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14.03.07 exegesis lent 1

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14.03.07 exegesis lent 1

  1. 1. First Sunday in Lent: The Lord Jesus Christ Is Our Champion against Satan Genesis 3:1-21; Romans 5:12-19; Matthew 4:1-11; Psalm 32:1-7
  2. 2. FIRST SUNDAY IN LENT Genesis 3:1–21 Romans 5:12–19 Matthew 4:1–11 The Lord Jesus Christ Is Our Champion against Satan Following His Baptism, Jesus is “led up by the Spirit into the wilderness to be tempted by the devil” (Matt. 4:1). As He takes upon Himself the curse of our sin and sets Himself against our enemy, He trusts His Father‘s voice and waits upon His Father‘s hand for all things. The devil questions His sonship, but the beloved and well-pleasing Son remains faithful and lives “by every Word that comes from the mouth of God” (Matt. 4:4). Jesus patiently suffers hunger in His mortal flesh and returns to the dust whence man was taken, and by His pain He brings forth food for all the children of men (Gen. 3:18–19). By the sweat of His brow we eat the fruit of His Cross, even as our nakedness is covered by His righteousness. Although all people live in bondage to death through the trespass of the first man, Adam, all the more “have the grace of God and the free gift by the grace of that one Man Jesus Christ abounded for many” (Rom. 5:15). His righteous obedience “leads to justification and life for all men” (Rom. 5:18).
  3. 3. •How does Satan corner you? •How does the Spirit do battle within you, for you?
  4. 4. 1 A mighty fortress is our God, A trusty shield and weapon; He helps us free from ev'ry need That hath us now o'ertaken. The old evil foe Now means deadly woe; Deep guile and great might Are his dread arms in fight; On earth is not his equal. 3 Though devils all the world should fill, All eager to devour us. We tremble not, we fear no ill, They shall not overpow'r us. This world's prince may still Scowl fierce as he will, He can harm us none, He's judged; the deed is done; One little word can fell him. 2 With might of ours can naught be done, Soon were our loss effected; But for us fights the Valiant One, Whom God Himself elected. Ask ye, Who is this? Jesus Christ it is. Of Sabaoth Lord, And there's none other God; He holds the field forever. 4 The Word they still shall let remain Nor any thanks have for it; He's by our side upon the plain With His good gifts and Spirit. And take they our life, Goods, fame, child, and wife, Let these all be gone, Our vict'ry has been won; The Kingdom ours remaineth.
  5. 5.  Use your prayer notes.  Use a verse from the bible to reflect on.  Pray for justice and protection.  P raise R epentance A ppreciation Y ou E veryone R esolve Let us pray for the whole Church struggling to receive their daily of God in Christ Jesus and for all bread with thanksgiving. Grant people according to their needs. that all of Your people, in want or in wealth, may look to You alone O Lord, in the temptation of Your as the One who meets our every Son, He forsook the trophies of need and who graciously provides this world to cling steadfast to the all that we require to support this one thing needful, the Word of body and life… God. Grant that, especially in an affluent society, we may always Lord of the Church, You have remember that where our treasures established the Office of the Holy are, there will our hearts be also. Ministry to bring the gifts of the By grace, may our greatest Gospel to the people of God. treasure always be Your gifts of Grant us a deep appreciation for forgiveness and eternal salvation. the work of our pastors. Help us to Lord, in Your mercy, hear our see them as workers together in prayer. the same vineyard, as stewards of the mysteries of God and as O loving Father, there are many faithful shepherds of Your flock, around us who are in desperate that our pastors may rightly need. We remember especially deliver and Your people may those who are unemployed, joyfully receive all the gifts that underemployed and who are Christ freely gives in this place…
  6. 6.     O Lord God, You have established us Christians to eat and to drink. the kingdoms of this world to Grant penitent hearts and steadfast reward good and punish evil. Grant faith to all who receive the us good government as part of our Sacrament at this altar this day, that daily bread. Make our public they may learn from this meal to Use your prayer notes. servants faithful in all that they do, love God, to believe that only Use a verse from the that we may lead a peaceful and Christ could make satisfaction for bible to reflect on. quiet life in all godliness… our sins and to love their neighbors as themselves… Pray for justice and O God, there are many around us protection. who have various needs, Deliverer from death and the P raise [especially ______________]. Fix grave, receive this day our humble R epentance their eyes on You as the One who thanks for all Your children whom A ppreciation alone can rescue them from any Your Spirit has kept in saving faith Y ou peril. Grant us daily prayer for through the Word and who now E veryone those in need, whether in this rest from their labors. Bring us to R esolve congregation, in the larger share with them the joys of Your communion of saints or throughout unending feast… the world. Spare us, good Lord, for You alone can fight for us… Into Your hands, O Lord, we commend all for whom we pray, Heavenly Father, You have left us trusting in Your mercy, through the body and blood of Your Son for Jesus Christ, our Lord. Amen.
