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Aphg -what_is_a_region_words

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The powerpoint I presented in class today on Thursday, July, 30, 2015

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Aphg -what_is_a_region_words

  1. 1. What is a Region?What is a Region? A region is an area withA region is an area with one or more commonone or more common features that make itfeatures that make it different fromdifferent from surrounding areas.surrounding areas.
  2. 2. People within the region may have a distinctPeople within the region may have a distinct “sense of place” or an identity with certain“sense of place” or an identity with certain cultural elementscultural elements
  3. 3. CULTURAL LANDSCAPECULTURAL LANDSCAPE • a combination of cultural, economic and physicala combination of cultural, economic and physical featuresfeatures • Defined by Carl Sauer as an area fashioned from natureDefined by Carl Sauer as an area fashioned from nature by a cultural groupby a cultural group • ““regional studies” approach initiated by Paul Vidal de laregional studies” approach initiated by Paul Vidal de la Bloche and Jean Brunhes around the turn of the 20Bloche and Jean Brunhes around the turn of the 20thth centurycentury • Later adopted by American geographers includingLater adopted by American geographers including Robert PlattRobert Platt • Region’s uniqueness comes from a combination ofRegion’s uniqueness comes from a combination of human and environmental factorshuman and environmental factors • People are the most important agent of changePeople are the most important agent of change on the earth’s surfaceon the earth’s surface
  4. 4. Cultural LandscapeCultural Landscape The visible human imprint on the landscape.The visible human imprint on the landscape. Religion and cremation practices diffuse with Hindu migrants from India to Kenya.
  5. 5. 2 main classifications of2 main classifications of regionsregions • Countries that shareCountries that share common featurescommon features • Or localities in a country thatOr localities in a country that share common featuresshare common features
  6. 6. VERNACULAR or PERCEPTUALVERNACULAR or PERCEPTUAL REGIONREGION • PLACE THAT PEOPLE BELIEVE EXISTPLACE THAT PEOPLE BELIEVE EXIST AS PART OF CULTURAL IDENTITYAS PART OF CULTURAL IDENTITY • MENTAL MAPS—PERSONALMENTAL MAPS—PERSONAL PERSPECTIVEPERSPECTIVE
  7. 7. How are regions defined?How are regions defined? They are defined by theirThey are defined by their physical & humanphysical & human characteristicscharacteristics
  8. 8. Formal:Formal: same as a uniformsame as a uniform region—has someregion—has some characteristic in common thatcharacteristic in common that is measurable —such asis measurable —such as language, crop, climate.language, crop, climate. Ex. State, country, wheatEx. State, country, wheat belt, etc.belt, etc. They can be generalizationsThey can be generalizations and not always precise.and not always precise.
  9. 9. Functional RegionFunctional Region • Nodal region—centered around a focalNodal region—centered around a focal pointpoint • Characteristic diminishes away from focalCharacteristic diminishes away from focal pointpoint • Linked by communication or transportationLinked by communication or transportation • Usually economicUsually economic • Newspaper circulation, tv stations, etc.Newspaper circulation, tv stations, etc.
  10. 10. VERNACULAR or PERCEPTUALVERNACULAR or PERCEPTUAL REGIONREGION • PLACE THAT PEOPLE BELIEVE EXISTPLACE THAT PEOPLE BELIEVE EXIST AS PART OF CULTURAL IDENTITYAS PART OF CULTURAL IDENTITY • MENTAL MAPS—PERSONALMENTAL MAPS—PERSONAL PERSPECTIVEPERSPECTIVE • US map assignmentUS map assignment
  11. 11. Other names for regions:Other names for regions: • Formal: uniform or homogenousFormal: uniform or homogenous • Functional: nodalFunctional: nodal • Vernacular: perceptualVernacular: perceptual
  12. 12. What are GeographicWhat are Geographic Concepts, and How are theyConcepts, and How are they used in Answeringused in Answering Geographic Questions?Geographic Questions? Key Question:
