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The New Industrial Revolution(s)?
---
Exploring blockchains and the future of value creation
May 2018
Digital is the main reason
just over half the Fortune 500 companies
have disappeared since the year 2000.
-Pierre Nanterme...
People
• “Net generation”
• 24x7 “mobile” workforce
• Gig economy
• Learning via social media
• Sharing not owning
• Susta...
https://bitcoin.org/bitcoin.pdf
“…an electronic payment system based on cryptographic proof
instead of trust, allowing any...
Banking is essential,
but banks are not.
- Bill Gates
Institutions
EmergentCollective
VS
Central Bank
~ Long-standing financial
institutions and regulations
Bitcoin Community
~...
Currency transformation?
Three eras of currencies
1. Commodity-based
2. Politically-based
3. Math-based
- Chris Dixon
1000...
What is the Blockchain?
• Decentralized and distributed public digital
ledger (P2P network)
• Records and transaction data...
Wide variety of blockchain development efforts
● Payment processing & money transfers (IBM with KlickEx and Stellar,
McDon...
http://marketrealist.com/2016/01/fourth-industrial-revolution-need-know/
FIRM FOUNDED EMPLOYEES MKT CAP
BMW 1916 125,000 $60B
UBER 2009 11,000 $48B
MARRIOTT 1927 227,000 $51B
AIRBNB 2008 5,000 $3...
Shifting market logics – Enabling one-off transactions
between strangers globally
Ericsson & Augur 2011
• Third parties and IOT devices on
platform
– Ownership and Fraud
– Operational
– Health & safety
• Payment systems
– Func...
A means to fill the
increasingly complex
trust gap?
Blockchain technology
Drivers
• Food fraud
• Human rights
• Contract breaches
• Sustainability issues
• Regulatory and legal
demands
• Stakehold...
Interpersonal trust – people
Institutional trust – platform
Enabling trust between strangers
1st Rev
2nd Rev
3rd Rev
Chang...
Transformation of economic activity
Centralized,
hierarchical
organizations
Decentralized,
self-organizing,
autonomous
org...
Decentralized “eBay”
Fully self-sufficient “states”
http://www.regenvillages.com/
https://www.seasteading.org/
ReGen Villages
Seasteads
By 2020, 20% of trade finance will incorporate
blockchain technology. (PwC)
By 2027, 10% of global GDP will be stored on
b...
Only 9% organizations active (n=3138)
Q: What are your
organization’s plans
in terms of the
blockchain?
https://www.gartne...
IOTA – Beyond the blockchain with Tangle
• >USD 10 bln in transactions
• Partnerships with Bosch, Volkswagen, Fujitsu,
Ora...
“We always overestimate the change that will
occur in the next two years and underestimate
the change that will occur in t...
Want to learn more?
bit.ly/bcdt2016pdfhttps://bit.ly/2rAWccl
Robin Teigland
robin.teigland@hhs.se
www.robinteigland.com
www.slideshare.net/eteigland
@robin.teigland
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New Industrial Revolution: Blockchains SIME Summer May2018

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From SIME Summer, http://sime.nu/sime-summer/, Epicenter Stockholm, Sweden, May 2018

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New Industrial Revolution: Blockchains SIME Summer May2018

