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Internet Addiction

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Internet Addiction

  1. 1. Internet Addiction Digital Heroin: How Internet is Turning Youths into Psychotic Junkies
  2. 2. Internet Addiction
  3. 3. Introduction • The internet can provide access to some valuable tools, interesting stories, exciting games and informative content but, when used in excess, the internet has the ability to interfere with work, life, relationships, and daily routines.
  4. 4. The Internet Can Provide Access To Some Valuable Tools
  5. 5. Introduction • Internet Addiction Disorder is a potentially dangerous condition that affects individuals who spend large amounts of time online socializing with friends, playing games, gambling or just surfing the web despite the negative consequences.
  6. 6. Internet Addiction Disorder
  7. 7. Introduction • Learning about the causes and symptoms of internet addiction can help you to detect a problem early on and find help.
  8. 8. What is Internet Addiction? • Internet addiction is described as an impulse control disorder, which does not involve use of an intoxicating drug and is very similar to pathological gambling. • Some Internet users may develop an emotional attachment to on-line friends and activities they create on their computer screens.
  9. 9. What is Internet Addiction?
  10. 10. Internet addiction is very similar to pathological gambling
  11. 11. What is Internet Addiction? • Internet users may enjoy aspects of the Internet that allow them to meet, socialize, and exchange ideas through the use of chat rooms, social networking websites, or "virtual communities." • Other Internet users spend endless hours researching topics of interest Online or "blogging".
  12. 12. Internet users may enjoy aspects of the Internet that allow them to meet, socialize, and exchange ideas through
  13. 13. Blogging
  14. 14. What is Internet Addiction? • Similar to other addictions, those suffering from Internet addiction use the virtual fantasy world to connect with real people through the Internet, as a substitution for real-life human connection, which they are unable to achieve normally.
  15. 15. Internet Addiction
  16. 16. What is Internet Addiction? • Internet addiction is a growing epidemic characterized by a compulsive desire to interact online through internet gaming, gambling, cybersex, social networking or compulsive surfing of the web. According to Dr. Kimberly Young, the first psychologist to document internet addiction, these disorders are similar to impulse-control disorders.
  17. 17. Internet addiction is a growing epidemic
  18. 18. Dr. Kimberly Young, the first psychologist to document internet addiction
  19. 19. Dr. Kimberly Young, the first psychologist to document internet addiction
  20. 20. Following Symptoms Can Lead To A Diagnosis Of Internet Addiction Disorder Meeting five of the following symptoms can lead to a diagnosis of internet addiction disorder: • Feeling preoccupied with the internet. • Feeling a desire to use the internet for increased amounts of time in order to achieve satisfaction with your use of the web. • Having a lack of control in efforts to stop using the internet or to cut back use.
  21. 21. Internet Addiction Disorder
  22. 22. Following Symptoms Can Lead To A Diagnosis Of Internet Addiction Disorder • Feeling restless, irritable, depressed or otherwise moody when not using the internet. • Staying online longer than you originally planned to. • Jeopardized a job, relationship, educational opportunity or other important opportunity because of the internet. • Lying to friends, family members or others in an effort to conceal the true amount of time that you spend online or your actual activities while online. • Using the internet as a way of escaping reality, escaping problems or relieving a negative mood.
  23. 23. Internet Addiction Disorder
  24. 24. Using the internet as a way of escaping reality
  25. 25. Internet Addiction Disorder • Internet addiction disorder (IAD) also known as problematic internet use or pathological internet use is generally defined as problematic, compulsive use of the internet, that results in significant impairment in an individual's function in various life domains over a prolonged period of time.
  26. 26. Internet Addiction Disorder
  27. 27. Internet Addiction Disorder • Such disorders can be diagnosed when an individual engages in online activities at the cost of fulfilling daily responsibilities or pursuing other interests, and without regard for the negative consequences.
  28. 28. Internet Addiction Disorder
  29. 29. Internet Addiction Disorder
  30. 30. Internet Addiction Disorder • Excessive Internet use has not been recognised as a disorder by the World Health Organization or the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5); however, the related diagnosis of gaming disorder has been included in the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11).