  13. 13. Geographic ConceptsGeographic Concepts Ways of seeing the world spatially that areWays of seeing the world spatially that are used by geographers in answeringused by geographers in answering research questions.research questions.
  14. 14. Geographic inquiryGeographic inquiry focuses on the spatial:focuses on the spatial: - the spatial arrangement of- the spatial arrangement of places and phenomena (humanplaces and phenomena (human and physical).and physical). -- how are things organized onhow are things organized on Earth?Earth? -- how do they appear on thehow do they appear on the landscape?landscape? -- why? where? so what?why? where? so what?
  15. 15. Regional Integration of CultureRegional Integration of Culture Culture is an all-encompassing term thatCulture is an all-encompassing term that identifies not only the whole tangibleidentifies not only the whole tangible lifestyle of peoples, but also theirlifestyle of peoples, but also their prevailing values and beliefs.prevailing values and beliefs. - cultural trait- cultural trait - cultural complex- cultural complex - cultural hearth- cultural hearth
  16. 16. Culture—cultus (to care for)Culture—cultus (to care for) • Two very different meaningsTwo very different meanings * to care about (cult)* to care about (cult) (ideas, beliefs, values, customs)(ideas, beliefs, values, customs) * to care for (cultivate)* to care for (cultivate) (ways of earning a living, obtaining(ways of earning a living, obtaining food, clothing and shelter)food, clothing and shelter) • Geography examines both conceptsGeography examines both concepts
  17. 17. • Human-environment relationshipsHuman-environment relationships • Alexander von Humboldt and Carl RitterAlexander von Humboldt and Carl Ritter encouraged geographers to use scientificencouraged geographers to use scientific data to determine natural lawsdata to determine natural laws • They emphasized how the physicalThey emphasized how the physical environment caused social development—environment caused social development— this approach is called “environmentalthis approach is called “environmental determinism”.determinism”.
  18. 18. • POSSIBILISMPOSSIBILISM says that the physicalsays that the physical environment may limit human actions but peopleenvironment may limit human actions but people have the ability to adjusthave the ability to adjust • Crop choices vary by climateCrop choices vary by climate • Some human impacts are casual and someSome human impacts are casual and some reflect deep-seated cultural valuesreflect deep-seated cultural values • Level of wealth can influence attitude towardLevel of wealth can influence attitude toward environmentenvironment • Modern technology has greatly influenced thisModern technology has greatly influenced this relationshiprelationship
  19. 19. World Climate RegionsWorld Climate Regions Fig. 1-14: The modified Köppen system divides the world into five main climate regions. RAINFALL AND TEMPERATURE ARE MAJOR DETERMINANTS OF HUMAN ACTIVITY
  20. 20. • VEGETATIONVEGETATION – 4 MAIN BIOMES: FOREST, SAVANNA, GRASSLAND AND4 MAIN BIOMES: FOREST, SAVANNA, GRASSLAND AND DESERTDESERT • SOILSOIL – 10 ORDERS OF SOIL10 ORDERS OF SOIL – DESTRUCTION OF SOILDESTRUCTION OF SOIL – NUTRIENT DEPLETIONNUTRIENT DEPLETION – SALINIZATIONSALINIZATION • LANDFORMSLANDFORMS – GEOMORPHOLOGY—STUDY OF EARTH’S SURFACEGEOMORPHOLOGY—STUDY OF EARTH’S SURFACE – PEOPLE PREFER FLATTER LANDPEOPLE PREFER FLATTER LAND – TOPOGRAPHIC MAPSTOPOGRAPHIC MAPS
  21. 21. GlobalizationGlobalization A set of processes that are:A set of processes that are: - increasing interactionsincreasing interactions - deepening relationshipsdeepening relationships - heighteningheightening interdependenceinterdependence without regard towithout regard to country borders.country borders. A set of outcomes that are:A set of outcomes that are: - unevenly distributedunevenly distributed - varying across scalesvarying across scales - differently manifesteddifferently manifested throughout the world.throughout the world.
  22. 22. Globalization of the EconomyGlobalization of the Economy Fig. 1-17: The Denso corporation is headquartered in Japan, but it has regional headquarters and other facilities in North America and Western Europe.

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