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Food quality and legislation 1 food quality and legislation 7

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Food quality and legislation 1 food quality and legislation 7

  1. 1. Food Quality And Legislation 1 Food Quality And Legislation 7 FOOD QUALITY AND LEGISLATION Name: Institution: Instructor: Department: Course: Date: Food Quality and Legislation Introduction It is universally accepted under the labeling legality in UK that, if your organization specializes in supplying products to customers, then it is important to ensure that the products are safe. In this case, the sole responsibility falls on the shoulders of the producers of goods and providers of services. Wholesalers, distributors, and retail shops also have legal responsibility. In this case, by failing to meet responsibilities to your business can result into several adverse implications. For instance, your business could face legal penalties with possible imprisonment or legal fines (Allee, Mayer, and Patryk 2005). Any individuals who believe their adverse condition is because of your irresponsiveness because of using the business product
  2. 2. could also sue the business. One of the biggest responsibili ty of producers revolved around date labeling or rather date marking since it ensures that consumers are able to make optimal and safe employment of food products. Apparently, the date label is an indication that signals the period in which a product can be kept under the storage conditions that are specified on the label. However, in this report, the label; that will be explored will be the Canadian maple Syrup Cream Cookies label. Requirements of the Label in the Contexts of Legislation Brief introduction to food label legislation According to the legality of labeling, four universally accepted areas need to be taken into consideration especially when labeling food products (Adams and Browning, 2015 web). The four principle areas that need to be taken into consideration include the country of origin, the food product content, and care or rather storage information (Shepherd, 2013). Additionally, as much as the regulations across Europe are similar, it is accepted that most of them are not similar. In other words, the United States of America and Japan possess different requirements. Where the Canadian Food label complies with the Law Ingredients on the Label Food product content is necessary in the United Kingdom as postulated in the 2012 food products regulations. The basis of this requirement revolves around the fact that the Canadian Maple Syrup Cream Cookies label must encompass information of the main type of ingredients employed as well as their proportional percentages. In this case, the Canadian maple Syrup Cream Cookies label has complied with the legality governing the food product industry since it has indicated the percentage of the ingredients involved in the processing of the biscuit cream. For instance, Sodium that was used in the
  3. 3. processing of the Canadian Maple Syrup cream cookies was 75g and it encompassed 1% of the overall ingredients whereas the level of carbohydrate involved is approximately 8% of the overall nutrition values embedded in the biscuit cream cookies. Below is an image that clearly indicates the ingredients used. Language Employed On the Label The information given must be postulated in such a way that it is understandable by the consumer in the targeted product market (Shepherd, 2013). Apparently, it is not just sufficient to use English as a communication language while selling your products in the European Union since there are other individuals in UK and Europe that do not necessarily understand English very well. In this case, the Canadian Maple Syrup Cream Cookies label has indicated the ingredients used in the processing of the product using two languages hence making it to comply with the food processing requirements of the UK. Below is an image of the provides information on ingredients used in two languages. Allergens Warnings Additionally, it is acknowledged that any of the allergens employed in the processing of a food product be enlisted either in italics or in bold to emphasize its importance on the label most especially if they are employed on a pre-packaged food (Shepherd, 2013). In this case, the Canadian maple Syrup Cream Cookies label can be argued to have complied with the UK food legality regulations since most of the nutrients employed in their processing are listed in bold together with their percentage ratios. Below is an image of the nutrients and their percentage ratios.
