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International Phonetic Alphabet

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International Phonetic Alphabet

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  • I have taken the liberty of clipping one of your slides. Please visit my website if you wish as there are some articles related to your work that i am happy to share. Prof Stephen J Hall
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  • Thank you so much for sharing. Your ppt was really useful
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International Phonetic Alphabet

  1. 1. WHAT ARE THE THREE BODY PARTS WHEN WE SPEAK ANY LANGUAGE?
  2. 2. What do we use for language memory and speech coordination? What do we use to monitor pronunciation? What do we use to make sounds?
  3. 3. PHONEME It is the smallest unit of speech.
  4. 4. SYLLABLE it is the combination of one or more phonemes.
  5. 5. WORD It is the combination of one or more syllables.
  6. 6. DIVISION OF PHONEMES VOWELS are always VOICED CONSONANTS may be VOICED or VOICELESS
  7. 7. DIPHTHONG It is a combination of two or more vowels into one phoneme.
  8. 8. IPA and the SOUNDS OF ENGLISH
  9. 9. PHONETICS is the study of sounds. With PHONETIC TRANSCRIPTIONS , dictionaries tells you about the pronunciation of words. PHONETIC TRANSCRIPTIONS it is necessary , because the spelling of a word does not tell you how you should pronounce it.
  10. 10. INTERNATIONAL PHONETIC ALPHABET It is an alphabetic system of phonetic notation based primarily on the Latin alphabet. It is the standard representation of the sounds of oral language. It is used in dictionaries to indicate the pronunciation of words. it uses special symbol.
  11. 11. Now let us try to read and produce the sound of the following vowels and consonants
  12. 12. IPA VOWELS
  13. 13. IPA CONSONANTS
  14. 14. PLOSIVES It has no nasal airflow.  the air quickly builds up pressure behind the articulators and then releases in a burst.
  15. 15. NASALS are created when you completely block air flow through your mouth and let the air pass through your nose.
  16. 16. FRICATIVES air has to be forced through a narrow channel.  partial blockage of the vocal tract
  17. 17. SIBILANTS  sounded with a hissing effect
  18. 18. APPROXIMANTS are created when two articulators come close together but not quite close enough to create air turbulence.
  19. 19. AFFRICATES start as stops with air building up behind an articulator which then releases through a narrow channel as a fricative
  20. 20. LATERAL created when the tongue blocks the the middle of your mouth so that air has to pass around the sides.

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