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FLUORIDES
What is fluoride? ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Mechanisms of Action ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Mechanisms of Action ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Mechanisms of Action ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Mechanisms of Action ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Remineralization Demineralization Remineralization Demineralization
Mechanisms of Action ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Mechanisms of Action ,[object Object],[object Object]
Mechanisms of Action ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Pre-eruptive vs. Post-eruptive Fluoride ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
HOWEVER. . . ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Summary of Anti-Caries Activity of Fluoride ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Fluoride --A Brief Glimpse into History-- ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Fluoride --A Brief Glimpse into History-- ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Fluoride --A Brief Glimpse into History-- ,[object Object],[object Object]
Fluoride --A Brief Glimpse into History-- ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Fluoride --A Brief Glimpse into History-- ,[object Object]
Fluoride --A Brief Glimpse into History-- ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Water Fluoridation ,[object Object],[object Object]
Status of Community Water Fluoridation in the United Sates ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Fluoride --Other Sources-- ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Fluoride --Other Sources-- ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Fluoride --Other Sources-- ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Fluoride --Other Sources-- ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Fluoride --Other Sources-- ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Fluoride --Other Sources-- ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Fluoride --Other Sources-- ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Fluoride --Other Sources-- ,[object Object],[object Object]
Fluoride in Prophy Paste ,[object Object],[object Object]
Fluoride --Other Sources-- ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Fluoride --Other Sources-- ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Fluoride --Other Sources-- ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Comments on the Efficacy of Fluoride ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Comments on the Efficacy of Fluoride ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Fluoride and Anticipatory Guidance for the Pediatric Dental Patient ,[object Object],[object Object]
Fluoride and Anticipatory Guidance for the Pediatric Dental Patient ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Fluoride and Anticipatory Guidance for the Pediatric Dental Patient ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Fluoride Supplementation Schedule Fluoride Content of Water Adapted from American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry Handbook, 1999 -- 0.50 mg/day 1.00 mg/day 6 years – 16 years -- 0.25 mg/day 0.50 mg/day 3 years – 6 years -- -- 0.25 mg/day 6 months – 3 years >0.6 ppm 0.3 – 0.6 ppm <0.3 ppm AGE
Prescribing Fluoride Supplements ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Pertinent Issues ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Fluoride Supplementation Prescriptions --Examples-- ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Fluoride Supplementation Prescriptions --Examples-- ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
The Fluorosis Issue ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
 
 
 
Fluoride Toxicity ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Fluoride Toxicity ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Guidelines for Calculating the Quantity and Concentration of Fluoride Ion in Fluoride Compounds
Introduction --Why do we calculate the Fluoride Ion?-- ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
--What are the Risks of Ingesting More than the Recommended Dose of Fluoride?-- ,[object Object]
Important Information Before Any Calculation Example:  NaF 23+19 = 42 19/42  = .45  or  45% Atomic Weights: Na = 23 F  = 19 Sn = 119 P  = 31 O  = 16 “ ppm” means parts per million ppm = 10,000 x pph “%” 1 ounce  =  28.4 grams 8 ounces = 227.2 grams Percentage “%” in fluid means gram per 100 ml Percentage “%” means parts per hundred (pph)
Calculation of Fluoride Ion in Fluoride Compounds ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Calculation of Fluoride Ion in Fluoride Compounds ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Calculation of Fluoride Ion in Fluoride Compounds ,[object Object],[object Object]
Calculation of Fluoride Ion in Fluoride Compounds ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]

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  • 38. Fluoride Supplementation Schedule Fluoride Content of Water Adapted from American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry Handbook, 1999 -- 0.50 mg/day 1.00 mg/day 6 years – 16 years -- 0.25 mg/day 0.50 mg/day 3 years – 6 years -- -- 0.25 mg/day 6 months – 3 years >0.6 ppm 0.3 – 0.6 ppm <0.3 ppm AGE
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  • 48.
  • 49. Guidelines for Calculating the Quantity and Concentration of Fluoride Ion in Fluoride Compounds
  • 50.
  • 51.
  • 52. Important Information Before Any Calculation Example: NaF 23+19 = 42 19/42 = .45 or 45% Atomic Weights: Na = 23 F = 19 Sn = 119 P = 31 O = 16 “ ppm” means parts per million ppm = 10,000 x pph “%” 1 ounce = 28.4 grams 8 ounces = 227.2 grams Percentage “%” in fluid means gram per 100 ml Percentage “%” means parts per hundred (pph)
  • 53.
  • 54.
  • 55.
  • 56.