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Status of struvite production and regulation in Europe - North Sea Resources Roundabout (NSSR) meeting 07-10-2016

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Status of struvite production and regulation in Europe - North Sea Resources Roundabout (NSSR) meeting 07-10-2016

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European Sustainable Phosphorus Platform (ESPP)
www.phosphorusplatform.eu
Sustainable management of nutrients is crucial for agriculture, food, industry, water and the environment. ESPP brings together companies and stakeholders to address the Phosphorus Challenge and its opportunities for the circular economy.

Countries:
Austria AT
Belgium BE
Bulgaria BG
Cyprus CY
Czech Republic CZ
Germany DE
Denmark DK
Estonia EE
Spain ES
Finland FI
France FR
Greece EL
Hungary HU
Ireland IE
Italy IT
Lithuania LT
Luxembourg LU
Latvia LV
Malta MT
Netherlands NL
Poland PL
Portugal PT
Romania RO
Sweden SE
Slovenia SI
Slovakia SK
United Kingdom UK
Switzerland CH

Phosphorus:
Fosfor
Fosfor
Fòsfòr
Фосфор
Fosfor
Фосфор
Fosfor
Fosfor
Фосфор
Фосфор
Fosforas
Fosfors
Fuosfuors
Fosfor
Ffуsfforws
Fosfar
Fosfaras
Fosfaar
Fosforus
Φωσφορος
Ֆոսֆոր
Fosfor
Fosfor
Фосфор
Фосфор
ফসফরাস
فسفر
ફૉસ્ફરસનો
फास्फोरस
Fosfor
Fosfori
Foszfor
Фосфор
Фосфор
Паликандур
Fosfor
Fosfor
Фосфор
Фосфор
Фосфор
Фосфор
Fosfor
فوسفور
Fosfor
Fosforoa
ფოსფორი
[fūsfūr]
זרחן
Fosfru
Lìn
リン

ฟอสฟอรัส
Photpho

Posporo
Fosfor
Pūtūtae-whetū
Fosforus
ഫോസ്ഫറസ്
பொஸ்பரசு
Fosofo
Fosforase
Posfori
Fósforo
Phusphuru
Fosforimi
Fosforo
Fosforon
Pesticium

European Sustainable Phosphorus Platform (ESPP)
www.phosphorusplatform.eu
Sustainable management of nutrients is crucial for agriculture, food, industry, water and the environment. ESPP brings together companies and stakeholders to address the Phosphorus Challenge and its opportunities for the circular economy.

Countries:
Austria AT
Belgium BE
Bulgaria BG
Cyprus CY
Czech Republic CZ
Germany DE
Denmark DK
Estonia EE
Spain ES
Finland FI
France FR
Greece EL
Hungary HU
Ireland IE
Italy IT
Lithuania LT
Luxembourg LU
Latvia LV
Malta MT
Netherlands NL
Poland PL
Portugal PT
Romania RO
Sweden SE
Slovenia SI
Slovakia SK
United Kingdom UK
Switzerland CH

Phosphorus:
Fosfor
Fosfor
Fòsfòr
Фосфор
Fosfor
Фосфор
Fosfor
Fosfor
Фосфор
Фосфор
Fosforas
Fosfors
Fuosfuors
Fosfor
Ffуsfforws
Fosfar
Fosfaras
Fosfaar
Fosforus
Φωσφορος
Ֆոսֆոր
Fosfor
Fosfor
Фосфор
Фосфор
ফসফরাস
فسفر
ફૉસ્ફરસનો
फास्फोरस
Fosfor
Fosfori
Foszfor
Фосфор
Фосфор
Паликандур
Fosfor
Fosfor
Фосфор
Фосфор
Фосфор
Фосфор
Fosfor
فوسفور
Fosfor
Fosforoa
ფოსფორი
[fūsfūr]
זרחן
Fosfru
Lìn
リン

ฟอสฟอรัส
Photpho

Posporo
Fosfor
Pūtūtae-whetū
Fosforus
ഫോസ്ഫറസ്
பொஸ்பரசு
Fosofo
Fosforase
Posfori
Fósforo
Phusphuru
Fosforimi
Fosforo
Fosforon
Pesticium

