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Participatory governance guideline

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คู่มือหรือแนวทาง การบริหารราชการแบบมีส่วนร่วมของหน่วยงานภาครัฐในระดับกระทรวงที่เป็นระดับนโยบาย

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Participatory governance guideline

  1. 1. คูมือหรือแนวทางการบริหารราชการแบบมีสวนรวม ของหนวยงานภาครัฐในระดับกระทรวงที่เปนระดับนโยบาย ผูเขียน : สถาบันวิจัยและใหคําปรึกษาแหงมหาวิทยาลัยธรรมศาสตร (TU-RAC) ประกอบดวย 1. รองศาสตราจารย ดร.พัชรี สิโรรส 2. ดร.อรัญ โสตถิพันธุ 3. ผูชวยศาสตราจารย ดร.อรทัย กกผล 4. รองศาสตราจารย ดร.โสภารัตน จารุสมบัติ 5. นายเจษฎา ณ ระนอง 6. นายนที สารพัดวิทยา เลขที่มาตรฐานประจําหนังสือ : ISBN 978-974-342-337-6 พิมพครั้งที่ 1 : มิถุนายน 2551 โรงพิมพ : ปนเกลาการพิมพ 457/57 ถนนอรุณอัมรินทร เขตบางกอกนอย กรุงเทพมหานคร 10700 โทรศัพท 0-2433-9057 จํานวนหนา : 217 หนา จัดทําโดย : กลุมพัฒนาระบบสนับสนุนการมีสวนรวมในการพัฒนาระบบราชการ สํานักงานคณะกรรมการพัฒนาระบบราชการ (ก.พ.ร.) ถนนพิษณุโลก เขตดุสิต กรุงเทพฯ 10300 โทรศัพท 0-2356-9999 โทรสาร 0-2356-9910 สงวนลิขสิทธิ์ : เอกสารฉบับนี้เปนลิขสิทธิ์ของสํานักงาน ก.พ.ร. การพิมพซ้ําหรือ การนําขอมูลทั้งหมดสวนใด สวนหนึ่งของเอกสารนี้ไปเผยแพร ไมวาจะโดยวิธีการใดก็ตาม จะตองไดรับการยินยอมเปน ลายลักษณอักษรจากสํานักงาน ก.พ.ร.
  2. 2. คูมือหรือแนวทางการบริหารราชการแบบมีสวนรวมของหนวยงานภาครัฐในระดับกระทรวงที่เปนระดับนโยบาย 1
  3. 3. F F F F ˈ F : F F F (TU-RAC) F 1. F . 2. . F 3. F F F . F 4. F . F 5. 6. : ISBN 978-974-342-337-6 F 1 : 2551 F : ʽˉ F F 457/57 F F 10700 F 0-2433-9057 F : 217 F : F F F ( . . .) 10300 F 0-2356-9999 0-2356-9910 : ˈ . . . F F F F F F F F F ˈ F . . .
  4. 4. F F F F ˈ ˈ F ʽ F F F F F F F (Stakeholders) F F F F F F ˆ F F F F F ˈ F F ( . . 2551- 2555) F 2 F F F F F F ˁ F ʽ F F F F F F F F ˈ F ˈ F F F F F F F F F F 3 F F F F F ˈ F F F F
  5. 5. F F F F ˈ F F F F F F F . . . . . . ˈ F F F ˈ F F F F F F F ʽ F F F F F ʽ F F . . . 2551
  6. 6. F F F F ˈ F 1 1 F F F 9 2 F F F 19 3 F F (Participatory Governance in Public Issue Formulation) 55 4 F F F (Participatory Governance in Strategy Formulation) 63 5 F F F (Participatory Governance in Law and Rule Making) 71
  7. 7. F F F F ˈ F 6 F F (Participatory Governance in Resource Allocating Decision) 87 7 F F (Participatory Governance in Designing and Providing Public Services) 97 1 3 F F 111 2 F 129 3 F F 139
  8. 8. F F F F ˈ F 1 F F 26 2 F F F 3 38 3 F F F F F F 51 4 F 61
  9. 9. F F F F ˈ F 1 F F 5 35 2 F F F 42 3 F F F F F F F F F F F 49
  10. 10. F F F F ˈ 1 F F F ˈ F F F (Organizational Entity) F F ˈ F F F ʽ F F F F F F F (Stakeholders) F F F F F F ˆ F F F F F F F F F F F ˈ F F ( . . 2551-2555) F 2 F F F F F F ˁ F ʽ F F F F F ˂ F ˈ F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F
  11. 11. F F F F ˈ 2 F F F F F F F (PG-Participatory Governance) F F ˈ (management innovation) ˈ F F F F F F F F F F ˈ F F F F F F F F 3 F F F F F F F ˈ F F F F F ˈ F F F F F 4 1 F F F F F F F F F ˈ F F F F
  12. 12. F F F F ˈ 3 2 F F F F F F F F 3 F F F ˈ F F F F F F F ˈ F F F F F F F 4 F F F F F F F F F F 3 F F F F F F F F F F F 4 F F F F ˈ 7 1 F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F
  13. 13. F F F F ˈ 4 F F (driving forces) ˆ F F F 2 F F F F F F F F F F F F F ˆ F F F F F F F F F 3 F F F F F F F F F F F F ˆ F F F F 4 F F F F 3 F F F ˆ F F F F 5 F F F ˈ F F F F
  14. 14. F F F F ˈ 5 F ˆ F F F F 6 F F F F F F F F F F ˆ F ˈ F F F F ˆ F F F 7 F F F F F F F F F F ˈ F F ˆ F F F F 1 F F F F F F 3 F F F F F
  15. 15. F F F F ˈ 6 2 F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F 3 F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F ʽ F F F F F F F F F ˈ F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F ˈ F F
  16. 16. F F F F ˈ 7 F 7 F F 4 F F F F F F F F F F F ˈ F F F F F F F F F (OFI-Opportunity For Improvement) 3 - F F F F F F F (PMQA-Public Sector Management Quality Award) F F F ˈ F F F F F F F F F F
  17. 17. F F F F ˈ
  18. 18. F F F F ˈ 9 4 1 F F F 1. F F F F F F F F F F F F F F (performance-based accountability) F F F F F F (capacity-based accountability) F F F (continuous improvement) ˆ F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F . . 2546 F F 2 8 3 4 F F F ˆ F F F F F F F F F F ˆ F F
  19. 19. F F F F ˈ 10 F F F F F F F F F F F F ( . . .) F F F F F F . . 2546 F F F ʾ . . 2547 F F ˈ ʾ F F F F F F F F F F F ʾ . . 2533 F 170 ˈ 754 ʾ . . 2538 F F F F F ʾ . . 2538 F F ʾ . . 2546 ˈ F F F 860 F ʾ F F F F F F F F F F F ˆ F F F (1) ˈ F F (2) F F ˈ F ʽ F F F F F F F
  20. 20. F F F F ˈ 11 (3) F F F (2) F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F (4) F F F F F F F F F ˈ F F F F F F F F F F F F F ˈ F F F F F F F F F F F F . . 2546 2 8 3 4 F F F F F F F ˈ F ˈ F F F F F F F F F F F ˂ F F 4 F F F F F F F
  21. 21. F F F F ˈ 12 F F F F F ˈ F (sense of belonging) F ˈ F F F (sense of partnership) F F F ˆ F F F F ˈ F F F F F ˂ F F F F F F F F F ˈ F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F (1) ʽ F F F F F (citizen) F ˈ F F (2) F ˈ F F F F F F F (3) F F F F F F ʽ F F F F F ˈ F F F F F F F F F F F
  22. 22. F F F F ˈ 13 (1) F F F (meaningful decision) F F F F (2) F (public resources) F F F F (3) F F F F F F F (constructive engagement) F F F F ˆ F F F F F F F F (4) F F (partnership) ˈ F (facilitator) F F F F F F F F F F F F (5) F F F (better public service delivery) F F ˈ F F F (6) F F F F ˈ (trust-based relationship) ˈ F F F F F F F F F F F ʽ F
  23. 23. F F F F ˈ 14 2. F F F F F F F F F F ˆ F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F ˆ F F F F F 1 F F F (2545, .12-14) F F F F ʾ . . 2523-2526 F ˈ F F F ʾ . . 2527- 2533 ʾ . . 2540 F F F F 6,903 F F 70,000 ˈ F F F 55,805 F ( F 2545, .11) F F F ˆ F F F F F F F F F ˈ F