  7. 7. The Lord Jesus Christ Is Our Champion against Satan  Meet w/teams 3-5 min per box  What are the major points of your text?  How does your topic fit the pericope theme?  How does it connect to the other texts? How is it unique?
  8. 8. Genesis 3:1-21 You will crawl on your belly The Fall and you will eat dust 3 Now the serpent was more crafty than any of the wild all the days of your life. 15 And I will put enmity animals the LORD God had made. He said to the woman, ―Did God really say, ‗You must not eat from any tree in the between you and the woman, garden‘?‖ and between your offspring[a] and hers; 2 The woman said to the serpent, ―We may eat fruit from the he will crush[b] your head, trees in the garden, 3 but God did say, ‗You must not eat fruit and you will strike his heel.‖ from the tree that is in the middle of the garden, and you must 16 To the woman he said, not touch it, or you will die.‘‖ ―I will make your pains in childbearing very severe; 4 ―You will not certainly die,‖ the serpent said to the with painful labor you will give birth to children. woman. 5 ―For God knows that when you eat from it your Your desire will be for your husband, eyes will be opened, and you will be like God, knowing good and he will rule over you.‖ 17 To Adam he said, ―Because you listened to your wife and and evil.‖ 6 When the woman saw that the fruit of the tree was good for ate fruit from the tree about which I commanded you, ‗You food and pleasing to the eye, and also desirable for gaining must not eat from it,‘ wisdom, she took some and ate it. She also gave some to her ―Cursed is the ground because of you; husband, who was with her, and he ate it. 7 Then the eyes of through painful toil you will eat food from it both of them were opened, and they realized they were all the days of your life. naked; so they sewed fig leaves together and made coverings 18 It will produce thorns and thistles for you, for themselves. and you will eat the plants of the field. 8 Then the man and his wife heard the sound of the LORD God 19 By the sweat of your brow as he was walking in the garden in the cool of the day, and you will eat your food they hid from the LORD God among the trees of the until you return to the ground, garden. 9 But the LORD God called to the man, ―Where are since from it you were taken; you?‖ for dust you are 10 He answered, ―I heard you in the garden, and I was and to dust you will return.‖ 20 Adam[c] named his wife Eve,[d] because she would become afraid because I was naked; so I hid.‖ 11 And he said, ―Who told you that you were naked? Have the mother of all the living. 21 The LORD God made garments of skin for Adam and his you eaten from the tree that I commanded you not to eat from?‖ wife and clothed them. 12 The man said, ―The woman you put here with me—she gave me some fruit from the tree, and I ate it.‖ 13 Then the LORD God said to the woman, ―What is this you have done?‖ The woman said, ―The serpent deceived me, and I ate.‖ 14 So the LORD God said to the serpent, ―Because you have done this, ―Cursed are you above all livestock and all wild animals!
  9. 9. Romans 5:12-19 many! 16 Nor can the gift of God be Death Through Adam, Life compared with the result of one Through Christ man‘s sin: The judgment followed 12 Therefore, just as sin entered the one sin and brought condemnation, world through one man, and death but the gift followed many through sin, and in this way death trespasses and brought came to all people, because all justification. 17 For if, by the sinned— trespass of the one man, 13 To be sure, sin was in the world death reigned through that one man, before the law was given, but sin is how much more will those who not charged against anyone‘s receive God‘s abundant provision of account where there is no grace and of the gift of law. 14 Nevertheless, death reigned righteousness reign in life through from the time of Adam to the time the one man, Jesus Christ! of Moses, even over those who did 18 Consequently, just as one trespass not sin by breaking a command, as resulted in condemnation for all did Adam, who is a pattern of the people, so also one righteous act one to come. resulted in justification and life for 15 But the gift is not like the all people. 19 For just as through the trespass. For if the many died by the disobedience of the one man the trespass of the one man, how much many were made sinners, so also more did God‘s grace and the gift through the obedience of the one that came by the grace of the one man the many will be made man, Jesus Christ, overflow to the righteous.
