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India of the Army, Navy and Air Force supported by Paramilitary forces[9] (Indian Coast
Guard, Assam Rifles and Special Frontier Force) and various inter-service institutions such as
the Strategic Forces Command. The President of India is the Supreme Commander of the
Indian Armed Forces. The Indian Armed Forces are under the management of the Ministry of
Defence (MoD), which is led by the Union Cabinet Minister of Defense. With a combined
strength of over 4.7 million personnel, it is world's 4th largest military force.
The Indian armed forces have been engaged in a number of major military operations,
including the Indo-Pakistani wars of 1947, 1965 and 1971, the Portuguese-Indian War, the
Sino-Indian War, the 1987 Sino-Indian skirmish, the Kargil War, and the Siachen conflict
among others. India honours its armed forces and military personnel annually on Armed
Forces Flag Day, 7 December. Since 1962, the IAF has maintained close military relations with
Russia, including cooperative development on programs such as the Fifth Generation Fighter
Aircraft (FGFA) and the Multirole Transport Aircraft (MTA). The Indian armed forces are
steadily undergoing modernization,[10] with investments in such areas as a missile defense
system and a nuclear triad.
The Department of Defence Production of the Ministry of Defence is responsible for the
indigenous production of equipment used by the Indian Armed Forces. It comprises the 41
Indian Ordnance Factories under control of the Ordnance Factories Board and 8 Defence PSUs
namely, HAL, BEL, BEML, BDL, MDL, GSL, GRSE and Midhani.[4] The Indian Armed Forces
are currently the world's largest arms importer,[13] with Russia, Israel, and to some extent,
France and United States being the primary foreign suppliers of military equipment.
Humber armored cars of 10th Indian Division move forward
in Italy, 22 July 1944.
The Royal Indian Navy was first established by the British
while much of India was under the control of the East India
Company. The first Indian to be granted a commission was
Sub Lieutenant D. N. Mukherji, who joined the Royal Indian
Marine as an engineer officer in 1928. Indian sailors started a
rebellion known as the Royal Indian Navy mutiny in 1946, on
board ships and in shore establishments which spread all over
India. A total of 78 ships, 20 shore establishments and 20,000
sailors were involved in the rebellion.
The Indian Army during World War I contributed a number
of divisions and independent brigades to the European,
Mediterranean and the Middle East theaters of war. One
million Indian troops would serve overseas, of whom 62,000
died and another 67,000
There are quite a few military operations for India after her independence from the
British Raj. Operation Polo, the code name of the Hyderabad Police Action was a
military operation in September 1948 in which the Indian Armed Forces invaded
the State of Hyderabad and overthrew its Nizam, annexing the state into the Indian
Union.
In 1961 tension rose between India and Portugal over the Portuguese-occupied
territory of Goa, which India claimed for itself. After Portuguese police cracked
down violently on a peaceful, unarmed demonstration for union with India, the
Indian government decided to invade and Operation Vijay was initiated. A
lopsided air, sea, and ground campaign resulted in the speedy surrender of
Portuguese forces. Within 36 hours, 451 years of Portuguese colonial rule was
ended, and Goa was annexed by India.
India fought four major wars with its neighbor Pakistan in 1947, 1965, 1971 and
1999, and with China in 1962. Indian victory over Pakistan in the 1971 war, helped
create the free country of Bangladesh. In the late 1970s and early 1980s, Pakistan
began organizing tourist expeditions the Siachen Glacier, disputed territory with
India. Irked by this development, in April 1984 India mounted Operation
Meghdoot, capturing the top of the Glacier. It still maintains a military base there,
which is world's highest altitude military base.[22] Pakistan tried in 1987 and in
1989 to re-take the glacier but was unsuccessful.
The President of the Republic of India is the Commander-in-Chief of the Indian Armed Forces
During 2012, the Indian Armed Forces has a reported strength
of 1.45 million active personnel and 2.20 million reserve
personnel. In addition, there are approximately 1.40 million
paramilitary personnel, making it one of the world's largest
military forces. A total of 1,567,390 ex servicemen are registered
with the Indian Army, majority of them hailing from Uttar
Pradesh(271,928), Punjab (191,702), Haryana(165,702),
Maharashtra (143,951), Kerala(127,920), Tamil Nadu (103,156),
Rajasthan(100,592) and Himachal Pradesh (78,321). Many of
them are re-employed in various Central government sectors.
