Subject: Social Studies
Topic: Teenage Pregnancy
Subtopic: Consequences of Teenage Pregnancy
Age Group: 15-16 years
Time: 40 minutes
Date: November 27, 2014
This lesson is prepared for students in a grade 10 class with a population of 30 students. This
class has 18 girls and 12 boys. The socioeconomic level of this class is mixed with a greater
proportion of them being of middle class. Students have difficulty maintaining focus, but usually
gravitate to this subject as they can relate to it and it is more of a societal area. Learning styles
vary from visual to auditory. For learning to be effective each learning style should be
Students should be able to:
1. Identify the consequences of teenage pregnancy
2. Compare the effects of teenage pregnancy on (a) the teen and (b) the family
3. Examine the contributing factors that may lead to teenage pregnancy
4. Recommend preventative measures for teenage pregnancy
Instructional methods, media and materials:
Instructional method: Questions will be asked to students as to what are the contributing factors
of teenage pregnancy (brainstorming). Their responses will be placed on the board for further
Students will be placed in groups to discuss the consequences of teenage pregnancy. After
discussion each group will share their finding with class.
Media: projector, videos, speakers, computer
Materials: Whiteboard and markers.
Projector: The teacher will use the projector to allow the students to view a clip showing the
effects of teenage pregnancy.
Speakers: With the aid of speakers the students will be able to hear the clip clearly. The speakers
will enhance their learning experience.
Whiteboard marker: This will be used to write on the whiteboard
Whiteboard: Each consequences of teenage pregnancy identified will be highlighted on the white
Computer: A computer will be used to run slides on the overhead projector.
Teenage Pregnancy – is defined as a teenage girl, usually between the ages of 13-19, getting
pregnant. It is understood to occur in a girl who has not completed her core education—
secondary school has few or no marketable skills, is financially dependent upon her parents
and/or continues to live at home and is immature.
Contributing factors for teenage pregnancy – teenage pregnancies may occur for different
reasons in industrialized countries as compared to developing countries. Factors that contribute
to teenage pregnancies include:
1) Customs and traditions that lead to early marriage especially in developing countries.
2) Adolescent sexual behaviour which may also be influenced by alcohol and drugs
3) Lack of education and information about reproductive sexual health including methods
that can prevent pregnancies
4) Peer pressure to engage in sexual activity
5) Incorrect use of contraception
6) Sexual abuse that leads to rape
8) Exposure to abuse, violence and family strife at home
9) Low self esteem
10) Low educational ambitions and goals
Effects of teenage Pregnancy - A teen mother is more likely to:
1) drop out of school
2) have no or low qualification
3) be unemployed or low-paid
4) live in poor housing conditions
5) suffer from depression which may result in suicide
6) live on welfare
The effect of teenage pregnancy on the family-
1) Emotional Effects
Parental reactions to the news of a teen pregnancy include denial, guilt and anger; emotions
often shared by the pregnant teen as well. The young father and his family can also
experience similar feelings. Many parents of a pregnant adolescent perceive the situation as a
negative reflection on their own parenting skills. The pregnant teen can become depressed,
which can also have a negative impact on the family’s overall emotional well-being. On the
positive side, many families reach a point of acceptance, focusing their emotional energies on
welcoming the infant and helping the teenager move forward with her life and education after
(2) Economic Effects
Whether a teenage mother chooses to terminate her pregnancy, give her baby up for
adoption or keep the baby, the pregnancy and birth create financial obligations that most
often fall on the young mother’s family. Many employee insurance plans deny maternity
benefits to dependents, leaving families of teenage mothers to bear the burden of prenatal
and delivery expenses. After the baby’s birth, infant health care, combined with everyday
expenses such as diapers, clothing and childcare, add up to create a major impact on the
Often a teenager’s mother will intervene in raise her grandchild and her ability to raise her own
children can be negatively impacted by these new demands. In some cases, having a teenage
parent in the family prompts the new grandmother to increase the amount of attention she gives
her other children, but in most cases her expanded obligations and compromise her ability to care
for her own offspring. This decreased parental focus can set the stage for additional teenage
pregnancies, a situation that is more likely when the mother or grandmother is a single parent.
(4) Adjusting Goals
A teenage pregnancy in the family can create a shift in goals, not only for the pregnant
teenager, but for other family members as well. A pregnant teenager who had planned to
go away to college after high school might enroll in online college courses instead. The
new grandparents might postpone continuing education or midlife career shifts in order to
help their daughter with child-rearing obligations. A teenage pregnancy can have
repercussions on the short-term goals of the entire family, as planned vacations and
outings take a backseat to the more pressing issues surrounding the birth and care of the
This is when a person decides not to have sex until they are married.
Some think this is old-fashioned, others think it is morally the best thing to do. Don’t worry what
others think - what do you think?
Many people feel that they don’t want to wait until marriage before having sex. At the same time
they don’t want to rush into it and make costly mistakes. So they decide to delay having sex until
they are older, more responsible, in a stable relationship with one partner, have a job, or have
become independent of their parents.
Contraception simply means using a method (mechanical or chemical) to prevent pregnancy.
There are various contraceptives that work in different ways, but they are all designed to prevent
pregnancy. Even if you wish to practice abstinence of delay sex, it’s important to learn as much
as you can about contraception – knowledge is power.
Oral Contraception (pills)
Injectable contraception (the injection)
Condoms (Male and female)
Emergency contraception (should be used within 5 days of unprotected sex, or condom
Male and female sterilization
Utilize media and material
Preview the Materials
The teacher will listen to the clip ensuring that video is working and the audio is clear. The
teacher will also ensure that the speakers are working as well. The teacher will test the overhead
projector and the computer ensuring their compatibility.
Prepare the Materials
The teacher will setup the computer and overhead projector before the class. These pieces of
equipment will then be turned on and tested.
Prepare the Environment
The seating will be arranged so that all students will have a clear view of the projection.
The speakers will be place in an area where all the students will be able to hear the story clearly.
Prepare the Learners
The teacher will inform the students of the activities planned before the class. The students will
also be informed of the evaluation exercises that they will be given at the end of the class. By
doing this the students will be comfortable when the class begins.
Provide the Learning Experience
The teaching strategy that will be used is the Discovery Approach. The students will be placed
into groups where they will view and listen to the clip. They will then be asked to identify the
consequences of teenage pregnancy that they have observed. Students will then discuss the
consequences mentioned among their group members. Using the video as a guide, a worksheet
will be given to students to answer questions related to the effects of teenage pregnancy on the
teen and on the family. The teacher will then call on different groups to give their answers. The
teacher will indicate which answers are correct.
Require Learner Participation
Students will be placed into groups to complete the worksheet. Students will discuss amongst
themselves the situations which lead to teenage pregnancy. Each group will have a group leader
who will give the answer when the teacher calls on the group.
Evaluate and Revise
Students could hear and see the video projected clearly.
Based on the discussion and the answers given by the groups, students grasp the consequences
and could compare the effects of teenage pregnancy on the teen and her family.
Students will be required to complete this assignment on the whiteboard: Recommend four (4)
preventative measures of teenage pregnancy you will suggest to your peers.