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Status of struvite production and regulation in Europe - North Sea Resources Roundabout (NSSR) meeting 07-10-2016

  1. 1. NSSR Paris 7/10/2016 - 1 www.phosphorusplatform.eu Status of struvite production and regulation in Europe Chris Thornton - European Sustainable Phosphorous Platform • info@phosphorusplatform.eu • www.phosphorusplatform.eu @phosphorusfacts
  2. 2. NSSR Paris 7/10/2016 - 2 www.phosphorusplatform.eu Phosphorus recovery as struvite • Mature technology • Recovers phosphorus P (and some nitrogen N) from solution  as struvite  requires liquor rich in soluble P • Struvite = magnesium ammonium phosphate  can be used directly as a fertiliser  or blended with N, K, micro-nutrients for specific crops  or processed (micro-granulation) for specific delivery to plant Unitika, Japan, 1990s
  3. 3. NSSR Paris 7/10/2016 - 3 www.phosphorusplatform.eu Drivers • Prevent nuisance deposits, abrasion • Improves sludge dewatering • Improves biological P-removal (avoid return of P from dewatering) • Sale as fertiliser  Waternet Amsterdam: 900 t struvite/y = 400 K€ savings*  Thames Water UK: 150 t struvite = 200 KUK£/y savings, 37 K£/y struvite sales*  Berlin Wasser = 720 t struvite/y = 300 K€/y savings  Severn Trent UK = 165 KUK£/y savings  Aurhus – Suez– operating savings = c. 2x struvite sales income. ROI = 6 years (* in SCOPE Newsletters n°99, 101, 115, 121 on www.phosphorusplatform.eu ) Severn Trent Water
  4. 4. NSSR Paris 7/10/2016 - 4 www.phosphorusplatform.eu Value as fertiliser • Not water soluble • Releases nutrients as plants need them • Does not burn roots • Over 50 published pot trials, field tests, with different crops show fertiliser effectiveness* • TIMAC (NL)* develops as ultra-localised maize starter fertiliser • Relatively small production tonnages and green image: often niche marketing, e.g. sports fields, municipal parks … (* in SCOPE Newsletters n°43, 121 on www.phosphorusplatform.eu )
  5. 5. NSSR Paris 7/10/2016 - 5 www.phosphorusplatform.eu State of implementation • Municipal waste water - only from sewage works operating biological P-removal with anaerobic sludge digestion (tendency : ↑) - c. 15 plants operational or under construction • Food industry - several plants • Animal manure - technically feasible, several R&D pilots - to date farmers not willing to pay for manure treatment - pressure to respect regulations : ↑ NuReSys: struvite from potato processing, dairy food industry, pharmaceuticals industry (since 2006)
  6. 6. NSSR Paris 7/10/2016 - 6 www.phosphorusplatform.eu Aquafin Leuven BE, Braunschweig D NuReSys Berliner Wasserbetriebe D, Neuwerk D, Echten NL,Amsterdam WEST NL, Uelzen D, Salzgitter D, Wolfsburg D Airprex Thames Water Slough GB,Amersfoort NL, Appeldoorn NL, Canal Isabel II Madrid ES (+ c. 15 sewage works in USA & Canada) Ostara (Pearl / CrystalGreen) Calahorra ES PhorWater/DAM Oldburgen D, Severn Trent Stoke GB, Tilburg NL Phospaq Castres F Naskeo Helsingborg DK Veolia (Struvia) Aarhus DK, Herning DK Suez (Phosgreen) Offenburg Stuttgart process Struvite installations full scale in municipal sewage works,operating or underway
  7. 7. NSSR Paris 7/10/2016 - 7 www.phosphorusplatform.eu Struvite installations - currently in operation or underway https://de.batchgeo.com/map/f4c921a4573967d7e18aa0e651cc3264
  8. 8. NSSR Paris 7/10/2016 - 8 www.phosphorusplatform.eu Documents ? Germany Authorised ? Sold as ‘partially solubilised rock phosphate’? NL Authorised by law 29/3/16 Online* Flanders Authorised by Ministry letter Online* Denmark Authorised by Ministry letter Online* UK Authorised No documents to date France NOT authorised Spain NOT authorised USA Federal? States? No documents to date Canada Federal? States? No documents to date * See www.phosphorusplatform.eu/regulatory Regulatory status of struvite as fertiliser
