advanced computer architecture program graphs and packing grain packing and scheduling communication latency job or program-level parallelism subprogram-level parallelism loop-level parallelism levels of parallelism latency program partitioning & scheduling reduction machine models demand-driven mechanisms control flow vs. data flow data-driven mechanism control flow mechanism program flow mechanisms crossbar networks baseline network omega network multistage networks switch modules dynamic bus dynamic interconnection networks mesh and torus fat tree tree and star barrel shifter ring and chordal ring linear array network properties and routing system interconnect architectures state of computing explicit parallelism implicit parallelism throughput rate mips rate clock rate and cpi system attributes to performance architectural evolution in computer architecture elements of modern computers simd supercomputers vector processor models coma numa uma shared-memory multiprocessors categories of parallel computers multiprocessors and multicomputers aca
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