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Name of MuseumThe Wonders of
the Mughal Empire
Name of Museum
This painting depicts Babur in battle with
Ibrahim Lodi, ruler of the Lodi Dynasty.
The 16th-century battle...
Name of Museum
• Military general who invaded
and conquered Northern India
• Writer, loved music and art
• Did little to _...
Name of Museum
Humayun almost lost his empires
suffering form some early defeats
against his rivals. However, he later
rec...
Name of Museum
Do Now: How did relations between Muslims and non-Muslims
evolve over time? What would Akbar gain by taking...
Name of MuseumAkbar the Great
(1542-1605)
Born on October 15, 1542 in
Umarkot, India, and enthroned at
age 14, Akbar the G...
Name of Museum
Jesuits at Akbar’s Court
Back to Room 1
Akbar constructed a special _________________
where he presided ove...
Name of Museum
• Allowed Hindu temples to be built
• Ordered Muslims to respect _____
• The _________ attempted to Blend f...
Name of Museum
•Akbar encouraged widow
remarriage and prohibited
the act of ______
•Akbar discouraged child
marriages
•Enc...
Name of Museum
Legacy
Back to Room 1
Akbar moved
capital to Agra and
built the Red Fort
in 1573
Akbar moved
capital to Agr...
Name of Museum
• Great military commander
• Expanded the empire to twice its size!
• Reformed government -
• Emperor had _...
Name of MuseumAkbar The Great
Mughal Empire •Akbar equipped his armies with heavy
artillery and _____________
•He extended...
Name of Museum
Back to Room 2
“The Greatest Love
Story of all Time!”
Name of Museum
Taj Mahal is regarded by many as
the finest example of Mughal
___________ , combining
elements from Islamic...
Name of Museum
A Black Taj Mahal?
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The Mughal Empire

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Babur, Akbar the Great, Shah Jahan, Taj Mahal