  31. 31. Gaming Disorder Has Been Included In The International Classification Of Diseases (ICD-11)
  32. 32. Types of Internet Addiction Disorders • An addiction to the internet can come in various forms. • Most of the time, internet addiction is characterized by the activity that an individual is taking part in while they are online such as shopping, socializing or gaming. • Internet addiction disorder includes:
  33. 33. Types of Internet Addiction Disorders
  34. 34. Types of Internet Addiction Disorders • Net Compulsions – this includes compulsive gambling, gaming, shopping, trading stocks or other obsessive use of the internet that interferes with your work or home, relationships or financial well-being.
  35. 35. Net Compulsions
  36. 36. Types of Internet Addiction Disorders • Cybersex Addiction – compulsive use of the internet to take part in adult chat rooms, fantasy role playing sites, or to watch internet pornography.
  37. 37. Types of Internet Addiction Disorders • Cyber-Relationship Addiction – taking part in social networks, chat rooms and virtual messaging online to a point in which these online relationships mean more than real-life relationships with friends or family members.
  38. 38. Cyber-Relationship Addiction
  39. 39. Types of Internet Addiction Disorders • General Computer Addiction – obsessively playing on the computer, not necessarily online. • This may include playing games such as Solitaire or programming a computer obsessively.
  40. 40. General Computer Addiction
  41. 41. Types of Internet Addiction Disorders • Compulsive Web Surfing – obsessively surfing the web or a database to a point in which you take time from your friends, family members or regular daytime tasks at work or home. • Most internet addiction disorders are the result of cybersex, online gambling or gaming, and cyber-relationships.
  42. 42. Compulsive Web Surfing
  43. 43. What are the warning signs of Internet addiction? • The symptoms of internet addiction may not be visibly present or a person may only show a few of the signs of internet addiction.
  44. 44. What are the warning signs of Internet addiction?
  45. 45. Some of the warning signs of internet addiction include • Spending more time online than you even realize. • Repeated, unsuccessful efforts to control, cut back or stop Internet use. • Feelings of restlessness, moodiness, depression, or irritability when attempting to cut down use of the Internet.
  46. 46. Warning Signs Of Internet Addiction
  47. 47. Some of the warning signs of internet addiction include • Isolating yourself from friends or family members to spend time online. • Becoming defensive about your time spent online.
  48. 48. Some of the warning signs of internet addiction include • Difficulty completing tasks at work or at home because you spend too much time surfing the web. • Jeopardized or risked loss of significant relationships, job, educational or career opportunities because of Internet use. • If you have trouble focusing on your priorities or you find that your time online has made you slack on your tasks at work or at home you may be suffering from an internet addiction.
  49. 49. Jeopardized or risked loss of significant relationships
  50. 50. Some of the warning signs of internet addiction include • Euphoric feelings when involved with internet activities. • Preoccupation with the Internet. Thoughts about previous on-line activity or anticipation of the next on-line session. • Use Internet to escape from problems or to relieve a dysphoric mood. (e.g. Feelings of hopelessness, guilt, anxiety, depression.)
  51. 51. Euphoric feelings when involved with internet activities
  52. 52. What are the Causes of Internet Addiction? • People become addicted to the internet for a number of different reasons. • Most of the time, the urge to compulsive use the internet is the result of a desire to manage unpleasant feeling such as depression, anxiety, stress or loneliness.
  53. 53. What are the Causes of Internet Addiction?
  54. 54. Some Causes Of Internet Addiction Include • Self-medication for a mental health disorder. Many people use the internet to mask anxiety, depression, or other mental illness. • Information addicts. Some people have an intense hunger for knowledge and the internet provides immediate access to tons of information that can be very attractive for information addicts.
