Readings and Resources Articles, Websites, and Videos: Discussions pertaining to gender can be touchy. In this 7-minute video, viewers will be presented with both sides of the argument as to whether you believe gender is actually a social construct or you do not – then, you can decide for yourself! https://youtu.be/s33R4OnW-eo In this video, which has been viewed over 50 million times, a 26 year-old mother, Emma Murphy, talks of her experiences in a domestic violence relationship. After show a video with graphic images of her injuries, she discusses how she left her abuser, gaining strength from her experiences, not letting them define her or diminish her self-worth. https://youtu.be/frFEdN7aMh8 Sexual assault is one of the most underreported forms of violence against another person. Why? This video provides firsthand accounts of sexual assault survivors and the reality of how they were treated after the attack. It allows us to understand the barriers which prevent survivors from coming forward. https://youtu.be/HxP4Djzv3FA The brains of children changes as a result of exposure to dysfunctional familial relationships, stress and exposure to trauma. This video examines how children develop a “learning brain” under healthy conditions and a “survival brain” when faced with harsh conditions. How these two brains interact is important towards our understanding of human behaviors. https://youtu.be/KoqaUANGvpA This video looks at the impact of gender in our society through the eyes of 12 year-old Audrey Mason-Hyde and the world she experiences. https://youtu.be/NCLoNwVJA-0Gender, Gender Identity, Gender Expression, and Sexism Chapter 9Chapter Introduction AP Images/J. ScottApplewhiteLearning Objectives This chapter will help prepare students to EP 2a EP 2b EP 2c EP 3a EP 3b EP 6a EP 7b EP 8b · LO 1 Define gender, gender identity, gender expression, and gender roles · LO 2 Discuss the social construction of gender · LO 3 Examine the complexities of gender, gender identity, and gender expression. · LO 4 Evaluate traditional gender-role stereotypes over the lifespan · LO 5 Assess some differences between men and women (including abilities and communication styles) · LO 6 Discuss economic inequality between men and women · LO 7 Examine sexual harassment · LO 8 Review sexist language · LO 9 Examine rape and sexual assault · LO 10 Explore intimate partner violence · LO 11 Identify means of empowering women Girls are pretty. Boys are strong. Girls are emotional. Boys are brave. Girls are soft. Boys are tough. Girls are submissive. Boys are dominant. These statements express some of the traditional stereotypes about men and women. Stereotypes are “fixed mental images of members belonging to a group based on assumed attributes that portray an overly simplified opinion about that group.” (Kirst-Ashman & Hull, 2012b, p. 25). The problem with such fixed images is that they allow no room for individual differences within the group. One of the major values adhe.