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The city of Agra is situated on the banks of river Yamuna in the northern
state of Uttar Pradesh. Agra boats of being one of the most prominent tourist
destination of India and is home to one of the seven wonders of the world,
the Taj Mahal as well as other two World Heritage Sites, Red Fort and
History Of Taj Mahal
Taj Mahal way built by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan (1628-1658), who was the grandson of Akbar the
great. As the history of Taj Mahal goes, it was built in the memory of his beloved queen Arjumand Bano
Begum, better known as "Mumtaz Mahal".
Mumtaz Mahal was one of the most loved queens of emperor Shah Jahan. She was a niece of empress
Nur Jahan and granddaughter of Mirza Ghias Beg I'timad-ud-Daula, who was the wazir of emperor
Jehangir. Mumtaj Mahal was born in 1593 and died in 1631 at the age of 38. She lost her life in the city of
Burhanpur during the birth of her fourteenth child. Shah Jahan was in deep sorrow at the death of the
queen and decided to build the Taj Mahal, a marble wonder, in her rememberence. Soon after her death
her mortal remains were buried in the garden of Zainabad. Six months after her death, her body was
transferred to Agra, and was finally enshrined in the crypt of the main tomb of the Taj Mahal. After the
death of Shah Jahan, his last remains were also enshirned in the Taj Mahal. Therefore, the Taj Mahal is the
mausoleum of both Mumtaz Mahal and Shah Jahan.
The exterior decorations of the Taj Mahal
The exterior decorations of Taj Mahal are among the finest to be found in Mughal
architecture. As the surface area changes, a large pishtaq has more area than a
smaller, the decorations are refined proportionally. The decorative elements were
created by applying paint or stucco, or by stone inlays or by carvings. In line with the
Islamic prohibition of the use of anthropomorphic forms, the decorative elements can
be grouped into either calligraphy, abstract forms or vegetative motifs.
The calligraphy found in Taj Mahal are of florid thuluth script, created by
Persian calligrapher, Amanat Khan, who signed several of the panels. The calligraphy is
made by jasper inlaid in white marble panels and the work found on the marble
cenotaphs in the tomb is extremely detailed and delicate.
Architecture of Taj Mahal
The Taj Mahal is the most brilliant and the most triumphant achievement among the funeral monuments all around the
world. It marks the culmination in the evolution of the tomb. The Indian builders achieved the most beautiful expression
through this creation under the Mughals. The Taj Mahal in its entirety is the result of the grand total of all the efforts put
meticulously by the expert artists of the age. They harmonized all the fine features in their minutest details and brilliantly
put together to produce the most pleasant impression. The minarets and the grand elevation play an important part in the
aesthetics of the Taj Mahal. The beautifully laid garden presents the white marble structure more imposingly. Various parts
combine together in symmetry and pleasing proportion to make the monument look more astonishing. A wonderful artistic
and visual effect of the Taj is obtained by its elevation, superstructure, balanced and symmetrical combination of its parts.
Around Agra List
Fatehpur Sikri Gokul
Head Office: 70, L.G.F, World Trade Centre
Barakhamba Lane, New Delhi-1Tel: 91-11-
4777 3434, Fax: 91-11-4777 3400
Mobile : +91 9811143684
Email : email@example.com
Website : http://www.tajmahalagra.com
For questions and suggestions at any
you can write to