  55. 55. Self-medication for a mental health disorder
  56. 56. Information addicts
  57. 57. Some Causes Of Internet Addiction Include • Anxiety or social disorders. Some people have anxiety when they are face to face with people or suffer from other social disorders that make it difficult for them to interact in real life but easier to interact online. • Loneliness. Many people, especially those who do not have a companion, interact online to fulfil a void that causes them to feel lonely.
  58. 58. Anxiety or social disorders
  59. 59. Loneliness
  60. 60. Some Causes Of Internet Addiction Include • Shifting from a real world addiction. Many people who suffer from a real world addiction to shopping or gambling will shift their addictions to an online version such as internet gambling or excessive shopping online.
  61. 61. Shifting from a real world addiction
  62. 62. Effects of Internet Addiction • In many ways, internet addiction can be compared to an addiction to drugs or alcohol in that, internet addiction causes a desire to use the internet more and more in order to produce a satisfactory effect.
  63. 63. Internet Addiction Can Be Compared To An Addiction To Drugs Or Alcohol
  64. 64. Effects of Internet Addiction • Internet addicts struggle to control their behaviours and often experience great despair over their consistent failure to escape their addictive behaviours. • A loss of self-esteem and a burning desire to escape can lead the addict further into their addiction sending them into a whirlwind of social anguish, relationship failure and emotional pain. In the end, the internet addiction will cause a sense of powerlessness for the addict.
  65. 65. Internet addicts struggle to control their behaviours and often experience great despair over their consistent failure
  66. 66. Effects of Internet Addiction • Internet addiction results in personal, family, academic, financial, and occupational problems that are characteristic of other addictions. • Impairments of real life relationships are disrupted as a result of excessive use of the Internet. • Individuals suffering from Internet addiction spend more time in solitary seclusion, spend less time with real people in their lives, and are often viewed as socially awkward.
  67. 67. Internet addiction results in personal, family, academic, financial, and occupational problems
  68. 68. Effects of Internet Addiction • Some suffering from Internet addiction may create on-line personas or profiles where they are able to alter their identities and pretend to be someone other than himself or herself. • Those at highest risk for creation of a secret life are those who suffer from low-self esteem feelings of inadequacy, and fear of disapproval. • Such negative self-concepts lead to clinical problems of depression and anxiety.
  69. 69. Some suffering from Internet addiction may create on-line personas or profiles
  70. 70. Effects of Internet Addiction • Many persons who attempt to quit their Internet use experience withdrawal including: anger, depression, relief, mood swings, anxiety, fear, irritability, sadness, loneliness, boredom, restlessness, procrastination, and upset stomach.
  71. 71. Effects of Internet Addiction
  72. 72. Effects of Internet Addiction
  73. 73. Effects of Internet Addiction • Being addicted to the Internet can also cause physical discomfort or medical problems such as: • Carpal Tunnel Syndrome, dry eyes, backaches, severe headaches, eating irregularities, (such as skipping meals), failure to attend to personal hygiene, and sleep disturbance.
  74. 74. Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
  75. 75. Computer Eye Strain
  76. 76. Psychological Effects of Internet Addiction Disorder may include • Depression • Dishonesty • Feelings of guilt • Anxiety • Feelings of Euphoria when using the Computer • Inability to Prioritize or Keep Schedules • Isolation • No Sense of Time • Defensiveness • Avoidance of Work • Agitation • Mood Swings • Fear • Loneliness • Boredom with Routine Tasks • Procrastination
  77. 77. Physical Effects of Internet Addiction Disorder may include • Backache • Carpal Tunnel Syndrome • Headaches • Insomnia • Poor Nutrition (failing to eat or eating in excessively to avoid being away from the computer) • Poor Personal Hygiene (e.g., not bathing to stay online) • Neck Pain • Dry Eyes and other Vision Problems • Weight Gain or Loss
  78. 78. Physical Effects of Internet Addiction Disorder
  79. 79. How can someone get help? • The first step is to determine if there is a problem. • If you do not believe you have a problem, you are not likely to seek treatment. One of the overarching problems with the Internet is that there is often no accountability and no limits. • You are hidden behind a screen and some things that you may say or do online are things you would never do in person.
