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Ancient Greece Vocab

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Ancient greece vocab
Ancient greece vocab
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Ancient Greece Vocab

  1. 1. Ancient Greece Vocabulary Parthenon— symbol of Ancient Greece. It was a temple to Athena. Athenians believed that the Parthenon (the temple to Athena)provided protection for their city- state Acropolis– fortress located in the center of most city-states. A place that provided Greeks with protection, a place to worship and a place to socialize (gather).
  2. 2. Ancient Greece Vocabulary City-State--are political units made up of a city and all surrounding lands. Many city- states were geographically formed by rugged mountains and isolated valleys Athens– city-state located in eastern Greece. Famous for its focus on education, literature, government and art
  3. 3. Ancient Greece Vocabulary Sparta– rival city-state of Athens. Famous for its focus on its military Hellenistic –”Greek-like” Historians refer to blended cultures (cultures that have aspects of Greek influence) as Hellenistic.
  4. 4. Ancient Greece Vocabulary Golden Age— a period in a society’s history marked by great achievement. In Greece it was a time when Greek thinkers, artists and writers contributed many new ideas to the world. Pericles—most famous leader in all Athenian history. He encouraged Athenians by supporting education, art, literature and architecture
  5. 5. Ancient Greece Vocabulary Alexander the Great— a ruler who united all of Greece. Direct Democracy— A system of government in which the people participate directly in decision making.
  6. 6. Ancient Greece Vocabulary The following columns were created by the Greeks and are still used in architecture today. Doric Column--a Greek-style column with only a simple decoration around the top
  7. 7. Ancient Greece Vocabulary Ionic Column--a Greek-style column topped by a single scroll just below the top
  8. 8. Ancient Greece Vocabulary Corinthian Column-- a Greek-style column topped by bag of curlicues, scrolls and other lavish decoration.
  9. 9. Ancient Greece Vocabulary Mythology--is the body of stories and legends belonging to the ancient Greeks concerning their gods and heroes. These stories were about the nature of the world.
  10. 10. Ancient Greece Vocabulary Monotheism--belief in a single God Polytheism—belief in multiple (many) gods

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