  10. 10. Matthew 4:1-11 Jesus Is Tested in the Wilderness 4 Then Jesus was led by the Spirit into the wilderness to be tempted[a] by the devil. 2 After fasting forty days and forty nights, he was hungry. 3 The tempter came to him and said, ―If you are the Son of God, tell these stones to become bread.‖ 4 Jesus answered, ―It is written: ‗Man shall not live on bread alone, but on every word that comes from the mouth of God.‘[b]‖ 5 Then the devil took him to the holy city and had him stand on the highest point of the temple. 6 ―If you are the Son of God,‖ he said, ―throw yourself down. For it is written: ―‗He will command his angels concerning you, and they will lift you up in their hands, so that you will not strike your foot against a stone.‘[c]‖ 7 Jesus answered him, ―It is also written: ‗Do not put the Lord your God to the test.‘[d]‖ 8 Again, the devil took him to a very high mountain and showed him all the kingdoms of the world and their splendor.9 ―All this I will give you,‖ he said, ―if you will bow down and worship me.‖ 10 Jesus said to him, ―Away from me, Satan! For it is written: ‗Worship the Lord your God, and serve him only.‘[e]‖ 11 Then the devil left him, and angels came and attended him.
  11. 11. Psalm 32:1-7 you Psalm 32 and did not cover up my iniquity. Of David. A maskil.[a] I said, ―I will confess 1 Blessed is the one my transgressions to the LORD.‖ whose transgressions are And you forgave forgiven, the guilt of my sin. 6 Therefore let all the faithful pray whose sins are covered. 2 Blessed is the one to you whose sin the LORD does not while you may be found; count against them surely the rising of the mighty and in whose spirit is no deceit. waters 3 When I kept silent, will not reach them. 7 You are my hiding place; my bones wasted away through my groaning all day long. you will protect me from trouble 4 For day and night and surround me with songs of your hand was heavy on me; deliverance. my strength was sapped as in the heat of summer.[b] 5 Then I acknowledged my sin to
  12. 12.  1 Amazing grace--how sweet His grace has brought me safe thus far, His grace will lead me home. the sound-That saved a wretch like me! I once was lost but now am found,  4 Yes, when this flesh and Was blind, but now I see! heart shall fail And mortal life shall cease,  2 The Lord has promised good Amazing grace shall then to me, prevail His Word my hope secures; In heaven's joy and peace. He will my shield and portion be  5 When we‘ve been there ten As long as life endures. thousand years, Bright shining as the sun,  3 Through many dangers, toils We‘ve no less days to sing and snares, God‘s praise I have already come; Than when we‘d first begun.
