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English 6 dlp 45 using descriptive words and phrases

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ENGLISHENGLISHENGLISHENGLISH
6666
Module 45
A DepEd-BEAM Distance Learning Program supported by the Australian Agency for ...
117
Hello there!
How are you today? Can you still remember the describing words?
Today we are going to learn more about th...
118
Are your answers like these?
Try to answer this one.
B. Connect the phrases to the nouns that they can describe
approp...
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English 6 dlp 45 using descriptive words and phrases

  1. 1. ENGLISHENGLISHENGLISHENGLISH 6666 Module 45 A DepEd-BEAM Distance Learning Program supported by the Australian Agency for International Development USING DESCRIPTIVE WORDS AND PHRASES
  2. 2. 117 Hello there! How are you today? Can you still remember the describing words? Today we are going to learn more about the describing words we call adjectives. Sometimes we want to describe nouns or pronouns more directly and clearly. That’s why we use descriptive phrases instead of words. This module will help you learn to use descriptive words and phrases. A. Write inside the box the descriptive words in each sentence. Do this in your notebook. Look at the example. A whale is the largest creature in the sea. Start here. Squids are deep-sea travelers. They are hunters and are very fierce. They love to swim in the deep part of the sea and go around the ocean. The only time they go to the shallow part of the sea is when they are going to lay eggs. Unlike squids, the octopus is a quiet creature and it stays close to its home on a stone, rock or a reef. To the Learner Let’s Try This Let’s Learn This largest
  3. 3. 118 Are your answers like these? Try to answer this one. B. Connect the phrases to the nouns that they can describe appropriately. descriptive phrases nouns described 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Do we have the same answers? ( 1. Grandfather 2. fire 3. rocks 4. baby 5. sky) Don’t worry Learner if you did not get all the correct answers. This module will help you learn more about descriptive words and phrases. deep-sea fierce deep only, shallow quiet hot enough to touch Grandfather too old to play basketball sky too heavy to carry baby too young to stand rocks high enough to reach fire
  4. 4. 119 Read the dialog. Let’s Study This Good morning Aunt Rose. Where is Annie? Can we play with her? Ana can’t play with you today. She’s too sick to play. She’s too weak to even get up from bed. Ah. Okay. Please tell her to get well soon. Yes. Thanks. She’ll get well soon because she’s old enough to take her medicines.
  5. 5. 120 Answer the questions. 1. Who’s too sick to play? 2. Why do you think Ana will get well soon? 3. Why is it important to take good care of our body? Let’s read the sentences taken from the dialogue. 1. She’s too sick to play. 2. She’s too weak to even get up from bed. 3. She’s old enough to take her medicines. - What are the underlined phrases? o too sick to play o too weak to get up o old enough to take - What do you call these phrases? These phrases are called descriptive phrases. They are used to describe nouns or pronouns more directly and clearly. The order of the words in the first and second sentence is too + adjective + to + simple form of the verb. In the third sentence, the order of the word is adjective + enough + to + verb. Let us learn another kind of descriptive words.
  6. 6. 121 Read what Sonia and Liza are saying about places they visited during weekend. (lacking illustration) Answer the questions. 1. Where did Sonia spend her weekend? How about Liza? 2. What words describe Matabungkay Beach? 3. What words describe the resort in Dolores, Quezon? 4. What words describe Liza’s ride from the city? Read the following words taken from the dialog. - three-hour - hundred-kilometer - man-made How do we call these words? What words do they describe? How are they formed? We spent the weekend at Matabungkay Beach in Batangas. It is a three-hour ride from the city. Its sands are clean and white. The water is also clear. We, too, Sonia. Last Saturday, we visited a nice resort in Dolores, Quezon. It is more than a hundred-kilometer ride from the city. The waterfalls are man-made. The water is cool and refreshing.
  7. 7. 122 Three-hour, hundred-kilometer and man-made are called two- word adjectives. They describe nouns or pronouns. A hyphen joins them. Two-word adjectives are formed in three ways: 1. By a number word followed by a noun. o five-day trip This means that the trip will last for five days. o 10-hectare fishpond It tells that the fishpond is 10 hectares. 2. By an adverb and a past participle form of a verb. o well-behaved pupils o most-liked teachers 3. By a noun and a verb in its past participle. o man-made lake o fruit-laden trees • Two-word adjectives come before the word they modify. A. Complete each sentence by writing the appropriate descriptive phrases. Choose from the box. Do this in your notebook. 1. The direction is _________________________________________. 2. Seven-year old Arnel is _________________________________. 3. Ninety-year old Grandpa is _____________________________. Let’s Do This too easy to follow too young to work old enough to travel heavy enough to hold too small to reach