  24. 24. F F F F ˈ 15 F F F F F ˈ F F ˈ ˂ F (1) F F F F F F F ˆ F F F F F F F F F F F F F 27 ʾ F F F ˆ F F F F F - . . 2551 ˈ F F F F F F ˆ F F F F ˈ F F F F F (2) F F F F F F ˈ F (3) F F F F F ˈ F F ˁ F F F F ˂ F F F F F F - F
  25. 25. F F F F ˈ 16 ˂ ˁ F F ˈ F 1 F F F F F F F F F F ˈ ˆ F F ˈ F F F F F F F ˈ F F F F 2 ˂ F F ˈ F (less government) F F F F F F F ˈ F F ˈ F ʾ . . 2540 . . 2550 ʽ F F F F F F F 2 F F F F F F F F F F F F F 1 , , 25 . . 2547 ʾ 27 9603. 2 F, , 9 . . 2551, . 6,
  26. 26. F F F F ˈ 17 F F F F F F F F F ʽ F F F F F 3 F F F ˆ . . 2548 F F F F F F F F F F F ˆ F F F F F 8 ˆ F F F ˆ F 15 F ˆ ˆ F F F F F F F F F F ˈ F F F F F ˂ F F F F F 4 F . . 2534 F ( 7) . . 2550 F F F F F F
  27. 27. F F F F ˈ 18 ˈ F F F F ˈ F F F F ʾ . .2540 F ʾ . .2550 ˈ F F F F F F F F 4 F F F F F ˈ ˈ F ʽ F F F F F F ˂ F F F F F F F F F ˆ F F F F 5 ˈ F F F 5 F F F F F F F F
  28. 28. F F F F ˈ 19 4 2 F F F F F F F F ˁ F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F ˈ F F F F F F F F F ˂ 2 F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F ˈ ˆ F F F F F ˈ ˁ ˁ ˁ F F F F F F F F F
  29. 29. F F F F ˈ 20 F F F F 1 F F F F ˈ F 1. F F F F F F F F F ˈ F F F F F F ˈ F F F F F F F F F 3 F (organizational level) F F F F F F F F F F F ˈ F (institutional level) F F F F F F F F F ˈ F F F F ˈ F F ˈ F
  30. 30. F F F F ˈ 21 (individual level) F F F ʿ F F F F F F F F F F F F F F ˈ F 3 F F ˈ F ˈ F F F 2. F F F F ˈ F F F F F F F 5 F F 1 F F (Participatory Governance in Public Issue Formulation) 2 F F F (Participatory Governance in Strategy Formulation) 3 F F F (Participatory Governance in Law and Rule Making)
  31. 31. F F F F ˈ 22 4 F F (Participatory Governance in Resource Allocating Decision) 5 F F (Participatory Governance in Designing and Providing Public Services) F F F 5 F F F F F F F F ( 1) ˆ F F F (Strategic plan) 4 ʾ ( 2) F F ˈ F F F ( 3) F F F F F F ˈ F F ( 4) ˈ F F F F F ( 5) F F 5 ˈ F F F F F
  32. 32. F F F F ˈ 23 F F 5 ˈ F F F F F F F F F ˈ F F F F ( F) ( F ) F F F F F 3. F F F F F F F F F F ˂ F F F F F F F F F ˈ F F F F F ˈ F ˈ F F F F F (1) F F ˈ F F ˈ F F F F ˈ F
  33. 33. F F F F ˈ 24 F F ˈ F F F ˈ F F ˈ F (2) F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F ˈ F (3) F F F F F F F F F F F F F F ˈ F F F F F F ʿ F F F F F ˂ F F F ˈ F (4) F F ˈ F F F F F F F F F F ˈ F F ˈ F F F F F F F F F ˈ F F F F ˈ F F F ˈ F
  34. 34. F F F F ˈ 25 F F ˈ F 4 F F F F F F F F F F F F ˈ F F F ˈ F F F F ˈ F F F F (1) F F F ˈ F F F F F F F F F ˈ F F F F F F F F F F F F F ˈ F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F
  35. 35. F F F F ˈ 26 F F 2 F F F F F F F 1 F F 1 F (1) F F (2) F (3) 1. F F F F 2. F F F 3. F F F F F 1 F F F F F F F F F F F
  36. 36. F F F F ˈ 27 F F F (1) F F (2) F (3) 4. F ʾ F F 5. F F F F F 6. F F F F F 7. ˆ F F F 8. (OFI-Opportunity for Improvement) ʾ F 3 F F F F F F
  37. 37. F F F F ˈ 28 F F F (1) F F (2) F (3) 9. F F ˈ F F F F F F F F F F ʾ 10. F F F F F 24 100 X F 30 80 % 1 F F F F F F 0-35% F F F F F 36-70% F F F F 71-100% F F
  38. 38. F F F F ˈ 29 F F F F F 3 F F ( 1) F F F F F F F F F F F F ˈ F F F (1) F F F F F F F F ˈ F F . . 2534 F ( 7) . . 2550 F F ˁ F (2) F F ˁ F F F F (3) F F ˁ F F F F F F F
  39. 39. F F F F ˈ 30 F F F (1) ʿ F F F F F F F (2) F F F F F F F (3) F F 3 - F F F F F F F F ʽ F F F F F F F F F (consultation) (4) F F F F F F F ˈ F F ˈ F F F F F (2) F F F F F F F F F F F ˈ F
  40. 40. F F F F ˈ 31 F (Participatory Governance Public Policy Embedment) F ˈ 2 (1) F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F ˈ F F F F F F F F F F F F ˈ F F F / F F F F F F F F
  41. 41. F F F F ˈ 32 F F F F F F ˈ F F (2) F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F ˈ F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F ˈ F ˂
  42. 42. F F F F ˈ 33 F F F ˈ F F F F F F F F F F F F ʾ F F F ˈ F F ˈ F ˈ F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F ˈ F F F F
  43. 43. F F F F ˈ 34 (3) F F F F F F F F ˈ F F F ˂ F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F ˈ 5 F F F F F F F (Public Participation Spectrum)2 F ˈ 5 1 2 F F (Public Participation Spectrum) International Association for Public Participation
  44. 44. F F F F ˈ 35 1 F F 5 1 F F F F F ʽ F F F F F F F F (inform) (empower) F ʽ F F F F F F F F F F ʽ Stakeholders F FF F F Stakeholders F F F F F F
  45. 45. F F F F ˈ 36 ˈ F F F F F ˈ F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F ʽ F F F (time consuming) ˈ F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F ˈ F (1) F F F F F (inform) ˂ F F F F F F F ˆ F F F F F F F F F F F F F F ˈ F (2) F F (consult) ˂ F F F ˆ F F F F F F F F F F F F F F ˆ F (3) F F F (involve) ˂ F F F F F F
  46. 46. F F F F ˈ 37 F F F F F F F F F F F F F (4) F F F F (collaborate) ˂ F ˈ F F F ˆ F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F ˈ F F F F (5) F F (empower) ˂ F F ˈ F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F ˈ 3 F 2
  47. 47. F F F F ˈ 38 F F 1 (Type 1) ˆ (Technical Problems) 2 (Type 2) ˆ F (Value Problems) 3 (Type 3) ˆ F (Wicked or Intractable Problems) ˈ F F F ˆ (Agreement on the definition of the problem) ˈ F ˈ F ˈ F F F F ˆ ˈ F (Agreement on possible solutions) F F F F F F 2 F F F 3 3 3 F F ˆ 3 (three types of problems) Peter S. Adler: Leadership, Mediation, and the Naming, Framing, and Taming of Type-II and Type-III Problem, The Creative Problem Solver s Handbook for Negotiators and Mediator, Vol 1, edited by John W. Cooley, American Bar Association, 2004. F 183-193.