The highest wartime gallantry award given by the Military of
India is the Param Vir Chakra (PVC), followed by the Maha Vir
Chakra (MVC) and the Vir Chakra (VrC). Its peacetime
equivalent is the Ashoka Chakra Award. The highest
decoration for meritorious service is the Param Vishisht Seva
Medal.
Officer recruitment is through many military-related
academies. These include the National Defence
Academy, Pune, Indian Military Academy, Dehradun,
Indian Naval Academy, Ezhimala, Air Force Academy,
Hyderabad, Officers Training Academy, Chennai and
Officers Training Academy, Gaya.[53][54] Other notable
institutions are Army War College, at Mhow, Madhya
Pradesh, High Altitude Warfare School (HAWS), at
Gulmarg, Jammu and Kashmir, Counter Insurgency and
Jungle Warfare School (CIJW), in Vairengte, Mizoram,
College of Military Engineering (CME), in Pune. After
being commissioned, these officers are posted and
deputed. They are at the helm of affairs not only inside
the nation but also at abroad. The officers are appointed
and removed only by the President of India.
Soldiers of the 5th Gurkha Rifles, during Yudh Abhyas 2013
Main article: Indian Army
It is a completely voluntary service, the military draft having
never been imposed in India. It is one of the largest standing
armies (and the largest standing volunteer army) in the
world, with 1,129,900 active troops and 960,000 reserve
troops. The force is headed by the Chief of Army Staff of the
Indian Army, currently General Bikram Singh. The highest
rank in the Indian Army is Field Marshal, but it is a largely
ceremonial rank and appointments are made by the
President of India, on the advice of the Union Cabinet of
Ministers, only in exceptional circumstances. (See Field
Marshal (India)). Late General S.H.F.J. Manekshaw and the
late General K.M. Cariappa are the only two officers who
have attained this rank.
Indigenously developed main battle tank Arjun MBT.
A Haubits FH77/A of the Indian Army.
The army has rich combat experience in diverse terrains, due to India's
diverse geography, and also has a distinguished history of serving in
United Nations peacekeeping operations. Initially, the army's main
objective was to defend the nation's frontiers. However, over the years,
the army has also taken up the responsibility of providing internal
security, especially in insurgent-hit Kashmir and north-east. The Indian
Army has seen military action during the First Kashmir War, Operation
Polo, the Sino-Indian War, the Second Kashmir War, the Indo-Pakistani
War of 1971, the Sri Lankan Civil War and the Kargil War. Currently, the
Indian army has dedicated one brigade of troops to the UN's standby
arrangements. Through its large, sustained troop commitments India has
come in for much praise for taking part in difficult operations for
prolonged periods. The Indian Army has participated in several UN
peacekeeping operations, including the ones in Cyprus, Lebanon, Congo,
Angola, Cambodia, Vietnam, Namibia, El Salvador, Liberia, Mozambique
and Somalia. The army also provided a paramedical unit to facilitate the
withdrawal of the sick and wounded in Korea.
The field force of the army comprises thirteen corps,
three armored divisions, four Reorganized Army plains
Infantry Divisions (RAPID), eighteen infantry divisions
and ten mountain divisions, a number of independent
brigades, and requisite combat support and service
support formations and units. The main combat and
combat support units are sixty two armored regiments
and there are over three hundred and fifty infantry
battalions and three hundred artillery regiments
(including two Surface to Surface Missile (SSM) units).
Amongst major armaments and equipment, there are
nearly 4000 main battle tanks, 2000 armored personnel
carriers, 4300 artillery pieces and 200 light helicopters.
The Indian Navy is the naval branch of
the Indian armed forces. With 58,350
men and women, including 7,000
personnel of Indian Naval Air Arm,
1,200 Marine Commandos (MARCOS)
and 1,000 personnel of the Sagar Prahari
Bal,[89][90] it is one of the world's largest
navy and aspires to be a true Blue Water
Navy in near future.
INS Shivalik the first indigenous stealth frigate of the Indian Navy.

Ins vikrant
The Indian Naval Air Arm is a branch of Indian Navy which
is tasked to provide an aircraft carrier based strike capability,
fleet air defence, maritime reconnaissance, and antisubmarine warfare. Flag Officer Naval Aviation (FONA) at
Goa directs the field operations of the air arm. Naval Air Arm
operates eight Tu-142 aircraft, which entered service in 1988.
