domain names are used to identify one or more IP addresses. For example, the domain name microsoft.com represents about a dozen IP addresses. Domain names are used in URLs to identify particular Web pages such domains. For example: 1. gov - Government agencies 2. edu - Educational institutions 3. org - Organizations (nonprofit) 4. mil - Military 5. com - commercial business 6. net - Network organizations
  8. 8. WORLD WIDE WEB (WWW) The World Wide Web is a system of interlinked hypertext do cuments that are accessed via the Internet. With a web browser, one can view web pages that may contain text, images, videos, and other multimedia and n avigate between them via hyperlinks.
  9. 9. FATHER OF WWW. Tim Berners-Lee, a British computer scientist and former CERN employ ee, is considered the inventor of the Web. On March 12, 1989
  10. 10. ELEVEN BASIC TYPES OF WEB Portal News Information Entertainment Educational Marketing/Business Advocacy Blog Wiki Content aggregator Social (personal)
  11. 11. BLOG  Blog is a Web page that serves as a publicly accessible personal journal for an individual. Typically updated daily, blogs often reflect the personality of the author.
  12. 12. INTERNET SERVICES Internet Service Pro vider, it refers to a company that provides Internet services, including personal and business access to the Internet. For a monthly fee
  13. 13. ADVANTAGES1) Information on almost every subject imaginable. 2) Powerful search engines 3) Ability to do research from your home versus research libraries. 4) Information at various levels of study. Everything from scholarly articles to ones directed at children. 5) Message boards where people can discuss ideas on any topic. Ability to get wide range of opinions. People can find others that have a similar interest in whatever they are interested in.
  14. 14. 6) The internet provides the ability of emails. Free mail service to anyone in the country. 7) Platform for products like SKYPE, which allow for holding a video conference with anyone in the world who also has access. 8) Friendships and love connections have been made over the internet by people involved in love/passion over similar interests. 9) Things such as Yahoo Answers and other sites where kids can have readily available help for homework. 10) News, of all kinds is available almost instantaneously. Commentary, on that news, from every conceivable viewpoint is also available.
  15. 15. DISADVANTAGES 1) There is a lot of wrong information on the internet. Anyone can post anything, and much of it is garbage. 2) There are predators that hang out on the internet waiting to get unsuspecting people in dangerous situations. 3) Some people are getting addicted to the internet and thus causing problems with their interactions of friends and loved ones. 4) Pornography that can get in the hands of young children too easily. 5) Easy to waste a lot of time on the internet. You can start surfing, and then realize far more time has passed than you realized. Internet and television together of added to the more sedentary lifestyles of people which further exacerbates the obesity problem.
  16. 16. 6) Internet has a lot of "cheater" sites. People can buy essays and pass them off as their own far more easily than they used to be able to do. 7) There are a lot of unscrupulous businesses that have sprung up on the internet to take advantage of people. 8) Hackers can create viruses that can get into your personal computer and ruin valuable data. 9) Hackers can use the internet for identity theft. 10) It can be quite depressing to be on the internet and realize just how uneducated so many people have become in today's society.
  17. 17. THANK YOU… Guided by Prof . chandrashekar sir

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