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Tkt module 2. part 1. unit 18

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Identifying and selcting aims

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Tkt module 2. part 1. unit 18

  1. 1. I D E N T I F Y I N G A N D S E L E C T I N G A I M S P R O F E S S O R M A L L E R U N I V E R S I D A D S A N T O T O M Á S TKT Module 2. Part 1 Planning and preparing a lesson or sequence of lessons
  2. 2. Key concepts  Aims: What we want ls to learn. ( sequence of lessons or a whole course).  They (aims) focus on a function a grammar structure. Vocabulary (topic) Developing a lg. skill
  3. 3. Good to know  Aims not necessarily focus on a particular area of lg.,
  4. 4. To identify and select aims : 2 ?  What do my learners already know?  What do they need to know? Answers: help us to make sure they are the right ones for those learners at a particular time
  5. 5. Main , subsidiary and personal aims  Main aims: Describes + important thing we want to achieve (in a lesson or sequence of them).  Ex. To practise making polite requests in the context of making holiday arrangements. Exponent= Could you give me some information about hotels?
  6. 6. How things go from one stage to the other  Subsidiary Aims: Show lg. or skills learners must be able to use well. Grammar: to revise modal auxiliary verbs. Functional exponent: Could/Would you …? Vocabulary: To consolidate lexis for travel accomodation. Phonology: To focus on intonation. Speaking: To give controlled oral practice.
  7. 7.  Personal aims: What we would like to improve or focuson in our own teaching. The way we handle aids, materials, a particulat teaching technique, relationship with learners. To try different correction techniques, to remember to check instructions, to get learners to work with different partners,etc.
  8. 8. Remember  Identifying and selecting aims are the first steps in planning a lesson.  Then what ???  Choose Teaching aids: what to use to support our teaching and materials.  At the end, what? look back and check if we have achieved aims
  9. 9. Key concepts  Syllabus: The course programme/or coursebook will give us direction for planning our teaching.  Not confuse: aims and procedures  Aims describe what the learners will learn or what they will be able to do with the lg.  Procedures: What the T or Ls will do at each stage of the lesson.  Go to pages 87-88

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