  1. 1. The New Industrial Revolution(s)? --- Exploring blockchains and the future of value creation May 2018
  2. 2. Digital is the main reason just over half the Fortune 500 companies have disappeared since the year 2000. -Pierre Nanterme, CEO Accenture, 2016 Yet..Digital disruption has only just begun.
  3. 3. People • “Net generation” • 24x7 “mobile” workforce • Gig economy • Learning via social media • Sharing not owning • Sustainability • Technology • Broadband/wifi • Smart phones • Cloud, fog • Internet of Things • AI/ML/NN • Autonomous vehicles • Smart robotics • VR/AR/Holography • 3D printing/ALM • Blockchains Open Source • Software • Hardware • Physibles Convergence of….. Finance • Microlending/microfinance • Crowdfunding/equity/P2P lending • Cryptocurrencies/tokens • Blockchains, smart contracts • Mobile money and payments • M2M/R2R payments
  4. 4. https://bitcoin.org/bitcoin.pdf “…an electronic payment system based on cryptographic proof instead of trust, allowing any two willing parties to transact directly with each other without the need for a trusted third party.”
  5. 5. Banking is essential, but banks are not. - Bill Gates
  6. 6. Institutions EmergentCollective VS Central Bank ~ Long-standing financial institutions and regulations Bitcoin Community ~ Self-organizing community of strangers across globe connected through Internet Teigland, Yetis, Larsson 2013
  7. 7. Currency transformation? Three eras of currencies 1. Commodity-based 2. Politically-based 3. Math-based - Chris Dixon 1000s of cryptocurrencies
  8. 8. What is the Blockchain? • Decentralized and distributed public digital ledger (P2P network) • Records and transaction data stored across network of computers • Chronology and integrity of transactions enforced by cryptography • Permanent record unless all subsequent blocks altered through network consensus Removes need for trusted third parties/intermediaries
  9. 9. Wide variety of blockchain development efforts ● Payment processing & money transfers (IBM with KlickEx and Stellar, McDonalds with Omise ) ● Efficiency in shipping/logistics (IBM with Maersk, EY with Schneider Logistics) ● Monitoring of supply chains (IBM with Walmar,t WWF) ● Enforcing contracts and human rights in global supply chains (Coca-Cola) ● Immutable data backup (Boeing) ● Asset management in farming (EY in Australia ) ● Safety/security of devices on IoT platform (Cisco) ● Food and drug safety (Merck) ● Real estate, land, auto title transfers (Swedish Land Registry) ● Verification of Digital IDs (Microsoft) ● Notarization of Open Government Data (EY with City of Vienna) ● E-government, digital voting, securing health records, grades (Estonia)
  10. 10. http://marketrealist.com/2016/01/fourth-industrial-revolution-need-know/
  11. 11. FIRM FOUNDED EMPLOYEES MKT CAP BMW 1916 125,000 $60B UBER 2009 11,000 $48B MARRIOTT 1927 227,000 $51B AIRBNB 2008 5,000 $31B WALT DISNEY 1923 195,000 $167B FACEBOOK 2004 21,000 $512B WALMART 1962 2,300,000 $298B ALIBABA 1999 50,000 $469B Adapted from Parker & Van Alstyne, with Choudary, 2016, updated January 2018 Something fundamental is changing
  12. 12. Shifting market logics – Enabling one-off transactions between strangers globally Ericsson & Augur 2011
  13. 13. • Third parties and IOT devices on platform – Ownership and Fraud – Operational – Health & safety • Payment systems – Functionality – Fraud • Data – Cyberhacking and security breaches – Ownership – Integrity and ethical usage of personal data • Regulation & compliance – Upstream and downstream – National & international Increasing complexity of trust
  14. 14. A means to fill the increasingly complex trust gap? Blockchain technology
  15. 15. Drivers • Food fraud • Human rights • Contract breaches • Sustainability issues • Regulatory and legal demands • Stakeholder pressurehttps://newfoodeconomy.org/blockchain-seafood-supply-chain-traseable-sea-quest-viant-wwf/ Sea Quest Fiji
  16. 16. Interpersonal trust – people Institutional trust – platform Enabling trust between strangers 1st Rev 2nd Rev 3rd Rev Changing focus of trust Institutional trust - brand 4th Rev Procedural trust – computer network????
  17. 17. Transformation of economic activity Centralized, hierarchical organizations Decentralized, self-organizing, autonomous organizations
  18. 18. Decentralized “eBay”
  19. 19. Fully self-sufficient “states” http://www.regenvillages.com/ https://www.seasteading.org/ ReGen Villages Seasteads
  20. 20. By 2020, 20% of trade finance will incorporate blockchain technology. (PwC) By 2027, 10% of global GDP will be stored on blockchains or blockchain-related technology. (World Economic Forum)
  21. 21. Only 9% organizations active (n=3138) Q: What are your organization’s plans in terms of the blockchain? https://www.gartner.com/newsroom/id/3873790 May 2018
  22. 22. IOTA – Beyond the blockchain with Tangle • >USD 10 bln in transactions • Partnerships with Bosch, Volkswagen, Fujitsu, Orange, Microsoft
  23. 23. “We always overestimate the change that will occur in the next two years and underestimate the change that will occur in the next ten.” - Bill Gates, The Road Ahead, 1996 Scenario Thinking
  24. 24. Want to learn more? bit.ly/bcdt2016pdfhttps://bit.ly/2rAWccl
  25. 25. Robin Teigland robin.teigland@hhs.se www.robinteigland.com www.slideshare.net/eteigland @robin.teigland

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