Startup Metrics for Pirates

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This is a 5-step model for creating a metrics framework for your business & customers, and how to apply it to your product & marketing efforts. The "pirate" part comes from the 5 steps: Acquisition, Activation, Retention, Referral, & Revenue (AARRR!)

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  • Startup Metrics for Pirates

    1. Startup Metrics for Pirates: AARRR !!! (Startup Metrics for Product Marketing & Product Management) Dave McClure Master of 500 Hats blog: http://500hats.typepad.com/ website: http://www.500hats.com/ slides: http://slideshare.net/dmc500hats/ * reminder: National Talk Like a Pirate Day is Sept 19 th !
    2. Customer Lifecycle: 5 Steps to Success <ul><li>A cquisition : users come to the site from various channels </li></ul><ul><li>A ctivation : users enjoy 1 st visit: &quot;happy&quot; user experience </li></ul><ul><li>R etention : users come back, visit site multiple times </li></ul><ul><li>R eferral : users like product enough to refer others </li></ul><ul><li>R evenue : users conduct some monetization behavior </li></ul>AARRR!
    3. Customer Lifecycle / Conversion Behavior Website.com 4. REFERRAL Emails & widgets Campaigns, Contests 5. Revenue $$$ Biz Dev Ads, Lead Gen, Subscriptions, etc 2. Activation Homepage / Landing Page Product Features 1. ACQUISITION SEO SEM Apps & Widgets Affiliates Email PR Biz Dev Campaigns, Contests Direct, Tel, TV Social Networks Blogs Domains 3. RETENTION Emails & Alerts Blogs, Content System Events & Time-based Features
    4. Example Conversion Metrics (note: *not* actuals; your mileage may vary…) $2 3% Email Open / RSS view -> Clickthru Retention $10 1% Refer 1+ users who activate Referral $3 2% Refer 1+ users who visit site Referral $5 2% Repeat Visitor (3+ visits in first 30 days) Retention $25 1% User generates break-even revenue Revenue $3 2% Acct Signup (includes profile data) Activation $1 5% Email/Blog/RSS/Widget Signup (anything that could lead to repeat visit) Activation User generates minimum revenue Happy 1 st Visit (views X pages, stays Y sec, Z clicks) Doesn't Abandon (views 2+ pages, stays 10+ sec, 2+ clicks) Visit Site (or landing page, or external widget) User Status $5 2% Revenue $.25 30% Activation $.05 70% Acquisition $.01 100% Acquisition Est. Value Conv % Category
    5. Customer Lifecycle / Conversion Behavior Website.com <ul><li>Marketing Channels: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>largest-volume (#) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>lowest-cost ($) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>best-performing (%) </li></ul></ul>1. ACQUISITION SEO SEM Apps & Widgets Affiliates Email PR Biz Dev Campaigns, Contests Direct, Tel, TV Social Networks Blogs Domains
    6. Customer Lifecycle / Conversion Behavior Website.com <ul><li>Activation Criteria: </li></ul><ul><li>10-30+ seconds </li></ul><ul><li>2-3+ page views </li></ul><ul><li>3-5+ clicks </li></ul><ul><li>1 key feature usage </li></ul>Do LOTS of landing page tests & A/B tests - just make lots of dumb guesses & iterate QUICK 2. Activation Homepage / Landing Page Product Features 1. ACQUISITION SEO SEM Apps & Widgets Affiliates Email PR Biz Dev Campaigns, Contests Direct, Tel, TV Social Networks Blogs Domains
    7. Customer Lifecycle / Conversion Behavior Website.com <ul><li>Automated emails are simple & easy retention feature </li></ul><ul><li>lifecycle emails @ +3, +7, +30d </li></ul><ul><li>status emails weekly/monthly </li></ul><ul><li>event-based emails as they occur </li></ul>2. Activation Homepage / Landing Page Product Features 1. ACQUISITION SEO SEM Apps & Widgets Affiliates Email PR Biz Dev Campaigns, Contests Direct, Tel, TV Social Networks Blogs Domains 3. RETENTION Emails & Alerts Blogs, Content System Events & Time-based Features
    8. Customer Lifecycle / Conversion Behavior Website.com Only encourage users to refer * after * they have “ happy” user experience; avg score >= 8 out of 10 2. Activation Homepage / Landing Page Product Features 4. REFERRAL Emails & widgets Campaigns, Contests 1. ACQUISITION SEO SEM Apps & Widgets Affiliates Email PR Biz Dev Campaigns, Contests Direct, Tel, TV Social Networks Blogs Domains 3. RETENTION Emails & Alerts Blogs, Content System Events & Time-based Features
