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Frontend SPOF

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Presentation from the March Hamburg Web Performance Meetup about Frontend Single Points of Failure

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Frontend SPOF

  1. 1. Frontend SPOFPatrick Meenan Google Confidential and Proprietary
  2. 2. Credit where credit is due June 2010 - Steve Souders http://www.stevesouders.com/blog/2010/06/01/frontend-spof/ Google Confidential and Proprietary
  3. 3. See what it looks like: http://youtu.be/prToLDpjmPw Google Confidential and Proprietary
  4. 4. All Because of...<script src="https://platform.twitter.com/anywhere.js?id=ZV0JHq7YJkjozsfohDIleQ&v=1" type="text/javascript"></script> Google Confidential and Proprietary
  5. 5. What Monitoring Says...Active Monitoring ○ Server Monitoring ✔ Base page responded in 1.5 Seconds ○ Full-Browser Monitoring ✔ Page loaded in 29 Seconds (test timeout is 60)Real-User Reporting ○ Analytics Page Views ✔ Analytics loaded and executed asynchronously ○ RUM Performance ✔ If user bailed before onload there is no performance data Google Confidential and Proprietary
  6. 6. It Gets Worse!Windows Socket Connect Timeout: 20sMac/Linux Socket Connect Timeout: Much Higher PER CONNECTION Google Confidential and Proprietary
  7. 7. Theres More!On that one page, all before the main content:<script type="text/javascript" src="http://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/1.7.1/jquery.min.js"></script><script type="text/javascript" src="http://scripts.verticalacuity.com/vat/mon/vt.js?1329448814"></script><script type="text/javascript" src="http://cdn.sailthru.com/scout/v1.js?1329448814"></script><script type="text/javascript" src="//cdn.optimizely.com/js/20728634.js?1329448814"></script><script src="https://platform.twitter.com/anywhere.js?..." type="text/javascript"></script> Google Confidential and Proprietary
  8. 8. But Id notice it is down... Google Confidential and Proprietary
  9. 9. In Iran? Google Confidential and Proprietaryhttps://blogs.akamai.com/2012/02/a-view-of-the-iranian-internet-blockade-from-akamais-intelligent-platform.html
  10. 10. or China? Google Confidential and Proprietaryhttp://calendar.perfplanet.com/2011/frontend-spof-in-beijing/
  11. 11. We have solutions... Google Confidential and Proprietary
  12. 12. Async SnippetGood for code with no dependencies (widgets): Google Confidential and Proprietary
  13. 13. Async LoadersHelp for chaining together dependenciesControl.js ○ http://stevesouders.com/controljs/LABjs ○ http://labjs.com/● Remember to load the loader safely● Requires a fair bit of manual work Google Confidential and Proprietary
  14. 14. Put scripts at the bottom Google Confidential and Proprietaryhttp://stevesouders.com/examples/rule-js-bottom.php
  15. 15. Well... Google Confidential and Proprietary
  16. 16. Almost... Blocks onload except on IE and iOS 4 Google Confidential and Proprietaryhttp://www.stevesouders.com/blog/2012/01/13/javascript-performance/
  17. 17. So, How are we doing? Google Confidential and Proprietary
  18. 18. WidgetsGoogle Analytics: AsyncGoogle +1: AsyncTwitter: AsyncFacebook: AsyncDelicious: Async (image/href)StumbleUpon: AsyncDigg: AsyncReditt: BlockingAddThis: BlockingShareThis: Blocking(as of February 2012) Google Confidential and Proprietary
  19. 19. Code Libraries (samples)Jquery: Blocking in the headClosure Library: Blocking in the headYUI: BlockingDojo: Blocking in the headMoo Tools: Blocking in the headGoogle APIs: Blocking (default, Async available in docs) Google Confidential and Proprietary
  20. 20. Popular CMSsWordpress: Blocking in the headDrupal: Blocking in the headJoomla: Blocking in the head Google Confidential and Proprietary
  21. 21. Testing for Frontend SPOF Google Confidential and Proprietary
  22. 22. Routing to localhostFails FAST! (connections are rejected)Not good for testing real failure scenarios Google Confidential and Proprietary
  23. 23. You need a black hole blackhole.webpagetest.org Hosts File On WebPagetest setDnsName ajax.googleapis.com blackhole.webpagetest.org ajax.googleapis.com setDnsName apis.google.com blackhole.webpagetest.org apis.google.com setDnsName www.google-analytics.com blackhole.webpagetest.org www.google-analytics.com setDnsName connect.facebook.net blackhole.webpagetest.org setDnsName platform.twitter.com blackhole.webpagetest.org connect.facebook.net ... platform.twitter.com navigate your.url.com ... Google Confidential and Proprietaryhttp://blog.patrickmeenan.com/2011/10/testing-for-frontend-spof.html http://www.jpl.nasa.go/spaceimages/details.php?id=PIA13168
  24. 24. How pervasive is the problem? Google Confidential and Proprietary
  25. 25. "Broken" Sites● CNN● MSNBC● New York Times● LA Times● Bloomberg● ABC News● CNet news.com● Pinterest● ESPN● AARP● Business Insider...From just 20 minutes of looking Google Confidential and Proprietary
  26. 26. What do we need to do? Google Confidential and Proprietary
  27. 27. Browsers● Provide an easier way to asynchronously load complex dependency chains ○ async does not maintain order ○ defer does not work for inline scripts ■ and is broken in several versions of IE● Not block onload for Async scripts ○ Sadly, the spec requires onload blocking● Implement Resource Timing Google Confidential and Proprietary
  28. 28. Widget Owners● Never EVER provide blocking snippets● All examples should be asynchronous● Do not force HTTPS if it isnt required● Where possible, allow for sites to self-host any critical code Google Confidential and Proprietary
  29. 29. CMS Developers● Build frameworks that encourage async code loading (and encourage their use for default operation)● Provide a mechanism for tracking the performance of individual plugins Google Confidential and Proprietary
  30. 30. Site Owners● Never load resources that you do not control synchronously (and refuse 3rd party code that doesnt have an async option)● Do not rely on onload for important functionality● Make sure your monitoring has aggressive time limits (under 20 seconds)● Make sure your RUM reporting has an aggressive timeout● Track RUM failures by region● Leverage Resource Timing and field RUM analytics when available Google Confidential and Proprietary