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head injury.pptx

  1. Head Injury Prepared by Ali Mohammed Fathi Haider Mohammed Tameem Thamir
  2. A head injury is a broad term that describes a vast array of injuries that occur to the scalp, skull, brain, and underlying tissue and blood vessels in the head. Head injuries are also commonly referred to as brain injury, or traumatic brain injury(TBI),dependingon theextentoftheheadtrauma. Introduction Elective
  3. collection, or clotting, of blood outside the blood vessels. Hematoma Types of head injuries uncontrolled bleeding. Hemorrhage a mild traumatic brain injury that results from a bump, violent jolt or blow to head that disrupts normal brain function. Concussion It is bruising of brain tissue. More severe than a concussion. Cerebral Contusion Elective
  4. Any brain injury can lead to edema, or swelling. Edema Types of head injuries A broken skull bone can affect the brain. Skull fracture An injury to the brain that doesn’t cause bleeding but does damage the brain cells. Diffuse axonal injury Elective
  5. Common causes of head injury Elective
  6. Signs and Symptoms of Head Injury
  7. Symptoms of a mild head injury Some bleeding Bruising A mild headache Feeling sick or nauseated Mild dizziness Elective 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.
  8. Symptoms of a moderate head injury Passing out for a short time. Confusion or distraction. Vomiting. A lasting headache. Temporary changes in behavior. Elective 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Memory problems. 6. Loss of balance. 7.
  9. Symptoms of a severe head injury loss of consciousness. Seizures. Vomiting. Balance problems. Serious disorientation. Elective 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. loss of muscle control. 6. Memory loss. 7. Leaking of fluid from ear or nose. 8.
  10. Complications of head injury Elective
  11. Diagnoses of head injury Elective
  12. 01 Medical Management of Head Injury
  13. Medical Management of Head Injury Elective Mild injury
  14. Medical Management of Head Injury Elective Immediate emergency care
  15. Medicationstolimitsecondarydamageto thebrainimmediatelyafteraninjurymay include:- Medical Management of Head Injury Elective Medications
  16. Tominimize additionaldamagetobrain tissues.Surgerymaybeusedtoaddress thefollowingproblems:- Medical Management of Head Injury Elective Surgery
  17. Most people who have had a significant brain injury will require rehabilitation. They may need to relearn basic skills, such as walking or talking. The goal is to improvetheirabilitiestoperformdaily Medical Management of Head Injury Elective Rehabilitation
  18. 01 Nursing Intervention for Head Injury
  19. 1. Maintainingtheairwaypatency(ABC). 2. Monitoring neurologic status (level of consciousness, vital signs and Glasgow comascale). 3. Maintain ICP monitoring, as indicated, andreportabnormalities. 4. Monitoring fluidandelectrolytebalance Nursing Intervention for Head Injury Elective
  20. 5.Promoting adequatenutrition. 6. Preventing injury (bed sore). Turn the patient every 2 hours and encourage coughing and deep breathing. 7.Maintainingbody temperature. 8. Improving coping (supporting family coping) Nursing Intervention for Head Injury Elective
  21. 9. Provide enteral feedings after bowel sounds have returned if thepatientisunabletoswallow. 10. Elevate the head of the bed after feedings, and check residualstopreventaspiration. 11.Suctionthepatientasneeded. 12.Administermedicationasordered. 13.Monitoringandmanagingpotentialcomplications. Nursing Intervention for Head Injury Elective
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