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Martino ancient greece

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Greek civilization
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Martino ancient greece

  1. 1. Ancient Greece Kouroi & Vase Painting
  2. 2. Discussion Format • Review of Ancient Greece • Kouroi sculptures • Vase painting – Technique – Overview – Video Temples (if time) – Group work – Class Discussion
  3. 3. Peloponnesos
  4. 4. Regional Populations of the Greek World DORIANS -settled in Peloponnesos Ionians -settled in the western coast of Asia Minor (Modern Turkey) Ionia Peloponnesos
  5. 5. Mycenaean and Dark Ages • Bronze Age – – – – – – – – 1600-1200 BCE Epics of Homer Mycenaean Lion Gate at Mycenae Palace like citadels Rich, prosperous society Destruction of Palaces Decline/ Fall of civilization • Dark Ages – – – – 1200-800 BCE Lower population Lost important arts and technologies Lost contact to outside world
  6. 6. Renaissance of Ancient Greece – – – – – – – – – – 800-600 BCE Included Geometric, Orientalizing, and Archaic Periods More burials More settlements Technological changes Monumental stone sculpture and buildings Religious buildings Oversees contact (trade and settlement) Literacy Olympic Games • in 776 BCE the Greek-speaking states held their first athletic games at Olympia • After the 1st Olympics, Greeks regarded all Greek-speaking people as Hellas
  7. 7. Ancient Greece • Geometric and Orientalizing Art (900-600 BCE) – – – – City-states took shape Olympic Games were founded Began trade Contact with Egypt and Mesopotamia • Orientalizing phase • Archaic Art (600-480 BCE) – – – – Life sized stone kouroi statues Stone temples with peripteral colonnades Doric and Ionic Orders Red Figure Vase Painting • Early and High Classical Art (480-400 BCE) – Persian sack of the Athenian Acropolis – Developments in statuary
  8. 8. Archaic Period 600-480 BCE Kouros/Kouroi (plural) • • • • Life-size Emulates Egyptian stance Grave markers Sculpted in the round – Marble block – Carved from, drawings 4 sides Kouros, Attica, Greece 600 BCE • • • • • Nude Triangular head Flat face Naturalistic developments in features Archaic Smile – Showed person portrayed was alive Kroisos, Anavysos, Greece 530 BCE
  9. 9. Kore • Thought to be wearing a peplos • Actually dressed in 4 different garments • Goddess • Broken hand would had held an attribute to identify her • Soft treatment of flesh • Would have been painted Peplos Kore, Acropolis, Athens, Greece, 530 BCE
  10. 10. Athenian Vase Painting
  11. 11. Athenian Vase Painting Black figure side Red figure side Andokides Painter, Achilles and Ajax playing dice game, (Amphora vase type) 520 BCE
  12. 12. Athenian Vase Painting • Black Figure – Start with unfired clay – Using a brush, painted subject on vase with clay slip (turned black after firing) – Details and outlines were incised into the slip – Red and white pigments could then be added for accents – 3 phase firing process • Red Figure – – – – Outlines sketched Redrawn with a brush using slip Addition of other pigments if desired Area between figures filled in with slip
  13. 13. Temple of Hera I (Basillica) Paestum, Italy, 550 BCE
  14. 14. West pediment, Temple of Artemis, Corfu, Greece, 600-580 BCE

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