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Writing Skills

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Writing skills are an important part of communication. Good writing skills allow you to communicate your message with clarity and ease to a far larger audience than through face-to-face or telephone conversation.

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Writing Skills

  1. 1. Writing SkillS
  2. 2. Writing skills? • Writing skills are an important part of communication. Good writing skills allow you to communicate your message with clarity and ease to a far larger audience than through face-to-face or telephone conversation. • You might be called upon to write a report, plan or strategy at work; write a grant Application or press release within a volunteering role ; or you may fancy communicating, your ideas online via a blog. And, of course ,a well written CV or resume with no spelling or grammatical mistakes is essential if you want a new job.
  3. 3. Topic: Developing Writing Skills • General objectives: • Trainees will be able to give a lesson in developing writing skills. • Trainees will be able to integrate writing with listening, speaking and reading.
  4. 4. Lesson One Giving a Lesson in Developing Writing Skills • Pre-task activities • Step One: elicit kinds and reasons of real-life writing. • Step Two: elicit the difference between spoken and written text. • Step Three: discuss the skills of writing. • Step Four: suggested activities in developing writing skills. • Step Five: tips in design a writing task. • While-task activities • Step Six: trainees giving lessons in developing reading skills. • Post-task activities • Step Eight: trainees evaluate the lessons.
  5. 5. Strategies: •What do we write? •Why do we write?
  6. 6. The differences between spoken and written texts • Written language is complex at the level of clause while spoken language is complex in the way clauses are linked together • Written language is also reinforced by the tendency of create nouns from verbs • Writing is often decontextualized
  7. 7. Two Versions of a Texts • The use of this method of control unquestionably leads to safer and faster trains running in the most adverse weather conditions • You can control the trains this way and if you do that you can be quite sure that they’ll be able to run more safely and more quickly than they would otherwise no matter how bad the weather gets.
  8. 8. How to improve writing skills • Grammar • Spelling • Punctuation • When to Use Capital letters • Using plain English • Know your medium • Writing styles • Reread • Importance • Stick to your main idea
  9. 9. 1- English Grammar There are twelve verb tenses in the English language. •Present Indefinite •Past Indefinite •Future Indefinite •Present Continuous •Past Continuous •Future Continuous •Present Perfect •Past Perfect •Future Perfect •Present Perfect Continuous •Past Perfect Continuous •Future Perfect Continuous
  10. 10. Present Tense : Activity
  11. 11. Past Tense : Activity
  12. 12. Future Tense : Activity
  13. 13. Correction Of Spellings Spellings are very Important in English comprehension.Spellings are very Important in English comprehension. Good spellings facilitate communication & avoid confusion.Good spellings facilitate communication & avoid confusion. Poor spellings distract the reader.Poor spellings distract the reader. Check whether the spellings are correct or not.Check whether the spellings are correct or not. (Activity)(Activity) 1. New fone inbox for the number.1. New fone inbox for the number. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 2. Jim studied in the libarary for his english quiz.2. Jim studied in the libarary for his english quiz. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 3. The pirat, looking manacing, drew his svord.3. The pirat, looking manacing, drew his svord. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 4. Screeching in deleight, the parot soared over the trees.4. Screeching in deleight, the parot soared over the trees. ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  14. 14. Punctuation ““Punctuation means the use of points, stops or marksPunctuation means the use of points, stops or marks to separate one sentence from another or one partto separate one sentence from another or one part of a sentence from another.”of a sentence from another.” (Activity)(Activity) •Jeans wrote A few stars are hardly bigger than the earth •--------------------------------------------------------------------------- •She advised we should try our luck at more places than one •--------------------------------------------------------------------------- •The selfish leader cried vote for me or you are lost •--------------------------------------------------------------------- •The Lahore Karachi Dubai flight •--------------------------------------------- MarkMark SymbolSymbol Full Stop . Comma , Question Mark ? Apostrophe ‘s ‘s Exclamation Mark ! Inverted Commas “” Dash - Semi Colon & Colon ; & : Brackets ( ) slash / Capital Letters ABC