    9. Customer Lifecycle / Conversion Behavior Website.com This is the part * you * have to figure out… I don’t know jack about your business 5. Revenue $$$ Biz Dev Ads, Lead Gen, Subscriptions, etc 2. Activation Homepage / Landing Page Product Features 4. REFERRAL Emails & widgets Campaigns, Contests 1. ACQUISITION SEO SEM Apps & Widgets Affiliates Email PR Biz Dev Campaigns, Contests Direct, Tel, TV Social Networks Blogs Domains 3. RETENTION Emails & Alerts Blogs, Content System Events & Time-based Features
    10. Types of Metrics & Measurement <ul><li>Qualitative: Usability Testing / Session Monitoring </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Watch what users do, figure out problems & solutions from small # of users </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Quantitative: Traffic Analysis / User Engagement </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Report what users do, track usage & conversion %'s for all or empirical sample # of users </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Comparative: A/B, Multivariate Testing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Compare what users do in one scenario vs another, see which copy/graphics/UI are most effective </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Competitive: Monitoring & Tracking Competitors </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Track competitor activity & compare against yours; if possible compare channels, keyword traffic, demographic targeting, user satisfaction, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>(see slide notes for links to tools & vendors) </li></ul>
    11. Quantitative & Comparative Measurement <ul><li>Conversion Criteria: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>best-performing (%) channels / campaigns / copy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>largest-volume (#) channels / campaigns / copy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>lowest-cost ($) channels / campaigns / copy </li></ul></ul>
    12. Quantitative & Comparative Measurement <ul><li>Conversion Criteria: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>best-performing (%) channels / campaigns / copy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>largest-volume (#) channels / campaigns / copy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>lowest-cost ($) channels / campaigns / copy </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Measurement Components: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Audience Segment (young women, regional metro, older singles) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Channel Source (social network, SEM, organic, PR, etc) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Campaign Theme / Brand Promise (“find a job”, “learn to cook”) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Landing Page & CTA </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Copy & Graphics </li></ul></ul>
    13. Example Conversion Metrics (note: *not* actuals; your mileage may vary…) $2 3% Email Open / RSS view -> Clickthru Retention $10 1% Refer 1+ users who activate Referral $3 2% Refer 1+ users who visit site Referral $5 2% Repeat Visitor (3+ visits in first 30 days) Retention $25 1% User generates break-even revenue Revenue $3 2% Acct Signup (includes profile data) Activation $1 5% Email/Blog/RSS/Widget Signup (anything that could lead to repeat visit) Activation User generates minimum revenue Happy 1 st Visit (views X pages, stays Y sec, Z clicks) Doesn't Abandon (views 2+ pages, stays 10+ sec, 2+ clicks) Visit Site (or landing page, or external widget) User Status $5 2% Revenue $.25 30% Activation $.05 70% Acquisition $.01 100% Acquisition Est. Value Conv % Category
    14. Example Conversion Metrics (note: *not* actuals; your mileage may vary…) $2 3% Email Open / RSS view -> Clickthru Retention $10 1% Refer 1+ users who activate Referral $3 2% Refer 1+ users who visit site Referral $5 2% Repeat Visitor (3+ visits in first 30 days) Retention $25 1% User generates break-even revenue Revenue $3 2% Acct Signup (includes profile data) Activation $1 5% Email/Blog/RSS/Widget Signup (anything that could lead to repeat visit) Activation User generates minimum revenue Happy 1 st Visit (views X pages, stays Y sec, Z clicks) Doesn't Abandon (views 2+ pages, stays 10+ sec, 2+ clicks) Visit Site (or landing page, or external widget) User Status $5 2% Revenue $.25 30% Activation $.05 70% Acquisition $.01 100% Acquisition Est. Value Conv % Category