  48. 48. F F F F ˈ 39 F F 1 (Type 1) ˈ ˆ F F F F ˆ F F ˆ ˁ F ˈ F F F ˆ F F F F F F F ˆ F F F F F F F F F ˆ F F ˈ ˆ F F F F F F F F 2 (Type 2) ˈ ˆ F F ˆ F F F ˆ F F F F F F 2 F F F F F F F ˈ F ˆ F F F F F F F F F F ˈ F F F F F F F F F F F ˈ F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F
  49. 49. F F F F ˈ 40 F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F ˈ F F F F F ˈ F F F 2 F F ˆ F F F F F ˆ F F F F F F F F 1 F F ˆ F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F ˆ F F F F F F F F F F F F F F 3 (Type 3) F F 3 F ˈ ˆ F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F ˁ F F F ˆ F ˆ F F F F 3 ˈ F F (hot public issue) F F
  50. 50. F F F F ˈ 41 ˆ F F F ˁ F F F ˈ F F F ˁ ˁ ˈ F F F F F F F ˁ F F F ˁ F F 3 F F F F F F F F F F F (deliberative dialogue) F F F F F F 3 F F F F ˈ F F F F F F F ˈ F F 2
  51. 51. F F F F ˈ 42 2 F F F F F F F 5 F F F F F F F F F ˈ F F F F F ˈ F F F F F F F ˂ F F E85 ˈ F F    (consult)    (empower)       (inform)     (collaborate)     (involve)        (type III)   (type II)  (type I)
  52. 52. F F F F ˈ 43 F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F E85 F F F F F F F F F F F F F ˂ F ˈ F F F F F ˆ F F F F F F F F F E85 F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F E85 F F F F ˈ F 2 ˈ (guideline) F F F F 3 F F F F F F F ˈ F F F F F F F 3 F F F F F F
  53. 53. F F F F ˈ 44 F F F ˆ ˈ F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F ˈ ˆ F F F F F F F F F F F (stakeholder analysis) (4) F F F F F F (stakeholder analysis) F F F F F ˈ F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F ˈ F
  54. 54. F F F F ˈ 45 F F F F F ˈ F F F F F F F F ˈ 3 F (1) F F F F (primary stakeholders) F F F F F F F ˈ F F F ˈ F F F F F F F F F F F (2) F F F F (secondary stakeholders) F F F F F F F F F F F F F F ˈ F F F ˈ F F F F ˈ F F ˈ F F F F F ˈ F F ˈ F F F F F F F F F F F F F ˈ F ˈ F F NGOs ˈ F ˈ F F ˈ F F F F F F ˈ ˈ F ˈ F
  55. 55. F F F F ˈ 46 (3) F F F F (key stakeholders) F F F F (Importance) (Influence) F F F F F ˆ F F F F F F F F F F F F 7 F (1) F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F ˈ F F F (2) F F F F F F F F F F F F F F (3) F ˈ F (sequence) F F F F F (4) F F F F F F F F F F F F ˈ F F F F F F F F F F F F F
  56. 56. F F F F ˈ 47 (5) F F F ˈ F F F F F F F F (6) ʽ F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F ˈ (7) F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F ˈ F F F F F ˆ F ˈ F F F F ˈ F F F F F F F F F F 4 (1) F F F F (2) F ˈ F ˈ F F F F F F F (3) F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F ˈ F F ˈ F F F F F F F ˈ F
  57. 57. F F F F ˈ 48 F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F ˈ F F F F ˈ F F F F ˈ F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F ˈ F F F F F F F F F F F F F (4) F F F F F F F F F F F 4 F F F F F F F 3 F F F F F F ˈ F F
  58. 58. F F F F ˈ 49 3 F F F F F F F F F F F F F 3 F F F F F F F F F F (1) ˈ F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F
  59. 59. F F F F ˈ 50 (2) F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F (3) F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F ˂ F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F (1) F F F F F 3
  60. 60. F F F F ˈ 51 3 F F F F F F F F
  61. 61. F F F F ˈ 52 2 F ˈ F F F F 3 F F F F F 4S Starting early F F F F F F F F F F 3 (type 3) F F F F F F F F ˆ F F ˆ F F F F F F F F F F F F Stakeholders F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F Suitability F F F F F F F F F F F Sincerity F F F F F F F F F F F F F ˂ (feed back) F F F F F F F F F F F F
  62. 62. F F F F ˈ 53 (2) F F F (1) F ADD F Assess F ˆ F Design F Decide F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F (3) F F F F F F F F F F F F ˂ F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F ˈ F 3 ADD F (2) F F 5 F F F F F 3-7 F
  63. 63. F F F F ˈ
  64. 64. F F F F ˈ 55 3 F F (Participatory Governance in Public Issue Formulation) 1. (Public issue) ˆ F F ˈ F ˈ F F F F F F F F F F F 3 F 1 ˈ ˆ F F F F 2 ˆ F ˈ F ˈ F F 3 ˈ F F F F (scope of issues) (measures) (impacts) F F F
  65. 65. F F F F ˈ 56 F ˈ F F F F F F F F F F F ˆ F ˆ F ˆ ˂ F ˈ F F F F F F F F F F F ˈ F F F F F ˈ F F (hot issues) F F ˆ F F F F F F F (warm issues) F F ˈ F F ˈ F F ˈ F F F F F (cold issues) F F F ˈ F F ˈ ˆ F F F F F F F F F ˈ F F F F ˈ ˈ F F F F ˈ F
  66. 66. F F F F ˈ 57 F F F ˆ F ˈ F F ˈ F F F ˈ F F ˈ F F F F F F ˈ F F F ˆ F ˈ F F F F F F ˈ F F F F ˈ ˆ F F ˆ F F F ˆ ˆ F ˈ F F F ˈ F F F F F F ˈ F F F F ˆ F F F ˈ F F F F F F F F F ˈ F F ʾ F F F F F ʾ . . 2547 ˈ F F F F F
  67. 67. F F F F ˈ 58 F F F F F F F F F F F . . 2551 F F . . 2551 F F F F F ˈ F F F F F ˈ F F F F F F F F F F F F F F ˆ ˈ F F 2. F F F F ˆ F (input) F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F
  68. 68. F F F F ˈ 59 F F F F F (1) F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F ˈ 2 F F 1 F F F F F F F F F F F 2 F F F F (2) F F F F F 3 F 3 F F F F F F F F F F F F F F 3 1 F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F ˆ F F F F F F F F ˈ F 2 F F F F F F F F ˂
  69. 69. F F F F ˈ 60 3 F F F F F F F F F ˈ F ˈ F F ˈ ˈ F (3) F F F F F ˂ F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F (4) ˈ F F ʽ F F F F F F F F ˈ (deliberative dialogues) F F F F F F F F F F F ˁ F F ˁ F 3. ˆ F F F F F F F F F F F F F ˆ F F F F F
  70. 70. F F F F ˈ 61 (1) F F F F F F F F 4 (Debate) (Dialogue) 1. F F ( ) 2. F : F F 3. 4. ˆ F F F F 5. ˂ 6. ˁ 7. ˂ 8. F F F ˁ 9. 1. F F 2. F F : F F 3. F 4. ˆ F 5. 6. ˁ 7. 8. F ˁ 9. F ˈ F F 4 F
  71. 71. F F F F ˈ 62 F F F F F F F F F F F F (2) F F (inclusiveness) F F F ˁ F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F (3) F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F ˈ F F F F F F F ˈ F F F F F F F F F F F F F ˈ F F F F
  72. 72. F F F F ˈ 63 4 F F F (Participatory Governance in Strategy Formulation) 1. F F ˆ F ˂ F F ˈ F ˆ F F F (BSC-Balanced Scorecard)1 F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F ˈ F F F F 4 F F ʾ F F F (value creation) F F (satisfaction) F F (trust) F F F F F F 1 ʽ . (2546), Key Performance Indicators: KPIs. (The Balanced Scorecard).
  73. 73. F F F F ˈ 64 F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F (strategic readiness) F F (human competency and capital) F F F (information capital) F F ˈ F (organizational capital) F F F ˈ ˆ ˈ F F F F F ʽ F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F 3 1 F F F F F ˆ F F F F F ˆ F F F ˈ ʽ F F F F F F F
  74. 74. F F F F ˈ 65 2 F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F ˈ F F ˆ F F ˆ F 3 F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F 2. F F F F F F F F F F F
  75. 75. F F F F ˈ 66 (1) F F F F F F (fundamental mission) F F (key output) F F F F F (2) F F F F ˈ F F ˆ F F F F F F F F F F (3) F F F F F F F F F F ˈ F F F F F (4) ˈ F F F F F F F ˈ F ˈ (key result area) F F F ˈ F F (5) ˂ F (goal) F F F F F ( F F F F F F F ) ˂ F
  76. 76. F F F F ˈ 67 ˈ F F (6) F F F ˂ F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F ˂ F (7) F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F ˈ F F F ˂ F F F F F F F F F F (functional structure) F F F F F F F F F F F F F (8) F F F F F F F ˆ F F F F
  77. 77. F F F F ˈ 68 ˆ ˈ F F ˈ F F F F F F F 3. ˆ F F F F F F F F F ˆ F F F F F F (1) F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F ˈ ʽ F F F F F F F F F F (2) F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F ˆ F
  78. 78. F F F F ˈ 69 (3) F F F F F F F F F F F F F ˈ F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F
  79. 79. F F F F ˈ
  80. 80. F F F F ˈ 71 5 F F F (Participatory Governance in Law and Rule Making) F F F F F F F ʽ F F F F ˁ F ˈ F ˈ ˁ ˈ F ˈ F F F ˈ F ˁ 1 F F F F F ˁ F ˈ F F ˈ F F F ˈ ˁ F F 1 . . 2550 F F F F 1) 2) F 3) F 4) F F F F 10,000
  81. 81. F F F F ˈ 72 F F F F ˈ ˈ F F ʽ F F F F F 1. F F F F F F ʽ F F F F F F F F F F F F ˈ F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F ˁ ˁ ˁ F F F F ˁ ( )
  82. 82. F F F F ˈ 73 F F F F F F F F ʽ F F F F F F F F F F F F F ˁ F F ˈ F F F F F F F F F F ʽ F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F ʽ F F F F F F
  83. 83. F F F F ˈ 74 F F F F F F F F F F F F ˈ F F F F F F F F F ˈ F F ˈ F F F F F F F F . . 2550 ˈ F ˈ F F F F F ˈ F ˈ F F F ˆ F F F ˈ F F ˈ F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F ˆ F F
  84. 84. F F F F ˈ 75 1 F F F F F F F F ˁ F ˆ F F ˈ F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F 2 F F ˁ F F F F F F F F F F F F ˈ F F F F F F F F F F F 3 F F F F F ˆ F F F F F ˈ F
  85. 85. F F F F ˈ 76 F F 2 4 F F F F F F ˆ F F F ˆ F F F ˆ 3 F F ˆ F4 F F ˆ F F ˆ F F F F F 2 F ˆ F F F F ˁ ˆ F F F F F F , 2551 F 2-8. 3 F F F F F 8 F F F F . . 2546 F F F F F F ˆ F F F F F F F ; F ˈ 23 2547 ʽ F F F F F F F F F F F F F F 4 ˆ F F F F F F ˆ . . 2548.
