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Alfons Cornella: 10 idees clau per entendre la nova Xina

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Alfons Cornella: 10 idees clau per entendre la nova Xina

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Alfons Cornella: 10 idees clau per entendre la nova Xina

  1. 1. Instituteofnext.com
  2. 2. Entendre la nova Xina Alfons Cornella ac@infonomia.com
  3. 3. UN VIATGE A LA NOVA XINA, ANOTACIONS PERSONALS
  4. 4. El 26 de març de 2019, TusStar Spain i l’Institut Next van signar un acord per col·laborar en la construcció de ponts entre els ecosistemes d’innovació de la Xina i Espanya.
  5. 5. 6 SETMANES A LA NOVA XINA
  6. 6. UN CONTINENT UNA CIVILITZACIÓ UN MERCAT 1
  7. 7. 1400 Mpax 9.6 Mkm2
  8. 8. nationalgeographic.com
  9. 9. In 1990 some 750m Chinese people lived in extreme poverty; today fewer than 10m do.
  10. 10. nationalgeographic.com
  11. 11. PIB (nom): $14B (2N del món) PIB (PPP): $27B (1er del món) Bilions europeus Trilions americans Producte interior brut
  12. 12. Delta del Yangtze (Shangai) Delta del Riu de la Perla (ShenZhen)
  13. 13. https://www.economist.com/china/2018/05/31/china-talks- of-building-a-digital-silk-road
  14. 14. Reserves en moneda estrangera 2014: US$4B 2017: US$3B (39% en bons USA) Bilions europeus Trilions americans
  15. 15. DE LA INVERSIÓ PÚBLICA AL CONSUM COM A MOTOR DE L’ECONOMIA
  16. 16. CANVI DEL CENTRE DE GRAVETAT ECONÒMIC DEL MÓN (∑ lat* GDP) / Total GDP (∑ long * GDP) / Total GDP
  17. 17. EL ROL DE LA INVERSIÓ PÚBLICA 2
  18. 18. Inversió pública = 2/3 del creixement de la Xina Projectes grans en el llarg termini Projecte d’infrastructura
  19. 19. TRENS
  20. 20. 2015: 121,000 km of railways 2018: 29,000 km of high-speed rail
  21. 21. 2008
  22. 22. 2009
  23. 23. 2010
  24. 24. 2011
  25. 25. 2012
  26. 26. 2013
  27. 27. 2014
  28. 28. 2015
  29. 29. 2016
  30. 30. 2017
  31. 31. The Guiyang–Guangzhou High-Speed Railway traverses 270 caves and 510 valleys in southwest China. Bridges and tunnels consist of 83% of this line's total length of 857 km. Travel time by train between Guizhou and Guangzhou was reduced from 20 hours to 4 hours.
  32. 32. CIUTATS AMB RAILS
  33. 33. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Urban_rail_transit_in_China#/media/File:%C3%96PNV-Systeme_in_China.png Map of cities in mainland China, China's SARs with rapid transit, commuter rail and light rail systems. The two higher-resolution maps to the left show: the Yangtze River Delta (YRD) and Pearl River Delta (PRD) regions. IN BLACK Operational systems IN RED Under-construction systems URBAN RAIL TRANSIT IN CHINA
  34. 34. METROS > 2010
  35. 35. AEROPORTS
  36. 36. The project had cost around $17.47 billion. It covers an area of a million square meters; 72 million passengers are expected to travel through the international airport in 2025.
  37. 37. AUTOPISTES
  38. 38. http://www.china-tour.cn/China-Maps/Map-of-China-Highways.htm
  39. 39. Pont Hong-Kong - Macao
  40. 40. TRASVASSAMENTS
  41. 41. South–North Water Transfer Project
  42. 42. L’ENERGIA DE LES EMPRESES PRIVADES 3
  43. 43. nio.com
  44. 44. https://www.economist.com/briefing/2017/09/23/chinas- audacious-and-inventive-new-generation-of-entrepreneurs 89 UNICORNS WORTH $350B 609 BILLIONAIRES IN CHINA VS 552 IN USA
  45. 45. 4 ONADES PRINCIPALS
  46. 46. haier.com 1980
  47. 47. 1990 sf-express.com
  48. 48. alipay.com 2000
  49. 49. mi.com 2010
  50. 50. ACCELERADORES DE HARDWARE
  51. 51. hax.co
  52. 52. svv.io
  53. 53. LA SIMBIOSI PÚBLICO-PRIVADA
  54. 54. Land is cheaper than in the coast Electricity cheaper (close hidropower) Milder climate, easier to keep servers cool But will it attract the high-paid people of those big-data companies? The difficulty of finding qualified staff Guizhoy as bigdata region
  55. 55. http://www.idcnova.com/html/1/59/153/702.html
  56. 56. ECOSISTEMA CIÈNCIA TECNOLOGIA 4
  57. 57. IMPULS A LA CIÈNCIA
  58. 58. MLP 2006-2021 Hacer pasar a China de "imitadora" a "innovadora", con dos hitos a destacar: • convertirse en una "sociedad orientada a la innovación en 2020", y • convertirse en una "superpotencia en ciencia y tecnología 2050“ • Para ello hay que aumentar hasta el 15% del total de la inversión en I+D a la investigación básica Se fija el objetivo de dedicar el 2.5% del PIB a la investigación y el desarrollo para 2020. El 2012 estaba en 1,98%. En 2018 llegó al 2,15%. Medium and Long-Term Plan for the Development of Science and Technology
