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Adverbial phrases of time and place

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Adverbial phrases of time and place

  1. 1. By Esther González Pabón Docente de inglés Departamento de Lenguas modernas Valledupar - MMXXI
  2. 2. Adverbs Adverbs change the meaning of verbs in sentences. An adverb phrase or adverb (adverbial) clause gives us information about the verb such as how, when, where, and how often something happens. An adverb or adverbial phrase is one or more words that change the verb in a sentence. There are 3 main types of adverbial phrases: time, place, and frequency (how often something happens).
  3. 3. Adverbial phrases of time Adverbs of time tell us when an action happened, but also for how long, and how often. Adverbs of time are invariable. They are extremely common in English. Adverbs of time have standard positions in a sentence depending on what the adverb of time is telling us. Adverbs that tell us when Adverbs that tell us when are usually placed at the end of the sentence. Examples Goldilocks went to the Bears' house yesterday. I'm going to tidy my room tomorrow. I saw Sally today. I will call you later. I have to leave now. I saw that movie last year.
  4. 4. Adverbs that tell us for how long (duration of an event) Adverbs that tell us for how long are also usually placed at the end of the sentence. Examples She stayed in the Bears' house all day. My mother lived in France for a year. I have been going to this school since 1996. In these adverbial phrases that tell us for how long, for is always followed by an expression of duration, while since is always followed by an expression of a point in time. Examples I stayed in Switzerland for three days. I am going on vacation for a week. I have been riding horses for several years. The French monarchy lasted for several centuries. I have not seen you since Monday. Jim has been working here since 1997. There has not been a more exciting discovery since last century.
  5. 5. Frequency adverbs Many adverbs that express frequency can also be placed at either the beginning or the end of the sentence, although some cannot be. When they are placed in these alternate positions, the meaning of the adverb is much stronger. Adverb that can be used in two positions Stronger position Weaker position frequently I visit France frequently. I frequently visit France. generally Generally, I don't like spicy foods. I generally don't like spicy foods. normally I listen to classical music normally. I normally listen to classical music. occasionally I go to the opera occasionally. I occasionally go to the opera. often Often, I jog in the morning. I often jog in the morning. regularly I come to this museum regularly. I regularly come to this museum. sometimes I get up very early sometimes. I sometimes get up very early. usually I enjoy being with children usually. I usually enjoy being with children.
  6. 6. Adverbial phrases of frequency Some other adverbs that tell us how often express the exact number of times an action happens or happened. These adverbs are usually placed at the end of the sentence. Examples This magazine is published monthly. He visits his mother once a week. I work five days a week. I saw the movie seven times.
  7. 7. Adverbial phrases of place To describe where something happens, you need an adverbial phrase of place. outside; inside; indoors; outdoors; upstairs; downstairs; (over) here; (over) there; abroad; overseas here down through the looking glass there up around the bend back up front over the moon near the (place) away from under the sea around the corner in the box over the rainbow out in the street side by side by the light of the silvery moon
  8. 8. Order of adverbs Order of adverbs of time If you need to use more than one adverb of time in a sentence, use them in this order: 1: how long 2: how often 3: when Examples 1 + 2 : I work (1) for five hours (2) every day 2 + 3 : The magazine was published (2) weekly (3) last year. 1 + 3 : I was abroad (1) for two months (3) last year. 1 + 2 + 3 : She worked in a hospital (1) for two days (2) every week (3) last year.
  9. 9. Word order for adverbial phrases Noun Main Verb Adverbial Phrases I worked very hard last week. (Time) She / he lives right over there. (Place) It happens again and again. (Frequency) How do I use adverbial phrases and what is the order of words? An adverbial phrase usually comes after the main verb or object, or at the end of the sentence:
  10. 10. Word order for adverbial phrases of time Adverbial phrases of time can also appear in front of the noun when we want to emphasize the adverb. Adverbial phrases of time can also appear in front of the noun when we want to emphasize the adverb. Adverbial Phrase of Time Noun Verb Later this week, the Queen will visit Balmoral Castle. Until recently the telephone was used only for verbal communication. Suddenly, the cat dashed up the tree.
  11. 11. Word order for adverbs of frequency Adverbials of frequency are usually placed between the noun and the verb or adverb: : Noun Adverbial clause of Frequency Verb I/You often stop here for a cup of tea. He/She usually arrives on time. It almost always rains if I forget my umbrella. We/They never ate Frey pie again.
  12. 12. Word order for adverbial phrases of place Adverbials of place usually appear at the end of a sentence: Noun Verb Adverbial Phrase of Place I/You live here. He/She sleeps over there by the fire It stands on the spot where the old tavern was. We/They sat at the back of the church.
  13. 13. Word order for adverbial phrases of time in creative writing and music Sometimes, in creative writing and music lyrics, the adverbial of place can begin a sentence: Adverbial Phrase of Place Outside, snow is glistening in the lane, are you listening? Down in the boondocks … Here comes the sun Upstairs, at the end of the hall, there is a room where no one goes.
  14. 14. References https://completeenglishgrammar.com/adverbial-phrases-time-place-and-frequency- including-word-order/ https://www.ef.com/wwen/english-resources/english-grammar/adverbs-time/ https://www.slideshare.net/RaquelCheneauxValz/adverbial-phrases-of-frequency

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