  86. 86. F F F F ˈ 77 F ˆ F F F F F F F ʽ F F F F F F F F F 1 F F F F ˈ F F F F F ˆ F F F F F ˆ 2 F F F F F F F ˈ ˂ F F F ˂ F F ˈ F F F ˁ ˁ 3 F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F ʽ F F F ˈ ˈ 4 ʽ F F F F ˈ F ˈ F (sense of ownership) F F F ˈ F F
  87. 87. F F F F ˈ 78 2. F F F F F F F F F F F 1 F ˈ F ʾ F F F F F F F F F F ˈ F F ˈ F F F F F F F F F F (1) F F F F F (2) F ˈ F F F F F F (3) F F F ˆ F F F ˁ F F F F F F F F 3 F F F F F F F F
  88. 88. F F F F ˈ 79 2 ʽ F F F F F F F F F (1) F F F : F F 2 1 F F F F 2 F ˈ F F F F (2) ʽ F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F 2 F F 1 ˆ F ˈ F F F F F F F F F ˆ F F 2 F F F F F F ˆ F F ˈ F ʽ F F F F F F ˈ ʽ F F ˈ ʽ F ˈ F F F F F
  89. 89. F F F F ˈ 80 (3) F F F F F F F : F F F F ʽ F F F F F F F F F F F F ˈ F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F 3 F F F F F ˆ F ˈ F F F F F F F ˈ F ˆ F F F F F F F F ˈ F F F ʽ F F F F F ( F ) F ˈ F5 5 F F F F ˈ F F F F F ˆ F F F F F F , F F ,
  90. 90. F F F F ˈ 81 3. F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F 1 (1) F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F ˈ F F F F F F F F F F F ˈ F F F F ˈ F (2) F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F ˈ
  91. 91. F F F F ˈ 82 F F F F F F F F F ʽ F F F F F ˈ F F F F ˈ F F F 2 F F F F F F (1) F F F F F F F ˈ F ˈ F (scoping) (framing) F F ˈ F (2) F F F F F F F F F (3) F ˈ F F F F F F F F ˈ F F F F F F F
  92. 92. F F F F ˈ 83 3 F F F F F F F F ˆ F F F F F (1) F F F F F F (2) F F F F (3) F F F ˈ F F (4) F F F F F F F F F (5) ˆ F F F 4 F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F ˆ F F F F F
  93. 93. F F F F ˈ 84 5 F F (1) F F F F F F F F F F F ˆ ˈ F (2) F F F F F F F F F F F F (3) F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F ˈ F 4. ˆ F F F F F F F F F F ˆ F ˆ 1 F F F F F F F F F F F F F F ˈ F F F F
  94. 94. F F F F ˈ 85 (1) F ˈ F ʽ F F F F F F (2) F F F F ʽ F F F F (3) F ʿ F ˁ F F F F ˆ 2 F F F F F F F F F ˆ F F F F F F F F F F F F F F ʽ F F F F F F F F ˆ 3 F F F F F F F F F F F F F F ˂ F F F F F F F F F F F F ˈ F F F F
  95. 95. F F F F ˈ 86 F F F F ˆ 4 F F F F ˈ ˈ F F F F F F F ˈ F ˈ F F F ˈ F F F F F F F F F F ˈ F F F F F F F F F ˈ F F F F F F F F F F F (1) F F ˁ F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F (2) F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F
  96. 96. F F F F ˈ 87 6 F F (Participatory Governance in Resource Allocating Decision) F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F ʽ F F F F F F F F F F ˈ ˆ F F ( F ˈ F ) F F F F F F F ˈ F ˈ F ˈ F F F F F F F F
  97. 97. F F F F ˈ 88 ˈ F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F ˈ F F F ˈ ˈ ʽ F F F F ˆ F F F 1. F F F F ʽ F F F F F F F F F F F ˈ F F F F F F F F F F F F F F
  98. 98. F F F F ˈ 89 F F F F ˂ F ˂ F ˈ F ʽ F F F F F F F F F 4 ʾ F ʾ F ˆ F 4 ʾ F (1) F F F F 4 ʾ ʾ F F F F F (2) F (1) F F F F F F F F ʾ . . 2550 F F F F F F F F F ˆ F F F
  99. 99. F F F F ˈ 90 F ˂ F F F F F F F F F (3) F ˂ F F ˂ F F F F F F F F F F F ˆ F F ˈ F F F F ˈ F F ˈ F F F F ˈ F F F F F (4) F ʾ F F F ʾ . . 2550 F F F F F F ˂ F F F F F F F ˆ 4 F F F F ʽ F F F F F F F F F F ˆ F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F
  100. 100. F F F F ˈ 91 F F ˆ F F F F F F 2. F F F F F F F F F F F F ˂ F F ˈ F ʽ F F F F F F F F ˈ F F F F F F F F F F F F F F ˈ F F F F F F F F F ˈ F F ˈ F F ˂ ˈ F F F F F F F ˈ F F F F F F F F
  101. 101. F F F F ˈ 92 F F ˈ F F ˈ F F F F F F F F F F F F F ˈ F F F F F F ˂ F F ˈ F F ʽ F F ˂ F ˂ F F F F F F F F F F F F ˈ F F F F F F F ʽ F F ˂ ˆ F F F F F F F F F ˂ F F F F F F F F F
  102. 102. F F F F ˈ 93 F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F ˈ F F F F 3. ˆ F F F F F F F ˈ F F F F F ˆ F 3 F F 1 F F F F ˈ F F F F F F F ˆ F F ˈ F F F F F F ˆ F F F F F F ˈ F F F
  103. 103. F F F F ˈ 94 F F F F F ˈ ˂ ˆ F F F F F 2 ʽ F F F F F F F ˂ F ˈ F F F F F F F F F F F F ˆ F ˂ F F F ˈ F ʿ F F F F F F F ˈ F F 3 F F F F F F F F F ˂ F F F F F F F F F ˀˊ F F F ˆˉ F
  104. 104. F F F F ˈ 95 F F ˈ F F F F F F F F F F F ˂ F F F F
  105. 105. F F F F ˈ
  106. 106. F F F F ˈ 97 7 F F (Participatory Governance in Designing and Providing Public Services) F F F F F ʽ F F F F F F F F F (Public services) F F F F ˈ F F F F F F F F F ˈ F ˈ F F F ˈ F ˈ F F F F F F F F F ˈ F F F F F F F F F ˈ ʽ F F F F F F F ʽ F F F F
  107. 107. F F F F ˈ 98 F F F F F F ʽ F F ˂ F F F F F F F F F F ˈ F F F F ˈ F 1. F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F (SDU-Service Delivery Unit) F F ʽ F F F F F F F F F F F ˈ F F F F F F F F
  108. 108. F F F F ˈ 99 F F F F F ˈ F F ˈ F F F ˆ F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F ˈ F F ˈ F F F F F F F F F F ˆ F ˈ ʽ F F F F F F (1) ˆ F F F F F F ˈ F F ˆ F ˈ F ʽ F
  109. 109. F F F F ˈ 100 F F F F F F F F F F F F F F (2) F F F F F F F F F (3) ˈ F F F F F F (4) ʽ F F F F ˈ F F F F 2. F F F F F F F F F F F F (1) F F F F F F ˈ F
  110. 110. F F F F ˈ 101 F F F F F F (2) F F F F F F F F F F F F F F ( .) ˈ F F F F F F (contracting out) F F F F ˈ F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F ˁ ˈ F (3) F F F F F F F
  111. 111. F F F F ˈ 102 F F F F F F F F F F F (1) F F ʽ F F F F F F F (2) F F F F F F F F F F ˈ F (3) F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F ˈ F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F ˈ F F F F F F F F
  112. 112. F F F F ˈ 103 F F F F F ˈ F F F F F F F F F F ˈ ˆ F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F ˈ F F F F F (1) F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F (2) F F F F F F (3) F F F F (4) F F ˈ F F F
  113. 113. F F F F ˈ 104 (5) F F F F F F F F F F F (6) F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F ʿ F F F F F F F ˈ F (7) F F F F F F F F F ˈ F
