13. MARATHA NAVY
• The dominance of the Maratha Navy started with the ascent of Kanhoji Angre as the
Darya-Saranga by the Maratha chief of Satara.
• Until his death in 1729, he repeatedly attacked the colonial powers of Britain and
Portugal, capturing numerous vessels of the British East India Company and
extracting ransom for their return.
• Aided by Maratha naval commanders Mendhaji Bhatkar and Mainak Bhandari,
Kanhoji continued to capture and defeat the European ships until his death in 1729.
14. COLONIAL INDIAN NAVY
• The English East India Company was established in 1600. English East India
Company to build a port and establish a small navy based at the village of Suvali,
near Surat,Gujarat to protect commerce.
• The Company named the force the Honourable East India Company's Marine, and
the first fighting ships arrived on 5 September 1612.
• In 1686, with most of English commerce moving to Bombay, the force was renamed
the Bombay Marine.
15. THE ROYAL INDIAN MARINE IN WORLD WAR I
• The Expeditionary Forces of the Indian Army that travelled to
France, Africa and Mesopotamia to participate in World War I ,were transported
largely on board ships of the Royal Indian Marine.
• At the outset of the war, a number of ships were fitted out and armed at the Naval
Dockyard in Bombay (now Mumbai) and the Kidderpore Docks in Calcutta
• The Indian Marine also kept the harbours of Bombay and Aden open through
intensive minesweeping efforts.
• A hospital ship operated by the Indian Marine was deployed to treat wounded
• The first Indian to be granted a commission was Sub Lieutenant D.N Mukherji who
joined the Royal Indian Marine as an engineer officer in 1928.
16. THE ROYAL INDIAN NAVY IN WORLD WAR II
• In 1934, the Royal Indian Marine became the Royal Indian Navy.
• At the start of the Second World War, the Royal Indian Navy was very small and
had eight warships.
• The onset of the war led to an expansion. Additionally Indian Sailors served on-
board several Royal Navy warships.
• The Royal Indian Navy retained its name when India gained independence in
August 1947 as a dominion within the Commonwealth. It was dropped when India
became a republic on January 26th, 1950.
18. ANNEXATION OF GOA, 1961
• The first involvement of the Navy in any conflict came during the1961 Indian annexation of Goa with
the success of Operation Vijay against the Portuguese Navy.
• Four Portuguese frigates - the NRP Afonso de Albuquerque, the NRP Bartolomeu Dias, the NRP João
de Lisboa and the NRP Gonçalves Zarco -were deployed to patrol the waters off Goa, Daman and Diu,
along with several patrol boats.
• The NRP Afonso was destroyed by Indian frigates INS Betwa and INS Beas.
• Parts of the Afonso are on display at the Naval Museum in Mumbai, while the remainder was sold as
19. INDO-PAKISTANI WAR OF 1971
• The Indian Navy played a significant role in the bombing of Karachi harbour in
the 1971 war.
• On 4 December, it launched Operation Trident during which missile boats INS
Nirghatand INS Nipat sunk the minesweeper PNS Muhafiz and destroyer PNS
• Owing to its success, 4 December has been celebrated as Navy Day ever since.
• On the western front in the Arabian Sea, operations ceased after the Karachi port
became unusable due to the sinking of Panamian vessel Gulf Star.
• The successful blockade of East Pakistan by the Indian Navy proved to be a vital
factor in the Pakistani surrender.
27. INTERNATIONAL FLEET REVIEW
• International Fleet Review 2016 was an international maritime exercise hosted
and conducted by the Indian Navy on behalf of the President of India in February
2016 to improve relations with other navies in the region.
• The Indian Navy demonstrated its maritime capabilities to the foreign navies
participating in the review.
• IFR 2016 was announced at a press conference in New Delhi on 14 October 2015.
At the conference, Chief of Naval Staff Admiral RK Dhowan announced the Indian
Navy's plan to conduct an international fleet review on the eastern seaboard at
Visakhapatnam on 4–8 February 2016.
29. EVENTS OF IFR …
A wreath-laying ceremony was held during the afternoon of 4 February at the 1971
Eastern Naval Command Chief of Staff Vice Admiral Bimal Kumar Verma and other
dignitaries and representatives of foreign navies were present at the ceremony.
Naval Chief of Staff Admiral Robin K. Dhowan hosted a press conference at the Novotel
Convention Centre, in which delegates from the navies participating in the review took
part. An opening ceremony was held at INS Satavahana.
30. 6 February
The Indian Navy fleet and foreign naval ships were reviewed by the supreme commander
of the Indian armed forces, President of IndiaPranab Mukherjee. Ships from the Indian
Coast Guard and the mercantile marine and the Indian Naval Air Arm were also reviewed.
A two-day international maritime conference began on 7 February with the theme,
"Partnering together for a secure maritime future".
The Navy conducted a parade and a 30-minute operation demonstration at RK Beach in
An international band concert was presented at the naval institute as part of the IFR 2016
EVENTS OF IFR …
• MARCOS, previously named as Marine Commando Force (MCF), is the special
forces unit of the Indian Navy,formed in 1987.
• Nicknamed “crocodile”.
• Created for conducting special operations such as Amphibious warfare, Counter-
terrorism, Hostage rescue,Foreign internal defence, Counterproliferation.
• The MARCOS are capable of undertaking operations in all types of terrain, but are
specialised in maritime operations.
• Majority of the training is conducted at INS Abhimanyu which is also the home base of
• On July 12, 2016, the naval base INS Karna was commissioned
near Visakhapatnam as a permanent base for the unit.
36. THE CORE TASKING OF MARCOS
• Conduct clandestine attack against enemy ships, offshore installations and other
vital assets behind enemy lines.
• To support amphibious operations including pre-assault ops.
• To conduct unconventional warfare.
• Conduct of surveillance and recce missions in support of military operations.
• Conduct of clandestine diving operations.
• To conduct hostage rescue operations in maritime environment.
• Combating terrorism in a maritime environment.
38. THEIR TRAINING INCLUDES…
• Open and closed circuit diving
• Basic commando skills including advanced weapon skills, demolitions, endurance training
and martial arts
• Para training
• Intelligence training
• Operation of submersible craft
• Offshore operations
• Anti-terrorism operations
• Operations from submarines
• Various special skills such as language training, insertion methods, etc.
• Explosive ordnance disposal techniques
42. Executive Branch
• Cadet Entry NDA (UPSC)
• INA (UPSC)
• CDSE (UPSC)
• NCC Special Entry, INA
• Naval Armament
• Law Cadre
• Logistics Cadre
Short Service Commission
• General Service
• Logistics Cadre
• Law Cadre
• Air Traffic Control
• Naval Armament
• University Entry Scheme
43. Seamen Officers can specialize in the following :
• Gunnery and missiles
• Navigation and direction
• Antisubmarine warfare