Upgrading of the aircraft are taking place, which helps to
extend the service life of the aircraft by sixteen years. The
BAE Sea Harrier operates from the INS Viraat. The BAE Sea
Harrier FRS Mk.51 / T Mk.60 fly with the INAS 300 and
INAS 552 squadrons of the Indian Navy. The Mikoyan MiG29K will be deployed aboard the INS Vikramaditya. Indian
Navy operates 5 Il-38 planes. Currently they are being
upgraded to use Sea Dragon suite. Used principally for antisubmarine warfare (ASW) and search & rescue roles, the
helicopter fleet of Westland Sea King and the Sikorsky
The Indian Air Force is the air arm of the Indian armed forces. Its
primary responsibility is to secure Indian airspace and to conduct
aerial warfare during a conflict. It was officially established on 8
October 1932 as an auxiliary air force of the British Raj and the
prefix Royal was added in 1945 in recognition of its services during
World War II. After India achieved independence from the United
Kingdom in 1947, the Royal Indian Air Force served the Dominion
of India, with the prefix being dropped when India became a
republic in 1950. The Indian Air Force plays a crucial role in
securing Indian airspace and also in India's power projection in
South Asia and Indian Ocean. Therefore, modernizing and
expanding the Indian Air Force is a top priority for the Indian
government. Over the years, the IAF has grown from a tactical
force to one with transoceanic reach. The strategic reach emerges
from induction of Force Multipliers like Flight Refueling Aircraft
(FRA), Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) and credible strategic lift
capabilities.
The Indian Coast Guard (ICG) is a maritime Military Force
created to patrol and secure India's vast coastline. It was
created on 18 August 1978 as an independent entity as per the
Coast Guard Act. The coast guard works closely with the
Indian Navy and the Indian Customs Department, and is
usually headed by a naval officer of the rank of Vice-Admiral.
Currently, Officers of Indian Coast Guard undergo Basic
Military Training at the Indian Naval Academy, Ezhimala
along with their Counter parts of Indian Navy. This helps in
the mutual interchange of Officers among these two sister
services.while the Indian Coast Guard Academy is under
construction in Azhikkal, Kannur district, Kerala. The Sailors
of Indian Coast Guard gets trained along with Indian Naval
Sailors at the Indian Naval training establishment INS Chilka.
The Assam Rifles are one of the Paramilitary forces of India. The unit can
trace its lineage back to a paramilitary police force that was formed under
the British in 1835 called Cachar Levy. Since then the Assam Rifles have
undergone a number of name changes before the name Assam Rifles was
finally adopted in 1917. Over the course of its history, the Assam Rifles
and its predecessor units have served in a number of roles, conflicts and
theaters including World War I where they served in Europe and the
Middle East, and World War II where they served mainly in Burma. In the
post World War II period the Assam Rifles has expanded greatly as has its
role. There are currently 46 battalions of Assam Rifles under the control of
the Indian Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) and they perform many roles
including the provision of internal security under the control of the army
through the conduct of counter insurgency and border security operations,
provision of aid to the civil power in times of emergency, and the
provision of communications, medical assistance and education in remote
areas. In times of war they can also be used as a combat force to secure
rear areas if needed. Since 2002, it has been guarding the India-Myanmar
border.
The Special Forces of India are Indian Military
units with specialized training in the field of
special operations such as Direct action,
Hostage rescue, Counter-terrorism,
Unconventional warfare, Special
reconnaissance, Foreign Internal Defense,
Personnel recovery, Asymmetric warfare,
Counter-proliferation. The various branches
include
India has been in possession of nuclear weapons since 1974. Its most
recent nuclear test has been done on 11 May 1998, when Operation Shakti
(Pokhran-II) was initiated with the detonation of one fusion and three
fission bombs. On 13 May 1998, two additional fission devices were
detonated. India, however, maintains a 'no-first use' and a nuclear
deterrence policy against nuclear adversaries. India's nuclear doctrine
envisages building a credible minimum deterrent for maintaining a
second strike capability which will be massive and designed to induce
unacceptable damage on the enemy.India is on the verge of becoming one
of only four nations in the world to posses a Nuclear Triad. India's
nuclear missiles include the Prithvi, the Agni, the Shaurya, Sagarika,
Dhanush, and others. India conducted its first test with the Agni-V, which
can carry a nuclear warhead in the east as far as all of China and in the
west deep into Europe with its 5000 km range, in April 2012 and a second
test in September, 2013. Agni-VI, with a perceived range of 6000–8000 km
is also under development with features like Multiple Independently
Targetable Re-entry Warheads (MIRVs).