    15. Example Conversion Metrics (note: *not* actuals; your mileage may vary…) $2 3% Email Open / RSS view -> Clickthru Retention $10 1% Refer 1+ users who activate Referral $3 2% Refer 1+ users who visit site Referral $5 2% Repeat Visitor (3+ visits in first 30 days) Retention $25 1% User generates break-even revenue Revenue $3 2% Acct Signup (includes profile data) Activation $1 5% Email/Blog/RSS/Widget Signup (anything that could lead to repeat visit) Activation User generates minimum revenue Happy 1 st Visit (views X pages, stays Y sec, Z clicks) Doesn't Abandon (views 2+ pages, stays 10+ sec, 2+ clicks) Visit Site (or landing page, or external widget) User Status $5 2% Revenue $.25 30% Activation $.05 70% Acquisition $.01 100% Acquisition Est. Value Conv % Category
    16. Example Conversion Metrics (note: *not* actuals; your mileage may vary…) $2 3% Email Open / RSS view -> Clickthru Retention $10 1% Refer 1+ users who activate Referral $3 2% Refer 1+ users who visit site Referral $5 2% Repeat Visitor (3+ visits in first 30 days) Retention $25 1% User generates break-even revenue Revenue $3 2% Acct Signup (includes profile data) Activation $1 5% Email/Blog/RSS/Widget Signup (anything that could lead to repeat visit) Activation User generates minimum revenue Happy 1 st Visit (views X pages, stays Y sec, Z clicks) Doesn't Abandon (views 2+ pages, stays 10+ sec, 2+ clicks) Visit Site (or landing page, or external widget) User Status $5 2% Revenue $.25 30% Activation $.05 70% Acquisition $.01 100% Acquisition Est. Value Conv % Category
    17. Example Conversion Metrics (note: *not* actuals; your mileage may vary…) $2 3% Email Open / RSS view -> Clickthru Retention $10 1% Refer 1+ users who activate Referral $3 2% Refer 1+ users who visit site Referral $5 2% Repeat Visitor (3+ visits in first 30 days) Retention $25 1% User generates break-even revenue Revenue $3 2% Acct Signup (includes profile data) Activation $1 5% Email/Blog/RSS/Widget Signup (anything that could lead to repeat visit) Activation User generates minimum revenue Happy 1 st Visit (views X pages, stays Y sec, Z clicks) Doesn't Abandon (views 2+ pages, stays 10+ sec, 2+ clicks) Visit Site (or landing page, or external widget) User Status $5 2% Revenue $.25 30% Activation $.05 70% Acquisition $.01 100% Acquisition Est. Value Conv % Category
    18. Marketing <ul><li>Q: what channels / who do you market to? </li></ul><ul><li>Design & Test Multiple Mktg Channels </li></ul><ul><li>Select & Focus on Channels with: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>High Volume </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>High Conversion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Low Cost </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Measure *deeper* down the conversion funnel, not just to website / landing page </li></ul><ul><li>Segment & Select channels & customers by conversion @ deepest possible level (ideally $$$) </li></ul>
    19. Product <ul><li>Q: how do you choose what to build? </li></ul><ul><li>Choose features for conversion improvement </li></ul><ul><ul><li>80% on existing feature optimization </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>20% on new feature development </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Just guess, then A/B test … A LOT </li></ul><ul><li>Measure conversion improvement </li></ul><ul><li>Rinse & Repeat </li></ul>
    20. Founder/CEO <ul><li>Q: What metrics do you choose to watch? </li></ul><ul><li>Hypothesize Customer Lifecycle & Refine </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Choose 5-10 conversion steps </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Less, not More is better </li></ul></ul><ul><li>BUT measure & iterate </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on conversion improvement </li></ul><ul><li>Delegate each Metric to someone to OWN </li></ul>

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