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21st Century Literature of the Philippines and the World

21st Century Literature of the Philippines and the World

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21st Century Literature of the Philippines and the World

  1. 1. 21st Century Literature of the Philippines And the World By: ERNEST P. MACALALAD
  2. 2. Periods of Philippine Literature Pre-historic Period Contemporary Period American Period Philippine Republic Martial Law Japanese Period Spanish Period
  3. 3. PRE-HISTORIC PERIOD Literature was principally oral in as much as writing was not yet invented and more of the works were concise poetic.
  4. 4. Bugtong (Riddles) Salawikain (Proverbs) Kasabihan (Saying) Kantahing bayan (Folk song) Oyayi (Lullaby) Soliranin (Boat Song) Kumintang (War Song) Diona (Wedding Song) Dalit (Religious Song) Kundiman (Love Song) Dipayanin (Drinking Song) Hibais (Travel Song) Bung-aw (Funeral Song) Bansal (Courting Song)
  5. 5. With the passage of time Oral Literature becomes Lengthy and this long forms Was the epic such as: Biag ni Lam-ang (Ilocanos) Alim and Hudhud (Ifugaos) Kumintang (Tagalog) Ibalon (Bicolanos) Maragtas and Hinilawod (Visayas) Hari sa Bukid (Hiligaynon) Dagoy and Sudsud (Tagbanuas) Bantugan (Muslims) Indarapatra and Sulayman (Maguindanao) Tatuaang (Bagobos)
  6. 6. Prose and Works Alamat (Legends) Myth (Mito) Kwentong bayan (folk tales) Pabula (Fables) Parabola (Parables)
  7. 7. The oral works are able to translate in Written Work through The use of SYLLABARY called ALIBATA
  8. 8. Ferdinand Magellan is the one who Discovered Philippines The mission of Spanish Friars is to spread the CHRISTIANITY
  9. 9. DOCTRINA CRISTIANA Catholic book of prayers and doctrines
  10. 10. FRANCISCO BALTAZAR (Ama ng Balagtasan) wrote the immortal allegorical work Entitled FLORANTE AT LAURA
  11. 11. •AWITcomposed of dodecasyllabic monoriming quatrains an opposed to KORIDO which is octasyllabic monoriming quatrains.
  12. 12. CRISOSTOMO SOTTO (Father of Pampango Literature) PEDRO BUKANEG (Father of Ilocano Literature) Fr. MODESTO DE CASTRO wrote Urbana and Felisa (book of etiquette)
  13. 13. SPANISH PERIOD More productive part of the period The propagandist raised led by Dr. Jose Rizal batted For ASSIMILATION
  14. 14. GAT ANDRESS BONIFACIO Head of the Revolutionists and the Supremo of Katipunan LA SOLIDARIDAD EL FILIBUSTERISMO NOLI ME TANGERE
  15. 15. PSEUDONYMS RIZAL- Dimas Alang and Laong Laan DEL PILAR- Plaridel JAENA- Diego Laura JOSE MA. PANGANIBAN- Jomapa
  16. 16. AMERICAN PERIOD  American defeated Spaniards in Spanish-American War which resulted in TREATY OF PARIS Introduced the public school system in the Philippines and English Language
  17. 17. THOMASITES- first English teachers. The Filipino Learned language and used it in their writings Freedom of expression Freedom of press
  18. 18. List of periods of Philippine Literature in English Period of Orientation- 1900-1910 Period of Apprenticeship- 1910-1920 Period of Experimentation- 1920-1940 Period of Discontent- !941-1944 Post-war Period- 1945-1950 Modern Period- 1951-1971 Martial Law Era- 1971-1986 Contemporary Period- 1986 to present
  19. 19. Similarities and differences of periods of the Philippine Literature 1.Period of Re-orientation- 1898-1910 2.Period of Imitation- 1910-1925 3.Period of Self discovery- 1925-1941 4.postwar- re-orientation- 1945 5.The rebirth of freedom- 1946-1970
  20. 20. 6. Period of Activism- 1970-1972 7. Period of New Society- 1972-1981 8. Period of the Third Republic- 1981-1985 9. Contemporary period- 1986 to present
  21. 21. Writer Guides or Organization P-oets E-ssayist N-ovelist
  22. 22. JAPANESE PERIOD The invaders saw to it that Filipino movements be limited The writers stop wielding pens and started wielding guns They introduce Nippongo and their literary arts and forms
  23. 23. Ikebana- art of arranging flowers Origami- art of folding papers Tempura and sushi- cuisine Haiku Tanka senryu Poetic Forms
  24. 24. HAIKU -Short descriptive poem about nature -Consisting 17 syllables -5 syllables in the first line -7 syllables in the second line -5 syllables in the third line
  25. 25. SENRYU -a 3 lines similar to haiku structure with 5-7-5 but differs from the latter in rhyme -the subject is human nature The tone is satirical and ironical
  26. 26. TANKA -The longest among three -has 5 lines and 31 syllables -5-7-5-7-7
  27. 27. The end of war spelled hope to the dormant writers who Woke up for their lethargy and began creating outputs.
  28. 28. CARLOS PALANCA MEMORIAL AWARDS FOR LITERATURE -known to be the most prestigious and longest-running award-giving body In the field of literature, equivalent to the world-renowned Pulitzer Prize
  29. 29. MARTIAL LAW BY MARCOS -September 21, 1972 -the freedom of the press was curtailed in much the same way as the other freedoms (speech, assembly) Were suppressed. January 1, 1981 -after lifting of martial law
  30. 30. EDSA REVOLUTION -the climax and most intense protest, Reform the Army Movement (RAM) -Marcos loyalist soldiers

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