  4. 4. Country of Origin Country of origin also plays a very crucial role in the labeling of food products but it is not compulsory in some European countries when it comes to food processing. However, it is important for the Canadian Maple Syrup Cream Cookies label to have an origin label that will direct its consumers since they may be misled as to the Canadian maple Syrup Cream Cookies label true origin. Apparently, if a food product carried a flag of Britain on it but its country of origin is Hong Kong China, then it is important for that food product to include a label indicating a country of origin to that effect because fraudulent labeling is illegal (Stark, 2015). In this case, the Canadian maple Syrup Cream Cookies label has complied with the UK food processing legality since it has indicated a country of origin on its label that is Canada. Below is the image indicating country of origin. Name of the Food Product The name of the food product must as well be indicated clearly on the packaging. Additionally, some food products possess made up names that do not give a clue of the ingredients in them or what the food tastes like. When such a scenario occurs, it is accepted that a brief explanation of the product be indicated so that the product description ids not ambiguous or misleading. Moreover, the name of the product should help its customers to note the difference that exists between the product and other similar related products (Allee, Mayer, and Patryk, 2015). The Canadian Maple Syrup Cream Cookies label can be said to have complied to this legality since its title clearly indicates that the product is a crunchy biscuits that is very tasty. Below are images of the name of product as indicated on the label in two languages.
  5. 5. The Actual Weight of the Product The product’s actual weight must as well be shown on the product label. In this case, the weight does not necessarily need to be exact but it must be stated in such a way that it indicates some similarities. For those food products that are in liquid form, the drained weight of the ingredients employed in the food processing need to be displayed. Therefore, in this case, the Canadian Maple Syrup Cream has clearly indicated the weight of the flavors and nutrients present in the cream cookies hence making it to comply with the UK legality requirements. Below is an image of the actual weight of the product as indicated on the label. Where It Does Not Comply With the Law Listing of the Allergens It is a requirement that any of the allergens employed in the processing of a food product be enlisted either in italics or in bold to emphasize its importance on the label most especially if they are employed on a pre-packaged food. However, one thing that may be difficult to comprehend is how to identify the allergens from the pack of flavors used in The Canadian Maple Syrup Cream since all of them are written in bold and none of them is underlined or italicized to differentiate them from the other listed flavors. Data about Allergens and the “May Contain Notification” In the UK, any data revolving around allergenic ingredients is supposed to be located in a single place on an ingredients list separate from the other food labels (Shepherd, 2013). In this case, this implies that some of the previous strategy of using allergy boxes that offer a short cut to ingredients that are
  6. 6. deemed allergens is no longer permitted. In fact, the employment of voluntary precautionary strategy towards allergens indication such ‘May Contain’ that signal the potential existence of allergens is still allowed (Adams and Browning, 2015). In this case, however, there is no such indication on the Canadian Maple Syrup Cream Cookies label hence this can be said to be one of the shortcomings of this label. In this regard, it does not comply with the UK food label legislation. Liability Consequences Liability refers to the situation of being held responsible for an action or something, especially by the law (Food Standards Agency, 2011, web). Additionally, Product liability is used to refer to the legal liability that a manufacturer or a seller bears for trading a product that has faults or is harmful. In this case, product liability holds a number of conseque nces that a firm can face for being responsible for the existence of a faulty product. If a business is liable for the harm that is caused by a faulty product, any individual who is harmed, even in cases where they did not personally buy the product can sue it (Stark, 2015). In the context of the Canadian Maple Syrup Cream Cookies, consequences of liability are those implications that the company will incur if it fails to comply with the regulations governing the food product industry. In this context, a business entity can be held responsibility for damages to property, death, or injury. In this case, for failing to indicate any form of allergens on their products of rather the warning signal of “May Contain”, the company may end up being sued if the consequences of their actions might harm any person. Damage on private property can result in a legal claim of at least 275 pounds in the UK and the amount varies depending on the extent of loss or damage caused to the consumer. In essence, by having the amount of claim subject to the amount of damage caused means that there is no upper limit on the amount of
  7. 7. claims that can be made. Insurance against liabilities because of court awards is appropriate to insulate Canadian Maple Syrup Cream Cookies profitability (Allee, Mayer and Patryk, Stark, 2015). Product liability insurance offers compensation in cases of a legal claim against faulty products. Conclusion Observance of safety standards is a continuous process that should be undertaken at every stage of the production process; right from product designing until the product reaches the consumers. Proper mechanisms should be put in place to ensure that safety standards are adhered to prevent any faults after the products are in the public domain. In businesses that deal solely with supply, the customers must be informed of the safety measures for safe use of the product. Investigating any complaints about product safety and passing the information to the manufacturer could enable to prevent product safety problems References Adams, R.J. and Browning, J.M., 2015. Product Liability: An Important Dimension of Marketing. Retrieved from: http://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-319-17052- 7_65#page-1 Allee, J.S., Mayer, T.V. and Patryk, R.W., 2015. Product liability. Retrieved from: https://books.google.co.ke/books?id=Kc4-BlWh_BoC&pg=SA1- PA3&source=gbs_toc_r&cad=3#v=onepage&q&f=false British Nutrition Foundation,(2016).Food labeling>Retrieved from: https://www.nutrition.org.uk/nutritionscience/foodfacts/labell in g.html?limit=1&start=1 Fish and Richardson 2016. Product Liability and mass Torts.
