2. Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is
the term commonly used to describe a broad range
of healing philosophies, approaches and therapies
that focus on the whole person including
biopsychosocial and spiritual aspect.
10. Acupuncture is a
component of traditional
Chinese medicine that
originated in China over
5,000 years ago. It is
based on the belief that
living beings have a vital
energy, called "qi” that
circulates through twelve
invisible energy lines
known as meridians on
11. Acupuncturists insert needles into specified
points along meridian lines to influence the
restore balance to the flow of qi. There are
over 1,000 acupuncture points on the body
12. There are numerous theories about how
acupuncture works. Some of them are:
acupuncture stimulates the release of pain
acupuncture influences the release of
neurotransmitters, substances that transmit nerve
impulses to the brain
acupuncture influences the autonomic nervous
acupuncture stimulates circulation
acupuncture influences the electrical currents of
13. migraines and tension headaches
addictions, quit smoking
14. Acupuncture is considered a safe therapy when
the practitioner has been trained and uses
sterilized needles. The complications includes…
Broken needle puncture of an internal organ
15. Person with bleeding disorders
Semi permanent needles should not b used in a
person with vascular heart disease because of the
risk of infection.
Electro acupuncture should avoid in person with
a pacemaker, epilepsy or in pregnancy.
16. Ayurveda is the traditional
medicine of India, which
originated there over 5,000 years
Ayurveda emphasizes re-
establishing balance in the body
through diet, lifestyle, exercise,
and body cleansing, and on the
health of the mind, body, and
17. According to Ayurveda, everything is composed
of five elements: air, water, fire, earth, and space.
These elements combine to form the three
18. The vata dosha is a combination of space and air.
It controls movement and is responsible for basic
body processes such as breathing, cell division and
Vata body areas are the large intestine, pelvis,
bones, skin, ears, and thighs. People with vata as
their main dosha are believed to be quick-thinking,
thin, and fast, and are susceptible to anxiety, dry
skin, and constipation.
19. The kapha dosha represents the elements of water
Kapha is believed to be responsible for strength,
immunity, and growth.
Kapha body areas are the chest, lungs, and spinal
fluid. People with kapha as their main dosha are
thought to be calm, have a solid body frame, and
are susceptible to diabetes, obesity, sinus
congestion, and gallbladder problems.
20. The pitta dosha combines fire and water.
It is thought to control hormones and the digestive
Pitta body areas are the small intestines, stomach,
sweat glands, skin, blood, and eyes. People with
pitta as their primary dosha are thought to have a
fiery personality, oily skin, and are susceptible to
heart disease, stomach ulcers, inflammation,
heartburn, and arthritis.
Cleansing and detoxification:
23. Homeopathic remedies are typically derived from
plants, herbs, minerals, or animal products. After
being crushed and dissolved in alcohol and/or
water, the selected substance undergoes a long
process of dilution and succession (a process that
involves vigorous shaking of the solution). The
solution is then stored.
25. Since they're so diluted, homeopathic remedies
don't usually cause adverse effects. In some
cases, however, patients may briefly feel worse
after first beginning their homeopathic
26. 1. A surgical problem which has progressed far
beyond its initial stages might not respond to
2. Some sudden life threatening situations like
heart attacks, paralytic strokes, diabetic comas etc.
might have to be initially treated with allopathy, till
the patient is out of danger.
3. It is relatively slow acting as compared to the
4. The success rate is not 100%.
27. Naturopathy uses body's natural healing abilities
in prevention and treatment of disease through a
It builds immunity, improves mental health, and
enhances body functions.
Naturopathy mainly focuses on finding the cause of
the disease rather than merely treating the
symptoms of disease.
It uses diet, homeopathy, hydrotherapy, herbal
medicine, and other therapies to return the body to
a state where it can heal itself.
29. Menopause related problems (e.g. hot
flushes, insomnia, mood changes)
Blood sugar imbalances
Preconception care and fertility
30. REBALANCING FOOD
ESSENTIAL OILS, AND OTHER BACH FLOWERS,
HERBS AND PLANTS
31. Mind-body medicine uses a variety of techniques
designed to enhance the mind's capacity to affect
bodily function and symptoms. Some techniques
that were considered alternative in the past have
become main stream (for example, patient
support groups and cognitive-behavioral therapy).
