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A short history (and even shorter future)
 of information visualisation

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Presented in my class on information visualisation on 30 March 2015.

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A short history (and even shorter future)
 of information visualisation

  1. 1. A short history (and even shorter future)
 of information visualisation 30 March 2015 Erik Duval Dept. Computerwetenschappen, KULeuven http://erikduval.wordpress.com & @ErikDuval 1
  2. 2. Charles Joseph Minard, 1781-1870 Napoleon’s Russian Campaign 2 Carte figurative des pertes successives en hommes de l'Armée Française dans la campagne de Russie 1812-1813
  3. 3. See  also:  E. R. Tufte. Beautiful evidence. New York, 2006. 3
  4. 4. William Playfair, 1759-1823 line graph, bar chart, pie chart 4 The Commercial and Political Atlas; Representing, by Means of Stained Copper-Plate Charts, the Exports, Imports, and GeneralTrade of England, at a SingleView.To which are Added, Charts of the Revenue and Debts of Ireland, Done in the Same Manner by James Correy. 1786 Statistical Breviary, 1801
  5. 5. bar chart:, 1786 neither space nor time 5 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Playfair#/media/File:Playfair_Barchart.gif
  6. 6. line/area chart based on time series, 1786 6
  7. 7. pie chart, 1801 7 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Playfair#/media/File:Playfair-piechart.jpg
  8. 8. Florence Nightingale, 1820-1910 Polar Area Diagram, 1858 8 Nightingale, F., Notes on Matters Affecting the Health, Efficiency, and Hospital Administration of the British Army. Founded Chiefly on the Experience of the LateWar. Presented by Request to the Secretary of State for War. Privately printed for Miss Nightingale, Harrison and Sons, 1858.
  9. 9. 9 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Florence_Nightingale#/media/File:Nightingale-mortality.jpg http://www.uh.edu/engines/epi1712.htm
  10. 10. Florence Nightingale’s diagram showing the dramatic reduction in death rates in the hospitals of Scutari following the changes she introduced Source: Nightingale (1858) 10
  11. 11. 11 http://www.datascope.be/sog/SOG-Chapter5.pdf
  12. 12. 12 http://fm.ea-tel.eu
  13. 13. 13 http://fm.ea-tel.eu
  14. 14. John Snow, 1813-1858 Cholera, 1854 14 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Snow_(physician) http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/8/82/National_Chemical_Landmark%2C_Dr_John_Snow_-_geograph.org.uk_-_1073811.jpg
  15. 15. 15 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Snow_(physician)#/media/File:Snow-cholera-map-1.jpg
  16. 16. 16 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Snow_(physician)#/media/File:Snow-cholera-map-1.jpg
  17. 17. On proceeding to the spot, I found that nearly all the deaths had taken place within a short distance of the [Broad Street] pump.There were only ten deaths in houses situated decidedly nearer to another street-pump. In five of these cases the families of the deceased persons informed me that they always sent to the pump in Broad Street, as they preferred the water to that of the pumps which were nearer. In three other cases, the deceased were children who went to school near the pump in Broad Street...
  18. 18. I had an interview with the Board of Guardians of St James's parish, on the evening of the 7th inst [7 September], and represented the above circumstances to them. In consequence of what I said, the handle of the pump was removed on the following day.
  19. 19. Harry Beck, 1903-1974 London Underground, 1933 19 http://www.nndb.com/people/948/000113609/http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harry_Beck#/media/File:Beck_Plaque.jpg
  20. 20. London Underground Map by Harry Beck in 1933 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harry_Beck20
  21. 21. http://homepage.ntlworld.com/clive.billson/tubemaps/1908.html 21
  22. 22. K. Field and W. Cartwright AM.
 Becksploitation:The over-use of a cartographic icon.
 The Cartographic Journal, 51(4):343–359, 2014. 22
  23. 23. https://www.flickr.com/photos/jamiethemapquinn/8966983573/ 23
  24. 24. 24 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vc1bq0qIKoA
  25. 25. ? @ErikDuval   h6p://erikduval.wordpress.com 25