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Southern California Next Tech Hub

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Southern California Next Tech Hub

  1. 1. The Alliance for Southern California Innovation By: Andy Wilson in collaboration with the Boston Consulting Group
  2. 2. About me: Innovation & start-up junkie • Chapter 1: Corporate • Helped lead a spin-out/take public from F50 • CIO of a NASDAQ traded F500 • Chapter 2: Start-ups & venture capital • Hands-on with half dozen tech start-ups • Invested in more than a dozen SoCal start-ups • Chapter 3: Service • Elected official: City Council of Pasadena • First Executive Director of the SoCal Alliance • Trained as an engineer (Dartmouth) • Studied business & technology (Harvard)
  3. 3. Agenda • BCG report on Innovation Ecosystems o Ingredients for a great ecosystem o League tables o Details on specific benchmarks • Challenges to SoCal • The Opportunity • The Alliance
  4. 4. The six ingredients of a great tech ecosystem • Sufficient skilled human capital to start, run, and join startups • Enough entrepreneurs with the confidence and momentum to grow the ecosystem over time • Ample capital available to fund startups • Investors with the right risk tolerance • Strong intellectual property development, with a simple, efficient licensing process • Universities integrated into the startup ecosystem • Major (Fortune 500) companies with relevant domain expertise • Companies able to generate entrepreneurs and spin out innovation • Necessary professional services (such as legal, public relations, and recruitment) available for startups • Sufficient physical space (coworking space and research labs) available • A spirit of mobility and risk taking • Sufficiently diverse ecosystem to adapt over time Source: BCG analysis Human capital Financial capital Strong university system Strong corporate environment Adequate infrastructure Culture conducive to innovation
  5. 5. SoCal compared to leading tech ecosystems 4 1 - 1 10 4 5 1 7 8 7 11 4637 812 3400 765 7162 3175 45 2 1 13 36 17 $31 $6 $5 $29 $110 $21 Growing Growing Well established Growing Well established Human capital Financial capital Strong university system Strong corporate environment Adequate infrastructure Culture conducive to innovation Number of startups less than five years old VC investment, 2012–2016 ($billions) Number of research universities Fortune 500 headquarters Number of "top 30" incubators Hub maturity, diversity, "swing- for-the fences" mentality NY Austin Israel Boston SoCal2 Sources: Crunchbase; PitchBook Data; BCG analysis. Note: Number of startups captures all startups as defined by Crunchbase, mostly technology focused and excluding nontech small businesses (such as restaurants and retail). 1. Bay Area encompasses Alameda, San Francisco, San Mateo, and Santa Clara Counties. 2. SoCal encompasses Santa Barbara, Ventura, Los Angeles, Orange, Riverside, and San Diego counties. Qualitative ranking High Medium Low Growing Bay Area1
  6. 6. 118129 452 765788812 1,256 3,175 4,637 7,162 0 2,000 4,000 6,000 8,000 SoCal trails only Bay Area & NY in startups 1. Growth rate over approximately 3 years. Source: Crunchbase Raleigh Boston Seattle SoCal New York SLC Denver Total No. startups < 5 years old, by region (2017) Bay Area Austin Chicago SoCal is 3rd in technology startups Los Angeles growing as fast as SV 0 2 4 6 8 10 0 1,000 2,000 3,000 Chicago Austin Seattle Silicon ValleyBoston Total # of startups < 3 years old in 2017 Approximate annual startup growth rate (%)1 Salt Lake City Denver San Diego Los Angeles New York San Francisco Riverside Irvine Santa Barbara Raleigh Other hubs Southern California Bay Area
  7. 7. SoCal attracting VC but fraction of NorCal Note: VC investments only (inclusive of angel, seed, and Series A+); excludes PE Source: Pitchbook venture deal database 60 40 20 0 80 2.5 North Carolina 2.8 SLC 3.4 Boulder 5.0 Austin VC Investment, $B Santa Barbara 0.7 IrvineChicago 5.8 San Diego 7.0 Seattle 8.8 Los Angeles 10.4 Boston 29.1 New York 30.5 Silicon Valley 47.4 San Francisco 62.5 5.5 VC investment deal $ by city, 2012-2016 37 9 35 9 37 -3 -1 14 -1 5 26 7 11 2 +12 -3 +6 -2 +3 -2 -2 - -1 -1 - - - - Investment $ CAGR, '12-'16 (%) US VC funding share change, '12-'16 (p.p) SoCalBay Area Other