  9. 9. NSSR Paris 7/10/2016 - 9 www.phosphorusplatform.eu Regulatory status of struvite as fertiliser: Questions: -“Mutual recognition” If struvite is authorised as a fertiliser in one Member State,(MS) then another should recognise this as applicable on their territory also - but does this apply to the “chemical struvite” ? Only to a specific company’s (authorised) product ? - End-of-Waste: Authorisation as fertiliser does not necessarily mean End-of-Waste - End-of-Waste seems to function differently in different MS: some require a national procedure,some accept company self-declaration
  10. 10. NSSR Paris 7/10/2016 - 10 www.phosphorusplatform.eu Status at EU level • EU Fertilisers Regulation (EUFR) - currently in discussion in Council & Parliament - struvite is NOT included • STRUBIAS process (struvite, biochars, ashes) - mandate from DG GROW to JRC – launched July 2016 - impact assessment / criteria proposal - (should) propose criteria for struvite to add into the revised EUFR as ‘CMC’ (component material category) Waternet NL (AirPrex)
  11. 11. NSSR Paris 7/10/2016 - 11 www.phosphorusplatform.eu Challenges • EU Fertilisers Regulation (EUFR) - proposed amendments to contaminant limits - political acceptance of struvite from municipal sewage - sewage excluded from compost, digestates in EUFR -“risk” (perceived or real) of pathogens, pharmaceuticals - traceability? • NL Government - currently also discussing limits on pathogens, pharmaceuticals • STRUBIAS process - need to input data for Impact Assessment: market potential - data on contaminants, pathogens and pharmaceuticals Ostara
  12. 12. NSSR Paris 7/10/2016 - 12 www.phosphorusplatform.eu Challenges • Standards - dry matter (crystal water loss 56C) - US AFPC n2 “free water” - ISO/AWI 19745 under development? - plant nutrient availability - organics / organic carbon? - contaminants? • Quality protocols - what “is” struvite ? - beyond EU Fertiliser Regulation requirements - REACH Substance Identity ? - marketing / user confidence Naskeo, Castres, France
  13. 13. NSSR Paris 7/10/2016 - 13 www.phosphorusplatform.eu Challenges: REACH • Art 2(7)d 1) of REACH: a “recovered substance” only needs to be registered once. That is, after one producer has registered then others producers do not need to register • Important to facilitate recycling • Applicable to recovered struvite: letter from DG GROW to ESPP 7/12/2015 published at www.phosphorusplatform.eu/regulatory • Struvite registered by Berlin Wasser (Lead Registrant), Aarhus Vand Denmark and by Hoogheemraadschap Amstel
  14. 14. NSSR Paris 7/10/2016 - 14 www.phosphorusplatform.eu Challenges: REACH • Current REACH dossier is incomplete, out of date - endpoints not conform to updated ECHA Guidance - no test data for skin irritation/corrosion, eye irritation/corrosion, acute oral toxicity are (read-across used but known to be not applicable for inorganic phosphates) - new study data available should be added - Substance Identity missing “boundary conditions” • But Art 2(7)d means there is no cost-sharing obligation - so how to organise this ?
  15. 15. NSSR Paris 7/10/2016 - 15 www.phosphorusplatform.eu ESPP: a coalition for action • Bring together industry, R&D, public authorities, stakeholders water & waste industries, mineral and organic fertilisers, chemicals, P-recycling products and processes … • Share vision for sustainable phosphorus in Europe • Dialogue & network expertise and experience • Build awareness • Assess and propose policy & regulatory developments • Disseminate innovation, business cases, value chains Membership is open to companies,governments, regions,knowledge centres,NGOs … www.phosphorusplatform.eu/BecomeAMember
  16. 16. NSSR Paris 7/10/2016 - 16 www.phosphorusplatform.eu Status of struvite production and regulation in Europe Chris Thornton - European Sustainable Phosphorous Platform • info@phosphorusplatform.eu • www.phosphorusplatform.eu @phosphorusfacts

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