  114. 114. F F F F ˈ 105 F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F ˈ F F ʽ F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F (1) F F F F F F (2) F F F F (3) F F F F F F F F F F F F ( ) F ʽ F F F F F F F F F F (4) F F F (5) F F F F ˈ F F F
  115. 115. F F F F ˈ 106 3. F F F F F F F F F F (1) F F F F ˁ (inclusiveness) F F F F F ˁ F F F F F F F F F F F (2) F F F F F F F ˈ F F (supporter and facilitator) F F ˈ F ˈ F F F F F ˈ F F F F F F (3) F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F ˈ F F F F F F F F ˈ F
  116. 116. F F F F ˈ 107 (4) F F F F F F ˈ F F F F F
  117. 117. F F F F ˈ
  118. 118. F F F F ˈ 109
  119. 119. F F F F ˈ
  120. 120. F F F F ˈ 111 1 3 F F
  121. 121. F F F F ˈ
  122. 122. F F F F ˈ 113 1 F F F F ˈ F F F F F F ˈ F F F F F F (1) F F ˈ ˈ F F (urgency) F ˈ F F ˈ ˈ F ˈ ˈ F F F F F F ˈ F (2) F F F F F F F F F ˈ ˈ F ˈ ˈ (3) F F ˈ (Public issues) F F F
  123. 123. F F F F ˈ 114 F F F F F ˈ F F F F F F F F F F F F ʽ F F ˈ ˂ F F F F F ʽ F F F F F ˆ F F F F (1) F F (2) F F F F ˈ (facilitating techniques and system thinking) (3) F F 5 (4) F F F F ˈ F F F ʽ F F F F F F F F F F ˈ F F (input) F F F ʽ F F F F F
  124. 124. F F F F ˈ 115 F F F F F F F F F F ˈ F F F ˈ ˈ F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F ˈ F ˈ F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F ʿ ʿ F ʽ F F F F F F F
  125. 125. F F F F ˈ 116 F F F F F F World Café F F F F IAP2 F F F ˈ 5 F F F F F F F F ˈ F F ˆ F F ˆ F F F ˈ F F F F F F ˆ F F F F ˈ ˆ F ˈ F F ˈ 4 F F F 5 F
  126. 126. F F F F ˈ 117 F F 1) F F F F F F / power point 2) F F F F F F F F / power point 3) F ˆ F F F F F F F (Card technique) F F F F F F F F 4) ˆ F F F F F F F 5) ˆ F ˆ F F F F F ˆ ˈ F F F F F F F F F
  127. 127. F F F F ˈ 118 ˆ F F F ʽ F F F F F F F F F F F F F F ˈ F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F ˈ F F F F F F F F F F F F F ˈ F F F F (roadmap) F F F F F F (1) F F F F F
  128. 128. F F F F ˈ 119 F F F (2) F F F F F ˈ F F ˈ F F F F F F ˈ F F F F F (1) F F F F F ˈ F F ˆ F F F ˈ F F F F F F F F F F ˈ F (2) F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F
  129. 129. F F F F ˈ 120 2 F F F F F F F F ˈ F ( ) F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F ˆ F ˈ F F F F F F F F . F F F F ˈ F F F F F F F F (1) ( F ) F F F F (2) ( F ) F F F F : F
  130. 130. F F F F ˈ 121 F F (1) F ˈ F F F ( F ) F F . F F F F F F F F F (2) F F F F F F F F F (2) ʿ ˈ F (2) F F F F F F F ˈ F . F F F F F F ˈ ʿ F F F F F F F F F ˈ F ˂ ˈ F F
  131. 131. F F F F ˈ 122 (1) F F F F F (2) F F F F ˈ F F F F F F F F F F F F F F (3) F F ./ . F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F ˈ F (4) F F F F F F F F F F F F F ˈ F F F F F F F 3 F ˈ F F F F F F ˈ F F F F F F F 100 F ˈ F F F F F ˈ
  132. 132. F F F F ˈ 123 F 17.00-18.00 . ˈ F F F F 1 F F F F F F F F F (partners) F . . F ˈ F . F . F F F . F F F (cost-sharing) F F F F . 10,000 F F F F F F F F (MOU) F ˈ F F F F F F (1) F F ˁ F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F
  133. 133. F F F F ˈ 124 F ˈ F F F F F F F ˈ F F F F F F ˆ F (1) F F F F . . . F F ˈ F F F F (2) . . . F F F F F F F F F F F ˈ F F F F 2 ˈ F F F ˈ F (3) F ˈ F F F F F ˆ F F F F F
  134. 134. F F F F ˈ 125 3 F F F F F F F F F ˈ F F F ˈ F F F F F F F F F F F 8 F F F F F F F F F F F F F F ˂ F F F 8 F F F ( F ) ˈ ˈ F F F F F F F F F F F F F ˂ F . F ˈ F F F
  135. 135. F F F F ˈ 126 F F F ˈ F F F F F F F F F ʽ F F F F F F F F F F . F F F ʽ F F F F F F F F F F F ˈ F F F F F ˈ F F F F F F F F F F F ˈ F ʽ F ˈ F F F F F F F F F F F F ˈ F
  136. 136. F F F F ˈ 127 (1) 8 8 (2) F F F F F F F F F F (3) ʽ F F F F F ʽ F F F F F F F F F F (4) F F F F F (5) ʽ F F F F F F (6) F F F F F (7) F F F F F F F F F F ˈ F F F F ʽ F F F F F
  137. 137. F F F F ˈ 128 F ˈ F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F ˈ F F F F F F F F F F F ˈ F F F F ˈ F
  138. 138. F F F F ˈ 129 2 F
  139. 139. F F F F ˈ
  140. 140. F F F F ˈ 131 1 F F ˈ F F F F F F F ˆ F ˈ F F ˆ F F F F F F ˆ F F F F F F F ˂ ˆ F F F F F F F ˆ F F 3 ʾ F ʾ . . 2543-2545 F F F F F F F ˈ F F
  141. 141. F F F F ˈ 132 F F F ˂ F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F ˆ F F F ʾ . . 2542 F F F F F F ( .) F ( .) ˈ F F F F 3 ʾ ( . . 2543-2545) F F . ˈ F F F F ˈ F F F F F F ˆ F ˈ ˆ F F
  142. 142. F F F F ˈ 133 F F F F F F F F F ˈ F F F . F F F F F F F F 3 ʾ F F . F F F F ˈ F F F . ʾ . . 2543 F F F F F F F F F F F F ˈ F F ʾ . . 2542-2543 ʾ ( . . 2544) . F F F F F F F ˈ F ʾ . . 2545 ˈ ʾ F F F . F F F F F
  143. 143. F F F F ˈ 134 F F ˈ ˆ F F F F F . . . ( ˆ ) F F F F F ˈ ˆ F F F F F F F F F ʾ . . 2546-2548 . F F F ʾ ʾ . . 2546 ˈ ʾ . F F F 6 F F F F ʾ . . 2547 . F F ʾ . . 2548 F F F ˈ ˈ F F F ˈ F F F F F ʾ . . 2545 F F 4.7 F F . . . ( ˆ ) F F F ˈ F F
  144. 144. F F F F ˈ 135 F ˆ F F F (30 ) F F F F F F ʾ . . 2547 F F 50 F F 150,000 F F F F F F F ʾ . . 2550 F ( .) F F F F
  145. 145. F F F F ˈ 136 2 F F F F F . . ... ˈ ʾ . . 2546 F F F ( F ˆ F) F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F - F ˈ F F F F F F F F F F F F F F ˈ F F F F F F F F F F F F ˈ 2 F F 1. 2. F F F
  146. 146. F F F F ˈ 137 F F (1) F F F F F ˈ F (2) F F F F F F F F F F . . 2546 F F ˈ F F F 68 (3) F F F F F F F F F F F F (4) F F (1) F F F F F F F (2) F F F F 9 (3) F F F F F F 1 F F F F F
  147. 147. F F F F ˈ 138 F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F (1) F F F ˆ F F F F F ˈ F F . .... (2) F ˆ F F F ˆ 14 F F F 3,000 (3) F ˆ F F 14 ( 13 F 1 ) F ˆ F F (4) F F F F ˆ F F ( F F )
  148. 148. F F F F ˈ 139 3 F F
  149. 149. F F F F ˈ
  150. 150. F F F F ˈ 141 F F 1 F F ˈ F ˈ F F F F F F ʽ F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F ˈ F ˁ F F F (1) F F F F F (2) F F F F F (3) F (4) F F ˈ F F F ˈ F F F F F F ˈ ˈ F F F 1 F, F F F , F F, 2546.