  13. 13.  SECOND SUNDAY IN LENT  The Word of the Gospel     Opens the Eyes of Faith and Fixes Them on Christ Jesus Genesis 12:1–9 The Call of Abram Romans 4:1–8, 13–17 Abraham Justified by Faith John 3:1–17 Jesus Teacher Nicodemus Psalm 121 I lift up my eyes to the hills…
  14. 14. faith is credited as righteousness. 6 David says the same born of the Spirit.‖[d] 9 ―How can this be?‖ Nicodemus asked. thing when he speaks of the blessedness of the one to 10 ―You are Israel‘s teacher,‖ said Jesus,―and do you not whom God credits righteousness apart from works: 7 ―Blessed are those Genesis 12:1-9 understand these things? 11 Very truly I tell you, we speak The Call of Abram whose transgressions are forgiven, of what we know, and we testify to what we have seen, 12 The LORD had said to Abram, ―Go from your country, whose sins are covered. but still you people do not accept our testimony. 12 I have 8 Blessed is the one your people and your father‘s household to the land I will spoken to you of earthly things and you do not believe; show you. whose sin the Lord will never count against them.‖[b] how then will you believe if I speak of heavenly 2 ―I will make you into a great nation, Romans 4:13-17 things?13 No one has ever gone into heavenexcept the one 13 It was not through the law that Abraham and his and I will bless you; who came from heaven—the Son of Man.[e] 14 Just as I will make your name great, offspring received the promise that he would be heir of Moses lifted up the snake in the wilderness, so the Son of and you will be a blessing.[a] the world, but through the righteousness that comes by Man must be lifted up,[f]15 that everyone who 3 I will bless those who bless you, 14 For if those who depend on the law are heirs, faith believes may have eternal life in him.‖[g] faith. and whoever curses you I will curse; means nothing and the promise is worthless, 15 because the 16 For God so loved the world that he gave his one and and all peoples on earth law brings wrath. And where there is no law there is no only Son, that whoever believes in him shall not perish will be blessed through you.‖[b] transgression. but have eternal life. 17 For God did not send his Son into 4 So Abram went, as the LORD had told him; and Lot went 16 Therefore, the promise comes by faith, so that it may be the world to condemn the world, but to save the world with him. Abram was seventy-five years old when he set by grace and may be guaranteed to all Abraham‘s through him. out from Harran. 5 He took his wife Sarai,his nephew Lot, offspring—not only to those who are of the law but also to Psalm 121 all the possessions they had accumulated and the those who have the faith of Abraham. He is the father of A song of ascents. 1 I lift up my eyes to the mountains— people they had acquired in Harran, and they set out for us all. 17 As it is written: ―I have made you a father of [a] He is our father in the sight of God, in the land of Canaan, and they arrived there. many nations.‖ where does my help come from? 6 Abram traveled through the land as far as the site of the whom he believed—the God who gives life to the dead 2 My help comes from the LORD, great tree of Moreh at Shechem. At that time the and calls into being things that were not. the Maker of heaven and earth. 3 He will not let your foot slip— Canaaniteswere in the land. 7 The LORD appeared to John 3:1-17 Abram and said, ―To your offspring[c] I will give this Jesus Teaches Nicodemus he who watches over you will not slumber; 4 indeed, he who watches over Israel land.‖ So he built an altar there to the LORD, who had 3 Now there was a Pharisee, a man named appeared to him. Nicodemus who was a member of the Jewish ruling will neither slumber nor sleep. 8 From there he went on toward the hills east of Bethel and council. 2 He came to Jesus at night and said, ―Rabbi, we 5 The LORD watches over you— pitched his tent, with Bethel on the west and Ai on the know that you are a teacher who has come from God. For the LORD is your shade at your right hand; east. There he built an altar to the LORD and called on the no one could perform the signs you are doing if God were 6 the sun will not harm you by day, name of the LORD. not with him.‖ nor the moon by night. 9 Then Abram set out and continued toward the Negev. 3 Jesus replied, ―Very truly I tell you, no one can see the 7 The LORD will keep you from all harm— Romans 4:1-8 kingdom of God unless they are born again.[a]‖ he will watch over your life; 4 ―How can someone be born when they are old?‖ 8 the LORD will watch over your coming and going Abraham Justified by Faith 4 What then shall we say that Abraham, our forefather Nicodemus asked. ―Surely they cannot enter a second both now and forevermore. according to the flesh, discovered in this matter? 2 If, in time into their mother‘s womb to be born!‖ fact, Abraham was justified by works, he had something 5 Jesus answered, ―Very truly I tell you, no one can enter to boast about—but not before God. 3 What does Scripture the kingdom of God unless they are born of water and the say? ―Abraham believed God, and it was credited to him Spirit. 6 Flesh gives birth to flesh, but the Spirit[b] gives as righteousness.‖[a] birth to spirit. 7 You should not be surprised at my saying, 4 Now to the one who works, wages are not credited as a ‗You[c] must be born again.‘ 8 The wind blows wherever it gift but as an obligation. 5 However, to the one who does pleases. You hear its sound, but you cannot tell where it not work but trusts God who justifies the ungodly, their comes from or where it is going. So it is with everyone Genesis 12:1–9; Romans 4:1–8, 13–17; John 3:1–17; Psalm 121