  8. 8. 123 4. That boy is ____________________________________________. 5. You’re so fat. You are __________________________________. B. Underline the two-word adjective. Tell what it is made up of. Look at the example. The girls had a three-day tour. Start here. 1. It had been a well-managed contest. 2. Malita is a three-hour ride from Digos City. 3. There is a man-made lagoon in Cebu City. 4. Teachers like well-behaved pupils. 5. She has a heart-shaped fan. Finished? Check your answers against the Answer Key. What’s your score? If your score is 8-10, Good Work Learner! Proceed to the next module. number word followed by a noun
  9. 9. 124 to seeold enough too dirty to work too high to touch But if your score is 7 and below, you still have to do more exercises. Answer Let’s Do More. Work with a partner. Draw a line connecting the worms and leaves to complete a descriptive phrase using the patterns adjective + to + verb and adjective + enough + to+ verb. The first one is done for you. 1. 2. 3. 4. Let’s Do More to climb too hot
  10. 10. 125 What are descriptive phrases? What are two-word adjectives? How are descriptive phrases and two-word adjectives formed? Descriptive phrases like too + adjective + to + verb and adjective + enough + to + verb may be used to describe nouns or pronouns more directly or clearly. Examples: too tired to walk young enough to vote too soft to touch hard enough to break Adjectives are not always single words. An adjective can be formed by joining two words by a hyphen. These are called two-word adjectives. dark enough to eat easy enough to follow 5. 6. Are you done? Look at the Answer Key again and check your answers. If you got 4-5, go to the next module. If you got 3 and below, answer Let’s Test Ourselves. Let’s Remember This
  11. 11. 126 Two-word adjectives are formed in three ways: 1. Number word followed by a noun - three-kilo rice - five-day trip 2. Adverb followed by a verb (past participle) - well-built house - most-applauded contestant 3. Noun followed by a verb (past participle) - stone-aged weapon - water-based paint Two-word adjectives come before the word they modify. A. Write the exact two-word adjective to describe the given noun. Do this on a sheet of paper. Example: two-hour show (The show lasted for two hours) 1. __________ children (The children behaved well.) 2. __________ street (The street is used for two ways.) 3. __________ contest (The contest is for two days.) 4. __________ report (The report is given in forty minutes only) 5. __________ song (The song is made up of three stanzas.) Let’s Test Ourselves
  12. 12. 127 B. Write the opposite of the following sentences using adjective + enough + to + verb on a sheet of paper. Look at the example. Elmo is too weak to be my opponent. Start here. 1. Lucy is too young to go on a date. 2. The boy is too big to fit in my pocket. 3. The hall is too small to accommodate 1000 persons. 4. My cousin is too afraid to cross the bridge. 5. The letters are too small to read. Finished? Check your work. Look at the Answer Key again. What’s your score? If you got 8-10, proceed to the next module. If you got 7 and below, answer Let’s Enrich Ourselves for more exercises. Elmo is strong enough to be my opponent.
  13. 13. 128 Combine the pairs of sentences using adjective + enough + to + verb. Write the sentences on a piece of paper. The first one is done for you. 1. Allan is strong. He can lift heavy boxes. Start here. 2. Marissa is healthy. She can join the swimming contest. 3. The dress is cheap. I can buy it. 4. The water is cold. It can quench my thirst. 5. My brother is old. He can vote in the elections. 6. Annabel is smart. She can answer the test. Finished? Check your answers against the Answer Key. What’s your score? Good work Learner! Let’s Enrich Ourselves Allan is strong enough to lift heavy boxes.
  14. 14. 129 Let’s Do This A. 1. too easy to follow 2. too young to work 3. old enough to travel 4. too small to reach 5. heavy enough to hold B. 1. well-managed 2. three-hour 3. man-made 4. well-behaved 5. heart-shaped Let’s Do More 2. Answer Key adverb followed by a verb number word followed by a noun noun followed by a verb adverb followed by a verb noun followed by a verb to work old enough
  15. 15. 130 3. 4. 5. 6. Let’s Test Ourselves A. 1. well-behaved 2. two-way 3. two-day 4. forty-minute 5. three-stanza to eat too dirty to climb too high to see dark enough to follow easy enough
  16. 16. 131 B. Let’s Enrich Ourselves 1. Lucy is old enough to go on a date. 2. The boy is small enough to fit in my pocket. 3. The hall is big enough to accommodate 1000 persons. 4. My cousin is brave enough to cross the bridge. 5. The letters are big enough to read. 2. Marissa is healthy enough to join the swimming contest. 3. The dress is cheap enough to buy. 4. The water is cold enough to quench my thirst. 5. My brother is old enough to vote in the elections. 6. Annabel is smart enough to answer the test.

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