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A RARE CASE OF
ADENOID CYSTIC CARCINOMA
Dr. Sowjanya Kurakula
Consultant Obstetrician & Gynaecologist
Basant Sahney Hospital
• Adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC) –
• Adenocystic carcinoma, cylindroma or cylindromatous adenocarcinoma
• Is a malignant epithelial neoplasm derived from
• salivary glands
• lacrymal glands
• mucous glands of the aero-digestive tract
• In the female reproductive tract,
• it occurs most commonly in the Bartholin gland and rarely in the cervix.
• It constitute less than 1 % of all malignancies of the cervix (1).
• The tumors tend to invade into the adjacent tissues
• metastasize late, often 8 to 10 years after the primary tumour has been removed.
• As other adenoid cystic tumors, they can metastasize directly to the
• Local infiltrations, vascular, lymphatic and neural invasion, with
subsequent hematogenous spread, are its characteristics features (2).
• Pattern simulates that of the adenoid basal tumor, with cystic component, and the
glands of the cervix are involved (3).
• Mitoses may be seen but are not numerous.
• Guidelines for its management are established similarly as for staged squamous cell
carcinoma of cervix.
• Recommended treatment in advanced disease is aggressive multimodality treatment,
includes chemotherapy and radiotherapy.
DR SOWJANYA KURAKULA MD, SEKGOMA MEMORIAL HOSPITAL, BOTSWANA 2014
• A 57 year old African, HIV negative, multiparous, post menopausal woman
asymptomatic visited out-patient clinic of Sekgoma memorial hospital, serowe
district, Botswana country for routine pap smear.
• General physical examination was normal, with vitals stable, per abdomen no
organomegaly or ascites, on per speculum few areas of increased vascularity noted
• On bimanual examination the uterus is retroverted, atrophic, mobile with normal
surface texture of cervix, per rectum normal.
• Cervix punch biopsy histopathology - adenoid cystic carcinoma of cervix
• Baseline blood, urine investigations, USG, chest X-ray, ECG, CT- scan abdomen and
• Simple abdominal hysterectomy with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy done
• Post-operative period was uneventful
• Patient discharged home on 5th Post-operative day
• Gross- no visible mass- cervix
• Microscopy- Severe dysplasia/ CIN3 (but no invasion) of cervix
• Localized adenoid cystic carcinoma
• Cribriform pattern with peripheral Palisades, high NC ratio, scanty mitoses and
small cysts containing eosinophilic materials
• The myoepithelium was absent
• No evidence of lympho-vascular or neuro invasion was seen.
• Lesion localized to superficial area of endocervix beneath the lining epithelia FIGO
• Normal histological findings of endometrium, uterus, bilateral tubes and ovaries
• One month and third month follow up was regular, presented with no
• Pap smear of vault after six months shows negative results.
• The first case of adenoid cystic carcinoma of the cervix was reported as cylindroma
in 1949 by Paalman and Counseller .
• There are no studies that have systematically investigated the incidence of ACC.
• However, it accounts less than 1% of all cervical carcinoma.
• The most accepted view regarding its origin in the cervix is from ‘‘reserve cells’’ of
• The origin of this disease is still unknown. Although, Human papillomavirus (HPV)
infection is believed to be a necessary cause of cervical cancer, its role in the
pathogenesis of ACC is not well defined [5,6].
• These tumors usually occurs in postmenopausal women.
• Though, it has been reported from 24 to 99 years of age, majority of
the cases have been reported during 7th to 9th decades of life [7,8].
• But, some recent data reported some cases in young woman [5,9].
• Our patient was postmenopausal and multiparous woman with
cribriform pattern according to histopathology.
• Although, some authors suggested the association between ACC, high
parity and black race [5,10].
• Perzin et al.  described a grading system for ACC based on distinctive histologic
patterns: tubular, cribriform and solid.
• They believed that the three patterns reflect a progression of cellular proliferation
and aggressiveness of biologic behavior.
