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KCL CeRch presentation, enhanced scholarly publications, 27march2012

presentation on enhanced publishing at King's College London, 27 March 2012, by Nick Jankowski, Andrea Scharnhorst, Clifford Tatum, and Sally Wyatt

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KCL CeRch presentation, enhanced scholarly publications, 27march2012

  1. 1. Enhanced Publishing in the Social Sciences & Humanities: Tensions, Opportunities, & Problems Center for eResearch CeRch Seminar Series Department of Digital Humanities King’s College London 27 March 2012 Nicholas Jankowski, Clifford Tatum, Andrea Scharnhorst, Sally Wyatt The e-Humanities Group
  2. 2. Overview: Enhanced Publishing • Part 1: Panoramic Overview (Jankowski) • Part 2: Conceptualizing Enhancement (Tatum) • Part 3: Operationalizing Enhancement (Scharnhorst) • General Discussion ca. 15 min. per part intermezzos between parts CeRch Seminar Series, Kings College27 March 2011 2 London
  3. 3. What is an ‘enhanced publication’?“…a publication that is enhanced with research data, extra materials, postpublication data, database records (e.g. the Protein Data Bank), and that has anobject-based structure with explicit links between the objects. In this definition anobject can be (part of) an article, a data set, an image, a movie, a comment, amodule or a link to information in a database.”(Woutersen-Windhouwer & Brandsma, 2009: 20)* Data* Structure (linking)* Objects (components) CeRch Seminar Series, Kings College27 March 2011 3 London
  4. 4. Enhancing Scholarship...Intern’ l J. of Internet Science CeRch Seminar Series, Kings College27 March 2011 4 London
  5. 5. Enhancing Scholarship...Illustration from long ago CeRch Seminar Series, Kings College27 March 2011 5 London
  6. 6. Enhancing Scholarship...Visualizing Culture CeRch Seminar Series, Kings College27 March 2011 6 London
  7. 7. Enhancing PublicationsOur Choice; Solar System, JFK: Day by Day; Imagining the Iliad, The Waste Land 7
  8. 8. Enhancing Scholarship...AAUP report 8
  9. 9. Enhancing Scholarship...Bloomsbury Academic• Hybrid• Linking• Resources• Business model?
  10. 10. Enhancing Scholarship...Cell Press (Cell Reports) (Elsevier, Article of the Future) 10
  11. 11. Enhancing Scholarship...SAGE Publications: communicationspace 11
  12. 12. Towards a Typology of EnhancementsRich Internet Publications (Beure, Voorbij, & Hoogerwerf, J. of Digital Information, 12/1, 2011) 12
  13. 13. Enhanced Publications: clusteringcomponentsCentral components• Accessibility – Open access• Durability – Repositories – Persistent identifiers for objects of publications• Interoperability – Interlinking of objects – Dynamic references• Discourse – Reader comments, author updates & responses• Replicability – Availability of data for inspection & secondary analysisSecondary Components• supplementary research materials – instrumentation, additional analyses• contextual materials – setting, object of study, background, researcher info• Visualizations – use of color, dynamic figures• Multimedia – podcasts, videos CeRch Seminar Series, Kings College27 March 2011 13 London
  14. 14. In Conclusion: ‘Persistent’ Questions enhancing scholarly publications• How does enhancement contribute to the quality of a scholarly argument?• What solutions address the challenges facing enhancement of scholarly publications? – Preserving dynamic objects in a Web environment – Interrelating objects of enhanced publications – Engaging key players (publishers, editors, authors) in enhancement• What enhancements are desired by scholars & students; what are the differences between disciplines? CeRch Seminar Series, Kings College 27 March 2011 14 London
  15. 15. Intermezzo 1: Questions / Comments CeRch Seminar Series, Kings College27 March 2011 15 London
  16. 16. Intermezzo 2: Questions / Comments CeRch Seminar Series, Kings College27 March 2011 15 London
  17. 17. Operationalizing Enhanced Publications Andrea Scharnhorst Data Archiving and Networked Services (DANS) The e-Humanities Group
  18. 18. Enhanced Publications: Gone with the Wind?• Authors• Publishers• Libraries/Archives
  19. 19. Nanopublications: www.nanopub.org; Barend Mons, Paul Groth, and many others- Machine readable, RDF - Data publishing- Bioinformatics, semantic web The Principle of Added Value: The Assertion arises from a well-documented procedure or observation. For example, the Predicate establishing an association between the Subject and the Object could arise from a mathematical model, co-occurrence in text, a new experimental dataset, manually curated relations established by experts or from the exposure of an existing database. The Principle of Transparency: The Provenance and Condition refer to who, what, where, when of the Predicate, allowing the quality of the nanopublication to be assessed by others. The Principle of Ambiguity Avoidance: The arguments of the nanopublication (all concepts in the assertion, the condition and the provenance) can be unambiguously resolved to unique concepts. The Principle of Global Reference: Where authority, namespace, accession and version of any nanopublication argument has already been established on the Web, the Unique Resource Identifier (URI) of the concept should be used. Where no URI exists, a Universal and Unique Identifier (UUID) can be generated using the ConceptWiki.
  20. 20. The Universe of e-Research: Grass-rootemergence of a domainmap Will publishers allow access to texts how does that relates to their own eBook efforts? What kind of enhancements do authors want and do they have time to produce them? Can SemanticWords be used for collective writing of books? Will the tools be picked up by others? Could we plugin other existing books to our universe, make it evolving? 39
  21. 21. Summary: experiences from practice • Motivating contributors to contribute to EP’s when they have already finished a text is not easy. Reasons for reluctance: • few rewards in current academic system • ‘old’ news – move to new projects • have to learn new skills to do it well, skills that might be out-of-date the next time they come to do such a thing • Whats the added value of pictures and other extra material? • IP & copyright on images and texts • Dealing with publishers who have different business model/ different expectations • Added value of an enhancement versus added value of good publishers 40
  22. 22. An archive as protective niche? Veteran Tapes, Stef Scagliola Xpos’re, Leen Breure, VP Cross, NIAS project … many more: DataPlus, JACL, …. ‘Our EP’ 41
  23. 23. All research information under one roof Doctoral Theses (Dissertations) Archaeological excavations Publications by Tilburg University researchers Enhanced Scientific Communication by Aggregated Publication Environments (ESCAPE) Gallows in Late Medieval Frisia 42
  24. 24. 43
  25. 25. In conclusion: Questions / CommentsResourcesVideo 1: Enhancing Scholarly PublicationsVideo 2: Enhancing Scholarly PublicationsJankowski, NW, C. Tatum, Z. Tatum, A. Scharnhorst (2011). Enhancing Scholarly Publishing in theHumanities and Social Sciences: Innovation through Hybrid Forms of Publication. In PKP ScholarlyPublishing Conference 2011. Berlin. Available at SSRN 44