  8. 8. $B (# deals) Pre-seed Seed Early-stage VC Late-stage VC Bay Area $2.0 ~3,500 $4.1 ~3,300 $31 ~3,600 $71 ~1,900 SoCal $1.9 ~1,700 $1.2 ~1,200 $7.3 ~1,000 $10 ~450 Note: funding data from 2012-2016. Early-stage = majority Series A deals. Late-stage = Series B+ deals Source: Pitchbook, BCG analysis 1 Best Series A $ is local due to hands-on nature of relationship 2 In short term, attracting more large funds to SoCal difficult • Initially best to better engage NorCal firms in SoCal deals • Encourage local presence of larger NorCal Funds • Build-out SoCal native fund population ~4x gap at critical stages The Challenge: Early Stage VC 4
  9. 9. Majority of LA's "growth" comes from Snap deal 155208222227285286305314386 2,884 0 1,000 2,000 3,000 VC Investment, $M, 2012-2016 Entertainment Software Communication Software Personal Products Multimediaand DesignSoftware Financial Software Movies,Music &Entertainment MediaandInfo Services(B2B) Automotive Application Software Social/Platform Software Note: Deal volume shown on left is based on deals during whole 2012-2016 period. Source: Pitchbook venture deal database $2.6B of $2.8B social/platform deal activity attributable to Snapchat series F funding round Half of LA's top ten investment categories are software Four of the top ten investment categories are related to entertainment/media Faraday Future with next-largest investment after Snap with $300M in 2015 Heal (on-demand doctors) drew the next largest social/platform investment after Snap $40M in 2016 Whisper and Headspace with biggest app software deals of $36M and $34M respectively Key Insights 133 153 2 53 56 22 13 12 20 36 21 2.5 157 5.8 5.1 13 17.5 10.1 10.4 4.3 # of deals Avg deal size LA VC investments from 2012 to 2016 ($M) Remaining nine top categories ~$2.4B
  10. 10. 11 RANK COMPANY 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 $ RAISED $450M $135M $109M $75M $75M $65M $64M $60M $55M $50M LARGEST LA VC DEALS IN 2017 RANK COMPANY 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 $ RAISED $300M $234M $100M $65M $62M $60M $50M $50M $50M $50M LARGEST LA VC DEALS IN Q1 2018 SOURCE: CRUNCHBASE The top-ten VC deals in LA took in $1.02 billion in Q1 2018 — just slightly shy of the $1.14 billion raised in the top-ten LA rounds in all of 2017 @AMPLIFYLA
  11. 11. San Diego investment mostly healthcare & biotech 105111117 208240240 362380 1,206 1,503 0 500 1,000 1,500 2,000 VC investment, $M, 2012-2016 DiscoveryTools (Healthcare) Monitoring Equipment Therapeutic Devices Biotechnology Pharmaceuticals AlternativeEnergy Equipment EnergyProduction Application Software Diagnostic Equipment DrugDiscovery Note: Deal volume shown on left is based on deals during whole 2012-2016 period. Source: Pitchbook venture deal database SD VC investments from 2012 to 2016 ($M) Key Insights 114 63 92 20 16 3 8 13 18 4 13.2 19.1 4.1 18.1 15 80 26 9 6.2 26.3 # of deals Avg deal size Healthcare-related fields clearly an area of strength • Potential focus area for investment to build competitive advantage over other regions Human Longevity's $220M 2016 funding round an outlier in biotechnology, with no other investments over $55M Aragon Pharma and Rempex Pharma had the largest drug discovery investments at $88M and $68M respectively Biotech and drug discovery capturing nearly 50% of SD dealflow and count
  12. 12. 97 0 100 200 300 400 500 Other SoCal universities generate IP & collaborate WA 112 MA 500 San DiegoLos Angeles 388 Bay Area 288 Patents issued by region, 2015 Average TX 291 UT 118 CO 85 NC 147 Note: 3 largest research institutions chosen for each region, as an approximation of patent output. Source: Association of University Technology Managers, STATT database (2015) 3 3 3 3 4 4 5 8 8 11 12 17 18 22 23 39 42 0 10 20 30 40 50 Riverside|UCLA|Irvine|UCSD UCSB|Irvine UCSB|UCSD Riverside|Irvine|UCSD UCLA|USC Riverside|UCLA Riverside|Irvine Irvine|UCSD UCLA|UCSB UCLA|CalTech UCLA|UCSD # DPWI Patent Families (2012-2017) Riverside|UCSD UCLA|Irvine|UCSD Sanford|Salk CalTech|UCSD UCLA|CalTech|UCSD CalTech|USC ~485 patents from largest SoCal universities ... ... many of them with 2+ assignees from the region # Patents with 2+ assignees SoCal Bay Area
