4. What is an Accident
An unplanned incident or event that causes
or may cause injury , lose or damage.
No one comes to work expecting to have an
accident let alone leave bits of themselves
at an A&E Hospital or worse
Come in all sizes
At any time
Tend to be very personal
Occasionally Body changing
No one wants them to happen
6. MOST ACCIDENTS FOLLOW
– Lack of management control, permitting
– Basic causes (personal & job factors), leading
– Immediate causes (substandard practices or
conditions), which are the direct cause of
– The accident, which results in
– Loss (negligible, minor, serious or
7. THEY DON’T JUST HAPPEN
LACK OF TRAINING
LACK OF SUPERVISION
BAD WORKING PRACTICES
8. Caused by
•poor safety culture ???
•Lack of supervision/Training ???
•Poor systems of work ???
•He still has one good hand
10. Thought he didn't need to use a guard, ‗slows
you down, safety instructions! what a bore‘
USED TO LOVE DIY..... NOW NEEDS
HELP TO HANG A PICTURE!
11. HEALTH SAFETY AND WELFARE LAWS
ARE NEEDED TO PROTECT EMPLOYERS,
EMPLOYEES, PUBLIC AND THE
12. Health & Safety at Work Act
This act of parliament makes it a criminal
offence not to comply with the duties it
Failure to comply could lead to
prosecution in the courts with heavy fines
Ignorance is no excuse.
13. Legal Standards
―Reasonably Practicable‖ or ―SFARP‖
Implies a weighing up of the risk against the cost
(in terms of time, money or trouble) in preventing
or controlling a risk
NOT AN EXCUSE TO DO NOTHING
― BEST PRACTICAL MEANS‖
SOME LAWS ARE ABSOLUTE i.e. you must do
it (unless prevented by ‗State of Technological
14. Section 2. GOAL SETTING
Section 2(1) - employers’ general duty
Duty to ensure ‗so far as is reasonably
practicable‘, the health, safety and welfare at work
of employees and any others who may be affected
by the undertaking….
15. Section 2 (cont.)
Duty of Employers to Employees cont.
2.2a - safe plant and systems of work
2.2b - safe use, handling, storage and transportation of
articles and substances
2.2c - information, instruction, training and adequate
2.2d - safe place of work and a safe means of access and
2.2e - safe working environment and adequate welfare
16. Section 7
Duty of Employees at Work
It shall be the duty of every employee whilst at work:-
to take reasonable care of their own health and safety and
of any other person who may be affected by their acts or
to co-operate with their employer so far as is necessary to
enable that employer to meet their requirements with
regards to any statutory provisions
17. MoD Safety Handbook JSP 375
General procedures for
Emergencies, First aid &
Information on particular
Safe systems of work
And much more..........
18. Manual Handling
The transporting or supporting of loads by hand or by
bodily force i.e. Lifting, pushing and pulling
Most accidents are caused by manual handling
19. EMPLOYERS SHOULD
AVOID the need for hazardous manual
handling, as far as is reasonably
ASSESS the risk of injury from any
hazardous manual handling that can‘t be
REDUCE the risk of injury from
hazardous manual handling, as far as is
20. Risk Assessments Management Duty
Risk assessments are the most important and
effective recent safety legislation.
Before undertaking any task,
Identify the hazards and
Assess the risks.
Implement the measures required to remove or
minimise the risk before starting work.
significant findings must be recorded
Revise and review
21. The important thing is to identify the risk of
injury and point the way to practical
LEAVING IT TO SOMEONE ELSE IS
22. Employees have duties too.
Follow appropriate systems of work laid down
for their safety;
Make proper use of equipment provided for their
Co-operate with their employer on health and
Inform the employer if they identify hazardous
systems of work, activities or conditions;
Take care to ensure that their activities do not put
others at risk.
30. Keep areas tidy.
Many accidents are caused by untidy
Trailing leads, spills not cleaned up,
cluttered benches blocked passages and
Always keep your work area tidy.
DO SOMETHING ABOUT IT
31. Incident and accident reporting
Report all accidents, incidents and unsafe
practices, even if no injury was caused.
This will allow action to be taken to
prevent it happening to someone else and
may even save a life.
Primarily poor cleaning schedules and
inspections led to a build up of debris
Little or no Emergency planning or
Failures of equipment
42. The highest radiation doses were received by
emergency workers and on-site personnel. In time
more than 600 000 people were registered as
emergency and recovery workers, over 5 million
people received relatively low whole-body doses of
radiation....... The mitigation measures taken by the
authorities, including evacuation of people from the
most contaminated areas, substantially reduced
radiation exposures and the radiation-related health
impacts of the accident.
43. It is impossible to assess reliably or with any
precision, numbers of fatal cancers caused by
radiation exposure due to the Chernobyl
‘accident’— or indeed the impact of the
stress and anxiety induced by the ‘accident’
and the response to it. A Human