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INTRODUCTION
The type of discipline you use can have a dramatic effect on your child’s
development. Your discipline strate...
AUTHORITARIAN PARENTING STYLE
CHARACTERISTICS OF
AUTHORITARIAN PARENT:
• Has high expectations of their children
• Has very strict rules that they expec...
• Very demanding, but not responsive.
• Don't express much warmth or
nurturing.
• Don't give children choices or
options.
THE EFFECTS OF AUTHORITARIAN
PARENTING
• Tend to associate obedience and
success with love.
• Some children display more
a...
CULTURAL DIFFERENCESThe United States
Widely-cited studies of American adolescents have reported that teens with authorita...
UNINVOLVED PARENTING or NEGLECTFUL
PARENTING
It is a style characterized by a lack of responsiveness
to a child's needs. U...
Characteristics of the Uninvolved Parenting Style
 Are emotionally distant from their children
 Offer little or no super...
The Effects of Uninvolved Parenting
 Are often emotionally withdrawn
 Tend to exhibit more delinquency during
adolescenc...
Understanding Uninvolved Parenting
 Researchers associate parenting styles with a range of child outcomes in areas such
a...
PERMISSIVE PARENTING or INDULGENT
PARENTING
Parents who exhibit this style make
relatively few demands upon their children...
Characteristics of the Permissive Parenting Style
 Have few rules or standards of
behavior
 When there are rules, they a...
The Effects of Permissive Parenting
 Lack self-discipline
 Sometimes have poor social
skills
 May be self-involved and
...
Understanding Permissive Parenting
 In a recent study, permissive parenting was linked to
underage alcohol use; teens wit...
Authoritative Parenting
Parent behavior
• Listen to their point of view
and take it into account.
• Try to balance the
res...
• “How can we make this work for both of us?
• “you know you should not have done that.
Let’s talk about how you an
handle...
Child Behavior
• Self – confident.
• Socially competent
children
• High self esteem
• Academically
successful.
• They are ...
• Authoritative Parents are warm but firm.
• They encourage their adolescent to be
independent while maintaining limits an...
• Parenting styles may also differ between
parents (e.g., one parent is permissive while
the other parent is authoritative...
Why Authoritative parenting works ?
• Act as a role models and exhibit the same
behaviors they except from their children
...
• Best way to handle misbehavior is by reasoning with the
child, especially explaining the consequences of the child’s
act...
ACTIVITY!!!!
AUTHORITATIVE
AUTHORITARIAN
PERMISSIVE
Parenting Styles and Disclipine
Parenting Styles and Disclipine
Parenting Styles and Disclipine
Parenting Styles and Disclipine
Parenting Styles and Disclipine
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Parenting Styles and Disclipine

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Introduction to parenting
Types

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Parenting Styles and Disclipine