  80. 80. How can someone get help? • There is debate in the literature whether treatment is necessary in the first place. • Some believe Internet Addiction Disorder to be a “fad illness” and suggest that it usually resolves itself on its own.
  81. 81. The first step is to determine if there is a problem
  82. 82. How can someone get help? • Studies have show that self-corrective behaviour can be achieved and successful. Corrective behaviours include software that controls the Internet use and types of sites that can be visited with the majority of professionals in agreement that total abstinence from the computer is not an effective method of correction.
  83. 83. Corrective behaviours include software that controls the Internet use and types of sites
  84. 84. How can someone get help? • Some professionals argue that medications are effective in the treatment of Internet Addiction Disorder because if you are suffering from this condition, it is likely that you are also suffering from an underlying condition of anxiety and depression. • It is generally thought that if you treat the anxiety or depression, the Internet Addiction may resolve in step with this treatment approach.
  85. 85. Treatment of Internet Addiction Disorder
  86. 86. Some of the more common psychological treatments of Internet Addiction Disorder • Individual, group, or family therapy • Behaviour modification • Dialectical Behavioural Therapy (DBT) • Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) • Equine Therapy • Art Therapy • Recreation Therapy • Reality Therapy
  87. 87. Individual, group, or family therapy
  88. 88. Behaviour modification
  89. 89. Dialectical Behavioural Therapy (DBT)
  90. 90. Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT)
  91. 91. Recreation Therapy
  92. 92. Some of the more common psychological treatments of Internet Addiction Disorder • Because of the prevalence of the disorder in the general population, treatment centers and programs have started to pop up. • A Certified Addictions Counsellor trained in identification and treatment of Internet addiction can effectively perform an assessment to determine what level of care is most appropriate.
  93. 93. Take these steps to get your internet usage under control • Get help for any mental health problems that may be contributing to your compulsive use of the internet. • Develop coping skills. • If you use the internet as a way to cope with stress or to deal with other emotions, you’ll need to develop coping skills in order to reduce your urges to use the internet. Instead of resorting to the internet as a method of coping with stress or anger or other emotions, develop skills that will help you to cope with these emotions without the internet.
  94. 94. Develop coping skills
  95. 95. Take these steps to get your internet usage under control • Get support. • You’ll need an extensive support network to help you through the difficult times when you are most vulnerable and susceptible to using the internet. Your support network may consist of friends, family members, co-workers, community groups, and social support groups as well as your counsellor or therapist.
  96. 96. Get support
  97. 97. Take these steps to get your internet usage under control • Log your time. One way that you can reduce the amount of time that you spend online is to actually keep a log of the time that you do spend online. Keep track of the time of day that you log onto the internet, how long you spend and any emotions that were present prior to your use of the internet or during your internet use. You can even log your activity online so that you can review your log to determine emotions that may have triggered a particular activity or impulsive behaviour.
  98. 98. Log your time
  99. 99. Take these steps to get your internet usage under control • Set a timer. You can reduce the amount of time that you spend online by setting a timer before you go online and making a commitment to yourself to get off of your computer when the timer goes off. You should also make a commitment to turn your computer off at a particular time each day to allow for interaction with family or to handle other tasks.
  100. 100. Set a timer
  101. 101. Take these steps to get your internet usage under control • Substitute internet usage with healthy activities. • Instead of going online, take a walk, read a book, call a friend or find another way to fill the time with a healthy activity.
  102. 102. Substitute internet usage with healthy activities
  103. 103. Methods of Internet Addiction Treatment • Many different options for treatment exist to assist those who cannot cope with or overcome their internet addiction on their own. • If self-help for internet addiction doesn’t work for you, consider these internet addiction treatment options: • Cognitive-behavioural Therapy – providing methods of changing compulsive thoughts that result in poor behaviour into positive thoughts and reactions, cognitive-behavioural therapy can help to change the perceptions that you have regarding your internet use. This method of therapy is effective at reducing anxiety, eliminating stress or alleviating depression.
