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KIRCHNER, Ernst Ludwig, Featured Paintings in Detail (2)

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KIRCHNER, Ernst Ludwig, Featured Paintings in Detail (2)

  1. 1. KIRCHNER, Ernst Ludwig Featured Paintings in Detail (2)
  2. 2. KIRCHNER, Ernst Ludwig Marzella 1909-1910 Oil on canvas, 76x 60 cm Moderna Museet, Stockholm
  3. 3. KIRCHNER, Ernst Ludwig Marzella (detail) 1909-1910 Oil on canvas, 76x 60 cm Moderna Museet, Stockholm
  4. 4. KIRCHNER, Ernst Ludwig Marzella (detail) 1909-1910 Oil on canvas, 76x 60 cm Moderna Museet, Stockholm
  5. 5. KIRCHNER, Ernst Ludwig Seated Girl (Fränzi Fehrmann) 1910 (altered 1920) Oil on canvas, 35.88 x 31.75 cm Minneapolis Institute of Arts
  6. 6. KIRCHNER, Ernst Ludwig Seated Girl (Fränzi Fehrmann) (detail) 1910 (altered 1920) Oil on canvas, 35.88 x 31.75 cm Minneapolis Institute of Arts
  7. 7. KIRCHNER, Ernst Ludwig Seated Girl (Fränzi Fehrmann) (detail) 1910 (altered 1920) Oil on canvas, 35.88 x 31.75 cm Minneapolis Institute of Arts
  8. 8. KIRCHNER, Ernst Ludwig Fränzi in front of a Carved Chair 1910 Oil on canvas. 71 x 49.5 cm Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza, Madrid
  9. 9. KIRCHNER, Ernst Ludwig Fränzi in front of a Carved Chair (detail) 1910 Oil on canvas. 71 x 49.5 cm Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza, Madrid
  10. 10. KIRCHNER, Ernst Ludwig Fränzi in front of a Carved Chair (detail) 1910 Oil on canvas. 71 x 49.5 cm Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza, Madrid
  11. 11. KIRCHNER, Ernst Ludwig Self-Portrait, Double Portrait 1914 Oil on canvas, 60 x49 cm Staatliche Museen, Berlin
  12. 12. KIRCHNER, Ernst Ludwig Self-Portrait, Double Portrait (detail) 1914 Oil on canvas, 60 x49 cm Staatliche Museen, Berlin
  13. 13. KIRCHNER, Ernst Ludwig Self-Portrait, Double Portrait (detail) 1914 Oil on canvas, 60 x49 cm Staatliche Museen, Berlin
  14. 14. KIRCHNER, Ernst Ludwig Three Bathers 1913 Oil on canvas, 197.5 x 147.5 cm Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney
  15. 15. KIRCHNER, Ernst Ludwig Three Bathers (detail) 1913 Oil on canvas, 197.5 x 147.5 cm Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney
  16. 16. KIRCHNER, Ernst Ludwig Three Bathers (detail) 1913 Oil on canvas, 197.5 x 147.5 cm Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney
  17. 17. KIRCHNER, Ernst Ludwig Self-Portrait as a Soldier 1915 Oil on canvas, 69 x 61 cm Allen Memorial Art Museum, Ohio
  18. 18. KIRCHNER, Ernst Ludwig Self-Portrait as a Soldier (detail) 1915 Oil on canvas, 69 x 61 cm Allen Memorial Art Museum, Ohio
  19. 19. KIRCHNER, Ernst Ludwig, Featured Paintings in Detail (2) images and text credit www. Music wav. created olga.e. thanks for watching oes
  20. 20. KIRCHNER, Ernst Ludwig Self-Portrait as a Soldier Self-Portrait as a Soldier examines the psychological distress experienced by Kirchner during his service in the military. He was a reluctant soldier and soon became preoccupied with avoiding service, and following a self-induced psychosis, aided by his use of alcohol and drugs, he was discharged. The painting displays a uniformed Kirchner standing in his studio, smoking a cigarette. His right hand is severed, symbolizing his trauma and possibly also his anxiety of his loss of manhood; the motif is based on Van Gogh's Self-Portrait with a Bandaged Ear (1889), a picture the artist painted after he too had inflicted injuries upon himself. In the background of Kirchner's picture stands a nude who bears a resemblance to his lover of the time, Erna Schilling.
