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How do Scholars Evaluate and Promote Research Outputs? An NTU Case Study

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How do Scholars Evaluate and Promote Research Outputs? An NTU Case Study

Authors: Han Zheng, Mojisola Erdt, Yin-Leng Theng

Workshop Website: http://www.altmetrics.ntuchess.com/AROSIM2018/

Veröffentlicht in: Technologie
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How do Scholars Evaluate and Promote Research Outputs? An NTU Case Study

  1. 1. How do Scholars Evaluate and Promote Research Outputs? An NTU Case Study Han Zheng, Mojisola Erdt, Yin-Leng Theng Wee Kim Wee School of Communication and Information Nanyang Technological University, Singapore AROSIM, January 2018
  2. 2. 2 Outline 1. Introduction 2. Objectives and Research Questions 3. Methodology 4. Findings 5. Conclusion
  3. 3. 3 1. Introduction Research Outputs Dissemination  Traditionally, scholars use several methods to promote their research outputs such as attending academic conferences, publishing papers in academic journals, and networking with other researchers in research seminars.  With the coming of social media to facilitate communication, scholars have also realised the benefits of such media tools and have embarked on using them in their academic lives.  The dissemination of research outputs is becoming more effective and convenient, regardless of geographical or temporal distance.
  4. 4. 4 1. Introduction Research Outputs Evaluation  In the past, research outputs were evaluated by a variety of bibliometrics including citation counts, Journal Impact Factor (JIF), H-index, etc. These metrics have been used by scholars across different academic disciplines for decades and could be said to be significant indicators of the impact of research works.  In recent years, owing to the popularity of social media among scholars, altmetrics, indices based on social media, have been emerging in academia as a new approach to measuring research outputs.
  5. 5. 5 2. Objectives and Research Questions With the aim to understand whether the advent of social media has changed the way of promoting and evaluating research outputs in academia, this study adopted a qualitative approach to investigating how researchers at Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore, promote research outputs and how they conduct research evaluation. Research Questions RQ1: How do NTU researchers promote their research outputs? RQ2: How do NTU researchers evaluate research outputs?
  6. 6. 6 3. Method Study Design Approach: Semi-structured interviews (10 - 20 minutes) Target Groups: Faculty and Non-faculty staff employed at NTU NTU IRB (Institutional Review Board): Approved in February 2017 Data Collection Period: March – June 2017 (4 months) for this study Faculty Professors Associate Professors Assistant Professors Lecturers Instructors Non-faculty Research Staff Librarians Research Students Others
  7. 7. 7 4. Findings Interview Participants Total % Participants Gender Female Male 5 13 28 72 P1, P11, P15, P16, P18 P2, P3, P4, P5, P6, P7, P8, P9, P10, P12, P13, P14, P17 Discipline Hard Sciences (sciences, computing and engineering) Non-hard Sciences (humanities, arts, business and social sciences) 9 9 50 50 P1 – P9 P10 – P18 Career Level Faculty Non-faculty 6 12 33 67 P7, P8, P9, P16, P17, P18 P1 – P6 & P10 – P15 Demographics of the interview participants (N = 18)
  8. 8. 8 4. Findings RQ1: How do NTU researchers promote their research outputs?
  9. 9. 9 4. Findings RQ2: How do NTU researchers evaluate research outputs?  Traditional metrics such as citation counts and JIF are accepted and used for research evaluation by all participants from NTU.  Most participants (16 out of 18) believed that traditional metrics are good indicators to determine the quality of the research paper.  Limitations of traditional metrics such as the easiness of getting higher citation counts in certain disciplines and the reliability of these metrics were also highlighted.
  10. 10. 10 4. Findings RQ2: How do NTU researchers evaluate research outputs?  Participants have not yet used altmetrics as formal indicators for research evaluation. However, one third of them (6) mentioned that altmetrics could be a good tool to complement traditional metrics.  A few interviewees from non-hard sciences indicated that they were willing to use altmetrics in the future if NTU were to establish relevant policies on the adoption of altmetrics in the research evaluation process.  Reasons for altmetrics not being accepted in academia: 1. Strong reliance on traditional metrics; 2. The quality of altmetrics.
  11. 11. 11 5. Conclusion Key Findings  We have conducted semi-structured interviews with NTU researchers to understand how they promote and evaluate research outputs.  Attending academic conferences and publishing paper in journals are the two main methods to promote research findings among NTU researchers.  Academic social networking sites like ResearchGate and Google Scholar are used as an alternative way to promote their research.  Traditional metrics such as citation counts and JIF are frequently used by most NTU researchers in their professional lives.  Researchers at NTU have been aware of the existence of altmetrics on social media; however, they have not considered using them as an alternative method to evaluate research currently.
  12. 12. 12 5. Conclusion Limitations  The sample size of this study is too small (N = 18).  The case study was conducted at only one university (NTU). Future Directions  Future study should include more scholars from different disciplines and institutions.  A survey study can be conducted to understand the awareness and usage of traditional metrics and altmetrics among scholars.
  13. 13. 13 Acknowledgements  This research is supported by the National Research Foundation, Prime Minister’s Office, Singapore under its Science of Research, Innovation and Enterprise programme (SRIE Award No. NRF2014-NRF-SRIE001-019).  Project Duration: Feb 2015 to Mar 2018 Downtown Singapore Nanyang Technological University Altmetrics: Rethinking and Exploring New Ways of Measuring Research
  14. 14. 14 Contact Information Contact Details  Prof. Theng Yin Leng Principal Investigator Director, Centre for HEalthy & Sustainable CitieS (CHESS) Wee Kim Wee School of Communication & Information Nanyang Technological University, Singapore Email: tyltheng@ntu.edu.sg Tel: (65) 6790-5834  Dr. Helen Mojisola Erdt Research Fellow Centre for HEalthy & Sustainable CitieS (CHESS) Wee Kim Wee School of Communication & Information Nanyang Technological University, Singapore Email: Mojisola.Erdt@ntu.edu.sg  Han Zheng Research Assistant Centre for HEalthy & Sustainable CitieS (CHESS) Wee Kim Wee School of Communication & Information Nanyang Technological University, Singapore Email: zhenghan@ntu.edu.sg More Info:  CHESS  http://www.wkwsci.ntu.edu.sg/Research/Pages/Resear ch-Centres.aspx  http://www.chess.wkwsci.ntu.edu.sg  Altmetrics Project  http://www.wkwsci.ntu.edu.sg/Research/Pages/Altmet rics-Rethinking-and-Exploring-New-Ways-of-Measuring- Research.aspx  http://www.altmetrics.ntuchess.com
  15. 15. 15 THANK YOU

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