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We use will + infinitive without to:
to express a sudden decision made at
the moment of speaking.
To express intention or promise.
To express a prediction based on opinion
To make a request or an offer.
I have a nice dress! I
will go to the party
The Future Continuous
We use the future continuous
tense to talk about things that
have been planned or likely to
The Future Progressive
This tense is used to describe an event or action that will occur
over a period of time at a specific point in the future.
at 10 a.m. tomorrow
by the time you arrive
I will be teaching ESL 40 at 10 a.m. tomorrow.
They will be moving their furniture out of the house by the time you
How do we use future continuous tense.
1. Expressing activity will be happening at a time in the future / For an action
that will be continuous during a period of time.
If the weather remains good, we’ll be swimming all day tomorrow.
He will be living in Thailand this time next year.
2. Interrupted action in the future
I will be watching T.V. when she arrives.
3. Parallel actions in the future
I am going to be studying and he is going to be
4. Atmosphere in the future:
In English, we often use a series of parallel actions
to describe atmosphere at a specific point in the future.
- When I arrive at the party, everybody is going to be celebrating.
Some will be dancing. Others are going to be talking. A few people
will be eating pizza, and several people are going to be drinking beer.
They always do the same thing.
Toby won’t be at home at 9
o’clock this Sunday. He will be
climbing in the Himalayas then
The action climb starts
before this Sunday and
probably continues after it
We will be having a quiz at 8 in the
I (watch) _____________ TV when my
will be watching
aunt calls from Australia tonight.
will be taking
We (take) ___________ our final
examinations from December 16 to 18.
future action as
a statement of
What’s the difference?
I will watch TV when my aunt calls from
My aunt will call; then, as I am
talking to her, I will watch TV.
I will be watching TV when my aunt calls
from Australia tonight.
While I am watching TV, my aunt
Which should you use?
will be holding
We ___________ the community concert
on November 28.
We ___________ the school fair from
November 24 to 29.
Future Perfect Tense
The future perfect tense is quite an easy
tense to understand and use. The future
perfect tense talks about the past in the
How do we make the Future Perfect Tense?
I will have finished by 10 am.
You will have forgotten me by then.
She will not have gone to school.
We will not have left.
Will you have arrived?
Will they have received it?
How do we use the Future Perfect Tense?
The future perfect tense expresses action in the future before
another action in the future. This is the past in the future.
The train will leave the station at 9am. You will arrive at the station
at 9.15am. When you arrive, the train will have left.
You can call me at work at 8am. I will
have arrived at the office by 8.
They will be tired when they arrive. They
will not have slept for a long time.
"Mary won't be at home when you arrive."
"Really? Where will she have gone?"
I will have been in London for six months by the
time I leave.
By Monday Susan is going to have had my book
for a week.
By next November* I will have received my
By the time he gets home* his wife is going to
have cleaned the entire house.
Sally always leaves for work at 8:30 in the
morning , so she will not be at home at 9
o'clock.She will have gone to work.
We are late. The film will already have
started by the time we get to the cinema.
I will have finished my homework by the
time I go out on a date tonight.
I will graduate in june . I will see you in
july. By the next time I see you , I will have
What is the difference?
past perfect :
When their first child was born ,they had been married for
Ted and Amy have been married for 24 years
Next year they will have been married for 25 years