  151. 151. F F F F ˈ 142 F F (1) F F F F (2) ˈ F F ˈ F F (3) F F F F F F (4) F F F ˈ F F F ˂ F F F (1) F F F F (2) F F ˆ (3) F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F (1) F F F (2) F F F
  152. 152. F F F F ˈ 143 (3) F F F F F F F ˆ F F (4) F F (5) F F F (6) F F F F (Fact Sheet) F (1) F F F F F F F F F F (2) F F F F F F F F F ˈ (1) ˈ F F ˈ ˈ F F F F (2) ˈ F ˈ F F F (3) F F F
  153. 153. F F F F ˈ 144 (1) F (2) F F F F F F (3) F ˆ F F (4) F F F F (5) F F F (6) F F (7) F F F F (8) F F (9) F F F ˂ F (1) F F F F ˂ F (2) F ˈ F F F ˈ (3) F F F F F F F F (1) F F F F F (2) F F F ˈ F F F F F F
  154. 154. F F F F ˈ 145 (3) ˈ F F F F F F F F F F F F ˈ F (4) F ˈ F F (Newsletter) F (1) F F F F F F F (2) F F F F (3) F F F F F (4) F F F F F (5) ʽ F F F F F (1) F F ˈ F F (2) ˈ F F
  155. 155. F F F F ˈ 146 (3) F F ˈ F F ʽ F F F F F (1) F F F F F ˈ F F (2) F F F F F F F ˈ F F F (3) F F F F F (4) F F F F F F (5) F F F F F F F F F F F F F F ˈ F F (6) F F F F F F F (7) F F F F F F F ˈ F F
  156. 156. F F F F ˈ 147 (8) F F F F F F (9) F F ˂ (10) F F F F F F F (11) F F F F F F F F F (1) F F F F (2) F ˈ F F F F (3) F F F F F F F F F F (1) F F F F F (2) F F F ˈ F F F F F F (3) ˈ F F F F F F F F F F F F ˈ F (4) F F F F F F F ˆ
  157. 157. F F F F ˈ 148 (Report Study) F (1) F F F (2) ˈ F (1) ˈ F F (2) ˈ F F F (3) (1) F F F ˁ F F F F F F F F (2) F (3) (4) ( ) (5) F ( F F ) (6) F (7) F F F F F F
  158. 158. F F F F ˈ 149 F (1) ˈ F F F F (2) ˈ F (3) F ˈ F ˈ F F (1) F ˈ F F F F F (2) F F F ˈ F F (3) ˈ ˈ F F F F F F F (1) F (2) F F (3) F F (1) ˈ F F (2) F F ( F 15 )
  159. 159. F F F F ˈ 150 (3) F F F F F F F F F ˈ F (4) ˈ F (1) F F F F ˁ F F F F F F F F (2) F F (3) F (4) F F F (5) (6) F (7) F F F F (8) F (9) F (1) F F (2) (3) F F F (4) F F F F F
  160. 160. F F F F ˈ 151 (5) F F F (copy) (6) F F (1) F (2) F F F F F (3) F F (4) F F F F (5) F F F F (6) F ˂ F F F F F (News Repositories) F F F F (News Repositories) ˈ F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F ˈ F F F F F F F F F F
  161. 161. F F F F ˈ 152 F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F (1) F F F F F F ˈ F (2) F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F (3) F F F F F F F F F F F F F F (4) F F F F F F F ˈ F F F F F F F F F F F F F
  162. 162. F F F F ˈ 153 F F F F F ˈ F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F ˆ F F F F F F ˈ F F F F F F F F F F F F F F (New Release) F (1) F F F F F F F F F F F (2) F F F F F F F F F ˆ ˂ F
  163. 163. F F F F ˈ 154 (1) F ˈ F F F ˂ F F (2) F ˈ F F F F (3) F F (1) F F F F F F (2) F F F F F F F F (3) F F F F F F ˈ F F F F F (4) F F F F F F (5) F F F F F ˈ F F ˈ F F F
  164. 164. F F F F ˈ 155 (6) F F F F F F ˈ F F F F (7) F F F F F ˈ F F F (8) F F F F F F F F F (9) F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F (1) F F F F F F (2) F F F F F F (3) F F F F F F F F (4) F F F ˈ F F F F F F F F
  165. 165. F F F F ˈ 156 F (1) F F ˈ F (2) F F F ˈ F F F F ˈ F ˈ F (3) F F F F F F F F ˈ F F F F F F F F F F ˈ F F F F (Briefing) F (1) F F F F (2) F F F F F F ˈ F F F F F (1) ˈ F F ˈ F F F F F (2) ˈ F F F F F F F F F F F F F F
  166. 166. F F F F ˈ 157 (3) F F ʽ F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F (4) ˈ F ˈ F F F F F (5) F F F F F F F F F F (6) F ˈ F F F ˈ F F F (7) F F ˈ F F F F (1) ˂ F F F F ˂ F F F (2) (3) F F F F F F F
  167. 167. F F F F ˈ 158 (4) F F F F F F F F F F ˆ F F F ʽ F F F F F F (5) ˈ F F F (6) F F F F F F F F F (1) ˈ F F F F F F ʽ F F F F F F (2) ˈ F F F F F F F (3) ˈ F F F F F ˈ F F F F F F F
  168. 168. F F F F ˈ 159 F F (1) F F F F F F F F F F F (2) F F F F F F F F F F (1) F ˈ ˈ F F F F ˆ (2) F F F F F F F (3) F ˈ F F F F F ˈ F F F F F F ˈ F (4) F F F F F F F F
  169. 169. F F F F ˈ 160 (1) F F F F F F F (2) F F F F F F ˈ F F F ˂ (3) F ˈ F F F ˂ (4) F F ˂ F F F F F F F ˂ F F F ˂ (5) F F F F F F ʽ F F ˆ F F ˈ F F (1) F F ˆ F F (2) ˈ F ˆ F F (3) F F F (4) F ˆ ˆ F F
  170. 170. F F F F ˈ 161 (5) F F F F F F F (6) F F F F F F (1) F F F F F F F (2) F F F ˈ F F ˂ ˈ (3) F F F ˆ F ˈ F F F (4) ˆ F F F F F F (5) F F F ˈ F F F F (6) ˈ F F F ˆ F F (1) F F F F F F F F F F
  171. 171. F F F F ˈ 162 (2) F F F F F F F F F F (1) ˈ F F F F F F F F F F F F F F (2) ˈ ʽ F F F F F F F (1) F F F F F F F F F F F ˁ (2) F F ˈ F F F (3) ˈ F F ˈ F F F (4) F F F F F F F F F F F F
  172. 172. F F F F ˈ 163 (5) F F F F F F (6) F F F F F F F F F F F (7) F F F F (8) F ˈ F F F F ʽ F F F (9) F F (1) F F F (2) F F F (3) F F F (4) F F (5) F F F F F (1) F ʽ F F F F F (2) F F F F F F F F
  173. 173. F F F F ˈ 164 F (Village news announcement) F (1) F F F F F (2) F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F (3) F F F F F F F F F (1) ˈ F F F F F F F F (2) ˈ F F F F F F F F F F F ˈ (3) F F ˈ F F F F F F ˈ (1) F F F F
  174. 174. F F F F ˈ 165 (2) F F F F F (3) ˂ F F F F F F F F (4) F F F F F F F ˈ F F F (5) F ˈ F F F F (1) F F F ˈ F F F F F F F F F F F (2) ˈ F F F F F F F F F (1) F F F F F F F F F F F F F F
  175. 175. F F F F ˈ 166 (2) F F F F F F F F F F F ˈ F F F F F F F F F F F F F F / (Facility Tour / Site Visit) F ˈ F F F F F F F F ˈ F ˈ ˈ F F F ˈ F F ˆ F F F ˈ F F F F ˈ F F F F F ˂ F F F F F
  176. 176. F F F F ˈ 167 (1) F F F F F F F F F F F F (2) F F F F F ˈ F F F F F F (1) F F F F (2) F F F F F F F F ˈ F (3) F F F F F F ˈ F F F ˂ F ˁ F (4) F ʾ F F F F F F / F F ˈ F F F (5) F F F F F F F
