3. • Forbidden Love and Family Loyalty
Romeo and Juliet is a tragedy.
In a tragedy many of the main characters die.
4. “Romeo & Juliet”
Written in 1599,
Romeo and Juliet is a tragedy
written early in the career of
William Shakespeare about two
young lovers whose deaths Shakespear
ultimately unite their feuding
families. It was among
Shakespeare's most popular
plays during his lifetime and,
along with Hamlet, is one of his
most frequently performed
plays. Today, the title characters
are regarded as archetypal
5. Romeo and Juliet tells the
story of two young lovers
who fall deeply in love and
they can to be together.
The Chorus setse the
mood by telling the
audience in the form of
a sonnet that there is a
feud between two
families in Verona, a
town in Italy. Amidst the
warring sides, two "star-
cross'd lovers" will die
for love of one another,
and it is only their
deaths that will bring
peace to Verona.
7. Montague Capulet
Lord Lady Lord Capulet Lady Capulet
Mercutio Benvolio Paris Tybalt
Friar Lawrence Nurse
8. The Montagues
Lord and Lady Montague – Romeo’s
Balthasar and Abram – servants to
Mercutio – Friend of Romeo and relative
of the Prince
9. The Capulets
Lord and Lady Capulet – Juliets
Nurse – Juliets attendant
Tybalt – cousin to Juliet
Sampson and Gregory –
servants to the Capulets
• The only son of Montague
and Lady Montague.
• Romeo is a teenager filled with sensitivity, intellect,
and very handsome.
• Because of his young age, he is somewhat immature
and implusive, but because of his passionate ways
he is a very likeable character.
• At the beginning of the play he is in
love with a lady named Rosaline, but
once he sees Juliet he falls in love with
her and forgets about Rosaline.
• Nothing else besides being with Juliet
matters to Romeo, especially the
• He will stop at nothing to be with her
• The beautiful aristocratic daughter of Lord and
• She quickly falls in love with Romeo, the son of
her family’s rival family.
• Juliet is very close to her nurse and confides in
her about her love for Romeo.
• Juliet is supposed to marry Paris and she is
determined to not allow that to happen.
Long ago in the city of Verona, lived two noble families, the
Capulets and the Montagues. For as long as anyone could
remember, there was much hatred between the two families.
Romeo, the son of Montague, was the only one who wanted to
Romeo reveals that he is in love with a woman named
15. One day, Romeo heard there
was going to be a feast at the
house of Capulet. He decided
to go, but in disguise so that no
one would know who he was.
When Romeo arrived there, he
looked around the room, and
caught sight of a girl so
beautiful that he could think of
nothing else. When he found
out that she was Juliet,
Capulet's daughter, he was
stunned. Juliet also fell in love
with the young man. When she When Romeo and Juliet
meet, they fall in love and
heard that he was Romeo, the
had their first kiss behind the
only son of Montague, she curtain near the candles.
could hardly believe her Later, Juliet's mom takes her
misfortune. "My only love away.
sprung from my only hate!" she
16. Later that night, Romeo
was walking past the
Capulets’ garden when he
suddenly stopped. "Can I
go forward when my love is
here?" He decided to climb
over the wall and meet
Juliet. Then he saw her
standing on the balcony.
Juliet had not seen him.
"Romeo, Romeo!" she said
to herself. "Why are you
Romeo? Refuse your
name and I'll no longer be
a Capulet". Romeo was
filled with joy.
19. The next day, Romeo and Juliet are married by Friar
Lawrence; an event witnessed by Juliet’s Nurse and
Romeo’s loyal servant, Balthasar. They plan to meet
in Juliet’s chambers that night.
20. While Romeo was coming back from the
secret wedding, he came across Tybalt,
Juliet's cousin, who had been arguing with
Romeo's friend Mercutio.
In the fight that followed, Tybalt killed
Mercutio and then fell dead from Romeo's
sword. Romeo had to escape from the city
21. Friar Lawrence informs Romeo that he has been
banished from Verona and will be killed if he stays.
The Friar suggests Romeo spend the night with
Juliet, then leave for Mantua in the morning. He tells
Romeo that he will attempt to settle the Capulet and
Montague dispute so Romeo can later return to a
united family. Romeo takes his advice, spending one
night with Juliet before fleeing Verona.
22. • Juliet’s mother, completely
unaware of her daughter's
secret marriage to Romeo,
informs Juliet that she will
marry a man named Paris
in a few days.
• Juliet, outraged, refuses to
• She asks Friar Lawrence
for advice, insisting she
would rather die than marry
Paris. Fr. Lawrence gives
Juliet a poison which will
make her appear dead and
tells her to take it the night
before the wedding. He
promises to send word to
Romeo - intending the two
lovers be reunited.
24. Juliet drinks the poison and
everybody assumes that she is
dead — including Balthasar, who
immediately tells Romeo. Friar
Lawrence’s letter fails to reach
Romeo, so he assumes that his
wife is dead.
25. The next day, Juliet was found lifeless in her
bedroom. When Romeo heard the bad news,
he believed Juliet was really dead because
the priest’s letter had not reached him by an
26. He could not live without her. The
only thing he wanted was to die next
to Juliet. He rushes to Juliet’stomb
and, in deep grief, drinks a vial of
27. A few minutes later, Juliet woke up and
realised what had happened. She took Romeo’s
dagger and stabbed herself. When the true
story of Romeo and Juliet was made known,
their families decided to put an end to their
29. Once the families discover what happened, they finally end
their bitter feud. Thus the youngsters' deaths bring the
families together. Romeo And Juliet is a true tragedy in the
literary sense because the families gather sufficient self-
knowledge to correct their behavior but not until it is too
late to save the situation.
The Reconciliation of the Montagues and Capulets over the Dead
Violence & Light
Fate Marriage Love
32. Fate Romeo and Juliet are ―star-crossed‖—that is to say
that fate ontrols them). This sense of fate permeates
the play, and not just for the audience. The characters
also are quite aware of it: Romeo and Juliet constantly
The mechanism of fate works in all of the events
surrounding the lovers:
The feud between their families (it is worth noting that
this hatred is never explained; rather, the reader must
accept it as an undeniable aspect of the world of the
The tragic timing of Romeo’s suicide and Juliet’s
These events are not mere coincidences, but rather
manifestations of fate that help bring about the
unavoidable outcome of the young lovers’ deaths.