  104. 104. Cognitive-behavioural Therapy
  105. 105. Methods of Internet Addiction Treatment • Support Groups while there may not be as many support groups for those suffering from internet addiction as there are for those suffering from substance abuse or a gambling addiction, there are often alternatives. • For instance, if you tend to spend your time online gambling, you can take part in Gamblers Anonymous, or if you tend to spend your time watching pornography, Sex Addicts Anonymous may be an alternative social support option.
  106. 106. Support Groups
  107. 107. Helping an Individual who is Addicted to the Internet • These are the steps you can take to help that individual overcome their addiction. • Manage your own time online to show your loved one the right ways. • Help the individual to find friends and social support • Help them get involved in other activities that aren’t online • Encourage counselling and therapy • Help them manage their time online by keeping a log of internet usage
  108. 108. Help them get involved in other activities
  109. 109. Helping an Individual who is Addicted to the Internet
  110. 110. Preventing Internet Addiction in Children and Teens • In today’s society where the use of the internet is present in schools, at home and on the go, children and teens are subjected to a whole new potential for internet addiction that was not necessarily present for adults until recently. Preventing internet addiction in children and teens can be more difficult that you may think. As a parent, there is a fine line between the level of internet usage that is acceptable and what is not for a child or teen.
  111. 111. Preventing Internet Addiction in Children and Teens
  112. 112. Follow these tips to prevent internet addiction in children and teens: • Limit internet usage to include minimal use for social interaction. • Internet use should focus on the need to use the internet for school assignments and research. • Limit internet gaming • Monitor internet use and set boundaries • Keep internet usage restricted to specific areas of the home • Talk to your child about anxiety, depression, school, and other potential triggers that may be causing additional internet use • Seek help form a doctor, friend or professional if your child seems to be spending too much time online
  113. 113. Limit internet usage
  114. 114. Internet use should focus on the need to use the internet for school assignments
  115. 115. Limit internet gaming
  116. 116. Keep internet usage restricted to specific areas
  117. 117. Terminology • Problematic social media use • Problematic social media use, also known as social media addiction or social media overuse • It is generally defined as the problematic, compulsive use of social media platforms that results in significant impairment in an individual's function in various life domains over a prolonged period.
  118. 118. Problematic Social Media Use
  119. 119. Terminology • Digital Detox • Digital detox refers to a period of time when a person voluntarily refrains from using digital devices such as smartphones, computers, and social media platforms. • This form of detoxification has gained popularity, as individuals have increased their time spent on digital devices and the Internet.
  120. 120. Digital Detox
  121. 121. Terminology • Pornography Addiction • Pornography addiction is an addiction model of compulsive sexual activity with concurrent use of pornographic material, despite negative consequences to one's physical, mental, social, or financial well-being.
  122. 122. Pornography Addiction
  123. 123. Terminology • Behavioural Addiction • Behavioural addiction is a form of addiction that involves a compulsion to engage in a rewarding non-substance-related behaviour sometimes called a natural reward despite any negative consequences to the person's physical, mental, social or financial well-being
  124. 124. Behavioural Addiction
  125. 125. Terminology • Online Gambling Addiction • According to David Hodgins, a professor of psychology at the University of Calgary, online gambling is considered to be as serious as pathological gambling. • It is known as an "isolated disorder" which means that those who have a gambling problem prefer to separate themselves from interruptions and distractions.
  126. 126. David Hodgins, a professor of psychology at the University of Calgary
  127. 127. Online Gambling Addiction
  128. 128. Terminology • Because gambling is available online, it increases the opportunity for problem gamblers to indulge in gambling without social influences swaying their decisions. • This is why this disorder has become more a problem at this date in time and is why it is so difficult to overcome.