33. Meditation means sitting or resting quietly, often
with the eyes closed, which stills the mind for
Meditation also helps in reduction of pain and
It also involves sometimes the repetitive sounding
of a mantra, which helps the person to focus.
Meditation promotes relaxation.
34. ◦ Quite space
◦ A comfortable position.
◦ A respective attitude
◦ A focus of attention
35. ◦ Meditation and rhythmic breathing
◦ Progressive relaxation
◦ Relation by sensory pacing
◦ Relaxing with music
36. Provide a quite environment.
Help the client get comfortable while seated or
lying on back.
Instruct the client to close eyes and hold a
Instruct the client to breath in and out slowly and
deeply using abdominal muscles keeping the chest
37. At the beginning of every out breath have client
to repeat the number ‘one’ silently in his or her
mind and continue for period of meditation.
Explain that when the mind wanders, being it
back to counting the out breath without
Have client practice for 5, 10, 15 or20 minutes
per session practice daily for at least one session.
38. Following steps 1, 2,3and 4 of meditation and
Once the client is breathing slowly and
comfortably instruct client to tighten and relax
Instruct the client to tense and relax the calves
39. Following steps 1, 2,3and 4 of meditation and
Instruct the client to slowly repeat and finish
either in a low voice of the following sentence-
-Now I am aware of seeing
-Now I am aware of feeling
-Now I am aware of hearing
Instruct the client to repeat and complete each
sentence 4 times, the 3 times then twice and
40. ◦ Provide client with a tape recorder and headset.
◦ Ask client to select a favorite cassette of slow
◦ Instruct client to get into a comfortable position
and to close eyes and listen to music through
◦ Instruct client to imagine floating with music.
41. Prolonging Life Expectancy
Cancer and Other Chronic Illness
High blood pressure
Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS), Tension Headaches
Irritable Bowel Syndrome, Ulcers, and Insomnia
42. It may be contraindicated in people who have a
strong fear of losing control.
Hypertensive individual require a much shorter
session than average 15-20 minute session.
43. Relaxation techniques are aimed at relaxing
muscles and quieting the mind and are mainly
designed to relieve tension and strain. It is also
used as an alternative treatment for insomnia.
45. Lowering heart rate
Improving well being
Reducing symptoms of distress
46. Individual undergoing relaxation therapy has
report fearing loss of control.
Feeling they are floating and experiencing
relaxation induced anxiety related to theses
Occasional relaxation techniques may result in
continued intensification of symptoms.
47. Hypnosis is a sort of conscious sleep or trance
that can help people deal with addictions, pain or
In hypnosis, a person is put into an advanced
state of relaxation in which he is relatively
unaware of his surroundings but not entirely
unconscious about it.
A hypnotized person follows the instructions
given by the hypnotherapist and tends not to be
to psycho logic stress and conflict.
49. In a patient who does not want it.
Hypertensive individual .
50. Biofeedback is a group of therapeutic procedures
that use electronic or electromechanical
instruments to measure the process and
information to person about their neuromuscular
and autonomic nervous system.
The information or feed back is given in physical,
physiological activity or visual feedback signals.
51. People are trained to exercise some control over
the way their bodies work and involves measuring
a subject's bodily processes such as blood
pressure, heart rate, skin temperature using
Biofeedback helps a person to be more aware of
what his body is doing, and to bring reactions
54. During relaxation the feeling may be uncovered that
client cannot cope with them. For this reason it’s
recommended that practitioners should be trained.
55. Biologically based therapies in complementary and
alternative medicine use substances found in
nature, such as herbs, foods, and vitamins. There
are mainly following types of biological based
56. Herbal medicine is a system, which uses various
remedies derived from plants and their extracts to
treat disorders and maintain good health.
Either a whole single herb or a mixture of
different herbs can be used.
