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Business... at a glance January 2021

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Monthly summary of the status of the Spanish and international company.

Veröffentlicht in: Wirtschaft & Finanzen
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Business... at a glance January 2021

  1. 1. 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 Jan-19 Feb-19 Mar-19 Apr-19 May-19 Jun-19 Jul-19 Aug-19 Sep-19 Oct-19 Nov-19 Dec-19 Jan-20 Feb-20 Mar-20 Apr-20 May-20 Jun-20 Jul-20 Aug-20 Sep-20 Oct-20 Nov-20 Dec-20 Manufacturing PMI Services PMI -80 -60 -40 -20 0 20 40 Jan-19 Mar-19 May-19 Jul-19 Sep-19 Nov-19 Jan-20 Mar-20 May-20 Jul-20 Sep-20 Nov-20 Created companies Dissolved companies -2 -1 0 1 2 3 Feb-18 Apr-18 Jun-18 Aug-18 Oct-18 Dec-18 Feb-19 Apr-19 Jun-19 Aug-19 Oct-19 Dec-19 Feb-20 Apr-20 Jun-20 Aug-20 Oct-20 Dec-20 MercantileCompanies,Spain In November 2020, 7,339 businesses were incorporated, an increase of 0.1% year-on- year (compared to -7.9% in October). The capital subscribed increased 14.6% year- on-year to more than €367 million. For its part, the number of dissolved companies (2,062) grew 4% year-on-year (compared to -8.8% in October). By activity, most of the businesses formed were from the retail sector (23.4% of the total) and real estate, financial and insurance activities (15.7%). Among the businesses dissolved, 19.9% were from the industrial and energy sectors, and 19.7% were retail. By Autonomous Community, the most dynamicareasintermsofbusinesscreation were Cantabria (59.5% year-on-year) and Castilla La Mancha (19.5%). On the other hand, the worst figures in terms of increases forbusiness dissolutions were registered in Extremadura (33.3% year-on-year) and Madrid (18.8%). PMI,Spain In December 2020, the manufacturing PMI (Purchasing Managers’ Index) reached 51 points (compared to 49.8 points in November). This increase is due to the slight upturn in external demand, despite weakening internal demand and production, and a slight fall in new orders. For its part, the services PMI improved, rising to 48 points (compared to 39.5 points in November), but remained in a downswing (below 50 points). This is due to the impact on certain sectors of the new restrictions to control the spread of Covid-19 and the decrease in the number of new orders received. HICP,Spain In December 2020, the HICP (Harmonized Index of Consumer Prices) fell 0.6% year-on-year (0.8% in November), accumulating 9 months in negative terrain. The monthly upturn is a result of the increase in prices for electricity and heating oil, and fuel and lubricants for personal transport. Business… at a glance January 2021 HICP, Spain YoY change (%) v Source: Círculo de Empresarios based on IHS Markit, 2021. Manufacturing and services PMI, Spain Points Created and dissolved companies, Spain YoY change (%) Source: Círculo de Empresarios based on INE, 2021. Source: Círculo de Empresarios based on INE, 2021. Note: 50=threshold (values >50 indicate expansion).
  2. 2. ‘Economy at a glance’, a publication of the Círculo de Empresarios produced by its Department of the Economy, contains information and opinion from reliable sources. However, the Círculo de Empresarios does not guarantee its accuracy and does not take responsibility for any errors or omissions. This document is merely informative. As a result, the Círculo de Empresarios is not responsible for any uses that may be made of the publication. The opinions and estimates of the Department can be modified without prior warning. www.circulodeempresarios.org -2.1 -13.6 -29.8 -21.2 -12 -6.9 -6.5 -6.4 -3.4 -0.6 -30 -25 -20 -15 -10 -5 0 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 Feb-20 Mar-20 Apr-20 May-20 Jun-20 Jul-20 Aug-20 Sep-20 Oct-20 Nov-20 YoY change % (right axis) Index (left axis) 2.3 -2 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 1976 1978 1980 1982 1984 1986 1988 1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 2012 2014 2016 2018 2020 2020 Q1: -6.8% Q2: 3.2% Q3: 4.9% Q4: 6.5% Direct payments to individuals $1,400 additional per person Direct family assistance $2,000-$3,600 per family Increases to unemployment benefits $400 per week Small business financing $50 billion in total State and local government emergency funds $390 billion in total Vaccination plan $160 billion in total Educational assistance $195 billion in total Rent assistance $30 billion in total Industrial prod., Eurozone Between March and November 2020, industrial production in the Eurozone registered a year-on-year average decrease of 11.2%. The worst data corresponds to March, April and May (-13.6%, -29.8% and -21.2%, respectively). In November, there was a decrease of 0.6% with respect to the same month in the previous year. By type, capital and intermediate goods registered increases of 0.1% and 1.1% respectively. On the other hand, energy production fell 5%, followed by non-durable consumer goods (-2.5%) and consumer durables (-0.4%). By countries, the biggest increases were registered in Ireland (40.8%) and Greece (8.8%), while those with the biggest decreases were France (-4.9%) and Italy (-4.2%). GDP, China After year-on-year growth of 6.5% in Q4 2020, China ends the year with an annual growth rate of 2.3%. This is its lowest increase since 1976, although within a context of world economic contraction. By sectors, the primary sector grew 3% yearly, followed by industry (2.6%) and services (2.1%). For its part, retail sales fell 3.9% yearly in both rural areas (-3.2%) and urban districts (-4%), despite the 4.6% increase in Q4 2020. On the other hand, industrial production rose 2.8% last year primarily boosted by the manufacturing sector (+3.4% mostly technological goods, +7.1% and capital goods, +6.6%). Mining rose 0.5% and the energy sector by 2%. State-owned company production grew 2.2% and that of private companies by 3.7%. Rescue plan, US America’s president elect, Joe Biden, has announced a new two-step plan to reduce the impact of the pandemic and boost American economic recovery. The first step, the “rescue plan”, will build on the stimulus plan approved in 2020 ($2.2 trillion in March and $900 billion in December) and reach a total of $1.9 trillion. It contemplates more assistance for individuals, families and small businesses, and state and local governments, as well as more funds to finance the distribution of vaccinations and Covid-19 detection tests. The second step, the “recovery plan” will be centered on the implementation of more long-term measures, with investment in infrastructure, clean energy, health and education. Source: Círculo de Empresarios based on Eurostat, 2021. Source: Círculo de Empresarios based on IMF and Chinese Statistical Office, 2021. Evolution of GDP, China YoY change (%) Industrial production, Eurozone YoY change (%) and Index 2015=100 Source: Círculo de Empresarios based on Tax Foundation, 2021. A few of the rescue plan measures.