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University of New Haven ID 218 Interior Systems, Materials and Codes by: Denis R. Ouimette AIA, OAQ, NCARB Lecture 009: Ch...
ID 218 Interior System, Materials and Codes Chapter 9, Stone and Concrete Masonry: <ul><li>In this chapter, you will learn...
ID 218 Interior System, Materials and Codes Chapter 9, Stone and Concrete Masonry: <ul><li>9.1 Selecting Concrete Units </...
ID 218 Interior System, Materials and Codes Chapter 9, Stone and Concrete Masonry: <ul><li>9.1 Selecting Concrete Units </...
ID 218 Interior System, Materials and Codes Chapter 9, Stone and Concrete Masonry: <ul><li>9.1 Selecting Concrete Units </...
ID 218 Interior System, Materials and Codes Chapter 9, Stone and Concrete Masonry: <ul><li>9.1 Selecting Concrete Units </...
ID 218 Interior System, Materials and Codes Chapter 9, Stone and Concrete Masonry: <ul><li>9.1 Selecting Concrete Units </...
ID 218 Interior System, Materials and Codes Chapter 9, Stone and Concrete Masonry: <ul><li>9.1 Selecting Concrete Units </...
ID 218 Interior System, Materials and Codes Chapter 9, Stone and Concrete Masonry: <ul><li>9.2 Stone Masonry </li></ul><ul...
ID 218 Interior System, Materials and Codes Chapter 9, Stone and Concrete Masonry: <ul><li>9.2 Stone Masonry </li></ul><ul...
ID 218 Interior System, Materials and Codes Chapter 9, Stone and Concrete Masonry: <ul><li>9.2 Stone Masonry </li></ul><ul...
ID 218 Interior System, Materials and Codes Chapter 9, Stone and Concrete Masonry: <ul><li>9.2 Stone Masonry </li></ul><ul...
ID 218 Interior System, Materials and Codes Chapter 9, Stone and Concrete Masonry: <ul><li>9.2 Stone Masonry </li></ul><ul...
ID 218 Interior System, Materials and Codes Chapter 9, Stone and Concrete Masonry: <ul><li>Review Questions: </li></ul><ul...
ID 218 Interior System, Materials and Codes Chapter 9, Stone and Concrete Masonry: <ul><li>Review Questions: </li></ul><ul...
ID 218 Interior System, Materials and Codes Chapter 9, Stone and Concrete Masonry: <ul><li>Review Questions: </li></ul><ul...
ID 218 Interior System, Materials and Codes Chapter 9, Stone and Concrete Masonry: <ul><li>Review Questions: </li></ul><ul...
ID 218 Interior System, Materials and Codes Chapter 9, Stone and Concrete Masonry: <ul><li>Review Questions: </li></ul><ul...
ID 218 Interior System, Materials and Codes Chapter 9, Stone and Concrete Masonry: <ul><li>Review Questions: </li></ul><ul...
ID 218 Interior System, Materials and Codes Chapter 9, Stone and Concrete Masonry: <ul><li>Review Questions: </li></ul><ul...
ID 218 Interior System, Materials and Codes Chapter 9, Stone and Concrete Masonry: <ul><li>Review Questions: </li></ul><ul...
ID 218 Interior System, Materials and Codes Chapter 9, Stone and Concrete Masonry: <ul><li>Review Questions: </li></ul><ul...
ID 218 Interior System, Materials and Codes Chapter 9, Stone and Concrete Masonry: <ul><li>Review Questions: </li></ul><ul...
ID 218 Interior System, Materials and Codes Chapter 9, Stone and Concrete Masonry: <ul><li>Review Questions: </li></ul><ul...
ID 218 Interior System, Materials and Codes Chapter 9, Stone and Concrete Masonry: <ul><li>Review Questions: </li></ul><ul...
ID 218 Interior System, Materials and Codes Chapter 9, Stone and Concrete Masonry: <ul><li>Chapter 9 Web Links    </li></u...