  129. 129. • Online Gambling Addiction • Online gambling has become quite popular especially with today's adolescents. Today's youth has a greater knowledge of modern software and search engines along with a greater need for extra money. • So not only is it easier for them to find opportunities to gamble over any subject, but the incentive to be granted this money is desperately desired. Terminology
  130. 130. • Online Gaming Addiction (Internet gaming disorder) • Video game addiction is a known issue around the world. • Incidence and severity grew in the 2000s, with the advent of broadband technology, games allowing for the creation of avatars, 'second life' games, and MMORPGs (massive multiplayer online role playing games). Terminology
  131. 131. Online Gaming Addiction
  132. 132. Online Gaming Addiction (Internet gaming disorder) • Online Gamers Anonymous, an American non-profit organization formed in 2002, is a twelve-step, self-help, support and recovery organization for gamers and their loved ones who are suffering from the adverse effects of addictive computer gaming.
  133. 133. Online Gamers Anonymous
  134. 134. • Communication Addiction Disorder (Compulsive Talking) • Communication addiction disorder (CAD) is a supposed behavioural disorder related to the necessity of being in constant communication with other people, even when there is no practical necessity for such communication. • CAD has been linked to Internet addiction Terminology
  135. 135. Communication Addiction Disorder
  136. 136. • Virtual Reality Addiction • Virtual reality addiction is an addiction to the use of virtual reality or virtual, immersive environments. • Currently, interactive virtual media (such as social networks) are referred to as virtual reality, whereas future virtual reality refers to computer- simulated, immersive environments or worlds. Experts warn about the dangers of virtual reality, and compare the use of virtual reality to the use of drugs. Terminology
  137. 137. Virtual Reality Addiction
  138. 138. Books on Internet Addictions
  139. 139. Books on Internet Addictions
  140. 140. Books on Internet Addictions
  141. 141. Internet Addiction : A Handbook and Guide to Evaluation and Treatment
  142. 142. Documentaries • Web Junkie (2013) • The Chinese government is the first to classify internet addiction as a clinical disorder. • 'Web Junkie' identifies internet addiction and focuses on the treatment used in Chinese rehabilitation centres
  143. 143. Web Junkie (2013)
  144. 144. The Effects Of Internet Addiction, BBC Documentary • https://youtu.be/dWMvHEmkBOg
  145. 145. No Time To Think • “No Time To Think” is a documentary film that explores our obsessions and addictions to new emerging technologies and devices. • The film highlights our fascination with social media, gaming, texting, cell phone, and Internet use.
  146. 146. China's Digital Detox. A Life Reboot for Internet Gaming Addicts • https://youtu.be/WtQevsY3OYw
  147. 147. Ted Talks on Internet Addiction • What you need to know about internet addiction | Dr. Kimberly Young • https://youtu.be/vOSYmLER664
  148. 148. Internet and Technology Addicts Anonymous https://internetaddictsanonymous.org • Internet and Technology Addicts Anonymous is a 12-step fellowship of individuals who support each other in recovering from the problems resulting from excessive internet and technology use.
  149. 149. No Surf • The No Surf community maintains a list of resources and strategies helpful for people trying to decrease their internet usage. • This includes lists of software programs that people use to control which sites they visit and when, as well as a discussion group that takes place on Discord.
  150. 150. SHUT (Service for Healthy Use of Technology) http://nimhans.ac.in/shut-service-for-healthy-use-of-technology-clinic- workshop-flyer • The National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences (NIMHANS), Bangalore has started the Internet De-addiction services called the SHUT (Service for Healthy Use of Technology), with a view to destigmatize the mental health issues arising out of excessive use of information technology and to enhance treatment seeking behaviour.
  151. 151. SHUT (Service for Healthy Use of Technology)
  152. 152. Net Addiction • http://netaddiction.com/
  153. 153. References • Internet addiction disorder • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Internet_addiction_disorder • Internet and Technology Addicts Anonymous • https://internetaddictsanonymous.org/ • Internet Addiction Disorder • https://www.psycom.net/iadcriteria.html • Internet Addiction • https://nta.gov.np/en/mis-reports/ • What is an Internet Addiction • https://www.addictioncenter.com/drugs/internet-addiction/
  154. 154. Thanks…

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