Diese Präsentation wurde erfolgreich gemeldet.
Wir verwenden Ihre LinkedIn Profilangaben und Informationen zu Ihren Aktivitäten, um Anzeigen zu personalisieren und Ihnen relevantere Inhalte anzuzeigen. Sie können Ihre Anzeigeneinstellungen jederzeit ändern.
Nächste SlideShare
What to Upload to SlideShare
Weiter
Herunterladen, um offline zu lesen und im Vollbildmodus anzuzeigen.

1

Teilen

Herunterladen, um offline zu lesen

Refugee &migrants health

Herunterladen, um offline zu lesen

refugee & migrants' health

Ähnliche Bücher

Kostenlos mit einer 30-tägigen Testversion von Scribd

Alle anzeigen

Ähnliche Hörbücher

Kostenlos mit einer 30-tägigen Testversion von Scribd

Alle anzeigen

Refugee &migrants health

  1. 1. Refugee and migrant health By :Azza soliman soliman Under supervision of Prof Dr.Mona Aboserea Zagazig university
  2. 2. Refugee health also known as migrant health or immigrant health, is the field of study on the health effects experienced by people who have moved into another country or even to another part of the world, either by choice or as a result of unsafe circumstances such as war or persecution.
  3. 3.  Displaced populations' health is mainly affected by infectious disease, mental health, and chronic diseases that are uncommon in the country in which they eventually settle.
  4. 4. Refugee health status is largely due to factors such as the migrant's geographic origin,  conditions of refugee camps or urban settings where they lived,  personal, physical, and psychological conditions of the migrant, either pre-existing or acquired while traveling from their homeland to a camp or eventually to their new home
  5. 5. Factors affecting migrants health  There are various factors and conditions that influence the health of migrants;  The social determinants of health range from the general socioeconomic, legal, cultural, environmental, and physical environments to individual factors such as lifestyle, age, hereditary, and behavioral factors that impact the health of migrants.  There may be differences in the disease profiles and health risk factors between migrant and host populations, or inequalities in the access/uptake of preventive interventions and in treatment outcomes based on migration. 
  6. 6. Factors affecting migrants health  Type and stage of migration affect the health of migrants eg. Irregular migrants may be excluded from accessing primary health care services, vaccination campaigns and health-promotion interventions due to the lack of legal status, stigma, discrimination, language, cultural barriers and low-income levels.  Conditions of migration may support risky behaviors e g. Sex trafficking.
  7. 7. Refugees and migrants common health problems a) Communicable diseases:  Affect vulnerable individuals, especially children  Newborn and child morbidity and mortality  Skin infections  Respiratory infections, TB, measles  Gastrointestinal illnesses  Food- and waterborne diseases.  HIV, Hepatitis  Endemic disease in host country
  8. 8. b)Non communicable diseases:  DM, hypertension, cardiovascular incidents.  Psychosocial disorders  Reproductive health problems (STD)  Drug abuse, alcoholism, nutrition disorders  Exposure to violence, injuries, burns  Pregnancy and delivery-related complications
  9. 9. Impact of weather conditions on the health of refugees and migrants 1-Cold weather  The adverse health effects associated with exposure to the cold include those listed below.  Hypothermia, or body temperature below 35.0 °C, is due to exposure to extreme cold or immersion in cold water.  Frost-bite due to exposure to cold air, wind and humidity. Contact with cold objects or liquids, long exposure and inappropriate or wet clothing increase the severity of frost-bite. Frost-bite is most common in the fingers, toes, nose, ears, cheeks and chin.
  10. 10. Impact of weather conditions on the health of refugees and migrants  Cold temperatures can increase the risks for fractures, sprains and strains from falls and accidents as well as cardiovascular, respiratory and mental health problems.  Severe bacterial and viral infections, such as respiratory diseases, are also more common in the winter and are increasingly associated with exposure to the cold.  Ice and snow can severely disrupt general transport, compromising access to roads and pavements, thus increasing the risk for accidents.
  11. 11. 2-Hot weather Very hot weather can also cause illness and death. Dehydration and exhaustion Life-threatening heat-stroke. Worsen existing conditions such as cardiovascular and respiratory diseases.
  12. 12. Strategies to support migrants and refugees 1-Communicable diseases General infection prevention and control measures  Access to sanitary facilities  Hand-washing facilities and sufficient soap should always be made available near toilets.  Sufficient amounts of safe drinking-water and when necessary, emergency water supplies may be established (e.g. packaged water, trucked water and/or mobile water treatment, disinfection and storage units).
  13. 13. General infection prevention and control measures Sufficient food supplies and clothes and warming facilities Local authorities must monitor the microbiological quality of drinking-water closely. Respiratory hygiene and cough etiquette Good Ventilation of the environment
  14. 14. Specific prevention  Equitable access to vaccination is of prime importance and is one of the objectives of the European Vaccine Action Plan 2015–2020.  WHO recommendation to introduce universal Hepatitis vaccination of newborns, which is the most effective way to prevent mother-to-child transmission.  WHO recommend voluntary screening of refugee and migrant populations for diseases such as hepatitis, TB, AIDS.  WHO supports policies to provide HIV testing, prevention and treatment services irrespective of legal status.
  15. 15. 2-Minimum standards for refugees and migrants with non communicable diseases (NCDs)  Identify individuals with NCDs to ensure continuing access to the treatment they were receiving before their travel.  Ensure treatment of people with acute, life-threatening exacerbation and complications of NCDs.  Establish clear standard operating procedures for referral.  Ensure that essential diagnostic equipment, core laboratory tests and medication for routine management of NCDs are available in the primary health care system. 
  16. 16. Thank you
  • Drsaranyasaru

    Mar. 5, 2021

refugee & migrants' health

Aufrufe

Aufrufe insgesamt

412

Auf Slideshare

0

Aus Einbettungen

0

Anzahl der Einbettungen

6

Befehle

Downloads

27

Geteilt

0

Kommentare

0

Likes

1

×