University of New Haven ID 218 Interior Systems, Materials and Codes by: Denis R. Ouimette AIA, OAQ, NCARB <ul><li>To do f...
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  1. 1. University of New Haven ID 218 Interior Systems, Materials and Codes by: Denis R. Ouimette AIA, OAQ, NCARB Lecture 009: Chapter 9, Stone and Concrete Masonry Review Chapter 8 Questions 1- 7 on page 301 Reading assignment: “ Fundamentals of Building Construction” Chapter 10: Masonry Loadbearing Wall Construction Question: 1 – 8 page 365
  2. 2. ID 218 Interior System, Materials and Codes Chapter 9, Stone and Concrete Masonry: <ul><li>In this chapter, you will learn: </li></ul><ul><li>Types of building stone and their properties </li></ul><ul><li>How stone is quarried and milled </li></ul><ul><li>Ways of building with stone </li></ul><ul><li>How concrete masonry is manufactured </li></ul><ul><li>Typical shapes and sizes of concrete masonry units </li></ul><ul><li>Decorative concrete masonry units </li></ul><ul><li>How to build concrete masonry walls </li></ul>
  3. 3. ID 218 Interior System, Materials and Codes Chapter 9, Stone and Concrete Masonry: <ul><li>9.1 Selecting Concrete Units </li></ul><ul><li>1. Specify hollow concrete masonry units and mortar for each of the following situations: </li></ul><ul><li>Block shapes are illustrated in Figures 9.21 and 9.22 of the text. Page 72 of the </li></ul><ul><li>Exercises workbook includes additional guidelines for selecting concrete masonry unit types helpful for this exercise; page 60 includes guidelines for selecting mortar Types. </li></ul>
  4. 4. ID 218 Interior System, Materials and Codes Chapter 9, Stone and Concrete Masonry: <ul><li>9.1 Selecting Concrete Units </li></ul><ul><li>CMU CMU </li></ul><ul><li>Thickness Weight Mortar </li></ul><ul><li>& Shape Type </li></ul><ul><li>a. Interior nonbearing partitions in a 15-story 4”stretcher lightweight O </li></ul><ul><li>building </li></ul><ul><li>A thin, relatively light-weight unit is best </li></ul><ul><li>suited to minimizing dead load on the </li></ul><ul><li>structure and maximizing usable floor area. </li></ul><ul><li>Low-strength Type O mortar is suitable for </li></ul><ul><li>interior, nonbearing assemblies. </li></ul><ul><li>b. Exterior bearing walls of a large warehouse in 8” stretcher medium weight S </li></ul><ul><li>Tampa, Florida. or normal weight </li></ul><ul><li>8-inch, medium weight units are the most </li></ul><ul><li>common and economical unit type. Normal </li></ul><ul><li>weight (heavier) units may be selected for </li></ul><ul><li>higher strength, higher durability, and lower </li></ul><ul><li>moisture absorption. Type S mortar is </li></ul><ul><li>suitable for typical reinforced or load-bearing </li></ul><ul><li>masonry assemblies. </li></ul><ul><li>c. Reinforced headers over window openings 8” channel medium weight S </li></ul><ul><li> in the warehouse above bond beam or normal weight </li></ul><ul><li>Channel bond beam units can be used to </li></ul><ul><li>create reinforced lintels for openings. See </li></ul><ul><li>Figure 9.30 in the text. </li></ul>
  5. 5. ID 218 Interior System, Materials and Codes Chapter 9, Stone and Concrete Masonry: <ul><li>9.1 Selecting Concrete Units </li></ul><ul><li>CMU CMU </li></ul><ul><li>Thickness Weight Mortar </li></ul><ul><li>& Shape Type </li></ul><ul><li>d. Heavily reinforced exterior loadbearing 8” or wider normal M </li></ul><ul><li>walls of 17-storybuilding in Cleveland stretcher weight </li></ul><ul><li>The higher compressive strength of normal </li></ul><ul><li>weight units and Type M mortar are likely to </li></ul><ul><li>be best suited to with standing the high </li></ul><ul><li>stresses associated with a tall, load-bearing </li></ul><ul><li>masonry structure. </li></ul><ul><li>e. Backup wythe of a vertically reinforced cavity 8” stretcher medium S </li></ul><ul><li>wall, working in constrained-height