  8. 8. Journal of European Tort Law, 7(2), pp.113-142. Retrieved from: http://www.fr.com/services/litigation/product-liability- and-mass- torts/?gclid=CjwKEAjw1qHABRDU9qaXs4rtiS0SJADNzJisNG QHLhP3yC8tm74B3- eYFpPV5Oa_lVdYkamonM3_nhoCgebw_wcB Food Standards Agency, (2011).Guidance on the application of date labels to food. Retrieved from: https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attach ment_data/file/69316/pb132629-food-date-labelling-110915.pdf Gov.Uk, (2015). Food labeling: Giving food information to consumers. Retrieved from: https://www.gov.uk/guidance/food- labelling-giving-food-information-to-consumers Shepherd, J.M., 2013. Products liability and economic activity: an empirical analysis of tort reform's impact on businesses, employment, and production. Vand. L. Rev., 66, p.255.Retrieved from: https://www.vanderbiltlawreview.org/2013/01/products- liability-and-economic-activity-an-empirical-analysis-of-tort- reform%E2%80%99s-impact-on-businesses-employment-and- production/ Stark, J., 2015. Product lifecycle management. In Product Lifecycle Management (pp. 1-29). Springer International Publishing. Retrieved from: http://www.product-lifecycle- management.info/ Running head: OBSTACLES AND SOLUTIONS TO WOMEN RIGHTS IN SAUDI 1 OBSTACLES AND SOLUTIONS TO WOMEN RIGHTS IN SAUDI ARABIA 12 Women Rights in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia: Obstacles and
  9. 9. Solution s Student’s Name Institutional Affiliation Abstract Saudi Arabia has come under criticism from foreign countries over its lackluster involvement in strengthening the role of women in the society. Nevertheless, by promoting women into positions of power and issuing licenses to practice law to qualified women for the first time, it can be argued that, Saudi Arabia is indeed making progress on women rights issues and protection policies. Based on the review of several literatures, this report asserts that that the ban on women driving has gone down as one of the most enormous obstacles women in Saudi Arabia still face and in the process; they have to do with it every day. Moreover, this report goes ahead to explain that, social, legislative, occupational and educational constraints prevent women from participating in some of the economic
  10. 10. development activities in Saudi Arabia. Therefore, based on this report, overcoming these challenges will be one of the most essential elements and this can be achieved if Saudi Arabia is able to introduce sweeping legal reforms that would ensure that women in Saudi Arabia take a serious role in contributing to the welfare and economic development of their country. Key Words Legal reforms: The various modifications and changes a government does to the constitution to enhance the livelihood of the citizens Women’s Rights: are the universal fundamental human rights that enhance women’s freedom in the society without necessary facing hindrances from other societal forces Economy empowerment: The activity of enhancing the role of social members in developing the economy of the country International Relations: The relationship a country has with foreign governments and investors. Introduction
  11. 11. Attention Getter: Women Rights in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia: Obstacles and

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