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Day 2 Mortimer Hope - GSMA - Spectrum for Mobile Broadbabnd

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Accelerating mobile broadband connectivity in Africa

Veröffentlicht in: Technologie
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Day 2 Mortimer Hope - GSMA - Spectrum for Mobile Broadbabnd

  1. 1. 11 APRIL 2013 © GSMA 2015 Spectrum for Mobile Broadband Accelerating Mobile Broadband Connectivity in Africa Innovation Africa Digital Summit 2015 Victoria Falls, Zimbabwe 14–16 April 2015 Mortimer Hope, Director Africa mhope@gsma.com
  2. 2. SPECTRUM FOR MOBILE © GSMA 2015 AGENDA Licensing & Use of existing spectrum allocations Importance of spectrum for Mobile Broadband Identification of additional spectrum bands
  3. 3. SPECTRUM FOR MOBILE © GSMA 2015 THE IMPORTANCE OF MOBILE IN AFRICA  Poor fixed infrastructure in most African countries:  Limited to major urban centres  Very low (and declining) penetration  Slow rollout and very high capital cost per user  Mobile networks:  Faster deployment  Lower capital cost per user (relative to fixed)  Wider coverage area  High (and increasing) penetration  Mobile networks need a combination of –  Low frequencies for coverage; and  High frequencies for capacity
  4. 4. SPECTRUM FOR MOBILE © GSMA 2015 SOCIO-ECONOMIC BENEFITS OF MOBIILE
  5. 5. SPECTRUM FOR MOBILE © GSMA 2015 ATTRACTIVENESS OF THE SUB 1 GHz BANDS THE BENEFITS OF SUB – 1 GHz SPECTRUM ARE CRUCIAL FOR HIGH QUALITY, COST EFFECTIVE MOBILE BROADBAND DEPLOYMENT Ideal for economically deploying mobile broadband over large areas - especially in rural areas Improved saturation in urban areas and better in- building penetration improves quality of service The digital dividend means more sub-1GHz spectrum is being made available for mobile broadband services around the world <700MHz 700MHz 800MHz 2100MHz Cell radius 5800MHz
  6. 6. SPECTRUM FOR MOBILE © GSMA 2015 AGENDA Licensing & Use of existing spectrum allocations Importance of spectrum for Mobile Broadband Identification of additional spectrum bands
  7. 7. SPECTRUM FOR MOBILE © GSMA 2015 EFFICIENT USE OF EXISTING ALLOCATIONS  Some existing frequency allocations not yet licensed to mobile or licensed under restrictive conditions e.g. 900 MHz band licensed for GSM (2G) only  Remove all technology restrictions – technology neutrality  No requirement to obtain authorization for refarming spectrum  Operator can determine pace of technology adoption  Publish a Roadmap showing expected timeframes for licensing existing mobile allocations:  Digital Dividend (700/800 MHz bands)  Higher frequency bands (2.6/3.5 GHz bands)  Combine coverage and capacity bands in same licence process
  8. 8. SPECTRUM FOR MOBILE © GSMA 2015 THE DIGITAL SWITCHOVER  Higher-quality and more efficient digital broadcasting  More widespread and affordable broadband access  Major socio-economic benefits:  Better information access and connectivity for businesses and the public  New mobile-based business opportunities  Mobile access to healthcare, education, agricultural information DSO WILL BE TRANSFORMATIONAL TO SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA’S DIGITAL DEVELOPMENT. IT IS A ONE-TIME OPPORTUNITY FOR:
  9. 9. SPECTRUM FOR MOBILE © GSMA 2015 RELEASE OF DIGITAL DIVIDEND WILL.. Source: GSMA: “The Mobile Economy in Sub-Saharan Africa 2013”
  10. 10. SPECTRUM FOR MOBILE © GSMA 2015 SPECTRUM HARMONISATION MATTERS ROAMING harmonised bands SCALE billions of subscribers AFFORDABILITY economies of scale CHOICE competition MOBILE SPECTRUM Brings down the cost of mobile devices Enables people to roam Reduces interference issues along borders