conditions A-block weight </li></ul><ul><li>8-inch, medium weight units are the most </li></ul><ul><li>common and economical unit type. Normal </li></ul><ul><li>weight (heavier) units may be selected for </li></ul><ul><li>higher strength, higher durability, and lower </li></ul><ul><li>moisture absorption. Type S mortar is </li></ul><ul><li>suitable for typical reinforced or load-bearing </li></ul><ul><li>masonry assemblies. </li></ul><ul><li>f. CMU face veneer for the cavity wall described 4” channel medium N or S </li></ul><ul><li> above strecher, weight </li></ul><ul><li>Some decorative face unit types are show in with </li></ul><ul><li>Figure 9.33 of the text. Lightweight units decorative </li></ul><ul><li>should be avoided, due to their higher face </li></ul><ul><li>moisture absorption. Type N mortar may be </li></ul><ul><li>preferable due to its higher bond strength and </li></ul><ul><li>therefore improved weather-resistance, </li></ul><ul><li>although in practice, Type mortar is also </li></ul><ul><li>commonly specified. </li></ul>
  6. 6. ID 218 Interior System, Materials and Codes Chapter 9, Stone and Concrete Masonry: <ul><li>9.1 Selecting Concrete Units </li></ul><ul><li>CMU CMU </li></ul><ul><li>Thickness Weight Mortar </li></ul><ul><li>& Shape Type </li></ul><ul><li>g. Basement wall for small single-family 8” medium S </li></ul><ul><li>residence, to be parged and dampproofed stretcher weight while normal weight units might be desirable </li></ul><ul><li>weight units are the likely choice, for reasons </li></ul><ul><li>of economy. Likewise, Type S mortar is a </li></ul><ul><li>more likely choice over Type M. Additional </li></ul><ul><li>moisture protection is provided by the </li></ul><ul><li>application of parging and dampproofing.. </li></ul>
  7. 7. ID 218 Interior System, Materials and Codes Chapter 9, Stone and Concrete Masonry: <ul><li>9.1 Selecting Concrete Units </li></ul><ul><li>2. The header unit shown in Figure 9.22 of the text (the block in the second row from the top, third from the left) is formed so that the tails of a header course in a modular brick facing wythe, together with surrounding mortar, will sit neatly in the notch in the block. Centered on the wall footing below, draw a section of a composite wall consisting of an 8&quot; (200 mm) concrete block backup and an exterior facing wythe of Common Bond modular brickwork, using header blocks as necessary. (There is no cavity between the wythes in this type of wall, only a collar joint of mortar.) Draw the thickness of the mortar joints accurately, and use a weathered joint. </li></ul>
  8. 8. ID 218 Interior System, Materials and Codes Chapter 9, Stone and Concrete Masonry: <ul><li>9.1 Selecting Concrete Units </li></ul><ul><li>2. The header unit shown in Figure 9.22 of the text </li></ul><ul><li>(the block in the second row from the top, third from </li></ul><ul><li>the left) is formed so that the tails of a header course </li></ul><ul><li>in a modular brick facing wythe, together with </li></ul><ul><li>surrounding mortar, will sit neatly in the notch in the </li></ul><ul><li>block. Centered on the wall footing below, draw a </li></ul><ul><li>section of a composite wall consisting of an 8&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>(200 mm) concrete block backup and an exterior </li></ul><ul><li>facing wythe of Common Bond modular brickwork, </li></ul><ul><li>using header blocks as necessary. (There is no cavity </li></ul><ul><li>between the wythes in this type of wall, only a collar </li></ul><ul><li>joint of mortar.) Draw the thickness of the mortar </li></ul><ul><li>joints accurately, and use a weathered joint. </li></ul>