Though herbal medicine exhibits a slower and
deeper action they assist the body to eliminate
and detoxify,thus taking care of the problem
that’s causing the symptoms.
Herbal medicines are available as extracts,
infusions, pills, and powders.
58. Orthomolecular medicine involves the use of
proper nutrition or nutritional supplements to
maintain and restore health.
Orthomolecular medicine uses combinations of
minerals, vitamins and amino acids normally found
in the body to treat specific conditions.
62. Chiropractic is based on the theory that disease
conditions result from misalignments of body
structures, especially the spine.
Due to this misalignment pressure is placed on the
nerve roots as they exit the spinal column resulting in
decreased function of the nerve and the organs that
The treatment for achieving this balance is spinal
manipulation to restore correct alignment and full
working order. Researches have shown chiropractic to
be effective in treating low back pain.
63. Osteopathy is a system of diagnosis and treatment
by manipulation that mainly focuses on musculo-
It differs from chiropractic in its underlying theory
that it is impairment of blood supply and not nerve
supply that leads to problems.
Doctors of osteopathy use manipulation plus
traditional medicine to cure problems.
64. It is the manipulation of body tissues to promote
wellness and reduce pain and stress.
It plays an important role in treating illness or
chronic ailments, and contributes to a higher sense
of general well being. It involves a variety of
techniques such as stroking or kneading for
applying pressure to specific points.
Massage therapy may cause side effects and should
not be used in people who have infectious or
contagious skin diseases.
65. Reflexology is the practice of stimulating points on
the feet, hands and ears to improve health or give a
beneficial effect on some other parts of the body.
It is commonly performed on the particular areas of
foot that are believed to correspond to different
organs or systems of the body.
This helps to eliminate the blockage of energy
responsible for pain or disease in the corresponding
66. Biofield therapies are intended to affect energy
fields that purportedly surround and penetrate the
human body. The existence of such fields has not
yet been scientifically proven. Some forms of energy
therapy manipulate biofields by applying pressure
and/or manipulating the body by placing the hands
in, or through, these fields.
68. Reiki is a technique, which uses the channeling
and flow of energy through the body to improve
health and promote healing.
It is very much different from conventional
healing therapies. Because in a Reiki therapy,
there are no medicines or tools needed to heal
All a practitioner has to do is to direct energy
towards the body through the hands and the
power of meditation.
70. Regular sessions are requires.
Need other treatment in addition to Reiki therapy
in case of serious illness.
71. This technique uses the therapist's healing energy
to identify and repair imbalances in a person's
They believe that by placing their hands on or
near a patient's body they can direct energy and
Diarrhea, and headaches
TT is useful in treating diseases such as measles,
73. Lack of eye and facial contact during session.
Person who are sensitive to human interaction
74. Bioelectromagnetic-based therapies use pulsed
energy or magnetic fields to alter the body's
electromagnetic fields and cure illness. Magnets
have become a popular treatment for various
musculoskeletal conditions and even to relieve
76. Pacemaker or other implanted or external
Hyperfunctional endocrine glands
Active TB, acute viral diseases
77. The integrative medicine approach is consistent
with the holistic approach nurses are taught to
Nurses have the potential for becoming essential
participants in this type of health care philosophy.
Nurses should be knowledgeable of CAM
therapies to make appropriate recommendation.
Nurses should also provide advice to client
regarding when to seek conventional therapies or
78. Nurses need to be aware of their state nurse
practice act with regard to CAM therapies and
practice only with in the scope of these laws.
Nurses have knowledge regarding current
researches being done in this area to provide
accurate information not only to patient but to
other health care professionals.
79. Perry and potter. Fundamentals of nursing. 6th ed.
Mosby an imprint of Elsevier NEW DELHI pp 915-
Stuart W. Gail, Lararia T. Michele. Principle and
practice of psychiatric nursing. 8th ed. Mosby an
imprint of Elsevier. NEW DELHI : Pp 618-26.
Black Joyce M. et al .Medical Surgical nursing. 1st
ed. Singapore. W.B. Sunder 1997: pp780-5.
Net references- http://www.stop getting lik.com