  11. 11. SPECTRUM FOR MOBILE © GSMA 2015 700/800 MHz CHANNEL PLAN OPPORTUNITY 791 832 862 MHz790 821 REGION 1: 800 MHz Channel Plan 3GPP Band 20 703 748 758 803 MHz 694/698 APT 700 MHz Channel Plan 3GPP Band 28 Upper APT duplexer Lower APT duplexer THE APT 700 MHz CHANNEL PLAN BEING ADOPTED IN ASIA-PACIFIC & LATIN AMERICA OVERLAPS WITH THE 800 MHz CHANNEL PLAN IN ITU REGION 1 703MHz 733 788MHz758 718MHz 773748 803MHz HOWEVER THE LOWER APT DUPLEXER DOES NOT OVERLAP
  12. 12. SPECTRUM FOR MOBILE © GSMA 2015 AGENDA Licensing & Use of existing spectrum allocations Importance of spectrum for Mobile Broadband Identification of additional spectrum bands
  13. 13. SPECTRUM FOR MOBILE © GSMA 2015 NEED TO MEET LONG-TERM DATA DEMAND  The ITU predicts that on average a total of 1340–1960MHz will be required for mobile services worldwide by 2020 – This accounts for the use of other capacity enhancing methods – It also includes existing mobile bands (on average 1000MHz is allocated to mobile today)  Allocations at WRC-15 mostly won’t be licensed until 2020-2025 when data demand will be much higher – The ITU assumes a 44-80x increase in mobile data between 2010 and 2020 – By comparison global mobile data rose 45x from 2008-2013  Governments won’t license spectrum allocated at WRC-15 until they are ready – Existing services can continue & be protected through regulatory conditions – BUT if new bands aren’t allocated then admins will struggle to react to rising data demand  Governments not planning to use WRC-15 bands in near-term will still benefit from lower cost equipment for their later roll-outs – Early movers generate economies of scale so countries that deploy later benefit from more affordable smartphones and base stations etc.. – Economies of scale only generated through harmonized allocations
  14. 14. SPECTRUM FOR MOBILE © GSMA 2015 GSMA TARGET BANDS at WRC-15 Target Band Benefit for mobile Existing Usage How to accommodate mobile Sub-700 MHz (470-694/8MHz) - Extremely important for bringing high speed mobile broadband everywhere - Mostly broadcast - Broadcasters can use more spectrum-efficient technologies - IPTV, satellite, cable & LTE broadcast will complement L-band (1350-1518MHz) - Good general purpose band for coverage and capacity - Comms for aircraft control systems (i.e.. telemetry) - Military and civilian radar - Fixed links (e.g. for business) - Satellite phones - Earth observation satellites - 1452-1492MHz portion largely unused globally - Radar & aeronautical mobile telemetry services could potentially use spectrum more efficiently 2.7-2.9GHz - Excellent capacity band - Could use existing 2.6GHz base stations - Air traffic control - Military radar - Band is mostly under-used so could support mobile in a portion. Big exclusion zones not needed C-band (3.4-4.2GHz) - Excellent capacity band - Supports fastest services - Only suitable for urban areas or small cells - Fixed Satellite Services (e.g. satellite TV and broadband) - Satellite providers can use smaller portion – they use other bands in tropics w/ new tech Big exclusion zones not needed
  15. 15. SPECTRUM FOR MOBILE © GSMA 2015 NEW BANDS FOR MOBILE RADIO SPECTRUM: IDENTIFIED MOBILE BANDS 1.8GHz 2.1GHz 2.6GHz 450–470MHz DigitalDividend (700/800MHz) 900MHz 2.3GHz 3.4–3.6GHz 470- 694/8 MHz 3.4–3.8 GHz TARGET BANDS FOR WRC-15 2.7–2.9 GHz 1350- 1518 MHz 3.8–4.2 GHz  GSMA had agreed widespread mobile operator support for 4 new mobile allocations – Sub-700MHz UHF (470-694/8MHz) – 2.7-2.9GHz – L-Band (1350-1518MHz) – C-Band (3.4-4.2GHz)  These provide coverage & capacity  These bands must be harmonised globally to drive lower cost equipment/services – Pursuing other bands risks creating a fragmented market
  16. 16. 11 APRIL 2013 © GSMA 2015 THANK YOU

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