  1. 1. INTRODUCTION The type of discipline you use can have a dramatic effect on your child’s development. Your discipline strategies can have a big impact on the type of relationship you have with your child. The various approaches to discipline can even influence a child’s mood and temperament into adulthood. Researchers have discovered four types of parenting styles. These different styles are dependent on what the parent feels the child needs from them. As a result, each parenting style uses a different approach to discipline. During the 1960s, developmental psychologist Diana Baumrind described three different parenting styles based on her researcher with preschool-age children: authoritarian, authoritative and permissive parenting. In later years, researchers added a fourth style known as uninvolved parenting.
  2. 2. AUTHORITARIAN PARENTING STYLE
  3. 3. CHARACTERISTICS OF AUTHORITARIAN PARENT: • Has high expectations of their children • Has very strict rules that they expect to be followed unconditionally • Are obedience- and status-oriented • Expect their orders to be obeyed without explanation or reasoning behind their rules • Often utilize punishment rather than discipline
  4. 4. • Very demanding, but not responsive. • Don't express much warmth or nurturing. • Don't give children choices or options.
  5. 5. THE EFFECTS OF AUTHORITARIAN PARENTING • Tend to associate obedience and success with love. • Some children display more aggressive behavior outside the home. • Others may act fearful or overly shy around others. • Often have lower self-esteem. • Have difficulty in social situations.
  6. 6. CULTURAL DIFFERENCESThe United States Widely-cited studies of American adolescents have reported that teens with authoritarian parents were the least likely to feel socially accepted by their peers. They were also rated as less self- reliant. (Lamborn et al 1991; Steinberg et al 1992; Steinberg et al 1994). China One study of 2nd graders in Beijing found that kids from authoritarian families were rated as less socially competent by their teachers. They were also more aggressive and less likely to be accepted by their peers. Other Chinese research has linked the punitive aspects of authoritarianism with poorer social functioning. (Zhou et al 2004). India One study found out the effect of parenting style of parents on the attachment styles of undergraduate students. Authoritative parent style has no significant relationship with any of secure, anxious and avoidant attachment style. Authoritarian parenting style has significant relationship with anxious attachment style. Permissive parenting style of father has significant relationship with avoidant attachment style. Permissive parenting style of mother has significant relationship with anxious attachment style. (Akhtar, Z., 2012)
  7. 7. UNINVOLVED PARENTING or NEGLECTFUL PARENTING It is a style characterized by a lack of responsiveness to a child's needs. Uninvolved parents make few to no demands of their children and they are often indifferent, dismissive or even completely neglectful. These parents have little emotional involvement with their kids. While they provide for basic needs like food and shelter, they are uninvolved in their children's lives. The degree of involvement may vary considerably. Some uninvolved parents may be relatively hands-off with their kids, but may still have some basic limits such as curfews. Others may be downright neglectful or even reject their children outright.
  8. 8. Characteristics of the Uninvolved Parenting Style  Are emotionally distant from their children  Offer little or no supervision  Show little warmth, love, and affection towards their children  Have few or no expectations or demands for behavior  Don't attend school events and parent-teacher conferences  May intentionally avoid their children  Are often too overwhelmed by their own problems to deal with their children
  9. 9. The Effects of Uninvolved Parenting  Are often emotionally withdrawn  Tend to exhibit more delinquency during adolescence  Feel fear, anxiety, or stress due to the lack of family support  Have an increased risk of substance abuse  Must learn to provide for themselves  Fear becoming dependent on other people
  10. 10. Understanding Uninvolved Parenting  Researchers associate parenting styles with a range of child outcomes in areas such as social skills and academic performance. The children of uninvolved parents generally perform poorly in nearly every area of life. These children tend to display deficits in cognition, attachment, emotional skills, and social skills.  Due to the lack of emotional responsiveness and love from their caretakers, children raised by uninvolved parents may have difficulty forming attachments later in life. The complete lack of boundaries in the home makes it difficult to learn appropriate behaviors and limits in school and other social situations, which is why children with uninvolved parents are more likely to misbehave.  Parents who exhibit an uninvolved parenting style were often themselves raised by uninvolved and dismissive parents. As adults, they may find themselves repeating the same patterns they were raised with. Other parents who display this style may simply be so caught up in their busy lives that they find it easier to take a hands-off approach to dealing with their children. In some cases, parents may be so wrapped up in their own problems (i.e., being overworked, coping with depression, struggling with substance abuse) that they actually fail to see how uninvolved they are with their children or are simply unable to provide the emotional support their children need.
  11. 11. PERMISSIVE PARENTING or INDULGENT PARENTING Parents who exhibit this style make relatively few demands upon their children. Because these parents have low expectations for self-control and maturity, they rarely discipline their children. According to developmental psychologist Diana Baumrind, permissive parents "are more responsive than they are demanding. They are nontraditional and lenient, do not require mature behavior, allow considerable self-regulation, and avoid confrontation."
  12. 12. Characteristics of the Permissive Parenting Style  Have few rules or standards of behavior  When there are rules, they are often very inconsistent  Are usually very nurturing and loving towards their kids  Often seem more like a friend, rather than a parent.  May use bribery such as toys, gifts and food as a means to get child to behave
  13. 13. The Effects of Permissive Parenting  Lack self-discipline  Sometimes have poor social skills  May be self-involved and demanding  May feel insecure due to the lack of boundaries and guidance
  14. 14. Understanding Permissive Parenting  In a recent study, permissive parenting was linked to underage alcohol use; teens with permissive parents were three times more likely to engage in heavy drinking.  Researchers also suggest that permissive parenting is linked to other risky behaviors such as drug use and other forms of misconduct. Because permissive parenting involves a lack of demands and expectations, children raised by parents with this style tend to grow up without a strong sense of self-discipline. They may be more unruly in school due to the lack of boundaries in the home, and may be less academically motivated than many of their peers.  Since these parents have few requirements for mature behavior, children may lack skills in social settings. While they may be good at interpersonal communication, they lack other important skills such as sharing.
  15. 15. Authoritative Parenting Parent behavior • Listen to their point of view and take it into account. • Try to balance the responsibility of the child to conform to the needs and demands of others with the rights of the child to be respected and have their own needs met • Allow their child freedom but have consistent rules and boundaries. • Warm and supportive.
  16. 16. • “How can we make this work for both of us? • “you know you should not have done that. Let’s talk about how you an handle the situation better next time”
  17. 17. Child Behavior • Self – confident. • Socially competent children • High self esteem • Academically successful. • They are less likely to report depression and anxiety, and less likely to engage in antisocial behavior and drug use. • Form and sustain relationships.
  18. 18. • Authoritative Parents are warm but firm. • They encourage their adolescent to be independent while maintaining limits and controls on their actions. • Authoritative parents do not invoke the “because I said” rule.
  19. 19. • Parenting styles may also differ between parents (e.g., one parent is permissive while the other parent is authoritative). In this situation, parents should discuss, in private, acceptable and unacceptable child behaviors and those areas where they can reach agreement.
  20. 20. Why Authoritative parenting works ? • Act as a role models and exhibit the same behaviors they except from their children which helps them to internalize these behavior. • Consistent rules and discipline allow children to know what to except.
  21. 21. • Best way to handle misbehavior is by reasoning with the child, especially explaining the consequences of the child’s actions for others. • Time out is effective. Ex. When the child has misbehaved, parent might take away TV viewing for a specified time. EXTREMELY DIFFICULT PARENTING
  22. 22. ACTIVITY!!!!
  23. 23. AUTHORITATIVE
  24. 24. AUTHORITARIAN
  25. 25. PERMISSIVE

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