Range comparison of Agni missile

s.
biblography:www.wikipedia.com
www.google.com
indian armed force

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indian armed force

  • 1.
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  • 3. India of the Army, Navy and Air Force supported by Paramilitary forces[9] (Indian Coast Guard, Assam Rifles and Special Frontier Force) and various inter-service institutions such as the Strategic Forces Command. The President of India is the Supreme Commander of the Indian Armed Forces. The Indian Armed Forces are under the management of the Ministry of Defence (MoD), which is led by the Union Cabinet Minister of Defense. With a combined strength of over 4.7 million personnel, it is world's 4th largest military force. The Indian armed forces have been engaged in a number of major military operations, including the Indo-Pakistani wars of 1947, 1965 and 1971, the Portuguese-Indian War, the Sino-Indian War, the 1987 Sino-Indian skirmish, the Kargil War, and the Siachen conflict among others. India honours its armed forces and military personnel annually on Armed Forces Flag Day, 7 December. Since 1962, the IAF has maintained close military relations with Russia, including cooperative development on programs such as the Fifth Generation Fighter Aircraft (FGFA) and the Multirole Transport Aircraft (MTA). The Indian armed forces are steadily undergoing modernization,[10] with investments in such areas as a missile defense system and a nuclear triad. The Department of Defence Production of the Ministry of Defence is responsible for the indigenous production of equipment used by the Indian Armed Forces. It comprises the 41 Indian Ordnance Factories under control of the Ordnance Factories Board and 8 Defence PSUs namely, HAL, BEL, BEML, BDL, MDL, GSL, GRSE and Midhani.[4] The Indian Armed Forces are currently the world's largest arms importer,[13] with Russia, Israel, and to some extent, France and United States being the primary foreign suppliers of military equipment.
  • 4.
  • 5. Humber armored cars of 10th Indian Division move forward in Italy, 22 July 1944. The Royal Indian Navy was first established by the British while much of India was under the control of the East India Company. The first Indian to be granted a commission was Sub Lieutenant D. N. Mukherji, who joined the Royal Indian Marine as an engineer officer in 1928. Indian sailors started a rebellion known as the Royal Indian Navy mutiny in 1946, on board ships and in shore establishments which spread all over India. A total of 78 ships, 20 shore establishments and 20,000 sailors were involved in the rebellion. The Indian Army during World War I contributed a number of divisions and independent brigades to the European, Mediterranean and the Middle East theaters of war. One million Indian troops would serve overseas, of whom 62,000 died and another 67,000
  • 6. There are quite a few military operations for India after her independence from the British Raj. Operation Polo, the code name of the Hyderabad Police Action was a military operation in September 1948 in which the Indian Armed Forces invaded the State of Hyderabad and overthrew its Nizam, annexing the state into the Indian Union. In 1961 tension rose between India and Portugal over the Portuguese-occupied territory of Goa, which India claimed for itself. After Portuguese police cracked down violently on a peaceful, unarmed demonstration for union with India, the Indian government decided to invade and Operation Vijay was initiated. A lopsided air, sea, and ground campaign resulted in the speedy surrender of Portuguese forces. Within 36 hours, 451 years of Portuguese colonial rule was ended, and Goa was annexed by India. India fought four major wars with its neighbor Pakistan in 1947, 1965, 1971 and 1999, and with China in 1962. Indian victory over Pakistan in the 1971 war, helped create the free country of Bangladesh. In the late 1970s and early 1980s, Pakistan began organizing tourist expeditions the Siachen Glacier, disputed territory with India. Irked by this development, in April 1984 India mounted Operation Meghdoot, capturing the top of the Glacier. It still maintains a military base there, which is world's highest altitude military base.[22] Pakistan tried in 1987 and in 1989 to re-take the glacier but was unsuccessful.
  • 7. The President of the Republic of India is the Commander-in-Chief of the Indian Armed Forces
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  • 9. During 2012, the Indian Armed Forces has a reported strength of 1.45 million active personnel and 2.20 million reserve personnel. In addition, there are approximately 1.40 million paramilitary personnel, making it one of the world's largest military forces. A total of 1,567,390 ex servicemen are registered with the Indian Army, majority of them hailing from Uttar Pradesh(271,928), Punjab (191,702), Haryana(165,702), Maharashtra (143,951), Kerala(127,920), Tamil Nadu (103,156), Rajasthan(100,592) and Himachal Pradesh (78,321). Many of them are re-employed in various Central government sectors. The highest wartime gallantry award given by the Military of India is the Param Vir Chakra (PVC), followed by the Maha Vir Chakra (MVC) and the Vir Chakra (VrC). Its peacetime equivalent is the Ashoka Chakra Award. The highest decoration for meritorious service is the Param Vishisht Seva Medal.