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The Mughal Empire

  1. 1. Name of MuseumThe Wonders of the Mughal Empire
  2. 2. Name of Museum This painting depicts Babur in battle with Ibrahim Lodi, ruler of the Lodi Dynasty. The 16th-century battles of Panipat, which took place 30 years apart, are little known in the West. But they were pivotal events in the making of the Mughal Empire as the dominant power of northern India. An Illustration from the Baburnama, c. 1590-1593 Babur at the First Battle of Panipat, 1526 Do Now: Analyze this painting and compare how Babur and India are similar to Osman and the Ottomans. Do Now: Analyze this painting and compare how Babur and India are similar to Osman and the Ottomans. "By the grace of the Almighty God, this difficult task was made easy to me and that mighty army, in the space of a half a day was laid in dust." "By the grace of the Almighty God, this difficult task was made easy to me and that mighty army, in the space of a half a day was laid in dust."
  3. 3. Name of Museum • Military general who invaded and conquered Northern India • Writer, loved music and art • Did little to ___________ the empire – Son, Humayun, almost lost power Babur (1526-1530) Founder of the Mughal Dynasty administer
  4. 4. Name of Museum Humayun almost lost his empires suffering form some early defeats against his rivals. However, he later recovered his lost land but died after falling down the steps of his library. Humayun almost lost his empires suffering form some early defeats against his rivals. However, he later recovered his lost land but died after falling down the steps of his library. HumayunHumayun
  5. 5. Name of Museum Do Now: How did relations between Muslims and non-Muslims evolve over time? What would Akbar gain by taking this approach? Do Now: How did relations between Muslims and non-Muslims evolve over time? What would Akbar gain by taking this approach? “The Hindus and idol-worshippers…now erected new idol temples in the city and… in opposition to the Law of the Prophet which declares that such temples are not to be tolerated. Under Divine guidance I destroyed these edifices, and I killed those leaders of infidelity who seduced others into error…” - Sultan of Delhi Firuz Shah (1351-1389) “O God, in every temple I see people that seek you. In every language I hear spoken, people praise you. If it be a mosque, people murmur the holy prayer. If it be a Christian Church, they ring the bell for love of you… It is you whom I seek from temple to temple.” - Akbar the Great (1542-1605) Do Now:
  6. 6. Name of MuseumAkbar the Great (1542-1605) Born on October 15, 1542 in Umarkot, India, and enthroned at age 14, Akbar the Great began his military conquests under the tutelage of a regent before claiming imperial power and expanding the Mughal Empire. Known as much for his inclusive leadership style as for his war mongering, Akbar ushered in an era of religious tolerance and appreciation for the arts. Akbar the Great died in 1605. Born on October 15, 1542 in Umarkot, India, and enthroned at age 14, Akbar the Great began his military conquests under the tutelage of a regent before claiming imperial power and expanding the Mughal Empire. Known as much for his inclusive leadership style as for his war mongering, Akbar ushered in an era of religious tolerance and appreciation for the arts. Akbar the Great died in 1605.
  7. 7. Name of Museum Jesuits at Akbar’s Court Back to Room 1 Akbar constructed a special _________________ where he presided over intellectual discussion with representatives of many religions – Muslim, Hindu, Christian, Buddhist, Jewish, Jain, and Zoroastrian. The Akbarnāma, Abu'l-Fazl ibn Mubarak (1551-1602). “House of Worship”
  8. 8. Name of Museum • Allowed Hindu temples to be built • Ordered Muslims to respect _____ • The _________ attempted to Blend faiths together and unite Hindus and Muslims • Faith did not last after Akbar’s death • Allowed Hindu temples to be built • Ordered Muslims to respect _____ • The _________ attempted to Blend faiths together and unite Hindus and Muslims • Faith did not last after Akbar’s death • Accepted ______________ – • Encouraged intermarriage • Abolished ________ tax on non-Muslims • Promoted Hindus to high gov’t positions • Accepted ______________ – • Encouraged intermarriage • Abolished ________ tax on non-Muslims • Promoted Hindus to high gov’t positions Religious Tolerance Hinduism Jizya cows Din-I-Ilahi
  9. 9. Name of Museum •Akbar encouraged widow remarriage and prohibited the act of ______ •Akbar discouraged child marriages •Encouraged special market days for women only, to help women trapped in _______, seclusion in their homes. •Women could own land and they were paid salaries for their work •Women were educated and they learned how to paint and write poetry •Women could participate in business activities. •Akbar encouraged widow remarriage and prohibited the act of ______ •Akbar discouraged child marriages •Encouraged special market days for women only, to help women trapped in _______, seclusion in their homes. •Women could own land and they were paid salaries for their work •Women were educated and they learned how to paint and write poetry •Women could participate in business activities. sati purdah Social Reforms
  10. 10. Name of Museum Legacy Back to Room 1 Akbar moved capital to Agra and built the Red Fort in 1573 Akbar moved capital to Agra and built the Red Fort in 1573What was Akbar’s greatest achievement? What was Akbar’s greatest achievement?
  11. 11. Name of Museum • Great military commander • Expanded the empire to twice its size! • Reformed government - • Emperor had ___________ power • Vazirs – royal officials who advised Emperor • Mansabdari System – _____________ system that divided empire into small regions led by Mansabars (governors) • ___________– anyone could gain high office • Great military commander • Expanded the empire to twice its size! • Reformed government - • Emperor had ___________ power • Vazirs – royal officials who advised Emperor • Mansabdari System – _____________ system that divided empire into small regions led by Mansabars (governors) • ___________– anyone could gain high office Akbar The GreatPolitical SystemPolitical System absolute Bureaucratic Meritocracy
  12. 12. Name of MuseumAkbar The Great Mughal Empire •Akbar equipped his armies with heavy artillery and _____________ •He extended his rule into much of ______________________. •Akbar unified a land of 100 million people—more than in all of Europe put together. A Military Conqueror Political StructureReligious Tolerance Mansabdar System Social and Cultural Reforms * Akbar treated all his subjects _______and invited people of all faiths to his court. •Akbar married a Hindu princess •Akbar abolished the hated ______________, or tax on non­­ Muslims. •Din-i-ilahi was a new religion suggested by Akbar to unite all the people * Akbar governed through a ___________________ of officials. * Akbar used Hindu and Muslim laws and reformed common laws. * Akbar levied a fair and affordable ________ based on a percentage of the value of the peasants’ crops. • Akbar gave the mansabdar (a military officer) Land grants and the right to tax the people in their area. • The Mansabdar promised loyalty and _____________to fight for Akbar in wartime. • The system was not hereditary which helped Akbar keep his power from the nobles. Art and Architecture • Mughal ___________combined Persian and Hindu influences. • Akbar led workshops for painters, musicians, poets and period of Mughal painting began. • Akbar period architecture combined Hindu, Persian, and Muslim styles and known for massive but graceful structures decorated with intricate ____________________. • Akbar was against ___________ marriage and prohibited marriage before the age of 12. • Akbar was also against the inhuman practice of _____________. • Akbar led the “House of Worship” to unite all men in a common bond of peace. • This cultural blending affected art, education, politics, and language. Name________________ What is Akbar’s greatest achievement? Explain why?
  13. 13. Name of Museum Back to Room 2 “The Greatest Love Story of all Time!”
  14. 14. Name of Museum Taj Mahal is regarded by many as the finest example of Mughal ___________ , combining elements from Islamic, Persian, Ottoman Turkish and Indian architectural styles. The Taj Mahal • Took 22 years to complete (1631-1653) • The construction had a labor force of _____________ • Over 1,000 elephants were used • 28 types of precious and semi- precious stones were usedTomb of Shah Jahan and Mumtaz MahalTomb of Shah Jahan and Mumtaz Mahal architecture 20,000 workers
  15. 15. Name of Museum A Black Taj Mahal?

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