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RELIGION AND BELIEF SYSTEMS
RELIGION- is a set of attitudes, beliefs and practices particularly supernatural power whether they are gods, spirits, ghost
are supernatural beings.
2 CATEGORY OF SUPERNATURAL BEINGS:
a. non- human origin
Ex. Gods
Gods are anthropomorphic which means that it is conceived in the image.
a. Human origin
Ex. Ghost
KINDS OF RELIGIONS IN THE WORLD:
1. MONOTHEISM
- a religion with one god
Types of monotheism:
a. Deism
b. Henotheism
c. Monism
d. Pantheism
e. Subtance monotheism
f. Trinitarian monotheism
EXAMPLES OF MONOTHEISTIC RELIGIONS:
a. Christianity
b. Islam
c. judaism
a. CHRISTIANITY- it is the world’s biggest religion, with billion followers worldwide. It is based on
the teaching of christ.
b. ISLAM- it is articulated by the Qur’an considered by its adherents to be the word of Allah.
c. JUDAISM- it is a religion that believes on an absolute one, indivisible and incomparable God
who is the ultimate cause of all existence.
2. ANIMISM
- is a belief system of some indigenous tribal peoples especially prior to the development of
organized religion.
- Describe the most common foundational thread of indigenous peoples spiritual or supernatural
perspectives.
3. POLYTHEISM
- refers to the worship of or belief in multiple gods usually assembled into a pantheon of gods and
goddesses along with their own religions rituals.
IT IS DIVIDED INTO TWO:
a. SOFT POLYTHEISM- believes that gods may be aspects of only one god, that the pantheons of
other cultures are representative of one single pantheon.
b. HARD POLYTHEISM- belief that gods are distinct, separate, real divine beings, rather than
psychological archetypes or personifications of natural forces.
ex: Hinduism
Mormonism
shinto
INSTITUTIONALIZED RELIGIONS
- are a social institution in which belief systems and rituals are systematically arranged and formally
established.
SEPARATION OF CHURCH AND STATE
- HISTORICALLY, THE PHRASE “ SEPARATION OF CHURCH AND STATE” WAS FIRST USED BY ANGLICAN BAPTIST STRIVING
FOR RELIGIOUS TOLERATION IN VIRGINIA.

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Module 2. lesson 6: RELIGION AND BELIEF SYSTEM

  • 1.
  • 2. RELIGION AND BELIEF SYSTEMS RELIGION- is a set of attitudes, beliefs and practices particularly supernatural power whether they are gods, spirits, ghost are supernatural beings. 2 CATEGORY OF SUPERNATURAL BEINGS: a. non- human origin Ex. Gods Gods are anthropomorphic which means that it is conceived in the image. a. Human origin Ex. Ghost
  • 3. KINDS OF RELIGIONS IN THE WORLD: 1. MONOTHEISM - a religion with one god Types of monotheism: a. Deism b. Henotheism c. Monism d. Pantheism e. Subtance monotheism f. Trinitarian monotheism EXAMPLES OF MONOTHEISTIC RELIGIONS: a. Christianity b. Islam c. judaism
  • 4. a. CHRISTIANITY- it is the world’s biggest religion, with billion followers worldwide. It is based on the teaching of christ. b. ISLAM- it is articulated by the Qur’an considered by its adherents to be the word of Allah. c. JUDAISM- it is a religion that believes on an absolute one, indivisible and incomparable God who is the ultimate cause of all existence.
  • 5. 2. ANIMISM - is a belief system of some indigenous tribal peoples especially prior to the development of organized religion. - Describe the most common foundational thread of indigenous peoples spiritual or supernatural perspectives.
  • 6. 3. POLYTHEISM - refers to the worship of or belief in multiple gods usually assembled into a pantheon of gods and goddesses along with their own religions rituals. IT IS DIVIDED INTO TWO: a. SOFT POLYTHEISM- believes that gods may be aspects of only one god, that the pantheons of other cultures are representative of one single pantheon. b. HARD POLYTHEISM- belief that gods are distinct, separate, real divine beings, rather than psychological archetypes or personifications of natural forces. ex: Hinduism Mormonism shinto
  • 7. INSTITUTIONALIZED RELIGIONS - are a social institution in which belief systems and rituals are systematically arranged and formally established. SEPARATION OF CHURCH AND STATE - HISTORICALLY, THE PHRASE “ SEPARATION OF CHURCH AND STATE” WAS FIRST USED BY ANGLICAN BAPTIST STRIVING FOR RELIGIOUS TOLERATION IN VIRGINIA.