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  • 12. Officer recruitment is through many military-related academies. These include the National Defence Academy, Pune, Indian Military Academy, Dehradun, Indian Naval Academy, Ezhimala, Air Force Academy, Hyderabad, Officers Training Academy, Chennai and Officers Training Academy, Gaya.[53][54] Other notable institutions are Army War College, at Mhow, Madhya Pradesh, High Altitude Warfare School (HAWS), at Gulmarg, Jammu and Kashmir, Counter Insurgency and Jungle Warfare School (CIJW), in Vairengte, Mizoram, College of Military Engineering (CME), in Pune. After being commissioned, these officers are posted and deputed. They are at the helm of affairs not only inside the nation but also at abroad. The officers are appointed and removed only by the President of India.
  • 13.
  • 14. Soldiers of the 5th Gurkha Rifles, during Yudh Abhyas 2013 Main article: Indian Army It is a completely voluntary service, the military draft having never been imposed in India. It is one of the largest standing armies (and the largest standing volunteer army) in the world, with 1,129,900 active troops and 960,000 reserve troops. The force is headed by the Chief of Army Staff of the Indian Army, currently General Bikram Singh. The highest rank in the Indian Army is Field Marshal, but it is a largely ceremonial rank and appointments are made by the President of India, on the advice of the Union Cabinet of Ministers, only in exceptional circumstances. (See Field Marshal (India)). Late General S.H.F.J. Manekshaw and the late General K.M. Cariappa are the only two officers who have attained this rank.
  • 15. Indigenously developed main battle tank Arjun MBT.
  • 16. A Haubits FH77/A of the Indian Army.
  • 17. The army has rich combat experience in diverse terrains, due to India's diverse geography, and also has a distinguished history of serving in United Nations peacekeeping operations. Initially, the army's main objective was to defend the nation's frontiers. However, over the years, the army has also taken up the responsibility of providing internal security, especially in insurgent-hit Kashmir and north-east. The Indian Army has seen military action during the First Kashmir War, Operation Polo, the Sino-Indian War, the Second Kashmir War, the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971, the Sri Lankan Civil War and the Kargil War. Currently, the Indian army has dedicated one brigade of troops to the UN's standby arrangements. Through its large, sustained troop commitments India has come in for much praise for taking part in difficult operations for prolonged periods. The Indian Army has participated in several UN peacekeeping operations, including the ones in Cyprus, Lebanon, Congo, Angola, Cambodia, Vietnam, Namibia, El Salvador, Liberia, Mozambique and Somalia. The army also provided a paramedical unit to facilitate the withdrawal of the sick and wounded in Korea.
  • 18. The field force of the army comprises thirteen corps, three armored divisions, four Reorganized Army plains Infantry Divisions (RAPID), eighteen infantry divisions and ten mountain divisions, a number of independent brigades, and requisite combat support and service support formations and units. The main combat and combat support units are sixty two armored regiments and there are over three hundred and fifty infantry battalions and three hundred artillery regiments (including two Surface to Surface Missile (SSM) units). Amongst major armaments and equipment, there are nearly 4000 main battle tanks, 2000 armored personnel carriers, 4300 artillery pieces and 200 light helicopters.
  • 19. The Indian Navy is the naval branch of the Indian armed forces. With 58,350 men and women, including 7,000 personnel of Indian Naval Air Arm, 1,200 Marine Commandos (MARCOS) and 1,000 personnel of the Sagar Prahari Bal,[89][90] it is one of the world's largest navy and aspires to be a true Blue Water Navy in near future.
