Diese Präsentation wurde erfolgreich gemeldet.
Wir verwenden Ihre LinkedIn Profilangaben und Informationen zu Ihren Aktivitäten, um Anzeigen zu personalisieren und Ihnen relevantere Inhalte anzuzeigen. Sie können Ihre Anzeigeneinstellungen jederzeit ändern.

Drought contingency planning 140950106054

336 Aufrufe

Veröffentlicht am

drought

Veröffentlicht in: Umweltschutz
  • Als Erste(r) kommentieren

  • Gehören Sie zu den Ersten, denen das gefällt!

Drought contingency planning 140950106054

  1. 1. ITM UNIVERSE HYDROLOGY AND WATER RESOURCES ENGINEERING
  2. 2.  PREPARED BY, PATEL BRIJESH RAJANBHAI 140950106054 DROUGHT CONTINGENCY PLANNING
  3. 3.  THE RAINY PERIOD OVER GREATER PART OF THE COUNTRY IS RESTRICTED TO 3 TO 4 MONTHS DURATION.THUS ANY SMALL DEVIATION IN THE OCCURRENCE OF RAINFALL WILL ADVERSELY AFFECT THE NORMAL ACTIVITES IN THE BIOSPHERE. IN A VAST COUNTRY LIKE INDIA WITH ITS VARIED CLIMATE ONE OR OTHER PART OF THE COUNTRY EXPERIENCES DROUGHT ALMOST EVERY YEAR.  INTRODUCTION
  4. 4.  THE PROVISION OF CREDIT OR CASH/FOOD FOR WORK.  MAINTAINING THE WATER SUPPLY FOR ANIMALS AND HUMANS.  PROVISION OF EMERGEMCY GRAZING.  MAINTAINING CEREAL AVAILABILITY.  HUMAN AND LIVESTOCK HEALTH SERVICE PROVISION.  THE CONTINGENCY PLANS THEMSELVES ARE LIKELY TO CONSIST OF THE FOLLOWING ELEMENTS:
  5. 5.  SUPPORT FOR THE PRIVATE SECTOR.  FLEXIBLE TAXATION SYSTEMS THAT DO NOT TAX PASTORAL POPULATIONS DURING DROUGHT.  PROVIDING FODDER FOR DROUGHT AFFECTED STOCK.
  6. 6.  DROUGHT CONTINGENCY PLANNING MUST ALLOW FOR THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THREE KINDS OF MEASURES: 1. MITIGATION : TO MINMIZE THE IMPACT OF DROUGHT ON LIVELIHOODS. 2. RELIEF : FOR THE WELFARE OF THOSE MADE DESTITUTE BY DROUGHT. 3. REHABILITATION : OF PASTORAL PRODUCTION SYSTEMS IN THE AFTERMATH OF DROUGHT.
  7. 7.  AN OVERALL DROUGHT POLICY, SETTING OUT OF THE PLAN’S OBJECTIVES OF MINIMIZING THE IMPACT OF DROUGHT.  A SET OF PLANS FOR SPECIFIC MITIGATION, RELIEF AND REHABILITATION MEASURES.  DROUGHT CONTINGENCY PLANNING FOR DROUGHT PROTECTION, MITIGATION OR RELIEF INCLUDE:
  8. 8.  DAMS- MANY DAMS AND THEIR ASSOCIATED RESERVOIRS SUPPLY ADDITIONAL WATER IN TIMES OF DROUGHT.  CLOUD SEEDING-AN ARTIFICIAL TECHNIQUE TO INDUCE RAINFALL.  DESALINATION OF SEA WATER FOR IRRIGATION OR CONSUMPTION.  DROUGHT MONITORING- CONTINUOUS OBSERVATION OF RAINFALL LEVELS AND COMPARISONS WITH CURRENT USAGE LEVELS CAN HELP PREVENT MAN MADE DROUGHT.
  9. 9.  LAND USE – CAREFULLY PLANNED CROP ROTATION CAN HELP TO MINIMIZE EROSION AND ALLOW FARMERS TO PLANT LESS WATER DEPENDENT CROPS IN DRIER PERIODS.  OUTDOOR WATER- USE RESTRICTION – REGULATING THE USE OF SPRINKLERS, HOSES OR BUCKETS ON OUTDOOR PLANTS,FILLING POOLS, AND OTHER WATER- INTENSIVE HOME MAINTANACE TASKS.  RAINWATER HARVESTING – COLLECTION AND STORAGE OF RAINWATER FROM ROOFS OR OTHER SUITABLE CATCHMENTS.
  10. 10.  RECYCLED WATER- FORMER WASTEWATER (SEWAGE) THAT HAS BEEN TREATED AND PURIFIED FOR REUSE.  RELIEF WORKS – BUILDING CANALS OR REDIRECTING RIVERS AS MASSIVE ATTEMPTS AT IRRIGATION, CONSTRUCTION OF EARTHEN ROADS, RENOVATION OF VILLAGE PONDS, ETC. IN DROUGHT –PRONE AREAS.  A COMMITMENTS TO THE GENERAL PROMOTION OF DROUGHT RESILIENCE.
  11. 11.  DISEASE PREVENTION AND CONTROL : MUCH MAY BE DONE TO REDUCE THE IMPACTS OF DISEASE ON LIVESTOCK BOTH BEFORE AND DURING DROUGHT.  THESE PLANS HAVE YET TO BE FULLY TESTESTED AND IT WILL BE INTERESTING TO OBSERVE THE SPEED OF RESPONSE WHEN AN EMERGENCY OCCURS.
  12. 12.  GOVERNMENTAL:  POLICY ISSUES, NATIONAL, REGIONAL AND DISTRICT LEVEL.  RURAL DEVELOPMENT INFRASTRUCTURE.  INPUT SUPPLY , MARKETING AND FARM ADVISORY SERVICES.  DROUGHT CONTINGENCY PLANNING INCLUDES THE FOLLOWING MECHANISMS AND SECTORS :
  13. 13.  NON-GOVERNMENT :  NGO’S  RURAL INSTITUTIONS  PRIVATE SECTORS  PHILANTHROPIC ORGANIZATIONS.
  14. 14. THANKS

×