• The tumor is assigned to three histologic grades:
• grade I, a well-differentiated tumor composed of tubular and cribriform patterns without
• grade II: a tumor with a pure cribriform pattern or mixed with less than 30% of solid
• grade III, a tumor with marked predominance of the solid pattern.
• This tumor has a remarkable tendency for invasion of perineural spaces.
• ACC can also occur in association with other tumor types as an example of
squamous or adenocarcinoma tumor components.
• ACC is usually strongly immunoreactive for CD117 .
• Important points to remember are that ACC is usually invasive and
often associated with perineural invasion.
• ACC of the cervix seems to be more aggressive than squamous cell
carcinoma of the cervix with higher tendency to local and metastatic
recurrence even if diagnosed in their earliest stages [5,12].
• Five years and ten years survival were 37% and 40% respectively
• In some series, the recurrence rate was 59% for the tubular tumors,
89% for the classic cribriform lesions and 100% for the solid variety.
• The solid subtype carries a worse prognosis in terms of the
development of distant metastases and overall survival. Reduced
expression of E-cadherin molecule correlates with an unfavorable
• Because of the rarity of the disease and the absence of prospective studies,
no standard treatment has yet been proposed.
• Most patients were treated as squamous cell carcinoma.
• Surgery and radiation therapy has been used in the treatment of ACC of the
• The best treatment is surgery, principally when the surgical lines of
resection could be histologically determined.
• Radiotherapy proved to be a useful method of treatment for surgically
treated patients whose surgical borders were inadequate, those who
experienced recurrent disease and those considered inoperable .
• Chemotherapy has very little role in the management of these tumors but
has been used for advanced/recurrent/metastatic disease without much
 Khadija Benhayoune, Hinde El Fatemi, Abdelaziz Bannani, Abdelilah Melhouf,
Toufik Harmouch. Adenoid cystic carcinoma of cervix: two cases report and review of
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 Berchuck A, Mullin TJ. Cervical adenoid cystic carcinoma associated with ascites.
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. Ferry JA, Scully RE. “Adenoid cystic” carcinoma and adenoid basal carcinoma of
the uterine cervix: a study of 28 cases . Am J Surg Pathol 1988;12:134–144
. PAALMAN RJ, COUNSELLER VS. Clyindroma of the cervix with procidentia. Am
J Obstet Gynecol. 1949 Jul;58(1):184-7.
 Lalla Kawtar Elhassani, Hind Mrabti, Nabil Ismaili, Youssef Bensouda, Ouafae
Masbah, Imane Bekkouch, Khalid Hassouni, Fouad Kettani and Hassan Errihani.
Advanced adenoid cystic carcinoma of the cervix: a case report and review of the
literature. Cases Journal. 2009; (2):6634.
 Grayson W, Taylor LF, Cooper K. Adenoid cystic and adenoid basal carcinoma of
the uterine cervix: comparative morphologic, mucin, and immunohistochemical profile
of two rare neoplasms of putative 'reserve cell' origin. Am J Surg Pathol. 1999 Apr;
 Miles PA, Norris HJ. Adenoid cystic carcinoma of the cervix: An analysis of 12
cases. Obstet Gynecol. 1971 Jul;38(1):103-10.
 Musa AG, Hughes RR, Coleman SA. Adenoid cystic carcinoma of the cervix: a
report of 17 cases. Gynecol Oncol. 1985 Oct;22(2):167-73.
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of the cervix in a young patient. J Postgrad Med. 1994 Apr-Jun;40(2):94-5.
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Adenoid cystic carcinoma of the Cervix. Report of 9 cases and a reappraisal. Obstet
Gynecol. 1978 Sep;52(3):337-42.
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salivary glands: a correlation of histologic features and clinical course. Cancer. 1978
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carcinoma of the cervix. Gynecol Oncol. 2005 Nov;99(2):477-80. Epub 2005 Sep 1.
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