  13. 13. $1,223B$242B SoCal has fewer large corporations than NorCal 4 4 1 3 3 13 10 +19 Bay Area 36 2 2 2 SoCal 17 2 2 1 1 2 1 Other Materials Insurance Consumer Products Energy Entertainment Finance Healthcare Non-consumer Tech Consumer Tech Fortune 500 HQ location (by region) Fortune 500 companies with HQ in SoCal Revenue SoCal corps more evenly distributed across industries
  14. 14. 3+ 5+ Good starting point for SoCal tech infrastructure Legal Shared Space Regional Promo. Incubate & Accelerate Conference Los Angeles Orange County & Riverside San Diego 260+ 10+ 10+ Predictive Analytics Innovation Summit Tech Bio Approx # of resources 80+ 10+ 5+ 5+ 10+ 30+ 30+ 200+ 90+ 20+ Note: logos intended to show representative sample of firms, not exhaustive
  15. 15. SoCal diverse but fewer experienced operators 0 50 100 150 Tech startup founders prior experience (%)1 12% 31% 47% Bay Area 29% 59% SoCal 22% 1. N = 200 sample size for each geography (SoCal and Bay Area). Source: Innovation 2.0 Index, Crunchbase, Fortune 500 Los Angeles has high economic diversity ... ... resulting in founders with industry expertise, but potentially missing tech / how to scale a business Cluster diversity = how evenly distributed employment is across industries "VCs describe SoCal as not enough CEOs to grow startups, missing the mobility of Silicon Valley between companies" - Alliance board interviews 100 = national average Startup OtherBig Tech 84 109 131 187 0 50 100 150 200 SV Cluster diversity (index) LA SDSF
  16. 16. ​Mean annual wage ($K) ​Technical ​Management ​Support ​Mean commercial rent/square foot ​Combined labor and rent ​cost differential over 20 years ($B) ​New York ​$109 ​$159 ​$43.1 ​$76.1 ​$1.60 ​San Francisco ​$123 ​$150 ​$47.4 ​$61.4 ​$1.61 ​Washington, DC ​$108 ​$142 ​$44.0 ​$37.2 ​$.794 ​Seattle ​$114 ​$131 ​$42.4 ​$31.9 ​$.490 ​Denver ​$100 ​$136 ​$40.7 ​$26.3 ​$.266 ​Los Angeles ​$96 ​$129 ​$40.6 ​$36.5 ​NA LA offers a large cost advantage for start-ups Sources: Bureau of Labor Statistics, CBRE, BCG analysis.
  17. 17. ​SoCal ​50 ​Bay Area ​116 ​2.3x ​SoCal ​$28B ​Bay Area ​$554B ​19.8x No. of IPOs, 2012-16 Combined 2012-16 IPO enterprise value, 2017 Source: Crunchbase, BCG analysis ​Los Angeles* ​8 ​San Francisco ​190 ​23.8x Tech company density, 2017 (# / sq. mile) The challenge: startup density + IPO’s 5
  18. 18. Major SoCal tech nodes of excellence Santa Barbara Electronics, manufacturing, material science West Los Angeles Media and entertainment (consumer tech, VR / AR) Irvine Medtech, cybersecurity Riverside Agtech, transportation/distribution San Diego Health care, biotech, wireless communications Source: BCG analysis. Pasadena High-tech engineering, data analytics Burbank and Glendale Media and entertainment (content creation) El Segundo Aerospace and defense (IT, space transport) 3
  19. 19. The opportunity The SoCal region has the right conditions to be the next great tech hub • #1 for tech PhDs and #2 for engineer grads • Largest concentration of research universities (20) • World-class IP (480+ patents in 2015), 80+ Nobel Prize winners • Third most startups (3,175) and growing as fast as Silicon Valley (“SV”) • SoCal leads in ethnic and professional diversity Timing could not be better; Silicon Valley is saturated • 2x more expensive to launch a startup in SV than 5 years ago • Titans (FB, Google, Apple) consuming NorCal talent pool and resources 20
  20. 20. The Mission To create the best conditions for more blockbuster innovation companies in SoCal 21
  21. 21. Long term goals 22 1 Unify key SoCal and NorCal stakeholders: Solidify & Activate the Alliance 2 Educate influencers & rebrand region as leading hub: “Beyond Hollywood” 3 Create more great SoCal tech startups that break through series A barrier & beyond!