  9. 9. ID 218 Interior System, Materials and Codes Chapter 9, Stone and Concrete Masonry: <ul><li>9.2 Stone Masonry </li></ul><ul><li>Many solutions are possible. </li></ul><ul><li>1. Design a ceremonial gateway or archway of cut limestone for a college campus. The opening should be about 12' (3660 mm) wide. Your design may be simple or elaborate; scan pages 304 through 320 of the text for ideas. Draw the principal elevation of the gateway on this page. Indicate all the joints in the stonework </li></ul>
  10. 10. ID 218 Interior System, Materials and Codes Chapter 9, Stone and Concrete Masonry: <ul><li>9.2 Stone Masonry </li></ul><ul><li>Many solutions are possible. </li></ul><ul><li>1. Design a ceremonial gateway or archway of cut limestone for a college campus. The opening should be about 12' (3660 mm) wide. Your design may be simple or elaborate; scan pages 304 through 320 of the text for ideas. Draw the principal elevation of the gateway on this page. Indicate all the joints in the stonework </li></ul>
  11. 11. ID 218 Interior System, Materials and Codes Chapter 9, Stone and Concrete Masonry: <ul><li>9.2 Stone Masonry </li></ul><ul><li>Many solutions are possible. </li></ul><ul><li>1. Design a ceremonial gateway or archway of cut limestone for a college campus. The opening should be about 12' (3660 mm) wide. Your design may be simple or elaborate; scan pages 304 through 320 of the text for ideas. Draw the principal elevation of the gateway on this page. Indicate all the joints in the stonework </li></ul>
  12. 12. ID 218 Interior System, Materials and Codes Chapter 9, Stone and Concrete Masonry: <ul><li>9.2 Stone Masonry </li></ul><ul><li>Many solutions are possible. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Based on close examination of Figures 9.13 and 9.14 of the text, draw a horizontal section and a vertical section showing how the masonry of your gateway design is assembled. Indicate the scale you have used. </li></ul>
  13. 13. ID 218 Interior System, Materials and Codes Chapter 9, Stone and Concrete Masonry: <ul><li>9.2 Stone Masonry </li></ul><ul><li>Many solutions are possible. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Based on close examination of Figures 9.13 and 9.14 of the text, draw a horizontal section and a vertical section showing how the masonry of your gateway design is assembled. Indicate the scale you have used. </li></ul>
  14. 14. ID 218 Interior System, Materials and Codes Chapter 9, Stone and Concrete Masonry: <ul><li>Review Questions: </li></ul><ul><li>1. What are the major type of stone used in construction? How do their properties differ? </li></ul>
  15. 15. ID 218 Interior System, Materials and Codes Chapter 9, Stone and Concrete Masonry: <ul><li>Review Questions: </li></ul><ul><li>1. What are the major type of stone used in construction? How do their properties differ? </li></ul><ul><li>The main classifications of building stone are igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic. Limestone is a soft, even-grained, sedimentary stone that cannot be polished. Marble is a metamorphic stone that was once limestone; it is somewhat harder, usually has pronounced vein patterns, and can be polished to a mirror sheen. Granite is a very hard igneous stone that can also be polished. </li></ul>
  16. 16. ID 218 Interior System, Materials and Codes Chapter 9, Stone and Concrete Masonry: <ul><li>Review Questions: </li></ul><ul><li>2. What sequence of operations would be used to produce rectangular slabs of polished marble from a large quarry block? </li></ul>
  17. 17. ID 218 Interior System, Materials and Codes Chapter 9, Stone and Concrete Masonry: <ul><li>Review Questions: </li></ul><ul><li>2. What sequence of operations would be used to produce rectangular slabs of polished marble from a large quarry block? </li></ul><ul><li>The quarry block is sliced into slabs using a gang saw. The faces of the slab are ground flat, then polished smooth in a grinding and polishing machine. Finally, the edges of the slab are squared by a circular saw. </li></ul>