  177. 177. F F F F ˈ 168 (6) F F F F F F F F ˈ F F F F (7) F F F F F F F (1) F F F F (2) F F F F F F ˆ F (3) F ˈ F F F F F (4) F F ʽ F F F F F F ˆ F F F ˈ F F F F F (1) F (2) F F (3) F
  178. 178. F F F F ˈ 169 F (1) F F F F F F (2) F F F F F (3) F F F F F F ˈ F F (4) F F F F F F (5) F F F F F F F (1) F F F (2) F F ˂ (3) F F F (4) F F F F ˆ (5) F F F F
  179. 179. F F F F ˈ 170 (Presentation) F ˈ F F F F F F ˆ F F F ˈ F F F F F F ˆ F F F F F F F F (1) F F F F F F F F F ˆ F F F F F F ˆ F F (2) F ˆ F F F ˈ F (3) F F F (4) F F F F ˆ (5) F F F (6) F F F F ˆ F F F ˈ F
  180. 180. F F F F ˈ 171 (7) F F F F ˆ F (8) F F F ˈ F F F F F F F ˈ F (9) ˈ F ˆ F F F F F F F F ˆ F F (10) F F F F ˈ F (1) F F F F F F F ˆ F F F F F F (2) F ˈ F F F F F F ˆ F F F (3) F F F ˈ F ˆ (4) F F F F F F
  181. 181. F F F F ˈ 172 (5) ˈ F ˆ F F F (6) F ʽ F F ˆ ˆ (1) F F F F F ˆ F F F F F ˈ F (2) ˈ F F F F F F F F F F (1) F F F ˆ F F F F (2) F F F F F (3) F / F F ˆ (4) F F F F ˈ F F F (1) F ˆ F F F F (2) F F F (3) F ˆ F ˈ (4) F F ʿ F F ˈ F F F F
  182. 182. F F F F ˈ 173 F F F ˈ F F F F F F F F F F F F ˈ F F F F F F F F ˈ ˆ F F F ˈ F ˂ F F ˆ F ˈ ˆ ˆ F F ˈ F F F ˈ ʽ F F F F F F ˈ ˈ F (information level) F F (relationship level) F F ˈ F F F F F (1) F F F F F F F F F F F
  183. 183. F F F F ˈ 174 (2) F F F F F F F F F F F F F ˈ 3 F F F F F F F ( F F ) F F ˂ F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F ˈ F F ˁ F F ˁ ˁ F F F ˂ F F ˈ F F F F F F F F F ˈ ˈ F F F F F F F F F F F F F ˈ F F ˈ F F F F F ˈ F F F F F
  184. 184. F F F F ˈ 175 F F F ˈ F F F F F ˈ F F F F F F F F F F F F F ˂ F F F F F F F ˁ F F F F F ˈ F F ˈ F F F F F F F F F F F F ˈ F F F F (Community Interview) F F F F ˈ F ˈ F F
  185. 185. F F F F ˈ 176 F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F ʿ F F F F F F F F F F ˆ F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F (1) F ˈ F F F F F ˈ F F F (2) F F ˈ F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F ˈ F ʽ
  186. 186. F F F F ˈ 177 (1) F F F ˈ ˈ F F F F F ˈ ˈ F (2) F F F F F F ˈ F F F F F F F F ˈ F F (3) F F F F F F F F F (4) F F F ˈ F F F F F F F F F F F F F (5) F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F (6) F ? ? ? F ? ? F F F F F F F F
  187. 187. F F F F ˈ 178 (7) F F F F F F F F F (1) F F F F F F F - F (2) F F F F F F F F F F F (3) F ˈ F F F F F F F F F (4) F F F F F F F F F F F F F (1) F F F F F F F F F F (2) F F F F F ˈ F ʿ F F F F F F F F ˈ (3) F F F F F F F F F
  188. 188. F F F F ˈ 179 F F (Focus Group) F (1) F F F ˈ F F F F F F F (2) F F F F F (3) F F F F F F ˈ F F F F F ˈ F F ˈ F F F F (1) F F F F F (2) F ( F F F / F ) F ˆ F (3) F 6-12 ˈ F F F F
  189. 189. F F F F ˈ 180 (4) ˂ F F F ˁ F F (5) F F ˈ F F F F F F (6) F F F F F (7) F ˈ (8) F F F F F F (9) F F (1) ˈ F F F F F F (2) ˆ F F ˈ F F F (3) F F F F F F (4) F (5) F F F F ʽ F F F
  190. 190. F F F F ˈ 181 F (1) F F ˆ F F F ˈ F F F F F (2) F F F F F F F F (3) F F F ʽ F ˈ F F F F F ˈ F (4) F F F F F F F F F F ˈ F (5) F F F F F (6) F F F ˈ F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F (Interactive Website) F (1) F ˈ ˆ F F F F F F F
  191. 191. F F F F ˈ 182 (2) F F F ˈ F F F F (1) F F ˈ ˆ F F F F F F (2) F F F F F F F F F F (Hard Copy) F F F (Soft Copy or Electronic Document) F (Database System) F F F (3) F F F F F ˈ F F F F F F (4) F F F F F F F F F Internet Server F F F F F
  192. 192. F F F F ˈ 183 (Internet Service Provider) F Internet Server F F F F F F F ˈ F F F F F F F F F ˈ F F F F F F F ˆ F F F F F F ˆ F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F
  193. 193. F F F F ˈ 184 F F F F F ˈ F Internet Server F F F ˈ F F F F F F ˈ F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F ˈ F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F
  194. 194. F F F F ˈ 185 (Surveys and Telephone Polls) F (1) ˈ F F (feedback) (2) F F F F (3) F F F F F (4) F F F F F F F F F F (5) F F F F (6) F F F (7) F F F (8) F ˆ (1) ˈ F ( F F) F F F ( F F) (2) ˈ F F F F F
  195. 195. F F F F ˈ 186 (3) F ˂ F F ˈ F ˈ F F F F F (4) F F F F F F F F (5) F F F (6) F F F F F F F ʿ (7) ˈ F F (1) ˂ F F F F F F F F F (2) F F F ˈ F F F F ˈ F F F F F F F F (3) ˈ F ˈ ʽ (multiple choice) F F F F F F ʽ F F F F F F F F F (4) ˈ F F F F F F F F F F F
  196. 196. F F F F ˈ 187 (5) / F F F F F F (6) F ˂ ˈ F F F F F F F F F F ˈ F F ˈ F F F F F (1) F F F F F F F F F (2) F F F F F (3) F F F (4) F F F F F F F F F (5) ˈ F F F F F F F (6) F F F F F F F F F F F (7) F F F F F F F F F F (8) F F ˈ F F F F F
  197. 197. F F F F ˈ 188 F (1) F F F F F ˈ F / F F (2) F F F F (3) F F F F F F F (4) F F F F F F F F (5) F F (6) ˈ F F F F F F F F F (7) F F F F F F F F F F F F F (Hot line) F (1) F ˈ F F F ˆ F F F F F F F (2) F F F F / F F F F F (3) F F F F F F F F
  198. 198. F F F F ˈ 189 (1) ˈ F ˆ / F F F F F F (2) ˈ F F F F F F F (3) ˈ F ( F F ) F F ˆ F (4) F F F F F (5) F ˈ F F F (1) F F F F 1 ˂ F F F F F • F F F F F F F F • F F F F F F F F F F - F • F F F 1
  199. 199. F F F F ˈ 190 (2) F F F F F F F F F F (3) F F ˈ : F F F F (4) F F / F F F F F F F (1) F F F F F F F F F F (2) F F F F F (3) F F F F F (4) F F F F F F F ʽ (5) F F (6) F F F F F F F F (1) F F F F (2) F F F (3) F F ˈ F (4) F F F F F
  200. 200. F F F F ˈ 191 ˆ F ˈ ( F) F (1) ʽ F F F F F F (2) F / F F ˆ F ˈ F F (1) ˈ F F F F F F F F F F ˈ F F (2) ˈ F F F (3) ˈ F ˈ F F F F F F F F F ˆ ˆ (4) ˈ ˆ F F (5) ˆ F F F F F F F F F F F
  201. 201. F F F F ˈ 192 (1) F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F (Fact Sheets) F F F (2) F F F ˆ F ˈ F F • F F F F (Stakeholders) • F • F F (3) F F F F F F F F ˈ ˈ (4) ˆ F F F F F F 15 30 F F F F F F (5) F F F F ˈ F F F ˈ F (6) F F F ˈ ˈ F F F F F ˈ F F F F
