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Athens and sparta

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Athens and sparta

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6th grade; Athens, Sparta, and Alexander the Great

6th grade; Athens, Sparta, and Alexander the Great

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Athens and sparta

  1. 1. The acropolis was a citadel, or fortress, that housed the city’s municipal and religious buildings.
  2. 2. The Parthenon is located on the Acropolis (“city- height”) in Athens, Greece, and is an ancient temple to me (Athena)
  3. 3. I am totally worth it
  4. 4. Propylaea: "that which is before the gates," but the word has come to mean simply "gate building."
  5. 5. The Theatre of Dionysus is a major theatre in Athens, built at the foot of the Athenian Acropolis. ... It was the first stone theatre ever built, cut into the southern cliff face of the Acropolis, and supposedly birthplace of Greek tragedy.
  6. 6.  Direct democracy only works for a small group of people who live fairly close together.  The world’s first democratic government was a direct democracy, established in Greece around the 500s BCE
  7. 7. Sparta is an ancient Greek city-state on the peninsula of Peloponnesus. The origins of Sparta are wrapped in Greek mythology. It is told that Sparta was founded by the son of Olympian god Zeus, Lacedaemon, and his wife Sparta.
  8. 8. Sparta was a military oligarchy governed by two kings, who also functioned as war generals and high priests. On Peloponnesus, Sparta was the strongest city-state, dominating the other cities on the peninsula
  9. 9. During the Persian Wars, Sparta won the key battle of Thermopylae in 480 BCE. Sparta rivaled nearby Athens on the Greek mainland and conquered it during the Peloponnesian Wars (431 - 404 BCE). Sparta then expanded its domination to all of Greece.
  10. 10. Alexander the Great was a king of Macedonia, an area just north of Greece, in the 300s BCE. His father, Phillip of Macedonia, was a fierce fighter who conquered much of Greece. Phillip, however, was assassinated when Alexander was 20.
  11. 11. The people of Greece gave Alexander authority to lead them in battle. In addition to being a king, he was known as one of the greatest military leaders of his time. He conquered areas quickly, while almost never losing a battle. As Alexander marched east, he conquered most of the areas of the world that were known to the Greek people at that time.

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