  22. 22. The Alliance Leadership: Unprecedented Unity 23 NorCal Business Leaders** SoCal Research Institutions* SoCal Business Leaders* The Alliance CalTech, UCLA, UCSD, USC, UCSB, UCI, UCR, Sanford Consortium, University of San Diego, Harvey Mudd College Derek Aberle (Qualcomm), Michael Yanover (CAA), Emmanuel Roman (PIMCO), Marc Stern (TCW), Thomas Gewecke (Warner Bros.), Sherry Lansing (Paramount Pictures), Gene Sykes** (Goldman Sachs, LA28 Olympics), Scott Wolfe (Latham & Watkins), Elizabeth Blackburn (Salk Institute), Michael Abrams (Disney) Jeff Henley (Oracle), Eric Schmidt (Alphabet/Google), Greg Becker (Silicon Valley Bank), Larry Sonsini (Wilson Sonsini), Ted Eliopoulos (CalPERS) Steve Poizner (Chairman), Andy Wilson, Steve Gilison Pro-bono assistance from: Boston Consulting Group (Strategic Planning), Latham & Watkins (Legal), Envoy + Bulldog (Brand/Marketing), E&Y (Tax), Edelman (PR) *On the Alliance Board of Directors ** On the Alliance Advisory Council
  23. 23. See inclusion as part of advantage! We believe that engaging diverse people is critical to meeting industry demand for talent and that the greatest technological and scientific challenges facing society are best addressed when diverse groups of individuals—with unique perspectives and lived experiences—work together to explore, develop and implement innovative solutions. *From the Alliance’s statement of principles 24
  24. 24. Jan Feb Mar Apr May July Aug SepJune Oct Launch Alliance + BCG report Goal: Lay-out the fact base & start to tell the SoCal story. (March 21) Innovation Showcase in NorCal Goal: Shock & awe! Educate & engage key thought leaders. Expand the SoCal narrative. (May 24) 2018 Program Plan: From Cradle through Series A First Look SoCal Goal: Showcase 30 of the best new tech- transfer/spin-outs across: life sciences, computer sciences & physical sciences. (June 20) Start-up Competition Goal: Shark tank format to showcase best Series A & beyond. Drive funding & deals. (Late fall)
  25. 25. http://www.alliancesocal.org/events/ Two marquis event targeted to NorCal & SoCal VC’s, angel & seasoned operators/CEOs
  26. 26. 27 The importance of venture capital to SoCal's economy Investment Jobs Employment rate Increasing VC investment in SoCal from 7% to 25%– 40% of Silicon Valley’s levels by 2025 would result in... 137K – 250K Direct new job creation $21B –$40B Incremental increase in funding across all stages Multiplier effect 1.3% – 2.5 % Increase in current employment 4.3x – 5x Additional potential jobs in the service economy Source: BCG analysis.
  27. 27. Full BCG Report Stars Aligning How Southern California Could Be the Next Great Tech Ecosystem https://www.bcg.com/publications/2018/stars-aligning-southern-california-next- great-tech-ecoysystem.aspx
  28. 28. The Alliance for Southern California Innovation (the “Alliance”), formed in 2017 by serial entrepreneur and public servant Steve Poizner, has successfully brought together the heft of Southern California’s top research institutions, local business leaders, and world-class advisors to focus on bridging critical gaps in the SoCal ecosystem. The goal of the Alliance is to nurture and accelerate the growth of Southern California’s technology and life sciences innovation ecosystem. 29

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