  202. 202. F F F F ˈ 193 (7) F F ˈ F ˆ (8) ˆ F F F ˆ F F ˈ F (9) F F F F F F F (1) F F F F F F F F (2) ʽ F F F ˈ F F F ˈ ˈ F (3) F F F (1) ˆ ˈ F F F F F F F F F F F
  203. 203. F F F F ˈ 194 (2) ˈ F F F F F F (3) ˈ F F ˈ F F F F ˆ (Public meeting/ forum) F (1) F F F F F F F F F F (2) ʽ F F F F F F F F ˈ F F F F F F (3) F F F F F F F F F F
  204. 204. F F F F ˈ 195 (1) F F F F ˈ F F F F ˈ ʽ F F (2) ˈ F F F F F ˈ ˆ F F (1) F F F (2) F F F F ˁ F F (3) F F F F ˈ (4) F F 2 4 F F F F ˂ F F F F F (5) F F F F ˈ F ʽ F F F
  205. 205. F F F F ˈ 196 (6) ˆ F F F F F F F F F F (7) F F F ʽ F F F F F F F F F F F F F F (8) F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F (9) F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F (10) F F F F F F F F ʿ F F F F F (11) F F (12) F F F F F F F F F F (13) F F ˈ F F F F F F F
  206. 206. F F F F ˈ 197 (14) F F F F F F F F ˈ ʽ F ˆ F F F ˈ F ʽ F F ˆ F F F F F ʽ F F F ˆ F F F F F F F F F F F ˆ F F F F F F F F ˈ ˈ F F F ˈ F F F F F F F F F F ˈ F (Small group meeting)
  207. 207. F F F F ˈ 198 ˈ F ˈ F F ˆ F F F ˈ (Open house / informal meeting) F (1) ˈ F ʽ F F F F F F (2) F F F F F ˈ F F F ˈ F (3) F F F F F F F F ˈ F ˈ F F F F F F F F F F F F
  208. 208. F F F F ˈ 199 (1) F F F F F ˈ F F (2) F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F (3) F F F F (4) F F F F F ˈ F F 2 F F (5) F F F F F F ˆ F ˈ F F F F F F F F F F (6) F F F F F F F (7) F F F F F F F F F F F F F (8) F F ˈ F F F F
  209. 209. F F F F ˈ 200 F F F F F ˈ F F F F F F F F F F ˈ F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F ˈ F F F F F F F F ˈ F F F F F F F F F F F F (Community outreach service) F F F F ˈ F F F F F F F F F F F F F
  210. 210. F F F F ˈ 201 ˈ F F F F F F F F F F ˈ F F F ˈ F F F F F ˈ F F F F F F F ˆ F F F F (1) F ˂ F F F F F ˈ F F F F (2) F ˂ F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F ˈ F (3) F F F F F F
  211. 211. F F F F ˈ 202 (4) F F F F F F F F F F F F ˈ F (5) F F F F (6) F F F F ˈ F (7) F F ˈ F F F F F F ˂ F F F F F F F F ˈ F (8) F F F F F F F (9) F F F F F F F F F F F F ˆ F F F ˈ F F ˆ F F F F F F F F F ˆ F
  212. 212. F F F F ˈ 203 F ˈ F F ˈ F F F F ˈ ˈ F F F F F F F F F (Workshop) F (1) F F F ˈ (2) ˈ F ˂ F F F (3) F F F (4) F (5) F F F F F F (6) F F (1) ˈ ˂ F F F
  213. 213. F F F F ˈ 204 (2) ˈ F F (3) ˈ ˈ F F F F F F F F F F F F (4) F F F F F 20-30 F F F F F F (5) F F F ˈ F (facilitator) F F F F F F F (6) ˈ F F ˈ (1) F F (2) ˂ F F F F (3) F F F F F F F F F F ˂ (4) F F F F F F F F F F F F F / F F F F F F F F F
  214. 214. F F F F ˈ 205 (5) F F F F F F F F ˈ F F F F F (6) ˈ F F F (facilitator) F F F F F (7) F F F F F F F ˂ F (8) F (9) (1) F F F F F F F F F F F F ˈ F (2) F F F F F (3) F ˈ F / F F F (4) F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F (5) F F F F F ʽ F F F F F ˈ F F F
  215. 215. F F F F ˈ 206 (6) F F F F F F F 5 - 6 F F (7) F F F F F F F F (8) F F F F F F F (9) F F ˈ F F F F F F F F (10) F F F F F F F F (1) F F F F F F (2) F 1-2 F F F F F ˈ F F ˈ ˆ F F (1) ˈ F F F (2) ˈ F F F F F F (3) ˈ F F F F
  216. 216. F F F F ˈ 207 (4) F (5) F F F F F F F F F F F F F (6) F F F F ˈ F (7) F ˆ (8) F ˈ ˆ F (1) F F F (2) F F F F (3) F F F F F (4) F F F (5) F (6) F F F F F F F F F (7) F F
  217. 217. F F F F ˈ 208 (Advisory Group) F F F F F F F F F (Stakeholders) F F F ˈ F F F F , F ˆ F ˈ F F F F F F F F F ˈ F F F F ˈ F F , F F ˈ ˈ F F ˈ F F F Consultative Level F ˈ F F F F F F ˈ F F 3 F ˈ F F F ˈ F ˈ F F ˆ (1) F F F ? ˈ F ˆ ˈ F ? F F F F F
  218. 218. F F F F ˈ 209 (2) , F F 1) F ˂ F F (3) F ˈ F (Approach) F F ˂ ˈ F F ˈ (4) F F F F F F F F F F F ˈ F F F F F ʽ F F F F F F F F (1) ˈ F F F F F F F F F F (2) F , F F F F F (3) ˈ F F F F ˈ F ˈ F
  219. 219. F F F F ˈ 210 F ( ) (4) ˈ F F ˈ F (Sense of Belonging) F F F F F F F F F (1) F F F ˆ F F F F F F ˈ F F F F F F (2) F F F F F ˂ F F F F F F F F F F F
  220. 220. F F F F ˈ 211 F F F F F F F F F F F 1) - F - F - • F F F • F • ˈ F • ˈ ˈ F • F F F F • ˈ • F F 2) F • F F • • F F • F F F • F • F • F F • F F • F F F F • F F ˂ 3) F F F • F ˈ F F F F • ˈ • F ˈ F • F F
  221. 221. F F F F ˈ 212 F F F F F F 4) F - F - F ˈ - F - - F • F F F • F F F F • F F F F F • F F F F • F F F F F F • F F F F • F F F F F ˆ F ˆ F • F F F ˈ F 5) F F F F - - - • F F F F F • F F F ˆ F • F F • F F F F F F • F F F • F F F • F F F • F F F ˂ F F
  222. 222. F F F F ˈ 213 F F F F ˆ 1) F • F F F • F ˈ F F F F F F F F F • F F F F F F F F F • F F ʿ F 2) F F • F F F F F • F F F F F F • F F F • F F F F F • F F • F F • F F F F ˈ 3) F F • F • F Internet F • F F F F • F F F F F
  223. 223. F F F F ˈ 214 F F F F ˆ 4) • F F F • F F F F • F • F F • F F F F • F F F • F F F F • F • ˈ • F F F F 5) F • F F • F • F F F F F F • F F F • F F F ˈ
  224. 224. F F F F ˈ 215 F F F F ˆ 6) F ˈ ( F) • ʽ F F ˈ F F • ʽ F F F • F F • F ˈ F • ˈ • ˈ F F F F F • F • F F F 1) • F ʽ F • ʽ F F • F F F F F F • F F F F • F F F F
  225. 225. F F F F ˈ 216 F F F F 2) F ˈ • F F F F F F ˈ • F F F F • F F F F • F F F F F 3) F F F • F ˆ F • F F F F • F • F F ˈ 4) • F F F • F F F • F ˆ • F • F F F • F • F F F • F • F F • F F
  226. 226. F F F F ˈ 217 F F F F 5) • F F F F F F F F F • F F • F ˈ F • F F F • F F F F ˂ F F
  227. 227. คูมือหรือแนวทางการบริหารราชการแบบมีสวนรวมของหนวยงานภาครัฐในระดับกระทรวงที่เปนระดับนโยบาย 1

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