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English 6 dlp 41 using the present perfect form of verbs

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English 6 dlp 41 using the present perfect form of verbs

  1. 1. ENGLISHENGLISHENGLISHENGLISH 6666 Module 41 A DepEd-BEAM Distance Learning Program supported by the Australian Agency for International Development USING THE PRESENT PERFECT FORM OF THE VERBS
  2. 2. 68 Good day Learner. How did you find your module on indefinite pronouns? Did you have fun? We are going to do many activities today. We will learn about another tense of the verb. Be ready! Verbs have many tenses. This module will help you learn about the present perfect tense of the verb. Complete the following sentences in each fish using the present perfect tense of the verb in parenthesis. The first one is done for you. 1. has visited To the Learner Let’s Try This Let’s Learn This 1. Katherine __________ us four times since last May. (visit)
  3. 3. 69 2. _______________ 3. _______________ 4. _______________ 5. _______________ 6. _______________ How did you find the exercise? Are all your answers like these? ( 2. have been 3. have waited 4. have lived 5. has taught 6. has become ) Don’t worry dear Learner. You will learn more about the present perfect tense of the verb in this module. They ______ good friends since they were in grade one. (be) I ______ for Mother’s letter for the last two months. (wait) We _______ in this house since my father died. (live) Ms. Reyes ______ in this school for five years now. (teach) He ________ popular since last year. (become)
  4. 4. 70 Read the dialog. Answer the questions. 1. Who are talking in the dialog? 2. Who are they talking about? 3. Why do you think the two girls also wish to be a secretary? 4. How about you, do you wish to wok in the office someday? Why? Let’s Study This Mr. Reyes has worked in this office since last year. He has worked for a year now. Miss Lopez has been his secretary since she was 22 years old. Miss Lopez’s job has been so interesting! I like to be a secretary. My mother has worked as secretary too for five years. Then she has started a new business since last year after her retirement from the office. How I wish to become a secretary too. Wendy Analou
  5. 5. 71 Read the sentences again. What are the underlined verbs in the sentences? What do you call these verbs? In what tense are they? How are they formed? * Has worked, has been and has started are the underlined verbs in the sentences. * They are verbs in the present perfect tense. They are formed through the helping verbs has and have plus the past participle form of the verb. What actions does the present perfect tense express? The present perfect tense of the verb expresses an action that happened at an indefinite time in the past. * It also expresses an action that started in the past and is still happening in the present. Often, they are followed by words beginning with since or for. * For is used with a time expression to show that an action or condition was done in the past for a period of time. 1. Mr. Reyes has worked in this office since last year. 2. Miss Lopez has been his secretary since she was 22 years old. 3. Miss Lopez’s job has been so interesting. 4. My mother has worked as secretary too for five years. 5. Then she has started a new business since last year. Singular Plural I have danced. We have danced. You have danced. You have danced. He, She , It has danced. They have danced.
  6. 6. 72 • Since is used to indicate when an action or condition began. A. Complete each sentence using the present perfect tense of the verb. Look at the example. Let’s Do This 1. Miss Batoto has been my teacher for more than a year. 2. She has taught in Grade Six for a year now. 1. The teachers have taught us music since last year. 2. They have been our music teachers since we were in Grade Five. That actress has performed in several award-winning plays. perform 1. Her drama coach _____________ her a great deal. help
  7. 7. 73 2. The cast _____________ discipline and craft. learn 3. Before the first show began, the cast _______________ for weeks. rehearsed 4. Artists ______________ the scenery for the show before opening. create 5. They _______________ well before each show. prepare
  8. 8. 74 B. Use for or since to complete each sentence. Write your sentences on a sheet of paper. 1. Our guest journalist has written stories ______________ she was in grade school. 2. Mrs. Paz Cruz has published a lot of stories ______________ she was in high school. 3. She has written novels, too, ______________ five years. 4. I have read one of her novels ______________ three days. 5. Mrs. Cruz has taught journalism ______________ several years. Look for the correct answers from the Answer Key.
  9. 9. 75 Give the correct answer (for or since) by connecting the fish to the baits. The first one is done for you. Let’s Do More 1. Maria has always wished to meet her ________ she was ten years old. 2. She has compiled Mrs. Cruz’s short stories _________ five years. 3. Maria has dreamed to be a journalist, too, _________ she was in grade 4. 4. I have worked in the school paper ________ a month. 4. I have edited some poems and stories ________ then. for since
  10. 10. 76 What does the present perfect tense of the verb express? • The present perfect tense expresses an action that happened at an indefinite time in the past. It also expresses an action that started in the past and is still happening in the present. Often they are followed by words beginning with since or for. • For is used with a time expression to show that an action or condition was done in the past for a period of time. • Since is used to indicate when an action or condition began. Examples: 1. Andres has studied in this school_________ e was in kindergarten. 2. He has obtained first honors ________ six years now. Finished? Check your work against the Answer key. Let’s Remember This since for
  11. 11. 77 A. Finish the following sentences with the suggested time expressions. Use since or for. Write your sentences on a piece of paper. Example: The weather has been very hot. a. whole week b. a week ago Answers: a. The weather has been very hot for the whole week. b. The weather has been very hot since a week ago. 1. Mr. Depalubos has been teaching in our school. a. 1984 b. 24 years a. _____________________________________________________ b. _____________________________________________________ 2. He has stayed in our home. a. he came b. ten years a. _____________________________________________________ b. _____________________________________________________ 3. Reading has been his favorite pastime. a. I was in Grade 3 b. five years a. _____________________________________________________ b. _____________________________________________________ 4. He has visited many homes. a. past ten years b. he was teaching here a. ______________________________________________________ b. ______________________________________________________ Let’s Test Ourselves
  12. 12. 78 5. The teachers have liked him very much. a. the time he was assigned here b. more than 20 years now a. _______________________________________________________ b. _______________________________________________________ Have you finished writing the sentences correctly? Check your answers against the Answer Key. What’s your score? If you get 4-5, Good job! Here’s a ribbon for you. If you get 3 and below, do the next activity. Complete the paragraph using the present perfect tense of the verb shown in parenthesis. The first one is done for you. Let’s Enrich Ourselves 1. Our drama club _______________ for the beginning of the current opera season. 2. The members _____________ weekly theatre parties. 3. Some new students _____________ the drama club this year. 4. The club ____________ a new president and new officers. 5. The new officers _____________ several new productions. 6. We _____________ about the best choices for this season. (have waited) (plan) (join) (elect) (suggest) (wonder)
  13. 13. 79 Let’s Do This A. 1. has helped 2. has learned 3. has rehearsed 4. have created 5. have prepared B. 1. since 2. since 3. for 4. for 5. for Let’s Do More 2. for 3. since 4. for 5. since Let’s Test Ourselves 1. a. Mr. Depalubos has been teaching in our school since 1984. b. Mr. Depalubos has been teaching in our school for 24 years. 2. a. He has stayed in our home since he came. b. He has stayed in our home for ten years. 3. a. Reading has been his favorite pastime since I was in Grade 3. b. Reading has been his favorite pastime for five years. 4. a. He has visited many homes for the past ten years. b. He has visited many homes since he was teaching here. Answer Key
  14. 14. 80 5. a. The teachers have liked him very much since the time he was assigned here. b. The teachers have liked him very much for more than 20 years now. Let’s Enrich Ourselves 2. have planned 3. have joined 4. has elected 5. have suggested 6. have wondered

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