  21. 21. KIRCHNER, Ernst Ludwig Marzella (detail) Around the time this picture was painted Kirchner was spending time around the Moritzberg lakes, and the girl depicted is the daughter of a circus artiste's widow that he met there. Emblematic of his Die Brucke phase, Marzella is a provocative depiction of a young, pre-pubescent girl. The youth of the figure coupled with the intense gaze and heavily made-up face give the appearance of uncanny maturity. Unnatural colors and self-conscious body language add to the unease in the composition. The painting is an example of a technique of rapid sketching used by members of Die Brucke, who believed this process allowed them to capture the "soul" of the subject. The picture is also indicative of the influence of Edvard Munch on Kirchner's work, since the composition appears to be based on Munch's Puberty (1892).
  22. 22. KIRCHNER, Ernst Ludwig Seated Girl (Fränzi Fehrmann) In the early decades of twentieth-century Germany, a group of avant-garde artists known as Die Brücke (The Bridge, 1905-13), emerged. Hoping their work would serve as a bridge to the art of the future, they developed a radical new style of painting called Expressionism. This composition, with its deliberate brushstrokes and forceful use of outline, articulates both Ernst Ludwig Kirchner's and Die Brücke's intent to reveal raw emotion without apologies. Lina Franziska Fehrmann (1900-1950), the adolescent model for Seated Girl, met Kirchner in 1910. She and her siblings regularly posed for artists in the Die Brücke group.
  23. 23. KIRCHNER, Ernst Ludwig Fränzi in front of a Carved Chair This portrait of a girl from the working-class district of Friedrichstadt in Dresden is one of the finest examples of the Expressionist style of the German group Die Brücke, characterised by the simplification of form and the arbitrary use of colour. Here, Fränzi, who modelled for a number of portraits by Kirchner and other members of the group, sits on a chair whose back has been carved into the shape of a naked woman. The girl stares defiantly at the viewer as the intense green of her face, defined by thick, unnaturalistic brushstrokes, contrasts sharply with the pink flesh tones of the female figure that frames her. The frontal placing of the sitter suggests the influence of Munch, Van Gogh and Gauguin, and also recalls Primitive art.
  24. 24. KIRCHNER, Ernst Ludwig Self-Portrait, Double Portrait Kirchner painted to figures in this composition, himself and a girl. The expressionist style shows rapid brush strokes and bright colors. Flesh is green and mottled with orange, hair is blue and spiked. The figures do not face each other, rather they are turned toward opposite sides of the picture plane.
  25. 25. KIRCHNER, Ernst Ludwig Three Bathers The nudes in 'Three bathers' resemble the artist's painted carvings, echoing in turn the sculpted Eves of medieval art as well as African and Pacific statuary. Wearing lipstick and a look of enervation, these Berlin day-trippers huddle defensively in the Baltic waves. Uncannily presaging the coming blitzkrieg, the figures also predict the artist's own deteriorating health. Conscripted in 1915, Kirchner was discharged six months later with tuberculosis.
  26. 26. KIRCHNER, Ernst Ludwig Ernst Ludwig Kirchner was a driving force in the Die Brücke group that flourished in Dresden and Berlin before World War I, and he has come to be seen as one of the most talented and influential of Germany's Expressionists. Motivated by the same anxieties that gripped the movement as a whole - fears about humanity's place in the modern world, its lost feelings of spirituality and authenticity - Kirchner had conflicting attitudes to the past and present. An admirer of Albrecht Dürer, he revived the old art of woodblock printing, and saw himself in the German tradition, yet he rejected academic styles and was inspired by the modern city. After the war, illness drove him to settle in Davos, Switzerland, where he painted many landscapes, and, ultimately, he found himself ostracized from mainstream German art. When the Nazis rose to power in the early 1930s he was also a victim of their campaign against "Degenerate Art." Depressed and ill, he eventually committed suicide.

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