  59. 59. He was formerly chief operating officer of Baidu until he stepped down in May 2018. He has served as executive vice president of Microsoft, leading development of Bing, Skype, and Microsoft Office, and software engineer and manager for Yahoo!'s search technology division.
  60. 60. LES UNIVERSITATS
  61. 61. 6 MILIONS DE LLICENCIATS CADA ANY
  62. 62. EMPRENEDURIA EN MASSA 5
  63. 63. PARCS I INCUBADORES
  64. 64. BEIJING
  65. 65. SHANGAI
  66. 66. XI’AN
  67. 67. CHENGDU - PIDU
  68. 68. EL RÈGIM 996
  69. 69. MICROMULTINACIONALS
  70. 70. ehang.com
  71. 71. dji.com
  72. 72. no-en.segway.com
  73. 73. ehang.com
  74. 74. ehang.com
  75. 75. elevoc.com
  76. 76. LA INDUSTRIA AVANÇADA 6
  77. 77. AUTOMOCIÓ
  78. 78. https://www.jato.com/global-car-market-remains-stable-during-2018-as- continuous-demand-for-suvs-offsets-decline-in-sales-of-compact-cars-and-mpvs/
  79. 79. global.geely.com
  80. 80. Economist.com
  81. 81. https://www.jato.com/global-car-market-remains-stable-during-2018-as- continuous-demand-for-suvs-offsets-decline-in-sales-of-compact-cars-and-mpvs/
  82. 82. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Electric_car_use_by_country#/media/File:Top_PE V_global_markets_stock_2017_final_with_California.png
  83. 83. https://www.economist.com/briefing/2019/04/04/chinas-plans-for- the-electrified-autonomous-and-shared-future-of-the-car Economist.com
  84. 84. INVESTORS ARE BAIDU AND TENCENT
  85. 85. byd.com
  86. 86. byd.com
  87. 87. byd.com
  88. 88. byd.com
  89. 89. didiglobal.com 550 MILLION REGISTERED USERS 30 Million RIDES A DAY (UBER 15 WORLDWIDE)
  90. 90. BATERIES
  91. 91. Economist.com
  92. 92. catlbattery.com
  93. 93. ENERGIES RENOVABLES
  94. 94. Data on the world's largest solar PV producers, including China, Taiwan, US, Japan, and Germany
  95. 95. IMPULS A LA INDÚSTRIA AVANÇADA
  96. 96. MADE IN CHINA 2025 Pasar de la capacitación industrial de fabricar productos simples y baratos a la de fabricar productos y servicios de mayor valor añadido. Ello incluye aumentar el contenido nacional chino de los materiales básicos utilizados para fabricar los productos del 40 por ciento para 2020 y al 70 por ciento para 2025. El plan se centra en los campos de alta tecnología, incluida la industria farmacéutica, la industria automotriz, la industria aeroespacial, los semiconductores, la informática y la robótica, etc., que actualmente son competencia de empresas extranjeras. Inversión del Gobierno Chino de 300000 M$
  97. 97. comac.cc
  98. 98. technologyreview.com
  99. 99. Economist.com https://www.economist.com/graphic-detail/2018/10/18/the-space-race-is- dominated-by-new-contenders
  100. 100. ROBÒTICA INTEL-LIGÈNCIA ARTIFICIAL 6
  101. 101. midea-group.com
  102. 102. midea-group.com
  103. 103. midea-group.com
  104. 104. midea-group.com
  105. 105. Number of artificial intelligence (AI) patent applications worldwide as of March 2019, by country https://www.statista.com/statistics/1007944/number-of-ai- patents-worldwide-by-country/
  106. 106. Economist.com
  107. 107. iflytek.com
  108. 108. toutiao.com
  109. 109. megvii.com
  110. 110. https://www.economist.com/briefing/2017/09/23/chinas- audacious-and-inventive-new-generation-of-entrepreneurs Economist.com
  111. 111. NOVA RUTA DE LA SEDA 8
  112. 112. Belt And Road
  113. 113. https://theonebrief.com/chinas-global-ambition-balancing- opportunities-and-risks-in-one-belt-one-road/ Chinese capital flowing into Belt and Road Initiative projects surged to a record $ 20.1 billion in 2017.
  114. 114. High tech manufacturers in Chengdu, Chongqing and Zhengzhou can now get their products to Europe in ~15 days by rail rather than ~45 days by sea.
  115. 115. MDB = Multilaterial development bank (WorldBank, etc)
  116. 116. OPORTUNITATS PER A L’EMPRESA CATALANA 9
  117. 117. MOLTA, MOLTA GENT
  118. 118. nationalgeographic.com
  119. 119. AGROALIMENTARI
  120. 120. NÍNXOLS ENORMES
  121. 121. SALUT
  122. 122. pahtg.com
  123. 123. MEDI AMBIENT
  124. 124. EFICIÈNCIA A LES CIUTATS
  125. 125. BENS DE CONSUM
  126. 126. LUXE
  127. 127. palomasanchez.com
  128. 128. TURISME
  129. 129. ctrip.com
  130. 130. CIÈNCIA BÀSICA = DRECERES
  131. 131. newborn.solutions
  132. 132. goodgut.eu
  133. 133. START-UP SCALE-UP
  134. 134. START-UP SCALE-UP
  135. 135. RECOMANACIONS 10
  136. 136. chinacheckup.com
  137. 137. INCOPORAR XINA A L’AGENDA DE LES EMPRESES
  138. 138. EXPLORAR LA XINA COM A PLATAFORMA PER ESCALAR LA CIÈNCIA I TECNOLOGIA APLICADA
  139. 139. LLUITAR CONTRA LA PREVISIBLE NEGACIÓ D’OCCIDENT
  140. 140. ESDEVENIR “CHINESE BUSINESS FRIENDLY”
  141. 141. Instituteofnext.com

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