  18. 18. ID 218 Interior System, Materials and Codes Chapter 9, Stone and Concrete Masonry: <ul><li>Review Questions: </li></ul><ul><li>3. In what ways is the laying of stone masonry different from the laying of bricks? </li></ul>
  19. 19. ID 218 Interior System, Materials and Codes Chapter 9, Stone and Concrete Masonry: <ul><li>Review Questions: </li></ul><ul><li>3. In what ways is the laying of stone masonry different from the laying of bricks? </li></ul><ul><li>Stone is laid differently than brick in that it is sometimes irregular and each piece must chosen and trimmed to fit; stones are often too heavy to lift by hand and must be lifted with lewises and hoists; mortar joints in fine stonework are raked out and later pointed with nonstaining mortar; and acids are not used to clean many types of stonework. </li></ul>
  20. 20. ID 218 Interior System, Materials and Codes Chapter 9, Stone and Concrete Masonry: <ul><li>Review Questions: </li></ul><ul><li>4. What are the advantages of concrete masonry units over other types of masonry units? </li></ul>
  21. 21. ID 218 Interior System, Materials and Codes Chapter 9, Stone and Concrete Masonry: <ul><li>Review Questions: </li></ul><ul><li>4. What are the advantages of concrete masonry units over other types of masonry units? </li></ul><ul><li>Concrete masonry units are the least expensive of any masonry units in North America, and they are very large, replacing twelve modular bricks, which results in faster wall construction. </li></ul>
  22. 22. ID 218 Interior System, Materials and Codes Chapter 9, Stone and Concrete Masonry: <ul><li>Review Questions: </li></ul><ul><li>5. How long is a wall that is made up of 22 concrete masonry units, each nominally 8x8x16 inches, joined with 3/8-inch mortar joints? </li></ul>
  23. 23. ID 218 Interior System, Materials and Codes Chapter 9, Stone and Concrete Masonry: <ul><li>Review Questions: </li></ul><ul><li>5. How long is a wall that is made up of 22 concrete masonry units, each nominally 8x8x16 inches, joined with 3/8-inch mortar joints? </li></ul><ul><li>29’-3 5/8” </li></ul>
  24. 24. ID 218 Interior System, Materials and Codes Chapter 9, Stone and Concrete Masonry: <ul><li>Review Questions: </li></ul><ul><li>6. How may horizontal and vertical steel reinforcement be introduced into a CMU wall? </li></ul>
  25. 25. ID 218 Interior System, Materials and Codes Chapter 9, Stone and Concrete Masonry: <ul><li>Review Questions: </li></ul><ul><li>6. How may horizontal and vertical steel reinforcement be introduced into a CMU wall? </li></ul><ul><li>Vertical reinforcing bars are inserted into the hollow cores of the CMUs and the cores are grouted solid. Horizontal reinforcing is usually in the form of heavy wire joint reinforcing assemblies that are laid into the bed joints of mortar. Bond beam blocks may be used to allow ordinary reinforcing bars to be placed horizontally as well as vertically. </li></ul>
  26. 26. ID 218 Interior System, Materials and Codes Chapter 9, Stone and Concrete Masonry: <ul><li>Chapter 9 Web Links   </li></ul><ul><li>www.marmomacc.com </li></ul><ul><li>Association of Italian Stone Machinery Manufacturers www.bybeestone.com </li></ul><ul><li>Bybee Stone Company </li></ul><ul><li>www.iliai.com </li></ul><ul><li>Indiana Limestone Institute of America </li></ul><ul><li>www.marble-institute.com </li></ul><ul><li>Marble Institute of America </li></ul><ul><li>www.ncma.org </li></ul><ul><li>National Concrete Masonry Association </li></ul><ul><li>www.cement.org </li></ul><ul><li>Portland Cement Association </li></ul>
  27. 27. University of New Haven ID 218 Interior Systems, Materials and Codes by: Denis R. Ouimette AIA, OAQ, NCARB <ul><li>To do for next class: </li></ul><ul><li>Reading assignment: </li></ul><ul><li>“ Fundamentals of Building Construction” </li></ul><ul><li>Chapter 10: Masonry Loadbearing Wall Construction </li></ul><ul><li>Question: 1 – 8 page 365 </li></ul>

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