  15. 15. General Skills of writing • Ability to put sounds down on graphic form according to the conventional sound-spelling rules. • Ability to spell English words correctly, including using correct punctuation and capitalization. • Ability to do writing practice, such as dictation, grammar exercises, constructing dialogues according to the model, simple translation exercises. • Ability to write short compositions, including functional writing skills, such as writing simple letters, taking notes, writing outlines and summaries.
  16. 16. Major types of writing -1 1. Explanation and analysis (a) a process (b) an opinion or point of view (c) event(s) and phenomena (d) instructions and directions 2. Argument (a) persuasion (b) refutation (c) examining both sides of a point
  17. 17. Major types of writing - 2 5. Description and summary (a) a thing (b) a person (c) a place (d) an event (e) concepts 4. Narration (a) a series of events; a report (b) biography or autobiography (c) historical events (d) fiction or nonfiction
  18. 18. How do we design writing tasks • Product and process • Information gap • Recursive activity involving revision of successive drafts • Three-stage process: pre-writing ,writing, revision • Interesting • Co-operative • Purpose • Linking different skills • Various
  19. 19. Product-oriented Approach -1 • Focusing on the end result of the learning process • Students producing texts for teachers to evaluate, not to communicate meaningfully with another person • Classroom activities in which the learner is engaged in imitating, copying and transforming models of correct language. • At the level of sentence • Students are passive • Individual work • Quality rather than quantity
  20. 20. Process-oriented Approach - 2 • Focusing on the various classroom activities which promote the development of skilled language use • At the discourse level • Focusing on quantity rather than quality • Collaborative group work between learners as a way of enhancing motivation and developing positive attitudes towards writing. • Linking with other skills
  21. 21. Writing Activities • Written practice • Written communicative activities
  22. 22. Written Practice/Activities • Sentence writing • Parallel writing • Fluency Writing
  23. 23. Sentence writing - Activity (a) Sentence completion: look at Your Presenter and then complete the sentences. He/She is Speaking ______ Development of Writing Skills. (b) What are they doing? Write four sentences about what the people in Your Surrounding are doing. (c) Time clauses: write four sentences using ‘after’, ‘before’and ‘while’.
  24. 24. Parallel writing - Activity Write a paragraph by seeing the domain given below.Write a paragraph by seeing the domain given below. Just Let, Here is the entry for the hotel Concorde.Just Let, Here is the entry for the hotel Concorde. Good hotel Tel 8866 City centre All year 40 Central heating B 7---9 11---3 dinner 15 25 ------- 1
  25. 25. Parallel writing – Activity Sol The Hotel Concorde in Paris is a good hotel. The telephone number is 8866. It is in the city center. The hotel is open all year, and there are forty bedrooms .There is central heating in the hotel. Breakfast is from seven to nine. Lunch is from eleven to three, and dinner is from eight until eleven. There are twenty-five bathrooms and fifteen showers. There is also a swimming pool in the hotel.
  26. 26. Fluency Writing The picture story – Activity Students are given a series of pictures just as they were for oral composition. They are given a time limit and told to write as much as they can about the pictures. Stage 1 Students are told that they are going to do some free writing, and that the objective is to write as much as they can within a certain time limit. Stage 2 Students are shown a picture sequence and told to write about it. Stage 3 When the time limit expires the teacher stops the students and collects the work.
  27. 27. The picture story – Activity 1 Complete The StoryComplete The Story
  28. 28. The picture story – Activity 2 Creative Writing About The PictureCreative Writing About The Picture
  29. 29. Any Questions? No??No?? ThaNk Yew!!ThaNk Yew!!
  30. 30. BY: Madeeha Saeed CS – Software Engineering PMAS UAAR UIIT - Pakistan