  • 20. INS Shivalik the first indigenous stealth frigate of the Indian Navy. Ins vikrant
  • 21. The Indian Naval Air Arm is a branch of Indian Navy which is tasked to provide an aircraft carrier based strike capability, fleet air defence, maritime reconnaissance, and antisubmarine warfare. Flag Officer Naval Aviation (FONA) at Goa directs the field operations of the air arm. Naval Air Arm operates eight Tu-142 aircraft, which entered service in 1988. Upgrading of the aircraft are taking place, which helps to extend the service life of the aircraft by sixteen years. The BAE Sea Harrier operates from the INS Viraat. The BAE Sea Harrier FRS Mk.51 / T Mk.60 fly with the INAS 300 and INAS 552 squadrons of the Indian Navy. The Mikoyan MiG29K will be deployed aboard the INS Vikramaditya. Indian Navy operates 5 Il-38 planes. Currently they are being upgraded to use Sea Dragon suite. Used principally for antisubmarine warfare (ASW) and search & rescue roles, the helicopter fleet of Westland Sea King and the Sikorsky
  • 22. The Indian Air Force is the air arm of the Indian armed forces. Its primary responsibility is to secure Indian airspace and to conduct aerial warfare during a conflict. It was officially established on 8 October 1932 as an auxiliary air force of the British Raj and the prefix Royal was added in 1945 in recognition of its services during World War II. After India achieved independence from the United Kingdom in 1947, the Royal Indian Air Force served the Dominion of India, with the prefix being dropped when India became a republic in 1950. The Indian Air Force plays a crucial role in securing Indian airspace and also in India's power projection in South Asia and Indian Ocean. Therefore, modernizing and expanding the Indian Air Force is a top priority for the Indian government. Over the years, the IAF has grown from a tactical force to one with transoceanic reach. The strategic reach emerges from induction of Force Multipliers like Flight Refueling Aircraft (FRA), Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) and credible strategic lift capabilities.
  • 23. The Indian Coast Guard (ICG) is a maritime Military Force created to patrol and secure India's vast coastline. It was created on 18 August 1978 as an independent entity as per the Coast Guard Act. The coast guard works closely with the Indian Navy and the Indian Customs Department, and is usually headed by a naval officer of the rank of Vice-Admiral. Currently, Officers of Indian Coast Guard undergo Basic Military Training at the Indian Naval Academy, Ezhimala along with their Counter parts of Indian Navy. This helps in the mutual interchange of Officers among these two sister services.while the Indian Coast Guard Academy is under construction in Azhikkal, Kannur district, Kerala. The Sailors of Indian Coast Guard gets trained along with Indian Naval Sailors at the Indian Naval training establishment INS Chilka.
  • 24.
  • 25. The Assam Rifles are one of the Paramilitary forces of India. The unit can trace its lineage back to a paramilitary police force that was formed under the British in 1835 called Cachar Levy. Since then the Assam Rifles have undergone a number of name changes before the name Assam Rifles was finally adopted in 1917. Over the course of its history, the Assam Rifles and its predecessor units have served in a number of roles, conflicts and theaters including World War I where they served in Europe and the Middle East, and World War II where they served mainly in Burma. In the post World War II period the Assam Rifles has expanded greatly as has its role. There are currently 46 battalions of Assam Rifles under the control of the Indian Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) and they perform many roles including the provision of internal security under the control of the army through the conduct of counter insurgency and border security operations, provision of aid to the civil power in times of emergency, and the provision of communications, medical assistance and education in remote areas. In times of war they can also be used as a combat force to secure rear areas if needed. Since 2002, it has been guarding the India-Myanmar border.
  • 26. The Special Forces of India are Indian Military units with specialized training in the field of special operations such as Direct action, Hostage rescue, Counter-terrorism, Unconventional warfare, Special reconnaissance, Foreign Internal Defense, Personnel recovery, Asymmetric warfare, Counter-proliferation. The various branches include
  • 27. India has been in possession of nuclear weapons since 1974. Its most recent nuclear test has been done on 11 May 1998, when Operation Shakti (Pokhran-II) was initiated with the detonation of one fusion and three fission bombs. On 13 May 1998, two additional fission devices were detonated. India, however, maintains a 'no-first use' and a nuclear deterrence policy against nuclear adversaries. India's nuclear doctrine envisages building a credible minimum deterrent for maintaining a second strike capability which will be massive and designed to induce unacceptable damage on the enemy.India is on the verge of becoming one of only four nations in the world to posses a Nuclear Triad. India's nuclear missiles include the Prithvi, the Agni, the Shaurya, Sagarika, Dhanush, and others. India conducted its first test with the Agni-V, which can carry a nuclear warhead in the east as far as all of China and in the west deep into Europe with its 5000 km range, in April 2012 and a second test in September, 2013. Agni-VI, with a perceived range of 6000–8000 km is also under development with features like Multiple Independently Targetable Re-entry Warheads (MIRVs).
  • 28. Range comparison of Agni missile s.